References of "Ottersten, Björn 50002797"
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See detailEnergy-efficient coordinated multi-cell multi-group multicast beamforming with antenna selection
Tervo, O.; Tran, L. N.; Pennanen, H. et al

in 2017 IEEE International Conference on Communications Workshops (ICC) (2017)

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See detailEnergy Optimization for Full-Duplex Self-Backhauled HetNet with Non-Orthogonal Multiple Access
Lei, Lei UL; Lagunas, Eva UL; Maleki, Sina UL et al

in International Workshop on Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Communications (SPAWC), Sapporo, Japan, July 2017 (2017)

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See detailCentralized Rainfall Estimation using Carrier-to-Noise of Satellite Communication Links
Gharanjik, Ahmad UL; Shankar, Bhavani UL; Zimmer, Frank et al

in IEEE Journal on Selected Areas In Communications (2017)

In this paper, we present a centralized method for real-time rainfall estimation using carrier-to-noise power ratio (C/N) measurements from broadband satellite communication networks. The C/N data of both ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we present a centralized method for real-time rainfall estimation using carrier-to-noise power ratio (C/N) measurements from broadband satellite communication networks. The C/N data of both forward link and return link are collected by the gateway station from the user terminals in the broadband satellite communication network and stored in a database. The C/N for such Ka-band scenarios is impaired mainly by the rainfall. Using signal processing and machine learning techniques, we develop an algorithm for real-time rainfall estimation. Extracting relevant features from C/N, we use artificial neural network in order to distinguish the rain events from dry events. We then determine the signal attenuation corresponding to the rain events and examine an empirical relationship between rainfall rate and signal attenuation. Experimental results are promising and prove the high potential of satellite communication links for real environment monitoring, particularly rainfall estimation. [less ▲]

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See detailOn the Energy-Efficiency of Hybrid Analog-Digital Transceivers for Single- and Multi-carrier Large Antenna Array Systems
Tsinos, Christos UL; Maleki, Sina UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in IEEE Journal on Selected Areas In Communications (2017)

Hybrid Analog-Digital transceivers are employed with the view to reduce the hardware complexity and the energy consumption in millimeter wave/large antenna array systems by reducing the number of their ... [more ▼]

Hybrid Analog-Digital transceivers are employed with the view to reduce the hardware complexity and the energy consumption in millimeter wave/large antenna array systems by reducing the number of their Radio Frequency (RF) chains. However, the analog processing network requires power for its operation and it further introduces power losses, dependent on the number of the transceiver antennas and RF chains, that have to be compensated. Thus, the reduction in the power consumption is usually much less than it is expected and given that the hybrid solutions present in general inferior spectral efficiency than a fully digital one, it is possible for the former to be less energy efficient than the latter in several cases. Existing approaches propose hybrid solutions that maximize the spectral efficiency of the system without providing any insight on their energy requirements/efficiency. To that end, in this paper, a novel algorithmic framework is developed based on which energy efficient hybrid transceiver designs are derived and their performance is examined with respect to the number of RF chains and antennas. Solutions are proposed for fully and partially connected hybrid architectures and for both single- and multi-carrier systems under the Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) modulation. Simulations and theoretical results provide insight on the cases where a hybrid transceiver is the most energy efficient solution or not. [less ▲]

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See detailSymbol-Level Multiuser MISO Precoding for Multi-level Adaptive Modulation
Alodeh, Maha UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Ottersten, Björn UL

in IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications (2017)

Symbol-level precoding is a new paradigm for multiuser multiple-antenna downlink systems which aims at creating constructive interference among the transmitted data streams. This can be enabled by ... [more ▼]

Symbol-level precoding is a new paradigm for multiuser multiple-antenna downlink systems which aims at creating constructive interference among the transmitted data streams. This can be enabled by designing the precoded signal of the multiantenna transmitter on a symbol level, taking into account both channel state information and data symbols. Previous literature has studied this paradigm for Mary phase shift keying (MPSK) modulations by addressing various performance metrics, such as power minimization and maximization of the minimum rate. In this paper, we extend this to generic multi-level modulations i.e. Mary quadrature amplitude modulation (MQAM) by establishing connection to PHY layer multicasting with phase constraints. Furthermore, we address adaptive modulation schemes which are crucial in enabling the throughput scaling of symbol-level precoded systems. In this direction, we design signal processing algorithms for minimizing the required power under per-user signal to interference noise ratio (SINR) or goodput constraints. Extensive numerical results show that the proposed algorithm provides considerable power and energy efficiency gains, while adapting the employed modulation scheme to match the requested data rate. [less ▲]

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See detailEnhanced Trajectory-based Action Recognition using Human Pose
Papadopoulos, Konstantinos UL; Goncalves Almeida Antunes, Michel UL; Aouada, Djamila UL et al

in IEEE International Conference on Image Processing, Beijing 17-20 Spetember 2017 (2017)

Action recognition using dense trajectories is a popular concept. However, many spatio-temporal characteristics of the trajectories are lost in the final video representation when using a single Bag-of ... [more ▼]

Action recognition using dense trajectories is a popular concept. However, many spatio-temporal characteristics of the trajectories are lost in the final video representation when using a single Bag-of-Words model. Also, there is a significant amount of extracted trajectory features that are actually irrelevant to the activity being analyzed, which can considerably degrade the recognition performance. In this paper, we propose a human-tailored trajectory extraction scheme, in which trajectories are clustered using information from the human pose. Two configurations are considered; first, when exact skeleton joint positions are provided, and second, when only an estimate thereof is available. In both cases, the proposed method is further strengthened by using the concept of local Bag-of-Words, where a specific codebook is generated for each skeleton joint group. This has the advantage of adding spatial human pose awareness in the video representation, effectively increasing its discriminative power. We experimentally compare the proposed method with the standard dense trajectories approach on two challenging datasets. [less ▲]

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See detailFlexible Feedback System for Posture Monitoring and Correction
Baptista, Renato UL; Antunes, Michel; Shabayek, Abd El Rahman UL et al

in IEEE International Conference on Image Information Processing (ICIIP) (2017)

In this paper, we propose a framework for guiding patients and/or users in how to correct their posture in real-time without requiring a physical or a direct intervention of a therapist or a sports ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we propose a framework for guiding patients and/or users in how to correct their posture in real-time without requiring a physical or a direct intervention of a therapist or a sports specialist. In order to support posture monitoring and correction, this paper presents a flexible system that continuously evaluates postural defects of the user. In case deviations from a correct posture are identified, then feedback information is provided in order to guide the user to converge to an appropriate and stable body condition. The core of the proposed approach is the analysis of the motion required for aligning body-parts with respect to postural constraints and pre-specified template skeleton poses. Experimental results in two scenarios (sitting and weight lifting) show the potential of the proposed framework. [less ▲]

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See detailMulti-Target Localization in Asynchronous MIMO Radars Using Sparse Sensing
Sedighi, Saeid UL; Shankar, Bhavani UL; Maleki, Sina UL et al

Scientific Conference (2017)

Multi-target localization, warranted in emerging applications like autonomous driving, requires targets to be perfectly detected in the distributed nodes with accurate range measurements. This implies ... [more ▼]

Multi-target localization, warranted in emerging applications like autonomous driving, requires targets to be perfectly detected in the distributed nodes with accurate range measurements. This implies that high range resolution is crucial in distributed localization in the considered scenario. This work proposes a new framework for multi-target localization, addressing the demand for the high range resolution in automotive applications without increasing the required bandwidth. In particular, it employs sparse stepped frequency waveform and infers the target ranges by exploiting sparsity in target scene. The range measurements are then sent to a fusion center where direction of arrival estimation is undertaken. Numerical results illustrate the impact of range resolution on multi-target localization and the performance improvement arising from the proposed algorithm in such scenarios. [less ▲]

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See detailSimultaneous Sensing and Transmission for Cognitive Radios with Imperfect Signal Cancellation
Politis, Christos UL; Maleki, Sina UL; Tsinos, Christos UL et al

in IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications (2017)

In conventional cognitive radio systems, the secondary user employs a “listen-before-talk” paradigm, where it senses if the primary user is active or idle, before it decides to access the licensed ... [more ▼]

In conventional cognitive radio systems, the secondary user employs a “listen-before-talk” paradigm, where it senses if the primary user is active or idle, before it decides to access the licensed spectrum. However, this method faces challenges with the most important being the reduction of the secondary user’s throughput, as no data transmission takes place during the sensing period. In this context, the idea of simultaneous spectrum sensing and data transmission is proposed. The present work studies a system model where this concept is obtained through the collaboration of the secondary transmitter with the secondary receiver. First, the secondary receiver decodes the signal from the secondary transmitter, subsequently, removes it from the total received signal and then, carries out spectrum sensing in the remaining signal in order to decide about the presence/absence of the primary user. Different from the existing literature, this paper takes into account the imperfect signal cancellation, evaluating how the decoding errors affect the sensing reliability and derives the analytical expressions for the probability of false alarm. Finally, numerical results are presented illustrating the accuracy of the proposed analysis. [less ▲]

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See detailReliability problems and Pareto-optimality in cognitive radar (Invited paper)
Soltanalian, M.; Mysore, R.B.S.; Ottersten, Björn UL

in Signal Processing Conference (EUSIPCO), 2016 24th European (2016, December)

Cognitive radar refers to an adaptive sensing system exhibiting high degree of waveform adaptivity and diversity enabled by intelligent processing and exploitation of information from the environment. The ... [more ▼]

Cognitive radar refers to an adaptive sensing system exhibiting high degree of waveform adaptivity and diversity enabled by intelligent processing and exploitation of information from the environment. The next generation of radar systems are characterized by their application to scenarios exhibiting non-stationary scenes as well as interference caused by use of shared spectrum. Cognitive radar systems, by their inherent adaptivity, seem to be the natural choice for such applications. However, adaptivity opens up reliability issues due to uncertainties induced in the information gathering and processing. This paper lists some of the reliability aspects foreseen for cognitive radar systems and motivates the need for waveform designs satisfying different metrics simultaneously towards enhancing the reliability. An iterative framework based on multi-objective optimization is proposed to provide Pareto-optimal waveform designs. [less ▲]

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See detailPer-antenna Power Minimization in Symbol-Level Precoding
Spano, Danilo UL; Alodeh, Maha UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in IEEE GLOBECOM 2016 (2016, December)

This paper investigates the problem of the interference among multiple simultaneous transmissions in the downlink channel of a multi-antenna wireless system. A symbol-level precoding scheme is considered ... [more ▼]

This paper investigates the problem of the interference among multiple simultaneous transmissions in the downlink channel of a multi-antenna wireless system. A symbol-level precoding scheme is considered, where the data information is used, along with the channel state information, in order to exploit the multi-user interference and transform it into useful power at the receiver side. In this framework, it is important to consider the power limitations individually for each transmitting antenna, since a common practice in multi-antenna systems is the use of separate per-antenna amplifiers. Thus, herein the problem of per-antenna power minimization in symbol-level precoding is formulated and solved, under Quality-of-Service constraints. In the proposed approach, the precoding design is optimized in order to control the instantaneous power transmitted by the antennas, and more specifically to limit the power peaks, while guaranteeing some specific target signal-to-noise ratios at the receivers. Numerical results are presented to show the effectiveness of the proposed scheme, which outperforms the existing state of the art techniques in terms of reduction of the power peaks and of the peak-to-average power ratio across the transmitting antennas. [less ▲]

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See detailMax-min transmit beamforming via iterative regularization
Gharanjik, Ahmad UL; Shankar, Bhavani UL; Soltanalian, Mojtaba et al

in 50th Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers, November 2016 (2016, November)

This paper introduces an iterative optimization framework to tackle the multi-group multicast Max-Min transmit beamforming problem. In each iteration, the optimization problem is decomposed into four sub ... [more ▼]

This paper introduces an iterative optimization framework to tackle the multi-group multicast Max-Min transmit beamforming problem. In each iteration, the optimization problem is decomposed into four sub-problems, all of which can be solved using computationally efficient algorithms. The advantage of proposed method lies in its ability to handle different types of signal constraints like total power and unimodularity; a feature not exhibited by other techniques. The proposed technique outperforms the well-known semidefinite relaxation method in terms of quality of solutions [less ▲]

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See detailReal-Time Enhancement of Dynamic Depth Videos with Non-Rigid Deformations
Al Ismaeil, Kassem; Aouada, Djamila UL; Solignac, Thomas et al

in IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis & Machine Intelligence (2016), 39(10), 2045-2059

We propose a novel approach for enhancing depth videos containing non-rigidly deforming objects. Depth sensors are capable of capturing depth maps in real-time but suffer from high noise levels and low ... [more ▼]

We propose a novel approach for enhancing depth videos containing non-rigidly deforming objects. Depth sensors are capable of capturing depth maps in real-time but suffer from high noise levels and low spatial resolutions. While solutions for reconstructing 3D details in static scenes, or scenes with rigid global motions have been recently proposed, handling unconstrained non-rigid deformations in relative complex scenes remains a challenge. Our solution consists in a recursive dynamic multi-frame superresolution algorithm where the relative local 3D motions between consecutive frames are directly accounted for. We rely on the assumption that these 3D motions can be decoupled into lateral motions and radial displacements. This allows to perform a simple local per-pixel tracking where both depth measurements and deformations are dynamically optimized. The geometric smoothness is subsequently added using a multi-level L1 minimization with a bilateral total variation regularization. The performance of this method is thoroughly evaluated on both real and synthetic data. As compared to alternative approaches, the results show a clear improvement in reconstruction accuracy and in robustness to noise, to relative large non-rigid deformations, and to topological changes. Moreover, the proposed approach, implemented on a CPU, is shown to be computationally efficient and working in real-time. [less ▲]

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See detailMulticast multigroup precoding for frame-based multi-gateway satellite communications
Christopoulos, Dimitrios UL; Pennanen, Harri UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in Advanced Satellite Multimedia Systems Conference and the 14th Signal Processing for Space Communications Workshop (ASMS/SPSC), 2016 8th (2016, October 24)

The present work focuses on the forward link of fixed multibeam broadband satellite systems which employ aggressive frequency reuse patterns in the user-link. For such scenarios, the state-of-the art ... [more ▼]

The present work focuses on the forward link of fixed multibeam broadband satellite systems which employ aggressive frequency reuse patterns in the user-link. For such scenarios, the state-of-the art frame based precoding methods can improve the system performance, exploiting the super framing structure of the latest physical layer evolutions in satellite communications. Nevertheless, the limitations of feeder link need to be considered. Since the increase of the user link capacity leads to a proportional increase in the capacity requirements of the point-to-point feeder link, the deployment of multiple gateways to feed the satellite is examined. The main concept lies in each earth station being dedicated to serve a cluster of beams. In this context, the performance degradation due to inter-cluster interference is quantified. Since inter-cluster interference is expected to primarily affect cluster-edge users, the chosen performance metric is system fairness. Next, coordination between the multiple gateways is proposed as a means to mitigate interference between the different clusters and thus increase the minimum SINR over the coverage. Consequently, the gains in terms of system availability, a crucial metric in satellite communications, are exhibited via numerical system level simulations. The energy efficiency of the proposed system is also presented. [less ▲]

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See detailPeak Power Minimization in Symbol-level Precoding for Cognitive MISO Downlink Channels
Alodeh, Maha UL; Spano, Danilo UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in IEEE Digital Signal Processing Conference (2016, October 16)

This paper proposes a new symbol-level precoding scheme at the cognitive transmitter that jointly utilizes the data and channel information to reduce the effect of nonlinear amplifiers, by reducing the ... [more ▼]

This paper proposes a new symbol-level precoding scheme at the cognitive transmitter that jointly utilizes the data and channel information to reduce the effect of nonlinear amplifiers, by reducing the maximum antenna power under quality of service constraint at the cognitive receivers. In practice, each transmit antenna has a separate amplifier with individual characteristics. In the proposed approach, the precoding design is optimized in order to control the instantaneous power transmitted by the antennas, and more specifically to limit the power peaks, while guaranteeing some specific target signal-to-noise ratios at the receivers and respecting the interference temperature constraint imposed by the primary system. Numerical results show the effectiveness of the proposed scheme, which outperforms the existing state of the art techniques in terms of reduction of the power peaks. [less ▲]

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See detailUniversal Intelligent Small Cell for Next Generation Cellular Networks
Patwary, M.; Sharma, Shree Krishna UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in Digital Communications and Networks (2016), 2(4), 167174

Exploring innovative cellular architectures to achieve enhanced system capacity and good coverage has become a critical issue towards realizing the next generation of wireless communications. In this ... [more ▼]

Exploring innovative cellular architectures to achieve enhanced system capacity and good coverage has become a critical issue towards realizing the next generation of wireless communications. In this context, this paper proposes a novel concept of Universal Intelligent Small Cell (UnISCell) for enabling the densification of the next generation of cellular networks. The proposed novel concept envisions an integrated platform of providing a strong linkage between different stakeholders such as street lighting networks, landline telephone networks and future wireless networks, and is universal in nature being independent of the operating frequency bands and traffic types. The main motivating factors for the proposed small cell concept are the need of public infrastructure re-engineering, and the recent advances in several enabling technologies. First, we highlight the main concepts of the proposed UnISCell platform. Subsequently, we present two deployment scenarios for the proposed UnISCell concept considering infrastructure sharing and service sharing as important aspects. We then describe the key future technologies for enabling the proposed UnISCell concept and present a use case example with the help of numerical results. Finally, we conclude this article by providing some interesting future recommendations. [less ▲]

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See detailTerminal-side interference mitigation for spectral coexistence of satellite and terrestrial systems in non-exclusive Ka-band
Sharma, Shree Krishna UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Ottersten, Björn UL

in 34th AIAA International Communications Satellite Systems Conference (2016, October)

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See detailCentralized Power Control in Cognitive Radio Networks Using Modulation and Coding Classification Feedback
Tsakmalis, Anestis UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Ottersten, Björn UL

in IEEE Transactions on Cognitive Communications and Networking (2016), 2(3),

In this paper, a centralized Power Control (PC) scheme and an interference channel learning method are jointly tackled to allow a Cognitive Radio Network (CRN) access to the frequency band of a Primary ... [more ▼]

In this paper, a centralized Power Control (PC) scheme and an interference channel learning method are jointly tackled to allow a Cognitive Radio Network (CRN) access to the frequency band of a Primary User (PU) operating based on an Adaptive Coding and Modulation (ACM) protocol. The learning process enabler is a cooperative Modulation and Coding Classification (MCC) technique which estimates the Modulation and Coding scheme (MCS) of the PU. Due to the lack of cooperation between the PU and the CRN, the CRN exploits this multilevel MCC sensing feedback as implicit channel state information (CSI) of the PU link in order to constantly monitor the impact of the aggregated interference it causes. In this paper, an algorithm is developed for maximizing the CRN throughput (the PC optimization objective) and simultaneously learning how to mitigate PU interference (the optimization problem constraint) by using only the MCC information. Ideal approaches for this problem setting with high convergence rate are the cutting plane methods (CPM). Here, we focus on the analytic center cutting plane method (ACCPM) and the center of gravity cutting plane method (CGCPM) whose effectiveness in the proposed simultaneous PC and interference channel learning algorithm is demonstrated through numerical simulations. [less ▲]

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