References of "Maas, Stefan 50002241"
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See detailProsthesis head
Kelm, Jens; Maas, Stefan UL; Collé, Claude UL

Patent (2014)

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See detailWie genau sind unsere Energiepässe?
Merzkirch, Alexander UL; Hoos, Thorsten UL; Maas, Stefan UL et al

in Bauphysik (2014), 1(2014), 40-43

Member States of the European Union are obliged to present a calculation method and certificate for the energy performance for buildings according to the guidelines 2002/91/EG und 2010/31/EU. In ... [more ▼]

Member States of the European Union are obliged to present a calculation method and certificate for the energy performance for buildings according to the guidelines 2002/91/EG und 2010/31/EU. In Luxembourg it is obligatory to add the real final energy consumption to the certificate after 3 years. The measured real final energy consumptions and the calculated ones were compared for 125 single-family homes and 105 multi-family homes with 870 dwellings in total. The mean calculated values for single-family homes were 74 % higher, the mean calculated values for multi-family homes 103 % higher than the actual measured data. The older the buildings, the higher the deviations, as the input parameters, which were partly assumed and partly predefined, diverge between calculations and reality. Sensitive parameters of interest are the indoor room temperature, the U-values, the used assessment for thermal bridges and the air exchange rate. [less ▲]

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See detailProceedings of IMAC XXXII Dynamics of Coupled Structures
Nguyen, Viet Ha UL; Mahowald, Jean UL; Golinval, Jean-Claude et al

in Firkret, Necati Catbas (Ed.) Damage Detection in Civil Engineering Structure Considering Temperature Effect (2014, February)

This paper concerns damage identification of a bridge located in Luxembourg. Vibration responses were captured from measurable and adjustable harmonic swept sine excitation and hammer impact. Different ... [more ▼]

This paper concerns damage identification of a bridge located in Luxembourg. Vibration responses were captured from measurable and adjustable harmonic swept sine excitation and hammer impact. Different analysis methods were applied to the data measured from the structure showing interesting results. However, some difficulties arise, especially due to environmental influences (temperature and soil-behaviour variations) which overlay the structural changes caused by damage. These environmental effects are investigated in detail in this work. First, the modal parameters are identified from the response data. In the next step, they are statistically collected and processed through Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Kernel PCA. Damage indexes are based on outlier analysis. [less ▲]

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See detailField Study on the Energy Consumption of School Buildings in Luxembourg
Thewes, Andreas UL; Maas, Stefan UL; Scholzen, Frank UL et al

in Energy and Buildings (2014)

Buildings account for 40 % of total energy consumption and 35 % of the total CO2 emitted in the EU. In consequence, there is an enormous energy saving potential and the European Union requires from all EU ... [more ▼]

Buildings account for 40 % of total energy consumption and 35 % of the total CO2 emitted in the EU. In consequence, there is an enormous energy saving potential and the European Union requires from all EU member states to save energy in this sector. Hence, reducing the energy consumption of buildings represents an essential component of environmental protection efforts. Furthermore, the new European directive 2010/31/EU requires that the member states tighten national standards and draw up national plans to increase the number of “nearly zero-energy buildings”. Well-planned energy-saving strategies presume knowledge of specific characteristics of the current national building stock. Therefore, the implementation of a process to support systematic data collection, classification and analysis of the energy consumption of buildings will become increasingly important during the coming years. In the field study described below we analyzed the energy consumption of 68 school buildings in Luxembourg. A separate collation of electricity and heat energy consumptions allowed to make a detailed analysis of specific energy parameters. Clustered according to energy sources, the new buildings were analyzed from a statistical point of view. We defined the energy relevant parameters such as energy standards, the purpose of use of the buildings or whether they had canteens. [less ▲]

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See detailSimulated and experimental results on heat recovery from hot steel beams in a cooling bed applying modified solar absorbers
Tarrés Font, Joana UL; Maas, Stefan UL; Scholzen, Frank UL et al

in Journal of Cleaner Production (2014), (68), 261-271

In recent years, the steel industry has undertaken efforts to increase energy efficiency by reducing energy consumption and recover otherwise lost heat. About 60% of the energy consumed in a steel plant ... [more ▼]

In recent years, the steel industry has undertaken efforts to increase energy efficiency by reducing energy consumption and recover otherwise lost heat. About 60% of the energy consumed in a steel plant is lost in cooling beds where the hot steel beams are cooled down by natural convection and radiation. In this paper, the potential of heat recovery by radiation in a cooling bed was determined. Firstly, numerical simulations of the heat flux were done and validated with experimental measures. Secondly, a pilot test to recover the heat with modified solar absorbers was installed at the side of the cooling bed. The standard solar panels were painted with high absorption paint in the wavelength range of the hot beams. The results showed that up to 1 kW/m2 could be recovered with a temperature of 70°C at the side of the cooling bed, with a thermal efficiency of approximately 40%. As the experimental results were promising, further research is suggested to find an adequate selective coating and glazing. This would maximize the absorption at the wavelength range of the hot beams and minimize the emissivity at operational temperature of the absorber (100°C). Additionally, it would be of interest to find the optimum position for the absorbers in the cooling bed, which maximizes the heat recovery and does not interfere in the production process. [less ▲]

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See detailVOLUME FLOW UNBALANCES AND SHORTCUTS IN DECENTRALIZED AND CENTRALIZED VENTILATION UNITS – FIELD TESTS IN RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS
Merzkirch, Alexander UL; Maas, Stefan UL; Scholzen, Frank UL et al

Scientific Conference (2014)

Centralized and decentralized mechanical ventilation have become state-of-the-art in modern energy-efficient residential buildings. Calculations for the energy demand of buildings are done with nominal ... [more ▼]

Centralized and decentralized mechanical ventilation have become state-of-the-art in modern energy-efficient residential buildings. Calculations for the energy demand of buildings are done with nominal values of the ventilation units, assuming a proper function of the devices. The used ventilation concepts may be divided into two main categories- centralized and decentralized units and both come with advantages and disadvantages in terms of energy efficiency. In Luxembourg, a comprehensive field test has been performed in order to evaluate and compare their performance in practice. It could be shown that ventilation systems often do not meet the expectations. High unbalances in volume flows, high sensitivity to pressure differences and recirculation were measured in several cases. Only a proper installation and balancing of the systems can ensure an energy efficient function. [less ▲]

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See detailMeasured and perceived indoor comfort versus energy efficiency and users‟ control in Luxembourg‟s new school buildings
Brensing, Jessica UL; Schweizer-Ries, Petra; Thewes, Andreas UL et al

Scientific Conference (2013, September)

Room climate can be evident for job productivity and individual ́s health. Its realisation is often of high relevance for the building ́s energy consumption e.g. air conditioning vs. natural ventilation ... [more ▼]

Room climate can be evident for job productivity and individual ́s health. Its realisation is often of high relevance for the building ́s energy consumption e.g. air conditioning vs. natural ventilation. New school buildings in Luxembourg differ significantly regarding to energy consumption, heating, air-conditioning technology and technical control as well as interaction means given to the user. Several studies have shown that personal control plays an important role for the satisfaction with the room climate. Central research question was, how the technological control has to be designed that energy is used efficiently and users are still satisfied with the room climate. In this study technical features to control the room climate e.g. features for ventilation, opening windows and heating systems were summarized to an overall control factor to be compared with perceived control by the users. Physical room climate and its users ́ satisfaction level were measuredas well as the buildings ́ individual energy consumption levels were taken into account. 342 Teachers were asked by a standardised questionnaire during winter 2010/2011 in 31 new school buildings in Luxembourg, in 17 schools technical devices for air temperature, quality and humidity were installed. The results show a strong correlation between perceived control and room climate satisfaction as well as a significant correlation between the technical control factor and perceived control. Further results will be examined. [less ▲]

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See detailDETECTION AND LOCALISATION OF DAMAGE ON INDUSTRIALLY PRODUCED CONCRETE SLABS THROUGH TIME- AND FREQUENCY-DOMAIN APPROACHES
Nguyen, Viet Ha UL; Mahowald, Jean UL; Golinval, Jean-Claude et al

in Carrera, E.; Miglioretti, F; Petrolo, M. (Eds.) 6th ECCOMAS Thematic Conference on Smart Structures and Materials (SMART2013), Torino 24-26 June 2013 (2013, June)

The objective of this work is to address the problem of damage detection in civil engineering structures using non-destructive techniques and dynamic measurements. To this purpose, time- or frequency ... [more ▼]

The objective of this work is to address the problem of damage detection in civil engineering structures using non-destructive techniques and dynamic measurements. To this purpose, time- or frequency-domain methods are used for the diagnostics. It consists in practical output-only techniques as Stochastic Subspace Identification (SSI) for modal identification or Enhanced Principal Component Analysis (EPCA) for detecting the presence of damage. The use of the Hankel matrix instead of the observation matrix improves effectively the robustness of these methods. Damage localization is based on Frequency Response Functions (FRFs) and sensitivity analysis of PCA results. The efficiency of the above-mentioned methods has been demonstrated in earlier studies mainly on numerical examples and small-scale laboratory experiments. It was also tested successfully on industrial examples to perform machine condition monitoring using a reduced set of sensors. In this work, the investigation is performed on precast prestressed and non-prestressed concrete slabs. Successive damages were artificially introduced in the slabs by loading heavy weights and by cutting steel wires, which induced cracks in the structure. The examples show the consequences of the considered techniques for damage identification. The results that are very different between prestressed and non-prestressed slabs may be used as input for the condition control of this kind of structures. [less ▲]

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See detailUSE OF TIME- AND FREQUENCY-DOMAIN APPROACHES FOR DAMAGE DETECTION IN CIVIL ENGINEERING STRUCTURES
Nguyen, Viet Ha UL; Mahowald, Jean UL; Golinval, Jean-Claude et al

in Maia, NNM; Matos Neves, M.; Chedas Sampaio, R.P. (Eds.) International Conference on Structural Engineering Dynamics (ICEDyn 2013) - Sesimbra 17-19 June 2013 (2013, June)

The aim of this paper is to apply both time- and frequency-domain-based approaches on real-life civil engineering structures and to assess their capability for damage detection. The first structure is the ... [more ▼]

The aim of this paper is to apply both time- and frequency-domain-based approaches on real-life civil engineering structures and to assess their capability for damage detection. The first structure is the Champangshiehl Bridge located in Luxembourg. Several damage levels were intentionally created by cutting a growing number of prestressed tendons and vibration data were acquired by the University of Luxembourg for each damaged state. The second example consists in reinforced and prestressed concrete panels. Successive damages were introduced in the panels by loading heavy weights and by cutting steel wires. The illustrations show different consequences in damage identification by the considered techniques. [less ▲]

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See detailStatic and dynamic differences in fixation stability between a spacer plate and a small stature plate fixator used for high tibial osteotomies – A biomechanical bone composite study
Maas, Stefan UL; Diffo Kaze, Arnaud UL; Dueck, Klaus et al

in ISRN Orthopedics (2013), 2013

Background: The objective of the present study was to comparemechanical strength and stability of the newly designed spacer plate with the gold standard plate for the treatment of medial knee joint ... [more ▼]

Background: The objective of the present study was to comparemechanical strength and stability of the newly designed spacer plate with the gold standard plate for the treatment of medial knee joint osteoarthritis. Materials and Methods: Ten fourth-generation tibial bone composites underwent a medial open-wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO) according to standard techniques, using five TomoFix plates and five Contour Lock plates. Static compression load to failure and load-controlled cyclical fatigue failure tests were performed. Forces and horizontal displacements were measured; plastic deformations and dynamic stiffness were determined. Results and Discussion: In all samples, rotation of the tibial head and fracture of the opposite cortex were observed. Behaviors of the specimens under static loading were comparable between groups. Cyclic testing revealed lateral significant higher stiffness untilfailure for the Contour Lock compared to the TomoFix plate. No visible implant failure was observed in any group. Conclusion: Considering the static analysis, both plates offered sufficient stability under physiologic loads of up to 3000N. The Contour Lock plate-fixated specimens showed a higher stability during the cyclic testing, supposedly due to the wider distance between the fixation screws. [less ▲]

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See detailEnergy performance assessment of an existing double-skin façade: measurements and simulation
Carton, Julien UL; Scholzen, Frank UL; Thomas, Sébastien et al

in Energy Forum - Solar Building Skins, 06 - 07 December 2012, Italy (2012, December)

An existing office building with an active double skin façade in Luxembourg has been analyzed. In the first step in-situ measurements have been performed. For this purpose outside, inside and cavity ... [more ▼]

An existing office building with an active double skin façade in Luxembourg has been analyzed. In the first step in-situ measurements have been performed. For this purpose outside, inside and cavity conditions have been measured for representative summer and winter conditions. In a second step, a thermal simulation using TRNSYS was performed. The simulation model has been compared to the time limited series of measurements and thus has been validated for some of the annual meteorological conditions. Then the model has been extrapolated to a whole year in order to assess the energy performance of the given façade. Further a parametric study of alternative façades has been carried out based on the validated simulation model to assess their own performances. For the given case study building, the double skin concept energetically performs well compared to other concepts with non outside (non weather exposed) solar protection, but worse than an external solar protection. The thermal comfort level in the rooms has also been determined by simulation - the calculated room averaged comfort level is quite optimal, but further investigations regarding the local comfort close to the glazed façades still have to be achieved. [less ▲]

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See detailSchallanalyse eines Autokühlers mit Ventilator; Vergleichende Ortung mit Schallpegelmesser, Beamforming, Holographie und Intensitätssonde
Maas, Stefan UL; Hanus, Vincent UL; Adam, Ken UL

in VDI Berichte 2170 (2012, November 14)

Es wurde die Schallentstehung an einem Autokühler (56 x 40 x 15 cm) mit Ventilator (Ф42 cm) in einer Labormessung am weich aufgehängtem Kühler untersucht, wobei verschiedene Verfahren zur ... [more ▼]

Es wurde die Schallentstehung an einem Autokühler (56 x 40 x 15 cm) mit Ventilator (Ф42 cm) in einer Labormessung am weich aufgehängtem Kühler untersucht, wobei verschiedene Verfahren zur Schallquellenortung getestet wurden. Es wird über die Messungen, deren Ergebnisse und deren Probleme berichtet, die sich aus der Luftströmung und aus dem 3-dimensionalen Messobjekt (15 cm Dicke) ergeben. Die Messung wurde durch DELPHI Powertrain Systems Luxemburg initiiert und von dort begleitet. Die Interpretation bezüglich der Schallentstehung ist nicht ganz eindeutig. [less ▲]

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See detailModern damage detection by using static assessment methods for efficient rehabilitation
Scherbaum, Frank; Mahowald, Jean; Waldmann, Danièle UL et al

in Proceedings (2012, September)

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See detailWIE VIEL ENERGIE VERBRAUCHEN NEUE UNTERRICHTS- UND BÜROGEBÄUDE IN LUXEMBURG?
Maas, Stefan UL; Scholzen, Frank UL; Thewes, Andreas UL et al

in Cahier Scientifique - Revue Technique Luxembourgeoise (2012)

In Luxemburg hat sich in den vergangenen Jahren der nationale Energieverbrauch ebenfalls verstärkt zum Gebäudesektor hin verändert. Während 1990 noch 71 % des gesamten Energieverbrauches auf den ... [more ▼]

In Luxemburg hat sich in den vergangenen Jahren der nationale Energieverbrauch ebenfalls verstärkt zum Gebäudesektor hin verändert. Während 1990 noch 71 % des gesamten Energieverbrauches auf den Industriesektor zurückzuführen waren und nur 20 % auf die Gebäude, hat sich dies bis zum Jahr 2009 deutlich verändert. Demzufolge entfallen nur noch 30 % auf den Industriesektor, 25 % auf Verkehr (nach Abzug der Treibstoffexporte) und 45 % auf den Verbrauch des Tertiären Sektors3, welcher sowohl die privaten und die öffentlichen Haushalte, als auch Dienstleistungsgebäude beinhaltet. Die Direktive 2010/31/EG2 fordert von den Mitgliedstaaten die nationalen Normen weiterhin zu verschärfen und Pläne zu erstellen, um die Anzahl an Niedrigstenergiegebäuden weiter zu erhöhen. Um die Energieströme in Gebäuden besser zu verstehen, Sparmaßnahmen zu erarbeiten und mögliche Bewertungen über das Energieeinsparpotential für Gebäude durchführen zu können, sind jedoch aussagekräftige Verbrauchsdatenanalysen notwendig, die leider oftmals noch nicht in verlässlicher Qualität vorliegen. In der Direktive wird zudem empfohlen für die Berechnung eine Unterteilung aller Gebäude in angemessene Kategorien vorzunehmen, welche von Einfamilienhäusern (EFH), über Bürogebäude und Unterrichtsgebäude bis hin zu Krankenhäuser, Hotels und Sportanlagen reicht. In einer ersten Studie der Universität Luxemburg4 wurden bereits neuere EFH in Luxemburg hinsichtlich ihres realen Energieverbrauches untersucht und ausgewertet. [less ▲]

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See detailStatic and dynamic testing on prestressed concrete slab elements with artificial bond deficiencies
Mahowald, Jean UL; Maas, Stefan UL; Waldmann, Danièle UL et al

in Proceedings of the 4th Bond in Concrete Conference, Vol. 1: General Aspects of Bond (2012)

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See detailDamage assessment of concrete structures through dynamic testing methods. Part 1 - Laboartory Test
Maas, Stefan UL; Zürbes, Arno; Waldmann, Danièle UL et al

in Journal of Engineering Structures (2012), 34

The present paper is split into two parts: Part 1 is about laboratory tests whereas the second part deals with experiments on real bridges. This article aims at summarizing several experimental dynamic ... [more ▼]

The present paper is split into two parts: Part 1 is about laboratory tests whereas the second part deals with experiments on real bridges. This article aims at summarizing several experimental dynamic testing methods with different damage indicators to evaluate the state of prestressed as well as of passively reinforced concrete structures. First the differences between prestressed and passively reinforced concrete are repeated for static behavior, before the transition to dynamics is made. As it will be proved in the following that the amount of nonlinearities increases with damage, harmonic excitation is favorable to realize good testing conditions. It is applied to visualize variations in linear as well as in non-linear structural characteristics, which are subsequently used as damage indicators, e.g. the drop of the eigenfrequencies, the changes in damping and modeshapes, the occurrence of higher harmonics and a varying dependency of the eigenfrequency on excitation force amplitude. These different indicators will be used on passively reinforced beam elements and industrially produced prestressed slabs in the first part and on two real post-tensioned bridges in the second part. All these structures were in good order and condition before artificial damage was applied in multiple steps and the sensitivity of each damage indicator was analyzed. [less ▲]

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See detailDynamic damage identification using linear and nonlinear testing methods on a two-span prestressed concrete bridge
Mahowald, Jean UL; Maas, Stefan UL; Scherbaum, Frank UL et al

in Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Life-Cycle Civil Engineering, IALCCE’12 (2012)

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See detailDamage Identification and Localisation Using Changes in Modal Parameters for Civil Engineering Structures
Mahowald, Jean UL; Maas, Stefan UL; Waldmann, Danièle UL et al

in Proceedings of the International Conference on Noise and Vibration Engineering (2012)

Detailed reference viewed: 130 (38 UL)