References of "Martin, Romain 50002316"
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See detailMädchen und Jungen
Hornung, Caroline UL; Hoffmann, Danielle UL; Lorphelin, Dalia UL et al

in SCRIPT; EMACS (Eds.) PISA 2012. Nationaler Bericht Luxemburg (2013)

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See detailA multitrait-multimethod study of assessment instruments for Complex Problem Solving
Greiff, Samuel UL; Fischer, Andreas; Wüstenberg, Sascha UL et al

in Intelligence (2013), 41

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See detailHerausforderungen und Perspektiven
Martin, Romain UL; Fischbach, Antoine UL; Keller, Ulrich UL et al

in SCRIPT; EMACS (Eds.) PISA 2012. Nationaler Bericht Luxemburg (2013)

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See detailKompetenzerwerb in Bezug auf das sozioökonomische und kulturelle Umfeld
Reichert, Monique UL; Muller, Claire UL; Wrobel, Gina UL et al

in SCRIPT; EMACS (Eds.) PISA 2012. Nationaler Bericht Luxemburg (2013)

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See detailEvaluation externe d’un lycée-pilote au Luxembourg – utilisation de questionnaires en miroir pour comparer l’opinion des différents acteurs de la communauté scolaire.
Villanyi, Denise UL; Mancuso, Giovanna UL; Poncelet, Débora UL et al

in Actes du 25ème colloque de l’ADMEE-Europe Fribourg 2013 : Evaluation et autoévaluation, quels espaces de formation (2013)

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See detailEffects of impoverished environmental conditions on working memory performance
Engel de Abreu, Pascale UL; Puglisi, M.; Cruz-Santos, A. et al

in Memory (2013), Mar 26. [Epub ahead of print]

This cross-cultural study investigates the impact of background experience on four verbal and visuo-spatial working memory (WM) tasks. Eighty-four children from low income families were recruited from the ... [more ▼]

This cross-cultural study investigates the impact of background experience on four verbal and visuo-spatial working memory (WM) tasks. Eighty-four children from low income families were recruited from the following groups: (1) Portuguese immigrant children from Luxembourg impoverished in terms of language experience; (2) Brazilian children deprived in terms of scholastic background; (3) Portuguese children from Portugal with no disadvantage in either scholastic or language background. Children were matched on age, gender, fluid intelligence, and socioeconomic status and completed four simple and complex span tasks of WM and a vocabulary measure. Results indicate that despite large differences in their backgrounds and language abilities, the groups exhibited comparable performance on the visuo-spatial tasks dot matrix and odd-one-out and on the verbal simple span task digit recall. Group differences emerged on the verbal complex span task counting recall with children from Luxembourg and Portugal outperforming children from disadvantaged schools in Brazil. The study suggests that whereas contributions of prior knowledge to digit span, dot matrix, and odd-one-out are likely to be minimal, background experience can affect performance on counting recall. Implications for testing WM capacity in children growing up in poverty are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailUsing Complex Problem Solving Simulations for General Cognitive Ability Assessment: the Genetics Lab Framework
Mayer, Hélène; Hazotte, Cyril; Djaghloul, Younes et al

in International Journal of Information Science and Intelligent System (2013), 2(4), 71-88

This paper presents the conception and operation of “the Genetics Lab,” a research platform designed for general intelligence measurement. This tool has been developed and refined to measure cognitive ... [more ▼]

This paper presents the conception and operation of “the Genetics Lab,” a research platform designed for general intelligence measurement. This tool has been developed and refined to measure cognitive skills of students in Luxembourg, Thanks to its generic and clear architecture, “the Genetics Lab” makes a major contribution by addressing technical weaknesses and flaws met with tools previously used to assess intelligence. This new platform can be used as groundwork for other evaluation solutions. In this paper, we explore in depth the main fields of e-assessment such as instructions, localized and multilingual content production and display, traces, and scoring. We also describe how the platform was put into action to create complex simulations and to make data collection resulting from the user’s test a flawless process. This paper is a continuation and extension of earlier work. [less ▲]

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See detailChildhood intelligence and adult health: The mediating roles of education and socioeconomic status
Wrulich, Marius UL; Brunner, Martin UL; Stadler, Gertraud et al

in Intelligence (2013), 41(5), 490-500

The longitudinal relation between childhood intelligence and various health outcomes in adulthood is now well-established. One mediational model that accounts for this relation proposes that intelligence ... [more ▼]

The longitudinal relation between childhood intelligence and various health outcomes in adulthood is now well-established. One mediational model that accounts for this relation proposes that intelligence has cumulative indirect effects on adult health via subsequent educational attainment and adult socioeconomic status (SES). The aim of the present study was to examine whether and the extent to which educational attainment and {SES} mediate the impact of childhood intelligence on three dimensions of adult health in Luxembourg, a country with high-quality universal public health care. We used data from 745 participants in the Luxembourgish {MAGRIP} study. At the age of 12, participants completed a comprehensive intelligence test. At the age of 52, they reported their educational careers, SES, and functional, subjective, and physical health status. Using structural equation modeling, we investigated the direct and indirect effects (via educational attainment and adult SES) of childhood intelligence on adult health. We found that higher childhood intelligence predicted better functional, subjective, and physical health in adulthood. These effects were entirely mediated via educational attainment and SES. The mediational processes differed depending on the health dimension under investigation: Whereas {SES} was crucial in mediating the effect of intelligence on functional and subjective health, educational attainment was crucial in mediating the effect on physical health. These findings held up when considering adult intelligence and were similar for women and men. Our results suggest that even excellent public health care cannot fully offset the cumulative effects of childhood intelligence on adult health. Further studies are needed to investigate the relative importance of different mediators in the intelligence–health relation while including a broader set of objective health measures. [less ▲]

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See detailStudents’ Complex Problem-Solving Abilities: Their Structure and Relations to Reasoning Ability and Educational Success
Sonnleitner, Philipp UL; Keller, Ulrich UL; Martin, Romain UL et al

in Intelligence (2013), 41(5), 289-305

Complex Problem Solving (CPS) is considered to be a promising candidate for capturing higher order thinking skills that are emphasized in new educational curricula but are not adequately measured by ... [more ▼]

Complex Problem Solving (CPS) is considered to be a promising candidate for capturing higher order thinking skills that are emphasized in new educational curricula but are not adequately measured by traditional intelligence tests. However, little is known about its psychometric structure and its exact relation to intelligence and educational success—especially in student populations. This study is among the first to use a large and representative sample of secondary school students (N = 563) to examine different measurement models of CPS—that conceptualize the construct as either faceted or hierarchical—and their implications for the construct’s validity. Results showed that no matter which way it was conceptualized, CPS was substantially related to reasoning and to different indicators of educational success. Controlling for reasoning within a joint hierarchical measurement model, however, revealed that the impressive external validity was largely attributable to the variance that CPS shares with reasoning, suggesting that CPS has only negligible incremental validity over and above traditional intelligence scales. On the basis of these results, the value of assessing CPS within the educational context is discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailEducational Assessment Meets Usability: Equal Chances for Conducting Computer-Based Concept-Maps
Weinerth, Katja UL; Koenig, Vincent UL; Brunner, Martin et al

in Herrington, Jan; Couros, Alec; Irvine, Valerie (Eds.) EdMedia World Conference on Educational Media & Technology 2013 (2013)

This paper describes how usability affects the usage of a computer-based assessment (CBA) instrument. The aim of our current study is twofold: a) the development of a usability improved CBA instrument ... [more ▼]

This paper describes how usability affects the usage of a computer-based assessment (CBA) instrument. The aim of our current study is twofold: a) the development of a usability improved CBA instrument (ISO 9241-11, 1998; ISO 9241-210, 2010) within the framework of human-computer interaction (HCI) and b) the comparison and evaluation of two concept map applications in regards to the impact that usability has on the assessment interaction. In this study we developed and evaluated two CBA concept map applications. We assessed 60 students aged between 16 and 18 who were asked to conduct concept maps on two different versions of the same knowledge assessment instrument. We observed significant differences regarding two out of three usability criteria of the ISO standard definition: efficiency and satisfaction of the students. Our findings highlight that usability influences the assessment interaction and therefore the chances of the assessment taker to work (successfully) through the assessment. [less ▲]

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See detailLuxemburger Schülerinnen und Schüler im internationalen Vergleich
Böhm, Bettina; Fischbach, Antoine UL; Ugen, Sonja UL et al

in SCRIPT; EMACS (Eds.) PISA 2012. Nationaler Bericht Luxemburg (2013)

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See detailEvaluation au sein d'un lycée-pilote au Luxembourg: Conceptions des enseignants sur les évaluations des compétences des élèves.
Villanyi, Denise UL; Mancuso, Giovanna UL; Poncelet, Débora UL et al

in Actes du Congrès AREF 2013 : Actualité de la recherche en éducation et en formation. (2013)

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See detailPrädiktoren der Sekundarschulempfehlung in Luxemburg: Ergebnisse einer Large-Scale-Untersuchung
Klapproth, Florian UL; Glock, Sabine UL; Krolak-Schwerdt, Sabine UL et al

in Zeitschrift für Erziehungswissenschaft (2013), 16

Mit dieser Studie wurde anhand einer Stichprobe von 2925 Schülern aus luxemburgischen Grundschulen geprüft, inwieweit die Leistungen von Schülern luxemburgischer Grundschulen und Merkmale ihres sozialen ... [more ▼]

Mit dieser Studie wurde anhand einer Stichprobe von 2925 Schülern aus luxemburgischen Grundschulen geprüft, inwieweit die Leistungen von Schülern luxemburgischer Grundschulen und Merkmale ihres sozialen Hintergrundes Eingang finden in die Sekundarschulempfehlungen, die am Ende ihrer Grundschulzeit ausgesprochen wurden. Zur Analyse des Gewichts unterschiedlicher Prädiktoren für die Sekundarschulempfehlung wurde ein Zweiebenenmodell der logistischen Regression verwendet. Im Wesentlichen ergaben sich folgende Befunde: Schulnoten und Ergebnisse aus standardisierten Schulleistungstests stellten die stärksten Prädiktoren für die Sekundarschulempfehlung dar. Nach den individuellen Schülerleistungen war der Elternwunsch der stärkste Prädiktor für die Sekundarschulempfehlung. Darüber hinaus hingen sowohl die Nationalität als auch der sozioökonomische Status der Schüler mit der Sekundarschulempfehlung zusammen. Selbst bei Kontrolle ihrer schulischen Leistungen erhielten Schüler mit Migrationshintergrund seltener eine Empfehlung für den höchsten Schulzweig als Schüler ohne Migrationshintergrund. Ein hohes Klassenleistungsniveau führte bei Kontrolle der individuellen Leistungen seltener zu Empfehlungen für den höchsten Schulzweig als ein niedriges Klassenleistungsniveau. [less ▲]

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See detailUnterschiede zwischen Schulformen und das Pilotprojekt PROCI
Keller, Ulrich UL; Sonnleitner, Philipp UL; Villanyi, Denise UL et al

in SCRIPT; EMACS (Eds.) PISA 2012. Nationaler Bericht Luxemburg (2013)

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See detailZusammenfassung der Ergebnisse von PISA 2012 / Synthèse des résultats de PISA 2012
Wrobel, Gina UL; Dierendonck, Christophe UL; Fischbach, Antoine UL et al

in SCRIPT; EMACS (Eds.) PISA 2012. Nationaler Bericht Luxemburg (2013)

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See detailHow to measure Collaborative Problem Solving? Some item prototypes
Greiff, Samuel UL; Martin, Romain UL

Presentation (2012, November 12)

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See detailAttentional shifts induced by uninformative number symbols modulate neural activity in human occipital cortex
Goffaux, Valerie; Martin, Romain UL; Dormal, Giulia et al

in Neuropsychologia (2012), 50

Number processing interacts with space encoding in a wide variety of experimental paradigms. Most intriguingly, the passive viewing of uninformative number symbols can shift visuo-spatial attention to ... [more ▼]

Number processing interacts with space encoding in a wide variety of experimental paradigms. Most intriguingly, the passive viewing of uninformative number symbols can shift visuo-spatial attention to different target locations according to the number magnitude, i.e., small/large numbers facilitate processing of left/right targets, respectively. The brain architecture dedicated to these attention shifts associated with numbers currently remains unknown. Evoked potential recordings indicate that both early and late stages are involved in this spatio-numerical interaction, but the neuro-functional anatomy needs to be specified. Here we use, for the first time, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to investigate attentional orienting following uninformative Arabic digits. We show that BOLD response in occipital visual regions was modulated by the congruency between digit magnitude (small/large) and target side (left/right). Additionally, we report higher BOLD responses following large (8, 9) compared to small (1, 2) digits in two bilateral parietal regions, yielding a significant effect of digit magnitude. We propose and discuss the view that encoding of semantic representations related to number symbols in parietal cortex led to shifts in visuo-spatial attention and enhanced visual processing in the occipital cortex according to number-space congruency rules. [less ▲]

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See detailEfeitos de contextos ambientais desfavoráveis na memória operacional
Engel de Abreu, Pascale UL; Puglisi, M; Cruz-Santos, A et al

Poster (2012, October)

Há um crescente número de estudos indicando que o desempenho em tarefas de memória operacional (MO) depende fortemente do conhecimento e experiência prévios. Poucos estudos, entretanto, têm explorado ... [more ▼]

Há um crescente número de estudos indicando que o desempenho em tarefas de memória operacional (MO) depende fortemente do conhecimento e experiência prévios. Poucos estudos, entretanto, têm explorado diretamente o papel do ambiente social no desenvolvimento de habilidades de MO.Este estudo teve como objetivo investigar o impacto da experiência escolar e linguística do indivíduo em tarefas de MO verbal e visual. [less ▲]

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See detailAttentional shifts induced by uninformative number symbols modulate neural activity in human occipital cortex
Goffaux, Valérie; Martin, Romain UL; Dormal, Giulia et al

in Neuropsychologia (2012), 50

Number processing interacts with space encoding in a wide variety of experimental paradigms. Most intriguingly, the passive viewing of uninformative number symbols can shift visuo-spatial attention to ... [more ▼]

Number processing interacts with space encoding in a wide variety of experimental paradigms. Most intriguingly, the passive viewing of uninformative number symbols can shift visuo-spatial attention to different target locations according to the number magnitude, i.e., small/large numbers facilitate processing of left/right targets, respectively. The brain architecture dedicated to these attention shifts associated with numbers remains unknown. Evoked potential recordings indicate that both early and late stages are involved in this spatio-numerical interaction, but the neuro-functional anatomy needs to be specified. Here we use, for the first time, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to investigate attentional orienting following uninformative Arabic digits. We show that BOLD response in occipital visual regions is modulated by the congruency between digit magnitude (small/large) and target side (left/right). Additionally, we report higher BOLD responses following large (8, 9) compared to small (1, 2) digits in two bilateral parietal regions, yielding a significant effect of digit magnitude. We propose and discuss the view that encoding of semantic representations related to number symbols in parietal cortex leads to shifts in visuo-spatial attention and enhances visual processing in the occipital cortex according to number-space congruency rules. [less ▲]

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See detailLEARN stellt sech fier
Engel de Abreu, Pascale UL; Schiltz, Christine UL; Hoffmann, Danielle UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2012)

Detailed reference viewed: 122 (7 UL)