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Data-driven Precoded MIMO Detection Robust to Channel Estimation Errors Mayouche, Abderrahmane ; Alves Martins, Wallace ; Chatzinotas, Symeon et al in IEEE Open Journal of the Communications Society (2021) We study the problem of symbol detection in downlink coded multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems with precoding and without the explicit knowledge of the channel-state information (CSI) at the ... [more ▼] We study the problem of symbol detection in downlink coded multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems with precoding and without the explicit knowledge of the channel-state information (CSI) at the receiver. In this context, we investigate the impact of imperfect CSI at the transmitter (CSIT) on the detection performance. We first model the CSIT degradation based on channel estimation errors to investigate its impact on the detection performance at the receiver. To mitigate the effect of CSIT deterioration at the latter, we propose learning based techniques for hard and soft detection that use downlink precoded pilot symbols as training data. We note that these pilots are originally intended for signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR) estimation. We validate the approach by proposing a lightweight implementation that is suitable for online training using several state-of-the-art classifiers. We compare the bit error rate (BER) and the runtime complexity of the proposed approaches where we achieve superior detection performance in harsh channel conditions while maintaining low computational requirements. Specifically, numerical results show that severe CSIT degradation impedes the correct detection when a conventional detector is used. However, the proposed learning-based detectors can achieve good detection performance even under severe CSIT deterioration, and can yield 4-8 dB power gain for BER values lower than 10-4 when compared to the classic linear minimum mean square error (MMSE) detector. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 79 (9 UL)DoA Estimation Using Low-Resolution Multi-BitSparse Array Measurements Sedighi, Saeid ; Mysore Rama Rao, Bhavani Shankar ; et al in IEEE Signal Processing Letters (2021) This letter studies the problem of Direction of Arrival (DoA) estimation from low-resolution few-bit quantized data collected by Sparse Linear Array (SLA). In such cases, contrary to the one-bit ... [more ▼] This letter studies the problem of Direction of Arrival (DoA) estimation from low-resolution few-bit quantized data collected by Sparse Linear Array (SLA). In such cases, contrary to the one-bit quantization case, the well known arcsine law cannot be employed to estimate the covaraince matrix of unquantized array data. Instead, we develop a novel optimization-based framework for retrieving the covaraince matrix of unquantized array data from low-resolution few-bit measurements. The MUSIC algorithm is then applied to an augmented version of the recovered covariance matrix to find the source DoAs. The simulation results show that increasing the sampling resolution to $2$ or $4$ bits per samples could significantly increase the DoA estimation performance compared to the one-bit sampling regime while the power consumption and implementation costs is still much lower in comparison to the high-resolution sampling implementations. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 69 (3 UL)Analog Beamforming with Antenna Selection for Large-Scale Antenna Arrays Arora, Aakash ; ; Mysore Rama Rao, Bhavani Shankar et al in Proc. 2021 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing (ICASSP) (2021) In large-scale antenna array (LSAA) wireless communication systems employing analog beamforming architectures, the placement or selection of a subset of antennas can significantly reduce the power ... [more ▼] In large-scale antenna array (LSAA) wireless communication systems employing analog beamforming architectures, the placement or selection of a subset of antennas can significantly reduce the power consumption and hardware complexity. In this work, we propose a joint design of analog beamforming with antenna selection (AS) or antenna placement (AP) for an analog beamforming system. We approach this problem from a beampattern matching perspective and formulate a sparse unit-modulus least-squares (SULS) problem, which is a nonconvex problem due to the unit-modulus and the sparsity constraints. To that end, we propose an efficient and scalable algorithm based on the majorization-minimization (MM) framework for solving the SULS problem. We show that the sequence of iterates generated by the algorithm converges to a stationary point of the problem. Numerical results demonstrate that the proposed joint design of analog beamforming with AS outperforms conventional array architectures with fixed inter-antenna element spacing. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 92 (17 UL)Efficient Algorithms for Constant-Modulus Analog Beamforming Arora, Aakash ; ; Mysore Rama Rao, Bhavani Shankar et al in IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing (2021) The use of a large-scale antenna array (LSAA) has become an important characteristic of multi-antenna communication systems to achieve beamforming gains. For example, in millimeter wave (mmWave) systems ... [more ▼] The use of a large-scale antenna array (LSAA) has become an important characteristic of multi-antenna communication systems to achieve beamforming gains. For example, in millimeter wave (mmWave) systems, an LSAA is employed at the transmitter/receiver end to combat severe propagation losses. In such applications, each antenna element has to be driven by a radio frequency (RF) chain for the implementation of fully-digital beamformers. This strict requirement significantly increases the hardware cost, complexity, and power consumption. Therefore, constant-modulus analog beamforming (CMAB) becomes a viable solution. In this paper, we consider the scaled analog beamforming (SAB) or CMAB architecture and design the system parameters by solving the beampattern matching problem. We consider two beampattern matching problems. In the first case, both the magnitude and phase of the beampattern are matched to the given desired beampattern whereas in the second case, only the magnitude of the beampattern is matched. Both the beampattern matching problems are cast as a variant of the constant-modulus least-squares problem. We provide efficient algorithms based on the alternating majorization-minimization (AMM) framework that combines the alternating minimization and the MM frameworks and the conventional-cyclic coordinate descent (C-CCD) framework to solve the problem in each case. We also propose algorithms based on a new modified-CCD (M-CCD) based approach. For all the developed algorithms we prove convergence to a Karush-Kuhn-Tucker (KKT) point (or a stationary point). Numerical results demonstrate that the proposed algorithms converge faster than state-of-the-art solutions. Among all the algorithms, the M-CCD-based algorithms have faster convergence when evaluated in terms of the number of iterations and the AMM-based algorithms offer lower complexity. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 155 (9 UL)Interference Mitigation Methods for Coexistence of Radar and Communication Kumar, Sumit ; ; Mysore Rama Rao, Bhavani Shankar et al in 15th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP) (2021) We consider a communications-centric spectrum sharing scenario where the communications link has a minimum service constraint in throughput and the radar maximizes its receive signal-to-interference-plus ... [more ▼] We consider a communications-centric spectrum sharing scenario where the communications link has a minimum service constraint in throughput and the radar maximizes its receive signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR). Prior works on joint power, allocation indicate that, under a communication-centric scenario, radar transmit power is gradually reduced as the throughput demand for communications link increases. Such an approach results in severe degradation of radar SINR, especially when the communications link suffers an outage. We propose methods based on successive-interference-cancellation to improve the radar SINR. This comprises both coexistence and coordination approaches. Numerical experiments show significant improvement in radar SINR when communications throughput demand rises and eventually goes into the outage. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 39 (8 UL)Generalized Multiplexed Waveform Design Framework for Cost-Optimized MIMO Radar ; ; Ottersten, Björn in IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing (2021), 69 Cost-optimization through the minimization of hardware and processing costs with minimal loss in performance is an interesting design paradigm in evolving and emerging Multiple-Input-Multiple-Output (MIMO ... [more ▼] Cost-optimization through the minimization of hardware and processing costs with minimal loss in performance is an interesting design paradigm in evolving and emerging Multiple-Input-Multiple-Output (MIMO) radar systems. This optimization is a challenging task due to the increasing Radio Frequency (RF) hardware complexity as well as the signal design algorithm complexity in applications requiring high angular resolution. Towards addressing these, the paper proposes a low-complexity signal design framework, which incorporates a generalized time multiplex scheme for reducing the RF hardware complexity with a subsequent discrete phase modulation. The scheme further aims at achieving simultaneous transmit beamforming and maximum virtual MIMO aperture to enable better target detection and discrimination performance. Furthermore, the paper proposes a low-complexity signal design scheme for beampattern matching in the aforementioned setting. The conducted performance evaluation indicates that the listed design objectives are met. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 75 (6 UL)Transfer Learning and Meta Learning Based Fast Downlink Beamforming Adaptation ; ; et al in IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications (2021) This paper studies fast adaptive beamforming optimization for the signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio balancing problem in a multiuser multiple-input single-output downlink system. Existing deep ... [more ▼] This paper studies fast adaptive beamforming optimization for the signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio balancing problem in a multiuser multiple-input single-output downlink system. Existing deep learning based approaches to predict beamforming rely on the assumption that the training and testing channels follow the same distribution which may not hold in practice. As a result, a trained model may lead to performance deterioration when the testing network environment changes. To deal with this task mismatch issue, we propose two offline adaptive algorithms based on deep transfer learning and meta-learning, which are able to achieve fast adaptation with the limited new labelled data when the testing wireless environment changes. Furthermore, we propose an online algorithm to enhance the adaptation capability of the offline meta algorithm in realistic non-stationary environments. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed adaptive algorithms achieve much better performance than the direct deep learning algorithm without adaptation in new environments. The meta-learning algorithm outperforms the deep transfer learning algorithm and achieves near optimal performance. In addition, compared to the offline meta-learning algorithm, the proposed online meta-learning algorithm shows superior adaption performance in changing environments. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 47 (5 UL)A Remote Carrier Synchronization Technique for Coherent Distributed Remote Sensing Systems Merlano Duncan, Juan Carlos ; Martinez Marrero, Liz ; Querol, Jorge et al in IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing (2021), 14 Phase, frequency, and time synchronization are crucial requirements for many applications, such as multi-static remote sensing and communication systems. Moreover, the synchronization solution becomes ... [more ▼] Phase, frequency, and time synchronization are crucial requirements for many applications, such as multi-static remote sensing and communication systems. Moreover, the synchronization solution becomes even more challenging when the nodes are orbiting or flying on airborne or spaceborne platforms. This paper compares the available technologies used for the synchronization and coordination of nodes in distributed remote sensing applications. Additionally, this paper proposes a general system model and identifies preliminary guidelines and critical elements for implementing the synchronization mechanisms exploiting the inter-satellite communication link. The distributed phase synchronization loop introduced in this work deals with the self-interference in a full-duplex point to point scenario by transmitting two carriers at each node. All carriers appear with different frequency offsets around a central frequency, called the application central-frequency or the beamforming frequency. This work includes a detailed analysis of the proposed algorithm and the required simulations to verify its performance for different phase noise, AWGN, and Doppler shift scenarios. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 107 (20 UL)Dynamic Bandwidth Allocation and Precoding Design for Highly-Loaded Multiuser MISO in Beyond 5G Networks Vu, Thang Xuan ; Chatzinotas, Symeon ; Ottersten, Björn in IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications (2021) Multiuser techniques play a central role in the fifth-generation (5G) and beyond 5G (B5G) wireless networks that exploit spatial diversity to serve multiple users simultaneously in the same frequency ... [more ▼] Multiuser techniques play a central role in the fifth-generation (5G) and beyond 5G (B5G) wireless networks that exploit spatial diversity to serve multiple users simultaneously in the same frequency resource. It is well known that a multi-antenna base station (BS) can efficiently serve a number of users not exceeding the number of antennas at the BS via precoding design. However, when there are more users than the number of antennas at the BS, conventional precoding design methods perform poorly because inter-user interference cannot be efficiently eliminated. In this paper, we investigate the performance of a highly-loaded multiuser system in which a BS simultaneously serves a number of users that is larger than the number of antennas. We propose a dynamic bandwidth allocation and precoding design framework and apply it to two important problems in multiuser systems: i) User fairness maximization and ii) Transmit power minimization, both subject to predefined quality of service (QoS) requirements. The premise of the proposed framework is to dynamically assign orthogonal frequency channels to different user groups and carefully design the precoding vectors within every user group. Since the formulated problems are non-convex, we propose two iterative algorithms based on successive convex approximations (SCA), whose convergence is theoretically guaranteed. Furthermore, we propose a low-complexity user grouping policy based on the singular value decomposition (SVD) to further improve the system performance. Finally, we demonstrate via numerical results that the proposed framework significantly outperforms existing designs in the literature. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 47 (6 UL)Precoding for Satellite Communications: Why, How and What next? Mysore Rama Rao, Bhavani Shankar ; Lagunas, Eva ; Chatzinotas, Symeon et al in IEEE Communications Letters (2021) Detailed reference viewed: 121 (17 UL)Symbol-Level Precoding with Constellation Rotation in the Finite Block Length Regime Kisseleff, Steven ; Alves Martins, Wallace ; Chatzinotas, Symeon et al in IEEE Communications Letters (2021) This paper tackles the problem of optimizing the parameters of a symbol-level precoder for downlink multiantenna multi-user systems in the finite block length regime. Symbol-level precoding (SLP) is a non ... [more ▼] This paper tackles the problem of optimizing the parameters of a symbol-level precoder for downlink multiantenna multi-user systems in the finite block length regime. Symbol-level precoding (SLP) is a non-linear technique for multiuser wireless networks, which exploits constructive interference among co-channel links. Current SLP designs, however, implicitly assume asymptotically infinite blocks, since they do not take into account that the design rules for finite and especially short blocks might significantly differ. This paper fills this gap by introducing a novel SLP design based on discrete constellation rotations. The rotations are the added degree of freedom that can be optimized for every block to be transmitted, for instance, to save transmit power. Numerical evaluations of the proposed method indicate substantial power savings, which might be over 99% compared to the traditional SLP, at the expense of a single additional pilot symbol per block for constellation de-rotation. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 92 (5 UL)Vertex Feature Encoding and Hierarchical Temporal Modeling in a Spatio-Temporal Graph Convolutional Network for Action Recognition Papadopoulos, Konstantinos ; Ghorbel, Enjie ; Aouada, Djamila et al in International Conference on Pattern Recognition, Milan 10-15 January 2021 (2021) Detailed reference viewed: 139 (26 UL)User Scheduling for Precoded Satellite Systems With Individual Quality of Service Constraints Trinh, van Chien ; Lagunas, Eva ; et al in Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC), Virtual Conference, Sept. 2021 (2021) Detailed reference viewed: 106 (14 UL)Reconfigurable Intelligent Surfaces in Challenging Environments: Underwater, Underground, Industrial and Disaster Kisseleff, Steven ; Chatzinotas, Symeon ; Ottersten, Björn in IEEE Access (2021) Detailed reference viewed: 55 (4 UL)Precoding-Aided Bandwidth Optimization for High Throughput Satellite Systems Abdu, Tedros Salih ; Lei, Lei ; Kisseleff, Steven et al Scientific Conference (2021) Linear precoding boosts the spectral efficiency of the satellite system by mitigating the interference signal. Typically, all users are precoded and share the same bandwidth regardless of the user demand ... [more ▼] Linear precoding boosts the spectral efficiency of the satellite system by mitigating the interference signal. Typically, all users are precoded and share the same bandwidth regardless of the user demand. This bandwidth utilization is not efficient since the user demand permanently varies. Hence, demand-aware bandwidth allocation with linear precoding is promising. In this paper, we exploited the synergy of linear precoding and flexible bandwidth allocation for geostationary (GEO) high throughput satellite systems. We formulate an optimization problem with the goal to satisfy the demand by taking into account that multiple precoded user groups can share the different bandwidth chunks. Hence, optimal beam groups are selected with minimum bandwidth requirement to match the per beam demand. The simulation results show that the proposed method of combining bandwidth allocation and linear precoding has better bandwidth efficiency and demand satisfaction than benchmark schemes. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 96 (32 UL)Revisiting the Training of Very Deep Neural Networks without Skip Connections Oyedotun, Oyebade ; Shabayek, Abd El Rahman ; Aouada, Djamila et al Poster (2021) Detailed reference viewed: 89 (9 UL)Stochastic-Geometry-Based Interference Modeling in Automotive Radars Using Matérn Hard-Core Process ; ; Ottersten, Björn in 2020 IEEE Radar Conference (RadarConf20), Stochastic-Geometry-Based Interference Modeling in Automotive Radars Using Matérn Hard-Core Process (2020, December 04) As the use of radars in autonomous driving systems becomes more prevalent, these systems are increasingly susceptible to mutual interference. In this paper, we employ stochastic geometry to model the ... [more ▼] As the use of radars in autonomous driving systems becomes more prevalent, these systems are increasingly susceptible to mutual interference. In this paper, we employ stochastic geometry to model the automotive radar interference in realistic traffic scenarios and then derive trade-offs between the radar design parameters and detection probability. Prior works model the locations of radars in the lane as a homogeneous Poisson point process (PPP). However, the PPP models assume all nodes to be independent, do not account for the lengths of vehicles, and ignore spatial mutual exclusion. In order to provide a more realistic interference effect, we adopt the Matérn hardcore process (MHCP) instead of PPP, in which two vehicles are not closer than an exclusion radius from one another. We show that the MHCP model leads to more practical design trade-offs for adapting the radar parameters than the conventional PPP model. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 44 (2 UL)State Aggregation for Multiagent Communication over Rate-Limited Channels Mostaani, Arsham ; Vu, Thang Xuan ; Chatzinotas, Symeon et al in State Aggregation for Multiagent Communication over Rate-Limited Channels (2020, December) A collaborative task is assigned to a multiagent system (MAS) in which agents are allowed to communicate. The MAS runs over an underlying Markov decision process and its task is to maximize the averaged ... [more ▼] A collaborative task is assigned to a multiagent system (MAS) in which agents are allowed to communicate. The MAS runs over an underlying Markov decision process and its task is to maximize the averaged sum of discounted one-stage rewards. Although knowing the global state of the environment is necessary for the optimal action selection of the MAS, agents are limited to individual observations. The inter-agent communication can tackle the issue of local observability, however, the limited rate of the inter-agent communication prevents the agent from acquiring the precise global state information. To overcome this challenge, agents need to communicate their observations in a compact way such that the MAS compromises the minimum possible sum of rewards. We show that this problem is equivalent to a form of rate-distortion problem which we call the task-based information compression. State Aggregation for Information Compression (SAIC) is introduced here to perform the task-based information compression. The SAIC is shown, conditionally, to be capable of achieving the optimal performance in terms of the attained sum of discounted rewards. The proposed algorithm is applied to a rendezvous problem and its performance is compared with two benchmarks; (i) conventional source coding algorithms and the (ii) centralized multiagent control using reinforcement learning. Numerical experiments confirm the superiority and fast convergence of the proposed SAIC. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 62 (13 UL)Constant Envelope MIMO-OFDM Precoding for Low Complexity Large-Scale Antenna Array Systems Domouchtsidis, Stavros ; Tsinos, Christos ; Chatzinotas, Symeon et al in IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications (2020) Herein, we consider constant envelope precoding in a multiple-input multiple-output orthogonal frequency division multiplexing system (CE MIMO-OFDM) for frequency selective channels. In CE precoding the ... [more ▼] Herein, we consider constant envelope precoding in a multiple-input multiple-output orthogonal frequency division multiplexing system (CE MIMO-OFDM) for frequency selective channels. In CE precoding the signals for each transmit antenna are designed to have constant amplitude regardless of the channel realization and the information symbols that must be conveyed to the users. This facilitates the use of power-efficient components, such as phase shifters (PS) and nonlinear power amplifiers, which are key for the feasibility of large-scale antenna array systems because of their low cost and power consumption. The CE precoding problem is firstly formulated as a least-squares problem with a unit modulus constraint and solved using an algorithm based on coordinate descent. The large number of optimization variables in the case of the MIMO-OFDM system motivates the search for a more computationally efficient solution. To tackle this, we reformulate the CE precoding design into an unconstrained nonlinear least-squares problem, which is solved efficiently using the Gauss-Newton algorithm. Simulation results underline the efficiency of the proposed solutions and show that they outperform state of the art techniques. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 52 (9 UL)Joint User Grouping, Scheduling, and Precoding for Multicast Energy Efficiency in Multigroup Multicast Systems Bandi, Ashok ; Mysore Rama Rao, Bhavani Shankar ; Chatzinotas, Symeon et al in IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications (2020) This paper studies the joint design of user grouping, scheduling (or admission control) and precoding to optimize energy efficiency (EE) for multigroup multicast scenarios in single-cell multiuser MISO ... [more ▼] This paper studies the joint design of user grouping, scheduling (or admission control) and precoding to optimize energy efficiency (EE) for multigroup multicast scenarios in single-cell multiuser MISO downlink channels. Noticing that the existing definition of EE fails to account for group sizes, a new metric called multicast energy efficiency (MEE) is proposed. In this context, the joint design is considered for the maximization of MEE, EE, and scheduled users. Firstly, with the help of binary variables (associated with grouping and scheduling) the joint design problem is formulated as a mixed-Boolean fractional programming problem such that it facilitates the joint update of grouping, scheduling and precoding variables. Further, several novel optimization formulations are proposed to reveal the hidden difference of convex/ concave structure in the objective and associated constraints. Thereafter, we propose a convex-concave procedure framework based iterative algorithm for each optimization criteria where grouping, scheduling, and precoding variables are updated jointly in each iteration. Finally, we compare the performance of the three design criteria concerning three performance metrics namely MEE, EE, and scheduled users through Monte-Carlo simulations. These simulations establish the need for MEE and the improvement from the system optimization. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 168 (31 UL) |
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