References of "Nienaber, Birte 50002761"
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See detailHow should rural policy be evaluated if it aims to foster community involvement in environmental management?
Prager, Katrin; Nienaber, Birte UL; Neumann, Barbara et al

in Journal of Rural Studies (2015), 37

This paper brings together different theoretical perspectives to propose an evaluation framework for policies which have the explicit aim to foster community involvement in the management of their natural ... [more ▼]

This paper brings together different theoretical perspectives to propose an evaluation framework for policies which have the explicit aim to foster community involvement in the management of their natural environment in the context of sustainable rural development, such as the EU LEADER programme, Australia's Caring for Our Country, and UNESCO Biosphere Reserves. Previous policy evaluations have over-simplified the complex social-ecological systems on which these policies are supposed to act, have lacked specification of the policy level they address and were predicated on the assumption that policies can be designed to produce predictable outcomes.Based on a concept of 'complex realities' we developed a framework to guide the evaluation of policy effectiveness in socialecological systems. This comprehensive framework provides the conceptual and theoretical context in which individual evaluation exercises for policy review and future programme design can be embedded. It goes beyond existing frameworks by allowing the identification of factors that explain how and why a policy tool was effective. It provides a structure within which data sets from different sources, relevant stakeholders and relationships can be identified and analysed in a multi-level and multi-scale context. However, we emphasise that policy makers and evaluators' mindsets would have to change to accept uncertainty and the validity of various stakeholders' perceptions and evaluations. [less ▲]

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See detailWohnungsmärkte in Grenzregionen. Der facettenreiche Luxemburg-Effekt!
Nienaber, Birte UL; Christmann, Nathalie UL

Scientific Conference (2015)

„Je t’aime, moi non plus“ (dt. Übersetzung: „Ich liebe dich... ich dich auch nicht.“): so beschreibt die französische Tageszeitung L’Express (2011, S. II) die transnationalen Beziehungen zwischen ... [more ▼]

„Je t’aime, moi non plus“ (dt. Übersetzung: „Ich liebe dich... ich dich auch nicht.“): so beschreibt die französische Tageszeitung L’Express (2011, S. II) die transnationalen Beziehungen zwischen Luxemburg und der Nachbarregion Lothringen. So ließen sich wohl auch die Relationen zu den anderen Nachbarregionen zusammenfassen. Einerseits bietet der „Wirtschaftsmotor“ Luxemburg Arbeitsplätze für zahlreiche Pendler, was die Großregion (Luxemburg, Saarland, Rheinland-Pfalz, Wallonien, Lothringen) positiv beeinflusst; andererseits machen negative Konsequenzen wie die rasante Entwicklung der Miet- und Grundstückspreise in Luxemburg nicht an den Grenzen halt. Der sogenannte „Luxemburg-Effekt“ geht unter anderem einher mit einer Verdrängung von Teilen der lokalen Bevölkerung, die nicht in Luxemburg arbeiten. Der „Luxemburg-Effekt“ beschreibt eine sehr facettenreiche Erscheinung, die sich zuweilen auf Arbeitsmarktvorteile, das Verkehrsaufkommen, demographische Entwicklungen und Auswirkungen auf die Wohnungsmärkte bezieht und somit als eine lokale/regionale Bezeichnung für das Phänomen border paradox angesehen werden kann. Die Wohnungsmärkte in der Großregion weisen unterschiedliche Konstellationen auf. Es kam jedoch in beinahe allen Teilgebieten der Großregion im Einzugsgebiet des luxemburgischen Arbeitsmarktes zu einem Anstieg der Immobilienpreise. Die höhere Kaufkraft der Zuziehenden bringt steigende Grundstücks- und Mietpreise in den Zielgebieten mit sich. Ressentiments gegenüber den „neuen“ Nachbarn sind die Folge. Andererseits zeigen etwa die anhaltende Ausweisung von Bauland und die Zukunftskonzepte zahlreicher Gemeinden, dass Politiker und Planer die Nähe zu Luxemburg als positiv für die Entwicklung ihrer Region bewerten. Je nach Kontext werden demnach die Auswirkungen sehr unterschiedlich wahrgenommen. Das Ziel dieses Beitrages ist es, die diskursive Verarbeitung der raumpolitischen Auswirkungen, die sich aufgrund der Nähe zu Luxemburg ergeben, in Bezug auf die Wohnungsmärkte in der Großregion zu untersuchen. Diskurse über die Wahrnehmung der Veränderungen in Bezug auf den Wohnungsmarkt sollen anhand der Auswertung von Planungsdokumenten und Artikeln aus lokalen Tageszeitungen nachgezeichnet werden. [less ▲]

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See detailPolicy Report on Migration and Asylum 2014 - Luxembourg
Li, Lisa UL; Petry, David UL; Nienaber, Birte UL et al

Report (2015)

The structure of the political system and the institutional context of Luxembourg were described in detail in the previous policy reports on migration and asylum. Important changes related to the national ... [more ▼]

The structure of the political system and the institutional context of Luxembourg were described in detail in the previous policy reports on migration and asylum. Important changes related to the national elections of 2014 can be found in the Policy Report. [less ▲]

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See detailRural Return Migration: Comparative Analysis between Ireland and Lithuania
Farrell, Maura; Kairyte, Emilija; Nienaber, Birte UL et al

in Central and Eastern European Migration Review (2014)

Globalisation is a ubiquitous influence in rural Europe, offering both opportunities and challenges. The liberalisation of travel restrictions, in addition to the growth and development of transport and ... [more ▼]

Globalisation is a ubiquitous influence in rural Europe, offering both opportunities and challenges. The liberalisation of travel restrictions, in addition to the growth and development of transport and global communication networks, have contributed to international mobility that promotes patterns of migration, return migration and repeat emigration from/into rural regions. Return migration in particular, represents a stimulating field of research, which is as though provoking as it is diverse. In some regions, migrants return to their native country to play a pivotal role in the economic, social, and cultural vibrancy of a local rural community, while in others, migrants find themselves excluded and isolated. Investigating this diversity of experience, this paper presents analysis of findings from research carried out as part of the FP7 DERREG project. Thirty-six biographies of return migrants (from the West of Ireland and Alytus County, Lithuania) were generated; allowing an understanding of how various life trajectories develop; reasons behind decisions; feelings regarding relocation and reintegration and, experiences of returning to a rural location. Drawing on transnationalism and social network theory, this paper reveals the complexity of contemporary return migration experiences and the similarities and diversities that exist between Western and Eastern Europe. Key issues to emerge include the context dependency of return migrant behaviour and their further life choices, integration and, the shift in migrant value priority scale from economic to social values. [less ▲]

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See detailWork and residential cross-border mobilities for people working in Luxembourg : developments and impacts
Nienaber, Birte UL; Pigeron-Piroth, Isabelle UL; Roos, Ursula UL

Scientific Conference (2014, November 20)

Cross-border employment and residence are becoming a very important type of mobility in border regions. In the Greater Region, consisting of Luxembourg, Lorraine, Wallonia, Saarland and Rhineland ... [more ▼]

Cross-border employment and residence are becoming a very important type of mobility in border regions. In the Greater Region, consisting of Luxembourg, Lorraine, Wallonia, Saarland and Rhineland-Palatinate, around 213,000 people live and work in two different countries. Most of the cross-border commuters are employed in Luxembourg, representing 44% of the salaried population of Luxembourg. Additionally, the Greater Region is a space of cross-border residential mobility; meaning some people commuting to Luxembourg are former residents of Luxembourg and vice versa. The aim of this paper is to examine the development of the cross-border mobility phenomenon over the last 20 years, as well as to present principal cross-border residential flows of people working in Luxembourg. Furthermore, the paper discusses the impacts these flows have had on the Greater Region. A change has been recognized in the direction of migration flows. Whereas in the 1990s, most of cross-border residential migration was oriented towards Luxembourg, the direction has now changed towards the neighboring countries. Now some German, French and Belgian villages are impacted by these migration trends regarding e.g. an increase of housing prices, different languages, integration and schooling. Furthermore, from a conceptual point of view, it is difficult to describe the reality of the cross-border phenomenon due to the diversification of profiles and trajectories. This paper consists of two methodological strands, showing on one hand different cross-border developments based on large quantitative datasets and on the other hand giving an impression of impacts and challenges caused by cross-border migration based on qualitative interviews. [less ▲]

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See detailMobilités de travail et de résidence : vers une territorialité transfrontalière?
Evrard, Estelle UL; Nienaber, Birte UL; Pigeron-Piroth, Isabelle UL

Scientific Conference (2014, November 06)

En Grande Région Saar-Lor-Lux, les interdépendances transfrontalières, notamment les mobilités résidentielles et de travail sont grandissantes. Elles ont pris un jour nouveau depuis les années 2000 à 2005 ... [more ▼]

En Grande Région Saar-Lor-Lux, les interdépendances transfrontalières, notamment les mobilités résidentielles et de travail sont grandissantes. Elles ont pris un jour nouveau depuis les années 2000 à 2005 où de plus en plus de résidents luxembourgeois déménagent de l’autre côté des frontières (surtout en Allemagne), devenant ainsi des travailleurs frontaliers. Depuis les années 70, la coopération institutionnelle en Grande Région s’est structurée et les domaines de coopération sont nombreux : culture, transports, aménagement du territoire constituent quelques exemples essentiels. Par ailleurs, après de longues réflexions, la gouvernance transfrontalière tend à s’institutionnaliser avec la mise sur pied d’un GECT depuis 2013. Si certaines réponses transfrontalières visent à faire face à ces interdépendances fonctionnelles en termes d’accessibilité notamment, le cadre institutionnel permettant le développement de ces mobilités émane essentiellement de l’échelle étatique ou européenne. Cette contribution prendra appui sur les dynamiques de mobilité de travail et de résidence ainsi que sur certains développements institutionnels récents pour questionner l’opérationnalité du concept de territorialité dans le contexte transfrontalier. La contribution montrera comment les flux de travail transfrontaliers au sein de la Grande Région croissent et se diversifient. Très hétérogènes, les profils des travailleurs concernés permettent un ajustement à la fois quantitatif et qualitatif entre la main-d'œuvre et les possibilités d'emploi dans un marché du travail transfrontalier aux "contours" constamment repoussés plus loin des frontières. Les frontières se vivent également par les mobilités résidentielles transfrontalières (changement de pays de résidence) qui s'y opèrent, entre recherche d’une certaine proximité géographique avec l'emploi et usage opportuniste des différentiels dans les prix immobiliers. L'ensemble de ces flux transfrontaliers (de travail et de résidence), par ses multiples impacts (économiques, sociaux, territoriaux) est source de dynamique et d’innovation. L'espace transfrontalier de la Grande Région est ainsi progressivement construit socialement. Dans le même temps, plusieurs réponses institutionnelles interviennent au niveau local, régional, national ou européen. Le concept de territorialité permet de confronter ces deux tendances. [less ▲]

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See detailDe-bordering and cross-border governance in a post-cold war era along German borders
Nienaber, Birte UL; Kriszan, Agnes

Scientific Conference (2014, June 09)

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See detailDGfG-Studie zum Image der Geographie
Gans, Paul; Heinritz, Günter; Hemmer, Ingrid et al

in Rundbrief Geographie (2014)

This paper is the editorial of "Rundbrief Geographie" summarizing the main results of a survey on the image of geography.

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See detailArbeitsmigranten aus Bulgarien. Ursachen, Folgen und Probleme der Migrationsbewegungen
Sprenger, Sandra; Nienaber, Birte UL

in Geographie Heute (2014), 318

Since the economic miracle of the 1950s at the latest, Germany has been a country of immigration for migrant workers. Recently, labour migrants from the new EU member states have been the main focus of ... [more ▼]

Since the economic miracle of the 1950s at the latest, Germany has been a country of immigration for migrant workers. Recently, labour migrants from the new EU member states have been the main focus of public debate. This article offers teaching material for secondary schools to work on this topic. [less ▲]

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See detailInternationalisierung der Gesellschaft – Überblick und Fallbeispiele
Nienaber, Birte UL

Scientific Conference (2013, November 11)

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See detailIntegratives Wachstum – Territoriale Evidenzen als Beitrag zur Umsetzung der Strukturfonds
Nienaber, Birte UL

Scientific Conference (2013, October 25)

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See detailIs diversification of farm households still an option for integrated rural development? Evidences from Slovenia and Saarland, Germany
Nienaber, Birte UL; Potočnik Slavič, Irma

in Quaestiones Geographicae (2013), 32(4), 39-48

Multifunctionality of rural areas in Europe has become an important aspect of rural development in the last years. An important instrument to ameliorate the multifunctionality is diversification of farm ... [more ▼]

Multifunctionality of rural areas in Europe has become an important aspect of rural development in the last years. An important instrument to ameliorate the multifunctionality is diversification of farm income. As various forms of farm income diversification have been developed throughout Europe the paper will survey the effectiveness of undertaken measures. First the issue of farm diversification will be argued theoretically. Then case studies from Saarland, Germany and from Slovenia analyse the importance of diversification for rural areas. A comparison two regions will dissect the chances and risks of diversification in a comparable new and old EU member state. [less ▲]

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See detailEditorial
Nienaber, Birte UL; Hemmer, Ingrid

in Rundbrief Geographie (2013)

This editorial of "Rundbrief Geographie" is a first brainstorming on the image of geography.

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See detailDie räumliche Perspektive der Europäischen Union: Territorialität, Subsidiarität, Finalität?
Chilla, Tobias; Reimer, Ekkehart; Nienaber, Birte UL

in Österreichischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. Mitteilungen (2013), 155

The paper reflects the territorial perspective of the European Union and starts with the reference to three strands of debates that are currently active on the interface of political geography and ... [more ▼]

The paper reflects the territorial perspective of the European Union and starts with the reference to three strands of debates that are currently active on the interface of political geography and European law. First, since the 1990s we see a debate on a possible competence on the European level for spatial planning. In this context, the principle of subsidiarity is discussed controversially. Second, the debate on EU enlargements refers to the concept of finality. Third, we refer to the discussion on the principle of territoriality. Prevailing on the national level, this principle is very much disputed on the European level.We confront this very political debate. The starting point is here the discussion on the principle of territoriality which can be considered as the most comprehensive one.In a first step we differentiate between analytical and normative elements of the debate. In a second step we propose a categorisation that comprises territorial, moderate relational and radical relational approaches. In a last step, we position the concepts of subsidiarity and finality to the different understanding of territoriality. [less ▲]

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See detailArranging public support to unfold collaborative modes of governance in rural areas
Wellbrock, Wiebke; Roep, Dirk; Mahon, Marie et al

in Journal of Rural Studies (2013), 32

Raising collective agency is key to successful place-based development approaches. Existing policy arrangements have, however, been criticised, suggesting a need to effectuate more collaborative modes of ... [more ▼]

Raising collective agency is key to successful place-based development approaches. Existing policy arrangements have, however, been criticised, suggesting a need to effectuate more collaborative modes of governance. This paper shall contribute to a better understanding of how public support can best be arranged to raise collective agency for a more collaborative mode of governance in rural areas. The paper elaborates on findings of empirical investigations conducted within the EU FP7 project DERREG. It will be shown that differences in effectuating more collaborative modes of governance can partly be ascribed to different political dynamics, economic and demographic situations as well as the presence of a shared sense of place. To raise collective agency effectively requires a joint reconsideration and restructuring of the division of roles and tasks, including those of public administration. This can be supported by facilitating joint reflexivity among development actors and giving room for collaborative leadership and operational flexibility within policy arrangements [less ▲]

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See detailArranging Support for Collective Learning in Rural Areas of Germany
Wellbrock, Wiebke; Nienaber, Birte UL; Kriszan, Michael et al

in Tamásy, Christine; Revilla Diez, Javier (Eds.) Regional Resilience, Economy and Society - Globalising Rural Places (2013)

rural areas best be arranged? In this chapter, we explore how public support for collective learning is arranged in two rural areas of Germany: Sankt Wendeler Land in the federal state of Saarland and the ... [more ▼]

rural areas best be arranged? In this chapter, we explore how public support for collective learning is arranged in two rural areas of Germany: Sankt Wendeler Land in the federal state of Saarland and the Oberlausitzer Heide- und Teichlandschaft in the Free State of Saxony . After introducing the case study areas, a framework to analyse and reflect on arrangements to support collective learning in rural areas will be presented. Then, the methods used for data collection and analysis will be described, and some background information on the organisation of support for collective learning in Germany will be provided. It will be shown how public support is operationalized and how beneficiaries evaluate the arranged support in the case study areas. Subsequently, differences in institutional arrangements to support collective learning in the respective case study areas will be discussed. It will be shown that in order to arrange public support for collective learning successfully, the operation of public support programmes needs to be delegated to agents embedded within the area. These agents need to dispose of access to wider networks of groups and networks within and outside the area. This way, they are able to include a wide range of development actors and connect them to the appropriate supporters. In this process, the roles of shared leadership is crucial (Horlings 2012). An arrangement that works well in one area can therefore not be used as a blueprint to make arrangements in another area. [less ▲]

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See detailConflicts and Opportunities for Regional Development arising from the Designation of Protected Areas - the example UNESCO Biosphere Reserve Bliesgau
Frys, Wioletta; Nienaber, Birte UL

in Kriszan, Michael; Burdack, Joachim (Eds.) Use or protect - environment capital and regional development in the rural areas of Europe : research findings and experiences from the EU project DERREG (2013)

The concept of ‘Biosphere Reserve’ is a tool that must be located between conservation and economic development, as it promotes a sustainable regional endogenous development and takes the holistic ... [more ▼]

The concept of ‘Biosphere Reserve’ is a tool that must be located between conservation and economic development, as it promotes a sustainable regional endogenous development and takes the holistic economical, socio-cultural, political, environmental and democratic rights into account. The following identification of conflicts in the biosphere reserve Bliesgau is very important for the further development of the UNESCO Biosphere Reserve Bliesgau in Saarland, Germany as well as for establishing and developing other new biosphere reserves. Within the framework of the research, expert interviews were conducted with twelve representatives of different institutions in Saarland in the period from 26 November 2009 to 15 December 2009. Due to the targeted diversity of the experts, governmental as well as non-governmental institutions were involved. Furthermore, organizations were contacted whose opinions concerning the Biosphere Reserve Bliesgau differ in public. [less ▲]

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See detailEntgrenzte Lebenswelten: Wohn- und Arbeitsmigration als Ausdruck transnationaler Lebensentwürfe im deutsch-luxemburgischen und deutsch-polnischen Grenzraum
Nienaber, Birte UL; Kriszan, Agnes

in Raumforschung und Raumordnung (2013), 71(3), 221-232

National borders inside the European Union are open contact zones of transnational everyday lives. The Schengen Agreement ensures the free movement of EU citizens leading to new forms of international ... [more ▼]

National borders inside the European Union are open contact zones of transnational everyday lives. The Schengen Agreement ensures the free movement of EU citizens leading to new forms of international migration and illustrating the European integration process on the local level. Therefore, migrants move to the neighbouring country to live or work there. Cross-border residential property and labour markets develop meaning the transnationalisation of everyday lives between neighbouring countries. With the case study region of the municipality of Perl in the German federal state of Saarland and the joined municipality Amt Löcknitz-Penkun in the German federal state of Mecklenburg- Western Pomerania the following article deals with these cross-border everyday lives. On the one side of the national state borders there is a booming region (Luxembourg or Szczecin) and on the other side there is a structural weak rural German region. This substantially influences these processes. Both case study regions show dealings with these cross-border phenomena and spatial implications deriving from this. [less ▲]

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