References of "Martin, Romain 50002316"
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See detailAttentional shifts induced by uninformative number symbols modulate neural activity in human occipital cortex
Schiltz, Christine UL; Goffaux, Valérie; Martin, Romain UL et al

Presentation (2012, July 17)

Number processing interacts with space encoding in a wide variety of experimental paradigms. Most intriguingly, the passive viewing of uninformative number symbols can shift visuo-spatial attention to ... [more ▼]

Number processing interacts with space encoding in a wide variety of experimental paradigms. Most intriguingly, the passive viewing of uninformative number symbols can shift visuo-spatial attention to different target locations according to the number magnitude, i.e. small/large numbers facilitate processing of left/right targets, respectively. The brain architecture dedicated to these attention shifts associated with numbers currently remains unknown. Evoked potential recordings indicate that both early and late stages are involved in this spatio-numerical interaction, but the neuro-functional anatomy needs to be specified. Here we use, for the first time, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to investigate attentional orienting following uninformative Arabic digits. We show that BOLD response in occipital visual regions was modulated by the congruency between digit magnitude (small/large) and target side (left/right). Additionally, we report higher BOLD responses following large (8, 9) compared to small (1, 2) digits in two bilateral parietal regions, yielding a significant effect of digit magnitude. We propose and discuss the view that automatic encoding of semantic representations related to number symbols in parietal cortex lead to shifts in visuo-spatial attention and enhanced visual processing in the occipital cortex according to number-space congruency rules. [less ▲]

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See detailA developmental investigation of the SNARC effect using a colour discrimination task.
Hoffmann, Danielle UL; Hornung, Caroline UL; Martin, Romain UL et al

Presentation (2012, July 17)

How do number-space interactions develop from childhood to adulthood? The SNARC effect (Spatial Numerical Association of Response Codes) reflects the finding that participants respond faster to small ... [more ▼]

How do number-space interactions develop from childhood to adulthood? The SNARC effect (Spatial Numerical Association of Response Codes) reflects the finding that participants respond faster to small numbers with their left hand and to large numbers with their right hand during a number classification task. Typically assessed through magnitude-independent parity judgment tasks, the SNARC effect is thought to show the automaticity of the number-space link. Using a parity task on children Berch et al. (1999) found a SNARC effect no earlier than from 9.2 years onwards. However, we hypothesise that parity judgments might be inappropriate to assess younger children. Therefore a more age-apropriate colour judgment task (implicit) and a magnitude judgement task (explicit) were designed and tested on 363 children from kindergarten to Grade 6 (5.8-12 years). The experimental tasks were complemented by a brief assessment of arithmetic skills. The results revealed overall significant SNARC effects [colour task t(355)=2.6, p<0.01; magnitude task t(340)=4.7, p<0.001], which interacted with grade [colour task F(6,355)=2.18; p<0.05; magnitude task F(6,340)=2.09; p=0.05]. Most interestingly, even the kindergartners already display both effects [colour task t(28)=1.96; p<0.05; magnitude task t(24)=1.7; p=0.05]. These results show explicit and implicit access to numerical magnitude in children as young as 5.8 years. [less ▲]

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See detailLarge-scale assessments and Collaborative Problem Solving: An impossible mix?
Greiff, Samuel UL; Holt, D.; Fischer, A. et al

Presentation (2012, May 04)

Detailed reference viewed: 68 (2 UL)
See detailL'école luxembourgeoise: (quel) besoin de changement?
Martin, Romain UL; Engel de Abreu, Pascale UL

Conference given outside the academic context (2012)

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See detailBilingualism Enriches the Poor: Enhanced Cognitive Control in Low-Income Minority Children
Engel de Abreu, Pascale UL; Cruz-Santos, A.; Tourinho De Abreu Neto, Carlos José UL et al

in Psychological Science (2012), 23(11), 1364-1371

This study explores whether the cognitive advantage associated with bilingualism in executive functioning extends to young children challenged by poverty and if so, which specific processes are most ... [more ▼]

This study explores whether the cognitive advantage associated with bilingualism in executive functioning extends to young children challenged by poverty and if so, which specific processes are most affected. Forty Portuguese-Luxembourgish bilingual children from low-income immigrant families in Luxembourg and 40 matched monolingual children from Portugal completed visuo-spatial tests of working memory, abstract reasoning, selective attention, and interference suppres-sion. Two broad cognitive factors of executive functioning labeled representation (abstract reason-ing and working memory) and control (selective attention and interference suppression) emerged from principal components analysis. Whereas there were no group differences in representation, the bilinguals performed significantly better than the monolinguals in control. These results demon-strate first, that the bilingual advantage is neither confounded with nor limited by socioeconomic and cultural factors and second, that separable aspects of executive functioning are differentially af-fected by bilingualism. The bilingual advantage lies in control but not in visuo-spatial representa-tional processes. [less ▲]

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See detailL'évaluation des compétences scientifiques au 21eme siècle : cadre conceptuel et prototypes pour une évaluation transformée-par-ordinateur
Weinerth, Katja UL; Reuter, Robert UL; Porro, Vincent et al

in Actes du 24e colloque international de l'ADMEE-Europe (2012)

En parallèle à l’évolution récente de l’enseignement des sciences (vers des modes d’enseignement basée sur la découverte guidée ou autonome), on observe une course aux nouvelles méthodes d’évaluation des ... [more ▼]

En parallèle à l’évolution récente de l’enseignement des sciences (vers des modes d’enseignement basée sur la découverte guidée ou autonome), on observe une course aux nouvelles méthodes d’évaluation des compétences scientifiques. Nous proposons ici un cadre conceptuel que nous avons développé et que nous utilisons actuellement pour guider le développement d’un environnement informatique d’apprentissage et d’évaluation intégré, qui pourra être utilisé (1) pour offrir aux apprenants une large panoplie de situations d’apprentissage relativement authentiques, implémentant l’ensemble des activités de l’investigation scientifique et (2) pour évaluer leurs connaissances du processus d’investigation scientifique, pour évaluer leurs compétences « en action » et pour évaluer comment ils appliquent leurs connaissances d’un domaine scientifique donné. Ce cadre conceptuel sera illustré à l’aide de prototypes d’items d’évaluation développés pour des ordinateurs mobiles à écran tactile. [less ▲]

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See detailÉpreuves Standardisées: Ziele und methodische Grundlagen
Brunner, Martin UL; Fischbach, Antoine UL; Reichert, Monique UL et al

in Martin, Romain; Brunner, Martin (Eds.) Épreuves Standardisées. Nationaler Bericht 2011‐2012 (2012)

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See detailSchlussfolgerungen
Martin, Romain UL; Ugen, Sonja UL; Fischbach, Antoine UL et al

in Martin, Romain; Brunner, Martin (Eds.) Épreuves Standardisées. Nationaler Bericht 2011‐2012 (2012)

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See detailAllgemeine Befunde zum Luxemburgischen Schulwesen
Fischbach, Antoine UL; Brunner, Martin UL; Lorphelin, Dalia UL et al

in Martin, Romain; Brunner, Martin (Eds.) Épreuves Standardisées. Nationaler Bericht 2011‐2012 (2012)

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See detailUnterschiede zwischen Schulformen
Keller, Ulrich UL; Lorphelin, Dalia UL; Muller, Claire UL et al

in Martin, Romain; Brunner, Martin (Eds.) Épreuves Standardisées. Nationaler Bericht 2011‐2012 (2012)

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See detailDoes Childhood General Cognitive Ability at Age 12 Predict Subjective Well-Being at Age 52?
Chmiel, Magda UL; Brunner, Martin UL; Keller, Ulrich UL et al

in Journal of Research in Personality (2012), 46

Drawing on a broad, multidimensional conceptualization of subjective well-being, this study examined the power of childhood general cognitive ability to predict life satisfaction, satisfaction with eight ... [more ▼]

Drawing on a broad, multidimensional conceptualization of subjective well-being, this study examined the power of childhood general cognitive ability to predict life satisfaction, satisfaction with eight individual life domains, and the frequency of experiencing positive and negative affect in middle adulthood. Data were obtained from a representative Luxembourgish sample (N = 738; 53% female) in a longitudinal study conducted in 1968 and 2008. Childhood general cognitive ability was unrelated to life satisfaction, negatively related to negative affect and satisfaction with free time, and positively related to positive affect and satisfaction with some of the life domains associated with socioeconomic success (i.e. finances, self, housing, work, or health). This predictive power persisted even when childhood socioeconomic status was controlled. [less ▲]

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See detailRevisiting the Structure of Subjective Well-Being in Middle-Aged Adults
Chmiel, Magda UL; Brunner, Martin UL; Martin, Romain UL et al

in Social Indicators Research (2012), 106

Subjective well-being is a broad, multifaceted construct comprising general satisfaction with life, satisfaction with life domains (health, family, people, free time, self, housing, work, and finances ... [more ▼]

Subjective well-being is a broad, multifaceted construct comprising general satisfaction with life, satisfaction with life domains (health, family, people, free time, self, housing, work, and finances), positive affect, and negative affect. Drawing on representative data from middle-aged adults (N = 738), the authors used three different structural models to analyze the interrelationships among these facets of subjective well-being. In a top-down model, a single factor representing global subjective well-being explained the correlations found among the more specific facets of subjective well-being and exerted the strongest influence on general satisfaction with life, satisfaction with health, and satisfaction with finances. In a bottom-up model, satisfaction with the latter two domains had the strongest effect on global subjective well-being. The authors discuss the implications of their findings for research on subjective well-being. [less ▲]

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See detailÉpreuves Standardisées. Nationaler Bericht 2011‐2012
Martin, Romain UL; Brunner, Martin UL

Book published by University of Luxembourg, EMACS (2012)

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See detailDo social variables affect school placement decisions in Luxembourg?
Klapproth, Florian UL; Glock, Sabine UL; Böhmer, Matthias UL et al

in Shoniregun, C. A.; Akmayeva, G. A. (Eds.) Ireland International Conference on Education - IIEC 2012 proceedings (2012)

In Luxembourg, the assignment of primary-school students to one of the tracks in secondary school is regulated by the Luxembourgish Ministry of Education. These regulations entail four criteria according ... [more ▼]

In Luxembourg, the assignment of primary-school students to one of the tracks in secondary school is regulated by the Luxembourgish Ministry of Education. These regulations entail four criteria according to which decisions about the assignment should be made. With the study at hand, it was examined whether teachers meet these four criteria when assigning students to either the academic track or the vocational track of secondary school. We conducted multi-level regression analyses on a representative sample of 2,731 Luxembourgish primary school 6th graders. Six major results were obtained. (1) Students’ school marks in language courses were most predictive for school placement decisions. (2) School marks were on average of more predictive value than were scores of standardized scholastic achievement tests. (3) Working and learning habits of the students played a role when teachers made their school placement decisions. (4) There was a strong positive relationship between the teachers’ placement decisions and the parents’ schooling preferences. (5) The socio-economic back- ground of the students did substantially affect school placement decisions. (6) Even when achievement variables were controlled for, migration background of students contributed significantly to teachers’ school placement decisions. [less ▲]

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See detailSchool placement decisions in Luxembourg: Do teachers meet the Education Ministry’s standards?
Klapproth, Florian UL; Glock, Sabine UL; Böhmer, Matthias UL et al

in Literacy Information and Computer Education Journal (2012), 1

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See detailThe Genetics Lab_Theoretical background & psychometric evaluation
Sonnleitner, Philipp UL; Brunner, Martin; Keller, Ulrich UL et al

Report (2012)

Detailed reference viewed: 235 (4 UL)