References of "Murdock, Elke 50002709"
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See detailAttitude towards Multiculturalism - Majority in Minority Perspective
Murdock, Elke UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

Scientific Conference (2014, July 13)

Even within a globalizing world, Luxembourg takes an exceptional position with a foreign population of 44 %. Within the capital of Luxembourg, home to a fifth of the country’s population, the native ... [more ▼]

Even within a globalizing world, Luxembourg takes an exceptional position with a foreign population of 44 %. Within the capital of Luxembourg, home to a fifth of the country’s population, the native population only makes up 33% of the population. Outwardly the cosmopolitan diversity is praised, but how is this increasingly plural composition of society perceived by the native population which finds itself in the minority within its own country? To investigate this specific “majority as minority” - perspective a quantitative study was conducted within a large Luxembourg employer (N = 507) which has a mainly native born work force. We examined the endorsement of multiculturalism using an adaptation of the Multiculturalism Ideology Scale and the Social Participation Subscale of the Multicultural Attitude Scale. We tested the relationship between demographic variables, different forms of culture contact experiences, individual values as measured by the Schwartz Values Structure, personality traits and the endorsement of multiculturalism. Furthermore we looked at the understanding of nationality as “socially constructed” versus “primordial” as a predictor of multiculturalism. The results show an endorsement of the idea of a plurally composed society, as well as a reluctance towards specific social participation measures of the allochtonous population. As in previous studies, we found that level of education is an important predictor for the endorsement of multiculturalism. The largest predictive weight however had the value structure with persons high in Self-Transcendence and low in Conservation being more open towards multiculturalism. Further significant predictors for high levels of self-reported multiculturalism include (a) the conviction that it is possible to have more than one nationality (socially constructed understanding of nationality), as well as (b) culture contact exposure in terms of a mixed composition of the circle of friends. In addition to this, the personality traits agreeableness and openness also played a role for the endorsement of multiculturalism. Results will be discussed in an acculturation framework where on the one hand cultural diversity is positively evaluated and accepted as a norm but on the other hand specific behavioural aspects of living together have yet to be aligned [less ▲]

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See detailOn being bicultural in a multicultural society
Murdock, Elke UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

in EARA Newsletter - European Association for Research on Adolescence (2014)

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See detailIdentity and acculturation: On being bi- and multicultural
Murdock, Elke UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

Scientific Conference (2013, September 06)

Even within a globalizing world, Luxembourg takes an exceptional position with a foreign population of 43 %. The country is trilingual and all three official languages are spoken throughout the country ... [more ▼]

Even within a globalizing world, Luxembourg takes an exceptional position with a foreign population of 43 %. The country is trilingual and all three official languages are spoken throughout the country. At the turn of the century, Luxembourg’s steel industry attracted several waves of guest workers from neighboring countries, Italy and Portugal. Many descendants live now in the second and third generation in Luxembourg. As host to many European Institutions and as a global financial services center, Luxembourg attracts an international workforce. The result is a multicultural composition of society and residents who have experienced different forms and degrees of culture contact. These groups can be differentiated by their length of stay in Luxembourg, ranging from several generations (resident Luxembourgers), some generations (migrants), length of a contract/study (sojourners) or working day (commuters). In a series of quantitative studies, we examined the endorsement of multiculturalism that is the attitude towards the plural composition of the society, by these groups. In a first study, we tested the relationship between different forms of culture contact, individual values as measured by the Schwartz Values Structure, and the endorsement of multiculturalism. In particular, we could show that high Self-Transcendence, low Conservation, and the conviction that it is possible to have more than one nationality (efficacy), as well as a mixed composition of the circle of friends, were significant predictors for high levels of self-reported multiculturalism. In a second study, we investigated the relationship between language competence, bilingualism, and biculturalism that is the internalization of more than one culture. We could demonstrate that high language competence (bilingualism) is a necessary, but not sufficient condition for self-reported biculturalism. In a third study, we investigate adolescents, raised in bi-national families regarding their experience of biculturalism. All findings are discussed within an acculturation framework. [less ▲]

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See detailMulticulturalism and Acculturation in the Multicultural Context of Luxembourg
Murdock, Elke UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

Scientific Conference (2013, July 10)

Even within a globalizing world, Luxembourg takes an exceptional position with a foreign population of 43%, which rises to 66% in the capital, where cultural diversity is used in external branding ... [more ▼]

Even within a globalizing world, Luxembourg takes an exceptional position with a foreign population of 43%, which rises to 66% in the capital, where cultural diversity is used in external branding (Multiplicity). The present series of studies form part of a work in progress aimed at enhancing the understanding of multiculturalism and the management of cultural diversity. Starting point is a society that can be described as multicultural in a demographic sense, offering ample opportunity for second culture exposure. How is this opportunity for culture-contact experienced by its various resident groups? In a series of quantitative studies we examined the endorsement of multiculturalism, which is the acceptance of the plural composition of societies, by various Luxembourg resident groups, who differ by length of stay in Luxembourg: native Luxembourgers, those who have lived there for a few generations and sojourners. Within these groups we differentiated between mono-cultural and bi- or multicultural individuals. Broadly defined, multicultural individuals have internalized more than one culture. We determined the respective in-group, assessed the strength of in-group identification, between group contacts and the perception of the cultural distance between groups. At trait level we tested the relationship between Schwartz Values structures and the endorsement of multiculturalism. Findings are discussed with respect to acculturation processes in multicultural societies. [less ▲]

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See detailMulticulturalism and Acculturation in the Multicultural Context of Luxembourg
Murdock, Elke UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

Scientific Conference (2013, June 02)

Even within a globalizing world, Luxembourg takes an exceptional position with a foreign population of 43%, which rises to 66% in the capital. Luxembourg can thus be called a “natural laboratory” ... [more ▼]

Even within a globalizing world, Luxembourg takes an exceptional position with a foreign population of 43%, which rises to 66% in the capital. Luxembourg can thus be called a “natural laboratory” regarding the macro-level conditions for multiculturalism. In a series of quantitative studies we have investigated how this plural composition of society is experienced at the individual or micro level. In a first study, we examined factors contributing to the endorsement of multiculturalism by various Luxembourg resident groups, i.e. native Luxembourgers, residents with migration background, sojourners and daily commuters (total n= 621). Within these groups we differentiated between mono-cultural and bi- or multicultural individuals. We determined the respective in-group, assessed the strength of in-group identification, between-group contacts and the perception of the cultural distance between groups. At trait level we tested the relationship between Schwartz Values structures and the endorsement of multiculturalism. Initial results point to a strong association between the value dimension self-transcendence and multiculturalism. Other work in progress focuses on a more in-depth analysis of the (national) identity processes of adolescents who are raised in families of mixed nationalities (bicultural “by birth”). In this study, we address the question if biculturalism is experienced as doubling of resources or as a strain and which individual or context factors will contribute to either outcome. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Construal of National Identities within the Luxembourg Context
Murdock, Elke UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

Scientific Conference (2012, July 19)

We live in an increasingly mobile world. In line with the conference’s motto of “Nurturing Diversity for Sustainable Development” the current paper aims to make a contribution to the understanding of ... [more ▼]

We live in an increasingly mobile world. In line with the conference’s motto of “Nurturing Diversity for Sustainable Development” the current paper aims to make a contribution to the understanding of individual national identity construal processes within a multi-national environment. Understanding these processes may facilitate the fostering of the acceptance of culturally heterogeneous identities. Starting point for this on-going, empirical study is Luxembourg, a country with approx. ½ m inhabitants, a foreign population of 43% (increasing to over 60% in the capital) and three officially recognized languages which are spoken throughout the country. Luxembourg can be viewed as a “natural laboratory.” Given its size, population mix and closeness of borders there is ample opportunity for “second culture exposure.” How is national identity construed within such a diverse context? Is second culture exposure experienced as an enrichment or a threat? Three groups, recruited on power analytical considerations and differentiated by their length of stay in Luxembourg (native residents, Luxembourgers with migrant background and sojourners) are analyzed regarding their national identity construal process along the primordialist – situationalist spectrum. Identity Structure Analysis (ISA) is used as theoretical framework and methodological tool. Given the multi-national context, it is assumed that situationalists will be in the majority across all three groups. However, given the developmental primacy of primordialism, some persistence of the primordial orientation is expected. Bicultural orientation is also assessed. Within this context, three questions are examined: Firstly, do individuals consider it possible to have more than one national identity? Secondly, if this is the case, are these national identities kept separate or integrated (cultural distance) and thirdly is this experienced harmoniously or as a source of conflict. Research on biculturalism and ISA are linked in the assumption that those individuals who gravitate towards situationalism will also consider it possible to have a bicultural identity. In a third step, the role of dispositional factors (Big FIVE personality variables) and demographic/ biographic variables will be examined as it is anticipated that these influence how bicultural identity is expressed (separated vs. integrated) and experienced (conflicted vs. harmonious). The study explores to what extent dispositional and demographic factors determine how second culture is experienced – whether diversity is experienced as a source of enrichment and joy or threat. [less ▲]

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See detailNational identity construal and civic values
Murdock, Elke UL

Scientific Conference (2012, April 17)

By their very nature, civic values cannot be declared property of a single nation. In an increasingly mobile world, adherence to and high regard for democratic principles should also foster the acceptance ... [more ▼]

By their very nature, civic values cannot be declared property of a single nation. In an increasingly mobile world, adherence to and high regard for democratic principles should also foster the acceptance of culturally heterogeneous identities. The current paper aims to make a contribution to understanding the individual national identity construal processes which facilitate such openness. Luxembourg with a foreign population of over 43% (and in some parts much higher), can be viewed as a “natural laboratory” for a multinational environment. In the present study, different resident groups, differentiated by their length of stay in Luxembourg, are analysed regarding their construal of national identity along the primordialist – situationalist spectrum, their bicultural identity orientation, demographic and dispositional factors. Key questions are whether national identity is a core concept of identity for individuals in a multinational society and for whom and why. What does national identity actually mean for an individual? Identity Structure Analysis provides the theoretical framework and the methodological application IPSEUS is used as a tool for analysis. The assumption is that those individuals who endorse situationalism and consider it possible to have a bicultural orientation will also accept cultural heterogeneous identities – a key component of civic values. [less ▲]

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See detailIntroductory Psychology Texts and the Inclusion of Culture
Lonner, Walter J.; Murdock, Elke UL

in Online Readings in Psychology and Culture (2012), Unit 11(1), 1-17

This subunit and its future extensions are intended for use in courses of study that focus, either partially or completely, on psychology and culture. The content of these contributions are expected to be ... [more ▼]

This subunit and its future extensions are intended for use in courses of study that focus, either partially or completely, on psychology and culture. The content of these contributions are expected to be helpful to both teachers and students because they address the nature and scope of the inclusion of culture in basic psychology instruction – especially as it pertains to the coverage of culture in the ubiquitous (at least in the Western world) introductory psychology texts (IPTs). In this paper we present data that document the extent to which authors of IPTs have dealt with culture over a 20-year period from 1988 to 2008. [less ▲]

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See detailNational Identity: Integrity and Diversity in Contemporary Europe. The Construal of National Identities within the Luxembourg Context.
Murdock, Elke UL

in Ethnicity Ethnic Minorities and Migrants (2012), 2(7), 70-85

We live in an increasingly mobile world. Luxembourg with a foreign population of 43% (over 65% in the capital) and three officially recognized languages, spoken throughout the country, can be viewed as a ... [more ▼]

We live in an increasingly mobile world. Luxembourg with a foreign population of 43% (over 65% in the capital) and three officially recognized languages, spoken throughout the country, can be viewed as a “natural laboratory.” Luxembourg has experienced a vicisstudinous history. Within a short period of time, Luxembourg has changed from being a country of emigration of becoming a target country for immigration. Initially, the iron and steel works attracted foreign populations. Today, Luxembourg is a major financial centre and host to many European institutions. The size of the country, population mix and closeness of the borders also imply that second culture exposure cannot be avoided. How is national identity construed within this context? In this paper the conceptual framework for a planned empirical study will be presented: Three different resident groups which are differentiated by their length of stay in Luxembourg (native Luxembourgers, Luxembourgers with migration background and Expatriates) will be analysed regarding their construal of national identity along the primordialist – situationalist spectrum. Furthermore, biculturalism will be explored, the hypothesis being that the position on the primordialist – situationalist spectrum will influence the bicultural orientation and the perception of second culture exposure as enrichment or threat. Identity Structure Analysis is used as a theoretical framework. [less ▲]

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See detailEntering Our Fifth Decade: An Analysis of the Influence of the Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology During Its First Forty Years of Publication
Lonner, Walter J.; Smith, Peter B.; van de Vijver, Fons et al

in Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology (2010), 41(3), 301-317

The role of the Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology (JCCP) over the past 40 years in enhancing attention to cultural issues within psychology is discussed. Analyses are presented showing frequencies over ... [more ▼]

The role of the Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology (JCCP) over the past 40 years in enhancing attention to cultural issues within psychology is discussed. Analyses are presented showing frequencies over the past decade with which JCCP authors cite other journals and frequencies with which authors in other journals cite JCCP authors. JCCP’s impact factor over four decades is compared with other relevant journals. Increased coverage in recent years of cultural issues in introductory psychology texts is documented. The journal has been successful as one of the leading outlets for cross-cultural studies and has achieved substantial influence, as measured by citations in relevant literature, in establishing the role culture plays in a broad variety of psychological issues and perspectives. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 134 (3 UL)