References of "Nienaber, Birte 50002761"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
See detailDetermining labour shortages and the need for labour migration from third countries in the EU
Sommarribas, Adolfo UL; Becker, Fabienne UL; Nienaber, Birte UL

Report (2015)

Since almost 150 years, Luxembourg depends on two kinds of migration, qualified and non-qualified, in order to deal with the workforce needs of its economy. Compared to the other EU Member States ... [more ▼]

Since almost 150 years, Luxembourg depends on two kinds of migration, qualified and non-qualified, in order to deal with the workforce needs of its economy. Compared to the other EU Member States, Luxembourg is the country with the largest proportion of foreigners; however, this foreign population is mainly composed of EU citizens. Due to its size and geographic position, Luxembourg was able to have access to a very particular form of economic migration: cross-border workers. Globalisation has also played a decisive role in the development of economic migration for the Luxembourgish labour market. The financial centre was obliged to become highly specialised in order to remain competitive in regards to other financial centres and to maintain its volume of business. In order to maintain its competitive advantage, Luxembourg needs highly skilled personnel, which the country has found, up until now, within the Greater Region. This reality is even more pronounced with regards to the labour market: the number of actives (salaried and non-salaried) on 31 March 2014 shows that Luxembourgish nationals represented only 31%, EU citizens 65% and third-country nationals only 4%. Cross-border workers from Belgium, France and Germany represented 42% of the workforce and the resident migrant population (EU citizens and third-country nationals) 28%. Cross-border workers, which consist of skilled and highly skilled labour are substantially attracted for two reasons: 1) more competitive salaries on the Luxemburgish labour market ; and 2) a geographical location which allows the commuting of cross-border workers. The attitude of the successive governments was to adapt immigration to the economic needs of the country. The government policy intends to focus on attracting highly added value activities focussed on new technologies (biomedicine and information as well as communication technologies – focusing on IT security), logistics and research. However, being one of the smallest countries in the European Union, Luxembourg has limited human resources to guarantee the growth not only of the financial sector but also of the new technologies sectors. The government introduced the highly qualified worker residence permit in the bill on free movement of persons and immigration approved by law of 29 August 2008 almost a year before of the enactment of the Blue Card Directive to facilitate the entry of third-country national highly qualified workers. However, this reform was isolated and incomplete and took place without making a real evaluation of the workforce demand of the different sectors of the economy. Even though until now Luxembourg has been relying on the workforce from the Greater Region, for some socio-economic and political stakeholders, highly qualified workforces began to become scarce in the Greater region. In addition to the cross-border workers, the lifting of restrictions to access all the sectors of the labour market for citizens of the new Member States (EU-8) can be considered as a mitigating factor for the need to make an evaluation of the workforce demand, because the high salaries paid in Luxembourg became a real pull factor for the highly qualified workers. As a consequence, the political authorities did not foresee a systematic plan on how to address labour shortages in specific sectors of the economy, because there has not been a significant need for doing so. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 175 (9 UL)
See detailNachhaltige Daseinsvorsorge – was können wir aus anderen Ländern Europas lernen?
Nienaber, Birte UL

Scientific Conference (2015, March 19)

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailGlobalization Processes and the Restructuring of Europe's Rural Regions
Woods, Michael; Nienaber, Birte UL; McDonagh, John

in McDonagh, John; Nienaber, Birte; Woods, Michael (Eds.) Globalization and Europe’s Rural Regions (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 70 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailWohnsituation der atypischen Grenzgängerinnen und Grenzgänger an der luxemburgisch-deutschen Grenze
Roos, Ursula UL; Hermes, Chantal; Nienaber, Birte UL

in Nienaber, Birte; Roos, Ursula (Eds.) Internationalisierung der Gesellschaft und die Auswirkungen auf die Raumentwicklung – Beispiele aus Hessen, Rheinland-Pfalz und dem Saarland (2015)

In the course of the Schengen agreement of 1992, the abandonment of border controls and the introduction of a common currency, the significance of cross-border mobility in the Greater Region Saar – Lor – ... [more ▼]

In the course of the Schengen agreement of 1992, the abandonment of border controls and the introduction of a common currency, the significance of cross-border mobility in the Greater Region Saar – Lor – Lux, Rhineland-Palatinate – Wallonia – French-speaking and German-speaking Community of Belgium has increased considerably over the last two decades. In particular, atypical cross-border commuters who still work in their countries of origin but moved their places of residence to nearby foreign coun-tries play an important role. The number of atypical cross-border commuters with Lux-embourgian nationality who commute regularly from the Greater Region to the Grand Duchy Luxembourg has trebled since 1999. Atypical cross-border commuters prefer communities as places of residence alongside favourable transport axes, permitting daily commuting because of convenient infrastructure. Immigration causes a population growth in the two case study areas – Rhineland-Palatinate and Saarland – leading, in combination with the increasing number of cross-border commuters, to new challenges in the German-Luxembourgian border area. These entail diverse consequences for planning and future development. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 79 (10 UL)
Full Text
See detailZum Image der Geographie – Arbeitsmarkt und Beruf
Nienaber, Birte UL; Götz, Christoph; Gans, Paul

in Gans, Paul; Hemmer, Ingrid (Eds.) Zum Image der Geographie in Deutschland. Ergebnisse einer empirischen Studie (2015)

This book chapter deals with the image of "Geography" and "Geographers" on the labour market and their employability. It is based on a survey of 800 people, 100 HR managers and 100 representatives of ... [more ▼]

This book chapter deals with the image of "Geography" and "Geographers" on the labour market and their employability. It is based on a survey of 800 people, 100 HR managers and 100 representatives of media. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 104 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe rural regions of the old-industrialized Saarland - between globalization and regionalization.
Nienaber, Birte UL; Frys, Violetta

in McDonagh, John; Nienaber, Birte; Woods, Michael (Eds.) Globalization and Europe’s Rural Regions (2015)

Saarland is a federal state in western Germany, with strong cross-border links to the neighbouring countries of Luxembourg and northeastern France. The region is characterized by globalization processes ... [more ▼]

Saarland is a federal state in western Germany, with strong cross-border links to the neighbouring countries of Luxembourg and northeastern France. The region is characterized by globalization processes, a very strong European cross-border integration process as well as internal regionalization processes. The region has a restructuring industrial economy, from coal and steel to a more diversified economy. It is an urbanized region and includes the city of Saarbrücken, which is also the state capital. Saarland is located in the so-called ‘Greater Region’, a term used to identify the transfrontier region Saar-Lor-Lux that contains the regions of Saarland, Lorraine, Luxembourg, Rhineland-Palatinate and Wallonia. The formerly used term ‘Saar-Lor-Lux’ referred primarily (since 1969) to the industrialized borderland of Saarland, Lorraine and Luxembourg. Drawing from the regional distinctions between several European case study regions we can also recognise segmentation of specific local areas and identify how social distinctions within a region, for example between locals and migrants in Saarland, can downgrade relationships between both groups of people. Another focus of the research presented in this chapter is the arrangement of support for regional learning and innovation in rural Saarland with regard to globalization and regionalization. Learning and innovation are very important for rural regions because they develop capacities, knowledge and skills, which are especially needed in economically poor border regions like Saarland. Grassroots initiatives in Saarland therefore, help provide people in rural areas with new information, knowledge and skills as well as facilitate and support different stakeholders in learning to work together, to network and to reach a collective development aim. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (1 UL)
Full Text
See detailGlobalization and Europe’s Rural Regions
McDonagh, John; Nienaber, Birte UL; Woods, Michael

Book published by Ashgate (2015)

This book examines the multiple ways in which rural regions in Europe are being restructured through globalization and the regional development responses that they have adopted. It provides an ... [more ▼]

This book examines the multiple ways in which rural regions in Europe are being restructured through globalization and the regional development responses that they have adopted. It provides an understanding of the key challenges and opportunities for rural regions arising from the major economic, social, political and cultural changes associated with globalization, including trade liberalization and economic deregulation, increased international migration, and the rise of global consciousness about environmental issues. Drawing on examples and findings from a major European research project, DERREG, the book presents detailed case studies of ten regions in different parts of Europe, exploring the factors that lead to different experiences of globalization in each of the regions, and highlighting examples of good practice in regional development responses. The book concludes by proposing a typology of regional responses to globalization and considering the policy implications of the research findings. As such, ’Globalization and Europe’s Rural Regions’ is important reading for geographers, sociologists, planners and economists interested in understanding the impact of globalization in rural regions, and for rural development professionals seeking to mobilize effective responses. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 187 (20 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailInternationalisierung der Gesellschaft und die Auswirkung auf die Raumentwicklung - eine Einführung
Nienaber, Birte UL; Roos, Ursula UL

in Nienaber, Birte; Roos, Ursula (Eds.) Internationalisierung der Gesellschaft und die Auswirkungen auf die Raumentwicklung – Beispiele aus Hessen, Rheinland-Pfalz und dem Saarland (2015)

Due to the demographic change, the society becomes increasingly international in the federal states of Hesse, Rhineland-Palatinate and Saarland. Hence, persons with migration background play an important ... [more ▼]

Due to the demographic change, the society becomes increasingly international in the federal states of Hesse, Rhineland-Palatinate and Saarland. Hence, persons with migration background play an important role in urban as well as rural regions. Especially in larger cities and their surrounding areas as well as close to the US-American military bases or in the German-Luxembourgish border region increased percentage shares of foreigners indicate a concentration of persons with foreign nationalities. Depending on the region and the formative structures migrants can be differentiated into sub-groups according to their nationality. Correspondingly, besides the „classic“ guest worker na-tionalities of Italy, Turkey, former Yugoslavia and Greece additional focal points of US-American and Luxembourgish citizens exist. Despite an increasing internationalisation of the society, the phenomenon of different spatial perceptions, spatial demands and spatial adoption of persons with migration background has hardly been studied with regard to its spatial development impact. This collective volume raises awareness for the topics of „migration and space“ and „migration and specific spaces“ and provides recommendations for spatial planning and development. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 209 (8 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailNeck Reinhard, Schmidinger Heinrich (Hrsg.) (2013), Migration. Wien
Nienaber, Birte UL

in Mitteilungen der österreichischen Geographischen Gesellschaft (2015), 157

This is a book review of "Neck Reinhard, Schmidinger Heinrich (Hrsg.) (2013), Migration. Wien".

Detailed reference viewed: 63 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPhantomgrenzen im Kontext grenzüberschreitender Wohnmigration. Das Beispiel des deutsch-luxemburgischen Grenzraums
Boesen, Elisabeth UL; Nienaber, Birte UL; Roos, Ursula UL et al

in Europa Regional (2015), 22(3-4), 114-128

The Schengen Agreement have opened many European borders and allowed border controls to virtually disappear. The effect of this opening can be illustrated especially well with the example of the German ... [more ▼]

The Schengen Agreement have opened many European borders and allowed border controls to virtually disappear. The effect of this opening can be illustrated especially well with the example of the German-Luxembourgish border region. Here, national borders have largely lost their dividing effect, which is reflected, amongst other things, in the very intensive daily mobility and residential mobility. This article shows that the diversity of the cross-border practices has relativised the national borders, which, however, persist in the form of new demarcations. This relationship of dissolvement and simultaneous continuity, as it is concisely described with the figure of thought “phantom borders”, will be examined by using example of cross-border residential migration. The number of Luxembourgers who recolate their residence to the German federal states of Saarland and Rhineland-Palatinate has risen significantly in recent years. This article is based on data from four different empirical studies, which, using a variety of methods, were concerned with the developments of residential mobility in the border regions of Saarland and Rhineland-Palatinate. The results are fundamentally in agreement that the massive residential migration has brought with it spatial differentiations and social demarcations on a local as well as on a regional level. These materialise and manifest themselves in different ways: easily accessible by public or private transport vs. not easily accessible; new residential developments vs. town and village centres, autochthonous vs. allochthonous, Luxembourgers vs. non-Luxembourgers. In all of these demarcation processes, the persistence of national categories is expressed, and they thus refer to the phantom-like continuity of territorial borders in general, as well as a clear incongruity of territorial borders and social demarcations in the context of residential migration in particular. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 404 (41 UL)
Full Text
See detailDie Transformation von ländlichen Räumen und den darin lebenden Gesellschaften in Westdeutschland
Nienaber, Birte UL

in Kühne, Olaf; Gawronski, Krzysztof; Hernik, Jozef (Eds.) Transformation und Landschaft - die Folgen sozialer Wandlungsprozesse auf Landschaft (2015)

Die Transformation ländlicher Räume im westlichen Europa ist eng verbunden mit der europäischen Integration und dabei vor allem mit der Gemeinsamen Agrarpolitik, durch deren Richtlinien auch die ... [more ▼]

Die Transformation ländlicher Räume im westlichen Europa ist eng verbunden mit der europäischen Integration und dabei vor allem mit der Gemeinsamen Agrarpolitik, durch deren Richtlinien auch die Gesellschaft im ländlichen Raum stark geprägt wurde. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 72 (0 UL)
Full Text
See detailInternationalisierung der Gesellschaft und die Auswirkung auf die Raumentwicklung - Beispiele aus Hessen, Rheinland-Pfalz und dem Saarland
Nienaber, Birte UL; Roos, Ursula UL

Book published by Akademie für Raumforschung und Landesplanung (2015)

In the context of globalisation and demographic change, the internationalisation of society is becoming increasingly important, why these anthology raises the awareness for this topic. The first part ... [more ▼]

In the context of globalisation and demographic change, the internationalisation of society is becoming increasingly important, why these anthology raises the awareness for this topic. The first part deals with the topic 'spatial construction through migrants', focusing on the culturally differentiated construction of spaces and landscapes from a theoretical point of view. From a social perspective, the shifts in such needs/requirements and values that people tie to different parts of their spatial environment are of particular interest. For example due to globalisation processes, identity constructions underlie a growing erosion process, concerning the understanding of space and landscape as well as their acquisition. Thus, the different levels of spatial planning are confronted with further differentiated demands in terms of space and landscape presenting major challenges. Based on different case studies, the second topic ‘migration and specific spaces’ that follows the theoretical considerations, reflects spatial demands of migrants and the potential of internationalisation. The selected case studies mainly deal with rural areas as well as the internationalisation in those cities which were not in the academic focus until now. At first, the focus is on the investigation of spatial acquisitions and demands of US-American, Muslim and Turkish migrants. Then the housing situation of migrants is the focal point. This includes the cross-border commuters at the German-Luxembourgish border. The following part is devoted to the potential which can be accompanied by the increasing internationalisation of the society. This is done on the one hand with a theoretical example of identity, home as well as inclusion and exclusion. On the other hand identities and self-attributions of repatriates (so called Aussiedler and Spätaussiedler) from former Soviet Union in Rhineland-Palatinate are discussed. Finally and based on the different articles, recommodations are derived and discussed for the future spatial development that arise in the course of internationalisation of society. The contributions of the anthology are made by: Julia Anslinger, Diedrich Bruns, Chantal Hermes, Jan Hilligardt, Martina Hülz, Bernhard Köppen, Olaf Kühne, Birte Nienaber, Florian Paech, Alexandra Reich, Ursula Roos and Antje Schönwald. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 600 (6 UL)
Full Text
See detailDissemination of information on voluntary return: How to reach irregular migrants not in contact with the authorities - Luxembourg
Li, Lisa UL; Petry, David UL; Nienaber, Birte UL

Report (2015)

The focus of this study lies with irregular migrants who are not in contact with the authorities. Due to their irregular situation, it is difficult to provide information on the numbers of persons that ... [more ▼]

The focus of this study lies with irregular migrants who are not in contact with the authorities. Due to their irregular situation, it is difficult to provide information on the numbers of persons that are irregularly staying in Luxembourg. Several actors were able to provide some estimations on the scale of irregular migrants, but these estimations can only ever be partial. Statistics are available concerning the assisted voluntary return and reintegration from Luxembourg programme that is operated by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) as well as concerning the counselling services offered by different non-governmental organisations and associations. However, most of these numbers refer to migrants that are known to the authorities, mainly because they are rejected applicants for international protection. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 109 (16 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailWohnungsmärkte in Grenzregionen. Der facettenreiche Luxemburg-Effekt!
Nienaber, Birte UL; Christmann, Nathalie UL

Scientific Conference (2015)

„Je t’aime, moi non plus“ (dt. Übersetzung: „Ich liebe dich... ich dich auch nicht.“): so beschreibt die französische Tageszeitung L’Express (2011, S. II) die transnationalen Beziehungen zwischen ... [more ▼]

„Je t’aime, moi non plus“ (dt. Übersetzung: „Ich liebe dich... ich dich auch nicht.“): so beschreibt die französische Tageszeitung L’Express (2011, S. II) die transnationalen Beziehungen zwischen Luxemburg und der Nachbarregion Lothringen. So ließen sich wohl auch die Relationen zu den anderen Nachbarregionen zusammenfassen. Einerseits bietet der „Wirtschaftsmotor“ Luxemburg Arbeitsplätze für zahlreiche Pendler, was die Großregion (Luxemburg, Saarland, Rheinland-Pfalz, Wallonien, Lothringen) positiv beeinflusst; andererseits machen negative Konsequenzen wie die rasante Entwicklung der Miet- und Grundstückspreise in Luxemburg nicht an den Grenzen halt. Der sogenannte „Luxemburg-Effekt“ geht unter anderem einher mit einer Verdrängung von Teilen der lokalen Bevölkerung, die nicht in Luxemburg arbeiten. Der „Luxemburg-Effekt“ beschreibt eine sehr facettenreiche Erscheinung, die sich zuweilen auf Arbeitsmarktvorteile, das Verkehrsaufkommen, demographische Entwicklungen und Auswirkungen auf die Wohnungsmärkte bezieht und somit als eine lokale/regionale Bezeichnung für das Phänomen border paradox angesehen werden kann. Die Wohnungsmärkte in der Großregion weisen unterschiedliche Konstellationen auf. Es kam jedoch in beinahe allen Teilgebieten der Großregion im Einzugsgebiet des luxemburgischen Arbeitsmarktes zu einem Anstieg der Immobilienpreise. Die höhere Kaufkraft der Zuziehenden bringt steigende Grundstücks- und Mietpreise in den Zielgebieten mit sich. Ressentiments gegenüber den „neuen“ Nachbarn sind die Folge. Andererseits zeigen etwa die anhaltende Ausweisung von Bauland und die Zukunftskonzepte zahlreicher Gemeinden, dass Politiker und Planer die Nähe zu Luxemburg als positiv für die Entwicklung ihrer Region bewerten. Je nach Kontext werden demnach die Auswirkungen sehr unterschiedlich wahrgenommen. Das Ziel dieses Beitrages ist es, die diskursive Verarbeitung der raumpolitischen Auswirkungen, die sich aufgrund der Nähe zu Luxemburg ergeben, in Bezug auf die Wohnungsmärkte in der Großregion zu untersuchen. Diskurse über die Wahrnehmung der Veränderungen in Bezug auf den Wohnungsmarkt sollen anhand der Auswertung von Planungsdokumenten und Artikeln aus lokalen Tageszeitungen nachgezeichnet werden. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 96 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailIntroduction: Globalization and Europe’s Rural Regions
McDonagh, John; Nienaber, Birte UL; Woods, Michael

in McDonagh, John; Nienaber, Birte; Woods, Michael (Eds.) Globalization and Europe’s Rural Regions (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 86 (1 UL)
Full Text
See detailESPON on the road - Bringing closer ESPON evidence for decision making
Breuer, Ina; Radvanski, Adam; Schön, Karl Peter et al

Report (2015)

The ESPONontheRoad project was a Transnational Networking Activity (TNA) of nineteen ESPON Contact Points (ECPs) with the aim to bring ESPON results closer for decision-making and thus increase the ... [more ▼]

The ESPONontheRoad project was a Transnational Networking Activity (TNA) of nineteen ESPON Contact Points (ECPs) with the aim to bring ESPON results closer for decision-making and thus increase the capitalisation of the ESPON Programme. During a year, participating ECPs brought ESPON closer to the local and regional level, and to citizens in physical and virtual forms. The project built a bridge between the issues on a local level and scientific evidence on EU territorial development policy themes. After taking stock of the most recent policy issues in each national context, ECPs formed transnational working groups to have a common understanding of the messages coming from ESPON results. These working groups designed the most appropriate and efficient form of communication for their target groups. In this way ESPON results were put into the macroregional context of West, South, North and Central-Eastern areas, and both the content-related and the organisational tasks were organised in a balanced way. The activity report summaries the goals of the project, presents how they were implemented and what are the lessons learnt. It concludes with recommendations for the future. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 208 (2 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailRaising Sustainability
Carr, Constance UL; Becker, Tom UL; Evrard, Estelle UL et al

in Planning Theory & Practice (2015)

The contributions that follow in this issue of the Interface address some operationalisations of sustainable development that have prevailed in planning policy in recent years.

Detailed reference viewed: 581 (86 UL)
Full Text
See detailPolicy Report on Migration and Asylum 2014 - Luxembourg
Li, Lisa UL; Petry, David UL; Nienaber, Birte UL et al

Report (2015)

The structure of the political system and the institutional context of Luxembourg were described in detail in the previous policy reports on migration and asylum. Important changes related to the national ... [more ▼]

The structure of the political system and the institutional context of Luxembourg were described in detail in the previous policy reports on migration and asylum. Important changes related to the national elections of 2014 can be found in the Policy Report. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 151 (31 UL)
Full Text
See detailDie Großregion SaarLorLux: Lebenswirklichkeiten und politische Konstruktionen
Nienaber, Birte UL

in Wille, Christian (Ed.) Lebenswirklichkeiten und politische Konstruktionen in Grenzregionen. Das Beispiel der Großregion SaarLorLux: Wirtschaft – Politik – Alltag – Kultur. (2015)

What is the SaarLorLux Greater Region? Is it one or more realities of life? One or more political constructions? Or: Is the SaarLorLux Greater Region perhaps something completely different? These are ... [more ▼]

What is the SaarLorLux Greater Region? Is it one or more realities of life? One or more political constructions? Or: Is the SaarLorLux Greater Region perhaps something completely different? These are questions that are investigated in this part. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 100 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailHow should rural policy be evaluated if it aims to foster community involvement in environmental management?
Prager, Katrin; Nienaber, Birte UL; Neumann, Barbara et al

in Journal of Rural Studies (2015), 37

This paper brings together different theoretical perspectives to propose an evaluation framework for policies which have the explicit aim to foster community involvement in the management of their natural ... [more ▼]

This paper brings together different theoretical perspectives to propose an evaluation framework for policies which have the explicit aim to foster community involvement in the management of their natural environment in the context of sustainable rural development, such as the EU LEADER programme, Australia's Caring for Our Country, and UNESCO Biosphere Reserves. Previous policy evaluations have over-simplified the complex social-ecological systems on which these policies are supposed to act, have lacked specification of the policy level they address and were predicated on the assumption that policies can be designed to produce predictable outcomes.Based on a concept of 'complex realities' we developed a framework to guide the evaluation of policy effectiveness in socialecological systems. This comprehensive framework provides the conceptual and theoretical context in which individual evaluation exercises for policy review and future programme design can be embedded. It goes beyond existing frameworks by allowing the identification of factors that explain how and why a policy tool was effective. It provides a structure within which data sets from different sources, relevant stakeholders and relationships can be identified and analysed in a multi-level and multi-scale context. However, we emphasise that policy makers and evaluators' mindsets would have to change to accept uncertainty and the validity of various stakeholders' perceptions and evaluations. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 112 (10 UL)