References of "Ottersten, Björn 50002797"
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See detailRobust MIMO Precoding for the Schatten Norm Based Channel Uncertainty Set
Wang, J.; Bengtsson, M.; Ottersten, Björn UL et al

in Signal Processing, IEEE Transactions on (2013)

The full potential of multi-input multi-output (MIMO) communication systems relies on exploiting channel state information at the transmitter (CSIT), which is, however, often subject to some uncertainty ... [more ▼]

The full potential of multi-input multi-output (MIMO) communication systems relies on exploiting channel state information at the transmitter (CSIT), which is, however, often subject to some uncertainty. In this paper, following the worst-case robust philosophy, we consider a robust MIMO precoding design with deterministic imperfect CSIT, formulated as a maximin problem, to maximize the worst-case received signal-to-noise ratio or minimize the worst-case error probability. Given different types of imperfect CSIT in practice, a unified framework is lacking in the literature to tackle various channel uncertainty. In this paper, we address this open problem by considering several classes of uncertainty sets that include most deterministic imperfect CSIT as special cases. We show that, for general convex uncertainty sets, the robust precoder, as the solution to the maximin problem, can be efficiently computed by solving a single convex optimization problem. Furthermore, when it comes to unitarily-invariant convex uncertainty sets, we prove the optimality of a channel-diagonalizing structure and simplify the complex-matrix problem to a real-vector power allocation problem, which is then analytically solved in a waterfilling manner. Finally, for uncertainty sets defined by a generic matrix norm, called the Schatten norm, we provide a fully closed-form solution to the robust precoding design, based on which the robustness of beamforming and uniform-power transmission is investigated. [less ▲]

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See detailWeighted sum rate maximization for MIMO broadcast channels using dirty paper coding and zero-forcing methods
Le-Nam, Tran; Juntti, M.; Bengtsson, M. et al

in IEEE Transactions on Communications (2013), 6(61), 2362-2373

We consider precoder design for maximizing the weighted sum rate (WSR) of successive zero-forcing dirty paper coding (SZF-DPC). For this problem, the existing precoder designs often assume a sum power ... [more ▼]

We consider precoder design for maximizing the weighted sum rate (WSR) of successive zero-forcing dirty paper coding (SZF-DPC). For this problem, the existing precoder designs often assume a sum power constraint (SPC) and rely on the singular value decomposition (SVD). The SVD-based designs are known to be optimal but require high complexity. We first propose a low-complexity optimal precoder design for SZF-DPC under SPC, using the QR decomposition. Then, we propose an efficient numerical algorithm to find the optimal precoders subject to per-antenna power constraints (PAPCs). To this end, the precoder design for PAPCs is formulated as an optimization problem with a rank constraint on the covariance matrices. A well-known approach to solve this problem is to relax the rank constraints and solve the relaxed problem. Interestingly, for SZF-DPC, we are able to prove that the rank relaxation is tight. Consequently, the optimal precoder design for PAPCs is computed by solving the relaxed problem, for which we propose a customized interior-point method that exhibits a superlinear convergence rate. Two suboptimal precoder designs are also presented and compared to the optimal ones. We also show that the proposed numerical method is applicable for finding the optimal precoders for block diagonalization scheme. [less ▲]

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See detailSecrecy sum-rate for orthogonal random beamforming with opportunistic scheduling
Krikidis, Ioannis; Ottersten, Björn UL

in IEEE Signal Processing Letters (2013), 2(20), 141-144

In this letter, we employ orthogonal random beamforming (ORBF) for the worst-case multi-user downlink scenario where each user is wiretapped by one eavesdropper. Two opportunistic scheduling techniques ... [more ▼]

In this letter, we employ orthogonal random beamforming (ORBF) for the worst-case multi-user downlink scenario where each user is wiretapped by one eavesdropper. Two opportunistic scheduling techniques that ensure confidentiality by exploiting multi-user diversity are investigated; the first technique (optimal) requires limited feedback of the effective signal-to-interference ratio (SIR) from all the users and the eavesdroppers while the second technique (suboptimal) incorporates SIR knowledge from only the legitimate users. By using extreme value theory, we derive the achievable SIR-based secrecy sum-rate and the associated scaling laws for both scheduling techniques. [less ▲]

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See detailConnections between sparse estimation and robust statistical learning
Tsakonas, Efthymios; Jalden, J.; Sidiropoulos, N.D. et al

in Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP), 2013 IEEE International Conference on (2013)

Recent literature on robust statistical inference suggests that promising outlier rejection schemes can be based on accounting explicitly for sparse gross errors in the modeling, and then relying on ... [more ▼]

Recent literature on robust statistical inference suggests that promising outlier rejection schemes can be based on accounting explicitly for sparse gross errors in the modeling, and then relying on compressed sensing ideas to perform the outlier detection. In this paper, we consider two models for recovering a sparse signal from noisy measurements, possibly also contaminated with outliers. The models considered here are a linear regression model, and its natural one-bit counterpart where measurements are additionally quantized to a single bit. Our contributions can be summarized as follows: We start by providing conditions for identification and the Cramér-Rao Lower Bounds (CRLBs) for these two models. Then, focusing on the one-bit model, we derive conditions for consistency of the associated Maximum Likelihood estimator, and show the performance of relevant ℓ1-based relaxation strategies by comparing against the theoretical CRLB. [less ▲]

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See detailDSTBC based DF cooperative networks in the presence of timing and frequency offsets
Nasir, A.A.; Mehrpouyan, H.; Durrani, S. et al

in Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Communications (SPAWC), 2013 IEEE 14th Workshop on (2013)

In decode-and-forward (DF) relaying networks, the received signal at the destination may be affected by multiple impairments such as multiple channel gains, multiple timing offsets (MTOs), and multiple ... [more ▼]

In decode-and-forward (DF) relaying networks, the received signal at the destination may be affected by multiple impairments such as multiple channel gains, multiple timing offsets (MTOs), and multiple carrier frequency offsets (MCFOs). This paper proposes novel optimal and sub-optimal minimum mean-square error (MMSE) receiver designs at the destination node to detect the signal in the presence of these impairments. Distributed space-time block codes (DSTBCs) are used at the relays to achieve spatial diversity. The proposed sub-optimal receiver uses the estimated values of multiple channel gains, MTOs, and MCFOs, while the optimal receiver assumes perfect knowledge of these impairments at the destination and serves as a benchmark performance measure. To achieve robustness to estimation errors, the estimates statistical properties are exploited at the destination. Simulation results show that the proposed optimal and sub-optimal MMSE compensation receivers achieve full diversity gain in the presence of channel and synchronization impairments in DSTBC based DF cooperative networks. [less ▲]

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See detailCooperative Communications against Jamming with Half-Duplex and Full-Duplex Relaying
Zheng, Gan UL; Jorswieck, E.A.; Ottersten, Björn UL

in Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Spring), 2013 IEEE 77th (2013)

This paper studies the impact of jamming on the design of three-node two-hop cooperative amplify-and-forward (AF) communications with both half-duplex and full-duplex relaying. For the half-duplex ... [more ▼]

This paper studies the impact of jamming on the design of three-node two-hop cooperative amplify-and-forward (AF) communications with both half-duplex and full-duplex relaying. For the half-duplex relaying, the jammer is smart such that it can optimally allocate jamming power between listening and forwarding phases. Given separate source and relay power constraints, we derive the optimal jamming power allocation; with a total source and relay power constraint, we model the interaction between the legitimate system and the jammer as a noncooperative game and prove the existence and uniqueness of the Nash Equilibrium (NE). It is found that due to the fact that the end performance is limited by the weaker phase, the legitimate systems tries to balance the performance of two phases while the jammer attacks the system by making the two hops imbalanced. While for the full-duplex relaying, we show that if the self-interference can be properly controlled, it can bring substantial performance gain. Simulation results verify our analysis. [less ▲]

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See detailSimultaneous Estimation of Multi-Relay MIMO Channels
Mehrpouyan, H.; Blostein, S.D.; Ottersten, Björn UL

in IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference (GLOBECOM) (2013)

This paper addresses training-based channel estimation in distributed amplify-and-forward (AF) multi-input multi-output (MIMO) multi-relay networks. To reduce channel estimation overhead and delay, a ... [more ▼]

This paper addresses training-based channel estimation in distributed amplify-and-forward (AF) multi-input multi-output (MIMO) multi-relay networks. To reduce channel estimation overhead and delay, a training algorithm that allows for simultaneous estimation of the entire MIMO cooperative network’s channel parameters at the destination node is proposed. The exact Cram´er- Rao lower bound (CRLB) for the problem is presented in closedform. Channel estimators that are capable of estimating the overall source-relay-destination channel parameters at the destination are also derived. Numerical results show that while reducing delay, the proposed channel estimators are close to the derived CRLB over a wide range of signal-to-noise ratio values and outperform existing channel estimation methods. Finally, extensive simulations demonstrate that the proposed training method and channel estimators can be effectively deployed in combination with cooperative optimization algorithms to significantly enhance the performance of AF relaying MIMO systems in terms of average-bit-error-rate. [less ▲]

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See detailRobust MIMO precoding for several classes of channel uncertainty
Wang, J.; Bengtsson, M.; Ottersten, Björn UL et al

in IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing (2013), 12(61), 3056-3070

The full potential of multi-input multi-output (MIMO) communication systems relies on exploiting channel state information at the transmitter (CSIT), which is, however, often subject to some uncertainty ... [more ▼]

The full potential of multi-input multi-output (MIMO) communication systems relies on exploiting channel state information at the transmitter (CSIT), which is, however, often subject to some uncertainty. In this paper, following the worst-case robust philosophy, we consider a robust MIMO precoding design with deterministic imperfect CSIT, formulated as a maximin problem, to maximize the worst-case received signal-to-noise ratio or minimize the worst-case error probability. Given different types of imperfect CSIT in practice, a unified framework is lacking in the literature to tackle various channel uncertainty. In this paper, we address this open problem by considering several classes of uncertainty sets that include most deterministic imperfect CSIT as special cases. We show that, for general convex uncertainty sets, the robust precoder, as the solution to the maximin problem, can be efficiently computed by solving a single convex optimization problem. Furthermore, when it comes to unitarily-invariant convex uncertainty sets, we prove the optimality of a channel-diagonalizing structure and simplify the complex-matrix problem to a real-vector power allocation problem, which is then analytically solved in a waterfilling manner. Finally, for uncertainty sets defined by a generic matrix norm, called the Schatten norm, we provide a fully closed-form solution to the robust precoding design, based on which the robustness of beamforming and uniform-power transmission is investigated. [less ▲]

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See detailCost sensitive credit card fraud detection using Bayes minimum risk
Correa Bahnsen, Alejandro UL; Stojanovic, A.; Aouada, Djamila UL et al

in International Conference on Machine Learning and Applications, 2013 IEEE 12th (2013)

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See detailSatellite Cognitive Communications and Spectrum Regulation
Sharma, Shree Krishna UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Ottersten, Björn UL

in Hofmann, Mahulena (Ed.) International Regulations of Space Communications (2013)

Due to rapid increase of wireless users and the popularity of multimedia applications, the demand for wireless spectrum is increasing rapidly. However, due to current static spectrum policy, the available ... [more ▼]

Due to rapid increase of wireless users and the popularity of multimedia applications, the demand for wireless spectrum is increasing rapidly. However, due to current static spectrum policy, the available usable spectrum is becoming scarce while a significant amount of spectrum remains underutilized. In this aspect, cognitive communications can be considered as a promising technology to enhance spectrum usage efficiency by allowing the coexistence of heterogeneous networks within the same spectrum. In this paper, starting with the rationale of cognitive communication, we present two different coexistence scenarios in the context of satellite cognitive communication. We then present the current status of spectrum regulation in the context of Cognitive Radio (CR) and the relevant decisions of World Radio Conference 2012 (WRC-12). Finally, we present the technical aspects and regulatory challenges of this technology and provide some suggestions from research, industrial and regulatory perspectives. [less ▲]

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See detailReal-time depth enhancement by fusion for RGB-D cameras
Garcia Becerro, Frederic UL; Aouada, Djamila UL; Solignac, Thomas et al

in IET Computer Vision (2013), 7(5), 335345

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See detailDepth Super-Resolution by Enhanced Shift and Add
Al Ismaeil, Kassem UL; Aouada, Djamila UL; Mirbach, Bruno et al

in Computer Analysis of Images and Patterns, 15th International Conference, CAIP 2013, York, UK, August 27-29, 2013, Proceedings, Part II (2013)

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See detailMutli-Frame Super-Resolution by Enhanced Shift & Add
Al Ismaeil, Kassem UL; Aouada, Djamila UL; Mirbach, Bruno et al

in 8th International Symposium on Image and Signal Processing and Analysis (2013)

A critical step in multi-frame super-resolution is the registration of frames based on their motion. We improve the performance of current state-of-the-art super-resolution techniques by proposing a more ... [more ▼]

A critical step in multi-frame super-resolution is the registration of frames based on their motion. We improve the performance of current state-of-the-art super-resolution techniques by proposing a more robust and accurate registration as early as in the initialization stage of the high resolution estimate. Indeed, we solve the limitations on scale and motion inherent to the classical Shift & Add approach by upsampling the low resolution frames up to the super-resolution factor prior to estimating motion or to median filtering. This is followed by an appropriate selective optimization, leading to an enhanced Shift & Add. Quantitative and qualitative evaluations have been conducted at two levels; the initial estimation and the final optimized super-resolution. Results show that the proposed algorithm outperforms existing state-of-art methods. [less ▲]

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See detailCost sensitive credit card fraud detection using bayes minimum risk
Bahnsen, A. C.; Stojanovic, Aleksandar UL; Aouada, D. et al

in Proceedings - 2013 12th International Conference on Machine Learning and Applications, ICMLA 2013 (2013), 1

Credit card fraud is a growing problem that affects card holders around the world. Fraud detection has been an interesting topic in machine learning. Nevertheless, current state of the art credit card ... [more ▼]

Credit card fraud is a growing problem that affects card holders around the world. Fraud detection has been an interesting topic in machine learning. Nevertheless, current state of the art credit card fraud detection algorithms miss to include the real costs of credit card fraud as a measure to evaluate algorithms. In this paper a new comparison measure that realistically represents the monetary gains and losses due to fraud detection is proposed. Moreover, using the proposed cost measure a cost sensitive method based on Bayes minimum risk is presented. This method is compared with state of the art algorithms and shows improvements up to 23% measured by cost. The results of this paper are based on real life transactional data provided by a large European card processing company. © 2013 IEEE. [less ▲]

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See detailConstructive Interference in Linear Precoding Systems: Power Allocation and User Selection
Christopoulos, Dimitrios; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Krikidis, Ioannis et al

in IEEE GlobeCom (2013)

The exploitation of interference in a constructive manner has recently been proposed for the downlink of multiuser, multi-antenna transmitters. This novel linear precoding technique, herein referred to as ... [more ▼]

The exploitation of interference in a constructive manner has recently been proposed for the downlink of multiuser, multi-antenna transmitters. This novel linear precoding technique, herein referred to as constructive interference zero forcing (CIZF) precoding, has exhibited substantial gains over conventional approaches; the concept is to cancel, on a symbol-by-symbol basis, only the interfering users that do not add to the intended signal power. In this paper, the power allocation problem towards maximizing the performance of a CIZF system with respect to some metric (throughput or fairness) is investigated. What is more, it is shown that the performance of the novel precoding scheme can be further boosted by choosing some of the constructive multiuser interference terms in the precoder design. Finally, motivated by the significant effect of user selection on conventional, zero forcing (ZF) precoding, the problem of user selection for the novel precoding method is tackled. A new iterative, low complexity algorithm for user selection in CIZF is developed. Simulation results are provided to display the gains of the algorithm compared to known user selection approaches. [less ▲]

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See detailMulti-frame super-resolution by enhanced shift & add
Al Ismaeil, Kassem UL; Aouada, D.; Ottersten, Björn UL et al

in International Symposium on Image and Signal Processing and Analysis, ISPA (2013)

A critical step in multi-frame super-resolution is the registration of frames based on their motion. We improve the performance of current state-of-the-art super-resolution techniques by proposing a more ... [more ▼]

A critical step in multi-frame super-resolution is the registration of frames based on their motion. We improve the performance of current state-of-the-art super-resolution techniques by proposing a more robust and accurate registration as early as in the initialization stage of the high resolution estimate. Indeed, we solve the limitations on scale and motion inherent to the classical Shift & Add approach by upsampling the low resolution frames up to the super-resolution factor prior to estimating motion or to median filtering. This is followed by an appropriate selective optimization, leading to an enhanced Shift & Add. Quantitative and qualitative evaluations have been conducted at two levels; the initial estimation and the final optimized superresolution. Results show that the proposed algorithm outperforms existing state-of-art methods. © 2013 University of Trieste and University of Zagreb. [less ▲]

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See detailDiversity fairness in tomlinson-harashima precoded multiuser MIMO through retransmission
Krikidis, Ioannis UL; Ottersten, Björn UL

in IEEE Signal Processing Letters (2013), 20(4), 375-378

In this letter, we study the diversity unfairness associated with the conventional Tomlinson-Harashima precoding (THP) in multiuser multiple-input multiple-output downlink transmission. A single ... [more ▼]

In this letter, we study the diversity unfairness associated with the conventional Tomlinson-Harashima precoding (THP) in multiuser multiple-input multiple-output downlink transmission. A single-retransmission scheme that combines two THP signals at each user with a complementary multi-user suppression order is investigated. For a system with $M$ antennas at the transmitter and a single antenna at each user, the proposed scheme provides a diversity order $M+1$ for all users and ensures diversity fairness. We study two retransmission policies, where the users either consider only the current received codeword or combine both codewords for decoding. An asymptotic analysis of the outage probability for both THP retransmission schemes is provided. In addition, a power allocation policy that minimizes the outage probability and accommodates the same coding gain at each user is discussed by formulating a geometric optimization problem. © 1994-2012 IEEE. [less ▲]

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See detailMMSE Performance Analysis of Generalized Multibeam Satellite Channels
Christopoulos, Dimitrios UL; Arnau, Jesus; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in IEEE Wireless Communications Letters (2013), 17(7), 1332-1335

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See detailEigenvalue based SNR Estimation for Cognitive Radio in Presence of Channel Correlation
Sharma, Shree Krishna UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Ottersten, Björn UL

in Proceedings of IEEE Globecom 2013 (2013)

In addition to spectrum sensing capability required by a Cognitive Radio (CR), Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR) estimation of the primary signals is crucial in order to adapt its coverage area dynamically ... [more ▼]

In addition to spectrum sensing capability required by a Cognitive Radio (CR), Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR) estimation of the primary signals is crucial in order to adapt its coverage area dynamically using underlay techniques. Furthermore, in practical scenarios, the fading channel may be correlated due to various causes such as insufficient scattering in the propagation path and antenna mutual coupling. In this context, we consider the SNR estimation problem for a CR in the presence of channel correlation. We study an eigenvaluebased SNR estimation technique for large-scale CR networks using asymptotic Random Matrix Theory (RMT). We carry out detailed theoretical analysis of the signal plus noise hypothesis to derive the asymptotic eigenvalue probability distribution function (a.e.p.d.f.) of the received signal’s covariance matrix in the presence of the correlated channel. Then an SNR estimation technique based on the derived a.e.p.d.f. is proposed for PU SNR in the presence of channel correlation and its performance is evaluated in terms of normalized Mean Square Error (MSE). It is shown that the PU SNR can be accurately estimated in the presence of channel correlation using the proposed technique even in low SNR region. [less ▲]

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See detailSpectrum Sensing in Dual Polarized Fading Channels for Cognitive SatComs
Sharma, Shree Krishna UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Ottersten, Björn UL

in Proceedings of IEEE Globecom Conference 2012 (2012, December)

Next generation networks are moving towards the convergence of mobile, fixed and broadcasting services in one standard platform, which requires the co-existence of satellite and terrestrial networks in ... [more ▼]

Next generation networks are moving towards the convergence of mobile, fixed and broadcasting services in one standard platform, which requires the co-existence of satellite and terrestrial networks in the same spectrum. This framework has motivated the concept of cognitive Satellite Communication (SatComs). In this aspect, the problem of exploiting Spectrum Sensing (SS) techniques for a dual polarized fading channel is considered. In this paper, the performance of Energy Detection (ED) technique is evaluated in the context of a co-existence scenario of a satellite and a terrestrial link. Diversity combining techniques such as Equal Gain Combining (EGC) and Selection Combining (SC) are considered to enhance the SS efficiency. Furthermore, analytical expressions for probability of detection (Pd) and probability of false alarm (Pf ) are presented for these techniques in the considered fading channel and the sensing performance is studied through analytical and simulation results. Moreover, the effect of Cross Polar Discrimination (XPD) on the sensing performance is presented and it is shown that SS efficiency improves for low XPD. [less ▲]

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