References of "Pignault, Anne 50002859"
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See detailImpacts des caractéristiques du contexte de travail sur la santé perçue.
Pignault, Anne UL; Houssemand, Claude UL

Scientific Conference (2014, August 27)

De nombreux auteurs (Barbier, Mallet, & Parmentier, 2000; Conein & Jacopin, 1994; Suchman, 1987, par exemple) ont mis en évidence le poids des circonstances locales et l'importance du contexte pour la ... [more ▼]

De nombreux auteurs (Barbier, Mallet, & Parmentier, 2000; Conein & Jacopin, 1994; Suchman, 1987, par exemple) ont mis en évidence le poids des circonstances locales et l'importance du contexte pour la réalisation et le déroulement de l'activité. Nous considérerons l’activité de travail comme un tout dynamique, situé et contextualisé. Le travail est non seulement composé des différentes tâches à effectuer et de l’activité nécessaire pour les réaliser mais aussi du « contexte de travail » regroupant à la fois les caractéristiques de l’environnement et les conditions spécifiques dans lesquelles se déroule cette activité (Pignault, 2011 ; Pignault & Loarer, 2008). Par ailleurs, différentes autres études (Karsenty & Pavard, 1997 ; Leplat, 2001, par exemple) ont, plus spécifiquement, permis de mettre en évidence que l’action est toujours réalisée dans un contexte particulier qui facilite ou contraint, voire empêche la mise en œuvre et le déroulement de l’activité du sujet. Nous cherchons alors à mieux cerner l'impact potentiel du contexte de travail (avec ses dimensions sociales, organisationnelles et environnementales) sur la santé perçue des salariés et formulons l’hypothèse selon laquelle le contexte de travail perçu, source de contraintes plus ou moins fortes, impacte positivement ou négativement la santé. Ainsi, 234 salariés (57% de femmes et 43% d’hommes) âgés, en moyenne, de 35,8 ans (E.T = 11.2) et exerçant dans leur entreprise actuelle des fonctions de cadres (48%), employés (25%) ou ouvriers (23%), depuis 5,7 ans en moyenne (E.T=6,3), ont répondu à un questionnaire décrivant leur contexte de travail, composé de 43 items répartis en 10 dimensions (présentant des indices d’adéquation satisfaisants par modélisation structurale hiérarchique) et au GHQ-12, opérationnalisant la santé (Goldberg, 1992). Les résultats mettent en évidence des corrélations négatives entre cinq des dimensions de contexte de travail et les scores au GHQ-12 (« Variété et pouvoir d’organisation dans le travail », r= -.21, p<.01 ; « Rapports aux autres dans le travail », r=-.16, p<.05 ; « Sécurité dans le travail », r=-.16, p<.05 ; « Rapport à l’espace de travail », r=-.17, p<.01 ; « Contrôle et performance dans le travail », r=-.13, p<.05). Ces dimensions sont faiblement corrélées avec la santé mentale et le contexte perçu n’explique que 10% de la variance des scores au GHQ-12. Néanmoins, ces résultats montrent encore et notamment l’impact du « pouvoir d’agir » (Clot, 2008), du contrôle de son activité et du rapport aux autres sur la santé (Lhuillier, 1990 ; Clot, 2011). La communication sera l’occasion de présenter la structure du questionnaire de contexte perçu et de discuter plus précisément des liens entre les dimensions contextuelles et la santé. De possibles implications concrètes, en termes d’expression des intérêts et des attentes professionnelles ou de construction et d’évolution du rapport au travail par exemple, seront également mises en avant. [less ▲]

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See detailPrédiction du chômage de longue durée par des variables psychologiques.
Houssemand, Claude UL; Meyers, Raymond UL; Pignault, Anne UL

Scientific Conference (2014, August 27)

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See detailEmotional competences in the professional practice of mediation
Houssemand, Claude UL; Pignault, Anne UL; Meyers, Raymond UL et al

Scientific Conference (2014, July 10)

Mediation can be defined as "a negotiation between adversarial parties in the presence of a third party, who is neutral, and has the role of facilitating the search for a solution to the conflict ... [more ▼]

Mediation can be defined as "a negotiation between adversarial parties in the presence of a third party, who is neutral, and has the role of facilitating the search for a solution to the conflict" (Touzard, 1977, p. 87). Since the eighties, mediation has been more widely used in North America and Europe. It encompasses both the public and private sectors in various fields such as family, neighbourhood, workplace, schools, and the commercial sector (Carnevale & Pruitt, 1992; Guillaume-Hofnung, 1995). Several authors (Herrman, 2006) have addressed the role of mediators’ behaviour and techniques in the efficacy of mediation. It is generally admitted that mediators have to be neutral and impartial, possess communication skills, be able to address emotions (Jameson, Bodtker, & Linker, 2010), develop competencies in understanding their own emotions and those of the parties involved. We therefore tested the hypothesis that mediators have better emotional competencies than people who are not mediators. We used the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire (TEIQue) (Mikolajczak, et al., 2007) with 3 groups of persons: 36 mediators of all varieties of practice, 31 students in mediation, and 32 persons who have no link to mediation. Results showed that mediators had a significantly higher score on the whole questionnaire than the two other groups (F(2,96) = 3.30 p< .05). However results were more differentiated if sub-scales were considered. Our communication will present and discuss the complete results in the light of professional practices of mediators, especially those aspects linked to emotional competencies. [less ▲]

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See detailCareer stages and work values: How work values influence career strategies?
Pignault, Anne UL; Meyers, Raymond UL; Bertrand, Clara et al

Poster (2014, May 01)

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See detailA model of guidance and counselling for young people with few qualifications
Houssemand, Claude UL; Meyers, Raymond UL; Tudela, Lluis et al

Poster (2014, May 01)

The aim of the European Leonardo da Vinci project Acrojump is to create a web-based E-profile for young people aged 16-25, who have few qualifications, no diploma and limited professional experience. All ... [more ▼]

The aim of the European Leonardo da Vinci project Acrojump is to create a web-based E-profile for young people aged 16-25, who have few qualifications, no diploma and limited professional experience. All relevant information about the past experience of these young people will be put online with the help of counsellors trained to elicit all pertinent facts that can be put into an electronic résumé (sports, participation in projects, field interventions, etc.). These details can represent different levels of competencies which may or may not tie to the professional domain. [less ▲]

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See detailA systemic approach to interpersonal relationships and activities among French teleworkers
Vayre, Emilie; Pignault, Anne UL

in New Technology, Work and Employment (2014), 29(2), 177-192

Within a systemic and interactional approach, this study seeks to understand how French teleworkers (re)organise their relationships with others as well as their activities. Lexical analysis of interviews ... [more ▼]

Within a systemic and interactional approach, this study seeks to understand how French teleworkers (re)organise their relationships with others as well as their activities. Lexical analysis of interviews with 24 telecommuters (nomadic, alternating and working at home full-time) confirms and complements the results in the literature in this field. On one hand, the findings confirmed a decline in the quality of professional relationships due to their being mediated through technology. On the other hand, there was a distinction between the ways in which different types of teleworkers ascribed meaning and adapted their activities and business, family and social relationships. [less ▲]

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See detailAgir sur le décrochage au Luxembourg : Les acteurs, leurs représentations et leurs actions
Houssemand, Claude UL; Meyers, Raymond UL; Pignault, Anne UL

in Poncelet, Débora; Vlassis, Joëlle (Eds.) Actes du 2e colloque international du Lasalé sur le décrochage scolaire (2014)

Au Luxembourg, le nombre de jeunes quittant l'école sans diplôme reste important. Il apparaissait donc urgent de proposer des modes d'action inédits. A cet effet, l'Action Locale pour Jeunes (ALJ) a été ... [more ▼]

Au Luxembourg, le nombre de jeunes quittant l'école sans diplôme reste important. Il apparaissait donc urgent de proposer des modes d'action inédits. A cet effet, l'Action Locale pour Jeunes (ALJ) a été créée. Les intervenants sont des éducateurs gradués et des enseignants à temps partiel. L'originalité de son action est de se situer à l'interface école-famille-marché de l'emploi. L’ALJ a pour objectif de créer un espace d’encadrement dans lequel le jeune trouve les conditions nécessaires pour réussir sa transition de l’école à la vie active et accéder à une insertion stable. En travaillant à l'interface entre l'école, la famille et le marché du travail, l'ALJ arrive à joindre les ressources de ces trois instances pour les mettre en synergie avec la mobilisation de la motivation des jeunes concernés. [less ▲]

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See detailA Psychological Typology of Newly Unemployed People for Profiling and Counselling
Houssemand, Claude UL; Pignault, Anne UL; Meyers, Raymond UL

in Current Psychology (2014), 33

Profiling of the unemployed in order to predict and prevent long-term unemployment has hitherto been based on socio-professional data; however, there is evidence that psychological dimensions also predict ... [more ▼]

Profiling of the unemployed in order to predict and prevent long-term unemployment has hitherto been based on socio-professional data; however, there is evidence that psychological dimensions also predict job search strategies and unemployment duration. In order to provide psychological profiling, a typological method could be more parsimonious than trait/dimension approaches. Typologies created to date have not addressed the issue of predicting employment status. A sample of 384 newly unemployed people was assessed using psychometric scales which have been shown in past research to be linked to job finding. Through cluster analysis, five groups of unemployed people were differentiated: the “integrated”, “willing”, “outsider”, “anxious”, and “dispossessed”. The typology showed predictive validity for employment status after 12 months. People who were “anxious” or “dispossessed” were more often unemployed than those who were “integrated”, “willing”, or “outsider”. It provided an alternative way of classifying unemployed people that could be used in profiling and especially in advisory support and counselling. [less ▲]

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See detailFacteurs psychologiques dans le chômage
Houssemand, Claude UL; Pignault, Anne UL; Meyers, Raymond UL

Presentation (2013, October 18)

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See detailValuing the experience and securing the professional paths of young adults towards a non-precarious job: a new European project.
Pignault, Anne UL; Soidet, Isabelle; Vayre, Emilie et al

Scientific Conference (2013, June)

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See detailConstruction of a new inventory of professional interests for job seekers.
Pignault, Anne UL; Cuvillier, Bruno; Beltrame, Fabien et al

Scientific Conference (2013, June)

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See detailManagement de la marque employeur.
Pezet, Eric; Poujol, Fanny; Pignault, Anne UL

in Michel, Géraldine (Ed.) Management transversal de la marque. (2013)

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See detailWorkplace attachment and meaning of work in a French secondary school.
Rioux, Liliane; Pignault, Anne UL

in Spanish Journal of Psychology (The) (2013), 16

This research aims to gain a better understanding of the attachment of teachers to their workplace by identifying the areas to which they become attached and which give meaning to their work. Based on the ... [more ▼]

This research aims to gain a better understanding of the attachment of teachers to their workplace by identifying the areas to which they become attached and which give meaning to their work. Based on the belief that place attachment is an affective bond between a person and his or her environment (Bonnes & Secchiaroli, 1995), its aim is to identify the attachment of secondary school teachers to their workplace, which is viewed as a whole but also as a combination of specific places, and to show that the places that predict overall workplace attachment are also those that give meaning to work. A Workplace Attachment Scale was completed by 158 teachers in a secondary school in the Paris region (France). This questionnaire contained items evaluating attachment to each specific place of work and others adapted from the meaning-of-work scale evaluating the meaning given to each of these places. The results show that all the teachers were more closely attached to places that provide opportunities for informal communication than to those directly related to teaching. The main workplace attachment predictors also concern places constituting the essence of the profession and/or places where teachers can manage their organizational stress. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Role of Motivation and Self-regulation in Dropping Out of School
Meyers, Raymond UL; Pignault, Anne UL; Houssemand, Claude UL

in Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences (2013), 89

Dropping out of secondary education is a major problem in modern economies. Several explanations have been put forward, but not all have been systematically tested due to methodological and ethical ... [more ▼]

Dropping out of secondary education is a major problem in modern economies. Several explanations have been put forward, but not all have been systematically tested due to methodological and ethical problems. We compared two groups of pupils from the same secondary school classes. The groups were selected by teachers on the basis of their anticipated school outcomes (continuing school, n=585, versus dropping out, n=196). Motivational variables were intrinsic motivation, introjected regulation, identified regulation, external regulation, amotivation, academic self-efficacy and consistency of interest. Self-regulation variables were perseverance of effort, learning strategies and resistance to peer influence. All these dimensions were measured through shortened versions of validated scales. Statistical analyses showed that most, but not all of the tested dimensions were significantly different for both groups. Significant motivational variables were intrinsic motivation, introjected regulation, amotivation, and academic self-efficacy. Self-regulation variables that differentiated the two groups were perseverance of effort, and some learning strategies (elaboration, organisation, rehearsal, but not monitoring, planning and regulating) as well as resistance to peer influence. The factors which have been found are often cited, but in our study they are measured through a systematic design. While motivational factors are difficult to affect, self-regulatory skills could be taught and their systematic integration into school curricula could contribute to reducing dropout rates for students at risk. [less ▲]

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See detailLe chômage : une situation « normalisée » ? Etude menée auprès de demandeurs d’emploi séniors.
Pignault, Anne UL; Houssemand, Claude UL

in Bobillier Chaumon, Marc-Eric; Dubois, Michel; Vacherand-Revel, Jean (Eds.) et al La question de la gestion des parcours professionnels en psychologie du travail. (2013)

This study was led with 69 unemployed seniors. Through exploratory analysis, a 14-item scale measuring the level of normalization of unemployment was developed. It has been linked with various ... [more ▼]

This study was led with 69 unemployed seniors. Through exploratory analysis, a 14-item scale measuring the level of normalization of unemployment was developed. It has been linked with various psychological (coping) and socio-professional (career path and meaning of work) dimensions. The results showed that the participants’ career path did not influence their representation of the unemployment. They also show that this representation is negatively related to emotional coping strategies and meaning given to work. [less ▲]

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See detailWork Context and Career Development - Construction of a Work Context Inventory
Pignault, Anne UL; Houssemand, Claude UL

in Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences (2013), 82

The aim of this study is to develop a tool to identify elements of perceived work contexts with the aim to improve career development practices. We think that to understand how the transfer of experience ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study is to develop a tool to identify elements of perceived work contexts with the aim to improve career development practices. We think that to understand how the transfer of experience occurs, it is necessary to comprehend the features of work contexts as well as the tasks and work activities in which a person is engaged, in order to propose effective career development practices. This article focuses on the construction and validation of an inventory of work contexts because, to our knowledge, no French-speaking tool exists. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 128 (7 UL)