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See detailAnalyzing the Dynamics of Inter-state water peace: A study of the Huitzilapan-Xalapa Water Transfers
Koff, Harlan UL; Maganda, Carmen; Ruelas, Laura

in Revista de Paz y Conflictos (2016), 9(2), 59-83

This article examines the political conflict surrounding the interstate transfer of water in the Huitzilapan-Xalapa Aqueduct, from which about 60% of the water resources for the city of Xalapa, state ... [more ▼]

This article examines the political conflict surrounding the interstate transfer of water in the Huitzilapan-Xalapa Aqueduct, from which about 60% of the water resources for the city of Xalapa, state capital of Veracruz, come. This interstate water transfer has eventually lead to political and social conflict based on misinformation about perceived water shortages to Xalapa. The article examines a case in which water officials from Xalapa have apparently complied with guidelines related to procedural, distributive, and ecological justice. Therefore, the article proposes a focus on «justice as responsible (and informed) dialogue» as a central element of procedural justice. The analysis is based on a review of official documents, such as Mexican water laws and the water concession under which this water transfer has occurred, press reviews published in regional newspapers, a field visit and interviews with key stakeholders and researchers mostly in Veracruz state. [less ▲]

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See detail“Cross-border environmental peace” in development contexts: the convergence of peace with de-territorialized development
Koff, Harlan UL; Maganda, Carmen UL; Conde, Gilberto

in Revista de Paz y Conflictos (2016), 9(1), 7-16

This article contends that notions of «peace» and «justice» in cross-border water management vary in different world regions. Moreover, it argues that «peace» and «justice» can be explained by analyzing ... [more ▼]

This article contends that notions of «peace» and «justice» in cross-border water management vary in different world regions. Moreover, it argues that «peace» and «justice» can be explained by analyzing the interaction between «regional» interpretations and implementation of water security norms and local cross-border power structures. «Regional water security» is defined as the normative commitment to provide necessary water resources to communities within world regions. «Power,» which is defined traditionally as «the ability of actors to obtain their objectives despite opposition» is viewed as a function of political entrepreneurialism and opportunity structures. This article derives from a review of the pertinent literatures on «water security» and «water justice,» the two elements of «water peace» as well as scholarship on cross-border water management in different world regions. It discusses water governance within the framework of cross-border politics and comparative regional integration. It also includes analysis of the policy documents and websites of seventeen regional organizations as well as interviews with key actors and local experts on water management in specific cross-border case studies. The article is divided into five sections. Following this introduction, part two examines «water security» and «water justice» in international affairs. Part III then discusses «power» in cross-border water governance debates and addresses the transnational face of water security discussions. Part IV presents a comparative examination of cross-border «water justice» in selected world regions which is followed by theoretical considerations that are addressed in part V, the conclusion. In general, the article emphasizes the need to promote comparative cross-regional research on cross-border water governance in order to examine how «peace,» «security» and «justice» are framed in debates over water resources. [less ▲]

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See detailReconciling Competing Globalizations through Regionalisms? Environmental Security in the Framework of Expanding Security Norms and Narrowing Security Policies
Koff, Harlan UL

in Globalizations (2016), 13(6), 664-682

AbstractThis article examines environmental security regimes in 16 regional organizations and asks whether regions can effectively implement environmental security norms. It first defines these norms and ... [more ▼]

AbstractThis article examines environmental security regimes in 16 regional organizations and asks whether regions can effectively implement environmental security norms. It first defines these norms and discusses their emergence at the international level. At the same time, through the literature review, the article posits that the globalization of security threats has simultaneously led to a retrenchment of coercive non-state security strategies. Consequently, the article contends that the globalization of security norms has made them ineffectual because they have not properly addressed tangible security threats. At the same time, nation-state-based hard power security measures (especially border controls) have not adequately addressed the underlying causes of transnational threats related to human and environmental security. For this reason, the article examines how well regional approaches to security contribute to both protection against imminent violence and the promotion of human and environmental security through medium-term development strategies. The article contends that the emergence of regional environmental security regimes should be fostered by reinforcing regional security architectures through public participation mechanisms. [less ▲]

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See detailExploring the Migration-Security-Development Nexus: A Caparison of Chinese and EU Migration Policies
Koff, Harlan UL; Meng-Hsuan, Chou; Van Dongen, Els

in Kirchner, Emil; Christiansen, Thomas; Dorussen, Han (Eds.) Security Relations Between the European Union and China: From Convergence to Cooperation? (2016)

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See detailEnvironmental Security in Transnational Contexts: What Relevance for Regional Human Security Regimes?
Koff, Harlan UL; Maganda, Carmen

in Globalizations (2016), 13(6), 653-663

AbstractThe year 2015 was meant to be a seminal year in global geopolitics due to the transition from the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This transition ... [more ▼]

AbstractThe year 2015 was meant to be a seminal year in global geopolitics due to the transition from the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This transition was significant because the MDGs, even though they raised global consciousness around the need to combat poverty, remained indicator-based, and thus, they did not adequately address socio-economic inequalities and power imbalances in global affairs. For this reason, much of the discussion surrounding the definition of the SDGs and the post-2015 global development agenda contextualized sustainable development within the framework of ‘transformation’, specifically prioritizing concepts such as equity, security, justice, and rights. While these debates correctly discussed power imbalances and relational obstacles to human development they remained abstract because they focused only on the international level. In this regard, discussions did not adequately examine mechanisms that facilitate or block the emergence of sustainable development as a political priority, nor did they address specific policy proposals to link environmental justice to human development strategies. Thus, this special issue introduction argues that human and environmental security should be framed in terms of transnational discussions rather than being limited to international debates. The special issue undertakes an examination of the interactions between human and environmental security, border studies, and comparative regional integration; and interactions between competing globalizations. The articles in the special issue address the relationships between international norms, transnational human and environmental security issues, and the regionalization of governance. [less ▲]

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See detailInformal Economies in European and American Cross-border Regions
Koff, Harlan UL

in Journal of Borderlands Studies (2015), 30(4), 469-487

Informality is often linked to borderlands in both academic scholarship and political debates. On one hand, border regions are known for the flow of goods, services and labor and, of course, borders ... [more ▼]

Informality is often linked to borderlands in both academic scholarship and political debates. On one hand, border regions are known for the flow of goods, services and labor and, of course, borders represent state attempts to control or regulate these flows. At the same time, scholars of border politics often discuss the weakness of state administrations in border regions where authorities are far from central governments. Despite the clear relevance of informal sectors for borderlands studies, there is a dearth of analysis of this topic in border areas, especially in comparative terms. This article presents a comparative cross-regional study of informality in European (the Eurométropole and Bari, Italy–Durres, Albania) and continental American (San-Diego, USA–Tijuana, Mexico and Cúcuta, Colombia–San Crístobal, Venezuela) cases. It responds to the following research questions: How can we compare informality in cross-border regions? How does informality relate to illegality in these regions? How can regional organizations respond to the social impacts of informality? [less ▲]

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See detailSurvival Strategy, Victimless Crime or Challenge to Nation-states? Exploring Informality in Cross-Border Regions
Koff, Harlan UL

in Journal of Borderlands Studies (2015), 30(4), 461-467

Detailed reference viewed: 154 (5 UL)
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See detailUrban Air Makes Who Free? Immigration and Urban Citizenship in Contemporary Europe
Koff, Harlan UL

in Pauly, Michel; Lee, Alexander (Eds.) Urban liberties and citizenship from the Middle Ages up to now (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 71 (4 UL)
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See detailAgainst the current: transboundary water management in small states on two continents
Koff, Harlan UL; Maganda, Carmen

in WATER INTERNATIONAL (2015), 40(2), 231-250

Detailed reference viewed: 94 (4 UL)
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See detailLiving on the Edge: Migration, Citizenship and The Renegotiation of Social Contracts in European Border Regions
Koff, Harlan UL; Naranjo Giraldo, Gloria Elena UL

in Fauri, Francesca (Ed.) Emigration from and to Europe: a multidisciplinary long-term view (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 115 (6 UL)
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See detailBack to the Future?: Intra-regional Migration and Development in West Africa
Koff, Harlan UL

in Boesen, Elisabeth; Marfaing, Laurence (Eds.) Nomades et migrants dans l’espace Sahara-Sahel: Mobilité, ressources et développement (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 94 (0 UL)
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See detailWater Security in Cross-Border Regions: What Relevance for Federal Human Security Regimes?
Koff, Harlan UL; Maganda, Carmen UL

in Garrick, Dustin; Anderson, George; Connell, Daniel (Eds.) et al Federal Rivers: Managing Water in Multi-layered Political Systems (2014)

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See detailTheorizing Borders Through Analyses of Power relationships.
Gilles, Peter UL; Koff, Harlan UL; Maganda, Carmen UL et al

Book published by PIE-Peter Lang (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 408 (30 UL)
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See detailComparing the 'A, B, C'S' of social cohesion across world regions: Association, Belonging and Change
Koff, Harlan UL

in Moore, Candice (Ed.) Regional Integration and Social Cohesion: Perspectives from the Developing World (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 62 (0 UL)
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See detailPutting “Power” into Borderlands Studies: “Bringing the State Back In”
Koff, Harlan UL

in Gilles, Peter; Koff, Harlan; Maganda, Carmen (Eds.) et al Theorizing Borders Through Analyses of Power Relationships (2013)

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See detailRegions & Cohesion
Koff, Harlan UL; Maganda, Carmen UL

in Regions & cohesion = Regiones y Cohesión = Regions and Cohesion (2012)

The journal of the Consortium for Comparative Research on Regional Integration and Social Cohesion (RISC), a cross-regional, interdisciplinary, and multi-lingual network of socially conscious and ... [more ▼]

The journal of the Consortium for Comparative Research on Regional Integration and Social Cohesion (RISC), a cross-regional, interdisciplinary, and multi-lingual network of socially conscious and prestigious research institutes in Europe, North America, South America, Africa, and Asia. Due to the dramatic changes in global affairs related to regional integration, studies can no longer be limited to the analysis of economic competitiveness and political power in global geopolitics. Regions and Cohesion is a needed platform for academics and practitioners alike to disseminate both empirical research and normative analysis of topics related to human and environmental security, social cohesion, and governance. It covers themes, such as the management of strategic resources, environment and society, social risk and marginalization, disasters and policy responses, violence, war and urban security, the quality of democracy, development, public health, immigration, human rights, organized crime, and cross-border human security. Interdisciplinary in nature and multi-lingual in character (English, French, Spanish), the journal promotes the comparative examination of the human and environmental impacts of various aspects of regional integration across geographic areas, time periods, and policy arenas. [less ▲]

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See detailPerspectivas Comparativas del Liderazgo: RISC 2008
Koff, Harlan UL; Maganda, Carmen UL

Book published by Peter Lang (2009)

Detailed reference viewed: 59 (0 UL)
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See detailUnderstanding 'La Contagion': Power, Exclusion and Urban Violence in France and the United States
Koff, Harlan UL

in JOURNAL OF ETHNIC AND MIGRATION STUDIES (2009), 35(5), 771-790

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See detailThe 2005 Riots in France: The International Impact of Domestic Violence
Koff, Harlan UL; Duprez, Dominique

in JOURNAL OF ETHNIC AND MIGRATION STUDIES (2009), 35(5), 713-730

Detailed reference viewed: 103 (2 UL)