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See detail(How) Can Blockchain Contribute to the Management of Systemic Risks in Global Supply Networks?
Fridgen, Gilbert UL; Körner, Marc-Fabian; Sedlmeir, Johannes et al

in 14. Internationale Tagung Wirtschaftsinformatik (2019)

Even though globalization has led to larger, faster, and more efficient supply chains, at the same time the new worldwide interconnection has also resulted in major challenges with respect to hidden ... [more ▼]

Even though globalization has led to larger, faster, and more efficient supply chains, at the same time the new worldwide interconnection has also resulted in major challenges with respect to hidden systemic risks. In particular, there is a lack of a holistic perspective on the entire supply network. This missing global view prohibits the anamnesis and management of underlying risks. Against this backdrop, in this paper we discuss the potential contributions of Blockchain technology to systemic risk management in global supply chains and networks. Given the increasing number of recent initiatives of businesses in the context of Blockchain, we argue that Blockchain technology can lower the hurdle for the use of secure multiparty computation. Ultimately, it may be possible to implement a corresponding monitoring mechanism for systemic risks without (i) the need of a central authority and (ii) revealing competition relevant, confidential information to other supply network participants. [less ▲]

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See detailIndustrielle Energieflexibilität im Energiesystem
Buhl, Hans Ulrich; Fridgen, Gilbert UL; Dufter, Christa et al

in Energieflexibilität in der deutschen Industrie : Ergebnisse aus dem Kopernikus-Projekt - Synchronisierte und energieadaptive Produktionstechnik zur flexiblen Ausrichtung von Industrieprozessen auf eine fluktuierende Energieversorgung (SynErgie) (2019)

Energy from renewable resources is not always readily available. Depending on the season and the weather, the power made available by solar parks or wind turbines varies, for example. Due to the ... [more ▼]

Energy from renewable resources is not always readily available. Depending on the season and the weather, the power made available by solar parks or wind turbines varies, for example. Due to the continuous expansion of renewable energies, the volatility in the energy system will become more and more pronounced in the future. Preparing and adapting the industry to the changing supply structures is a major challenge for the next few decades. In the future, companies must be able to design their processes and operational organization in such a way that energy consumption can at least partially adapt flexibly to the volatile energy supply. In addition to developing technologies, Concepts and measures to make industrial processes more energetic, a second focus of future work is the development of a consistent IT infrastructure with which companies and energy providers can provide and exchange information from the production machine to the energy markets in the future. This leads to a paradigm shift in the operation of industrial processes - away from continuous and purely demand-driven energy consumption towards the adaptable, energy-flexible operation of industrial plants. This reference work presents the most important results of the research in the context of the Kopernikus project Synergy and clarifies trend-setting findings for further developments in the still young field of industrial energy flexibility. [less ▲]

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See detailDecision Flexibility vs. Information Accuracy in Energy-intensive Businesses
Fridgen, Gilbert UL; Saumweber, Andrea; Seyfried, Johannes et al

in 26th European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS) (2018)

Demand-side management and demand response are integral building blocks for environmental sus-tainability. Exchange-based power pricing serves as an economic mechanism to set incentives to shift demand to ... [more ▼]

Demand-side management and demand response are integral building blocks for environmental sus-tainability. Exchange-based power pricing serves as an economic mechanism to set incentives to shift demand to periods where prices are low. Low power prices also serve as an indicator for green(er) power, since high feed-ins from variable renewable sources push the electricity price downward. For businesses, minimizing electricity costs thus not only contributes to economic but also environmental sustainability. Hence, especially energy-intensive businesses can become greener and more competitive by integrating volatile electricity prices into their production planning activities. In this paper, we demonstrate that the length of the planning horizons is key to achieve more sustainable outcomes due to the trade-off between decision flexibility and information accuracy. Decision flexibility – i.e. the ca-pability to shift processes – increases with longer planning horizons. Information accuracy – i.e. price accuracy – increases with shorter planning horizons. Information Systems (IS) can help to balance this trade-off. We follow a data-driven approach and derive both actual and predicted electricity spot prices from historic electricity intraday market data in Germany. We find that decision flexibility and infor-mation accuracy affect the planning horizon as conceived. First results indicate that more sustainable outcomes are achieved with longer planning horizons. [less ▲]

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See detailA Privacy Preserving Approach to Collaborative Systemic Risk Identification : the Use-case of Supply Chain Network
Garizy, Tirazheh Zare; Fridgen, Gilbert UL; Wederhake, Lars

in Security and Communication Networks (2018)

Globalization, and outsourcing are two main factors which are leading to higher complexity of supply chain networks. Due to the strategic importance of having a sustainable network it is necessary to have ... [more ▼]

Globalization, and outsourcing are two main factors which are leading to higher complexity of supply chain networks. Due to the strategic importance of having a sustainable network it is necessary to have an enhanced supply chain network risk management. In a supply chain network many firms depend directly or indirectly on a specific supplier. In this regard, unknown risks of network’s structure can endanger the whole supply chain network’s robustness. In spite of the importance of risk identification of supply chain network, firms are not willing to exchange the structural information of their network. Firms are concerned about risking their strategic positioning or established connections in the network. The paper proposes to combine secure multiparty computation cryptography methods with risk identification algorithms from social network analysis to address this challenge. The combination enables structural risk identification of supply chain networks without endangering firms’ competitive advantage. [less ▲]

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See detailDynamics of Blockchain Implementation : A Case Study from the Energy Sector
Albrecht, Simon; Reichert, Stefan; Schmid, Jan et al

in 51st Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (2018)

This case study analyzes the impact of theory-based factors on the implementation of different blockchain technologies in use cases from the energy sector. We construct an integrated research model based ... [more ▼]

This case study analyzes the impact of theory-based factors on the implementation of different blockchain technologies in use cases from the energy sector. We construct an integrated research model based on the Diffusion of Innovations theory, institutional economics and the Technology-Organization-Environment framework. Using qualitative data from in-depth interviews, we link constructs to theory and assess their impact on each use case. Doing so we can depict the dynamic relations between different blockchain technologies and the energy sector. The study provides insights for decision makers in electric utilities, and government administrations. [less ▲]

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See detailCross-Organizational Workflow Management Using Blockchain Technology : Towards Applicability, Auditability, and Automation
Fridgen, Gilbert UL; Radszuwill, Sven; Urbach, Nils et al

in 51st Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS) (2018)

Bringing Blockchain technology and business process management together, we follow the Design Science Research approach and design, implement, and evaluate a Blockchain prototype for cross-organizational ... [more ▼]

Bringing Blockchain technology and business process management together, we follow the Design Science Research approach and design, implement, and evaluate a Blockchain prototype for cross-organizational workflow management together with a German bank. For the use case of a documentary letter of credit we describe the status quo of the process, identify areas of improvement, implement a Blockchain solution, and compare both workflows. The prototype illustrates that the process, as of today paper-based and with high manual effort, can be significantly improved. Our research reveals that a tamper-proof process history for improved auditability, automation of manual process steps and the decentralized nature of the system can be major advantages of a Blockchain solution for cross-organizational workflow management. Further, our research provides insights how Blockchain technology can be used for business process management in general. [less ▲]

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See detailDeveloping an Evaluation Framework for Blockchain in the Public Sector : The Example of the German Asylum Process
Fridgen, Gilbert UL; Guggenmos, Florian; Lockl, Jannik et al

in 1st ERCIM Blockchain Workshop 2018 (2018)

The public sector presents several promising applications for blockchain technology. Global organizations and innovative ministries in countries such as Dubai, Sweden, Finland, the Netherlands, and ... [more ▼]

The public sector presents several promising applications for blockchain technology. Global organizations and innovative ministries in countries such as Dubai, Sweden, Finland, the Netherlands, and Germany have recognized these potentials and have initiated projects to evaluate the adoption of blockchain technology. As these projects can have a far-reaching impact on crucial government services and processes, they should involve a particularly thorough evaluation. In this paper, we provide insights into the development of a framework to support such an evaluation for the German asylum process. We built this framework evolutionarily together with the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees. Its final version consists of three levels and eighteen categories of evaluation criteria across the technical, functional and legal domains and allows specifying use-case specific key performance indicators or knockout criteria. [less ▲]

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See detailGeneric Data Model for Describing Real-Time Data-Supported Power Flexibility
Weber, Thomas; Schel, Daniel; Schott, Paul et al

in SmartER Europe (2018)

In the course of the German Energiewende, the share of controllable power generation is decreasing, while renewable, volatile generation resources (wind turbines and pho-tovoltaics), are being expanded ... [more ▼]

In the course of the German Energiewende, the share of controllable power generation is decreasing, while renewable, volatile generation resources (wind turbines and pho-tovoltaics), are being expanded. Therefore, the need for flexibility on the consumer side to compensate for this volatile generation is growing, because the balance of power production and power consumption needs to be guaranteed [1]. The German industrial sector consumes the largest share by 43.7 % of electricity [2] and also holds enormous potential for load flexibility in Germany [3]. However, many potentials cannot be ex-ploited because the necessary information technology connections are missing. The ge-neric data structure presented in this paper offers an approach to describe power flexi-bility potentials in a standardized way for a prevailing situation. This state-dependent flexibility potential can thus be made available to a higher-level instance for optimizing the operation strategy. As digitization progresses, the degree of automation increases, and so does the flexibility potential of the system. To this end, the basic characteristics of flexibility are first of all worked out and the corresponding degrees of freedom are explained in more detail. The existing approaches for describing flexibility of conven-tional power plants, such as the transmission code [4], will also be discussed. There are two classes of power flexibility - time-restricted and time-independent flexibility. Sep-arate sets of flexibility indicators are created for both classes, which are then transferred to a data structure. Finally, an information architecture to process the data model is presented. [less ▲]

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See detailFlexible IT platform for synchronizing energy demands with volatile markets
Schott, Paul; Ahrens, Raphael; Bauer, Dennis et al

in Information Technology (2018), 60(3), 155--164

Abandoning fossil and nuclear energy sources in the long run and increasing amount of renewable energies in electricity production causes a more volatile power supply. Depending on external realities ... [more ▼]

Abandoning fossil and nuclear energy sources in the long run and increasing amount of renewable energies in electricity production causes a more volatile power supply. Depending on external realities, renewable energy production emphasizes the need for measures to guarantee the necessary balance of demand and supply in the electricity system at all times. Energy intensive industry processes theoretically include high Demand Response potentials suitable to tackle this increasing supply volatility. Nevertheless, most companies do not operate their production in a flexible manner due to multiple reasons: among others, the companies lack know-how, technologies and a clear business case to introduce an additional level of flexibility into their production processes, they are concerned about possible impacts on their processes by varying the electricity demand and need assistance in exploiting their flexibility. Aside from fostering knowledge in industry companies, an IT-solution that supports companies to use their processes’ Demand Response potential has become necessary. Its concept must support companies in managing companies’ energy-flexible production processes and monetarize those potentials at flexibility markets. This paper presents a concept, which integrates both companies and energy markets. It enables automated trading of companies’ Demand Response potential on different flexibility markets. [less ▲]

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See detailBlockchain and smart contracts : Technologies, research issues and applications
Schütte; Fridgen, Gilbert UL; Prinz, Wolfgang et al

Report (2018)

This position paper analyzes blockchain technology from a scientific and application-oriented perspective of the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft. It examines relevant technical aspects and related research ... [more ▼]

This position paper analyzes blockchain technology from a scientific and application-oriented perspective of the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft. It examines relevant technical aspects and related research questions. This shows that the technology still has fundamental research and development challenges in all areas. These include, for example, the modularization of individual blockchain concepts as well as their combination and integration for application-specific blockchain solutions. The investigation of fields of application and industries that can best benefit from the new technology shows that different properties of the blockchain are relevant for a field of application are. While the automation potential associated with smart contracts is essential for the Internet of Things, it is the irreversibility of the transactions managed for applications in the areas of supply chain, digital media or for guarantees of origin. However, the decisive aspect is that the blockchain is of great relevance for many different areas of application outside of the financial sector and, above all, independent of cryptocurrencies. The paper provides a list of criteria to identify applications that are suitable for using a blockchain. that the blockchain is of great relevance for many different areas of application outside of the financial sector and, above all, independent of cryptocurrencies. The paper provides a list of criteria to identify applications that are suitable for the use of a blockchain. that the blockchain is of great relevance for many different areas of application outside of the financial sector and, above all, independent of cryptocurrencies. The paper provides a list of criteria to identify applications that are suitable for using a blockchain. [less ▲]

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See detailDo Not Forget About Smart Towns : How to Bring Customized Digital Innovation to Rural Areas
Hosseini, Sabiölla; Frank, Leonhard; Fridgen, Gilbert UL et al

in Business and Information Systems Engineering (2018), 60(3), 243--257

To date, research on smart cities has primarily focused on urban congested areas. As this paper points out, it is becoming ever more important to look at intermediate and thinly populated regions like ... [more ▼]

To date, research on smart cities has primarily focused on urban congested areas. As this paper points out, it is becoming ever more important to look at intermediate and thinly populated regions like towns and rural areas as arenas for digital innovation. By following a multi-phase research process, we examine towns’ highly individual needs in an exploratory way, derive key aspects from recent literature that can serve to mitigate or solve their problems, and present an open innovation process by way of integrating local context factors, local stakeholders, and suitable information and communication technology solutions. Our objective is to develop a first digital innovation approach in a field that has so far been scarcely considered. We conduct a case study which demonstrates the applicability and effectiveness of our innovation approach in a small town in southern Germany and derive first important lessons learned. Thereby, the concept of an innovation ecosystem reveals a promising solution to face the challenges of the investigated town. [less ▲]

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See detailChallenges and Opportunities of Blockchain-based Platformization of Digital Identities in the Public Sector
Fridgen, Gilbert UL; Guggenmos, Florian; Lockl, Jannik et al

in Workshop on Platformization in the Public Sector, 26th European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS) (2018)

Digitalization promises unprecedented opportunities for public sector institutions to increase efficiency of current and to introduce new services. One of these opportunities are unique digital identities ... [more ▼]

Digitalization promises unprecedented opportunities for public sector institutions to increase efficiency of current and to introduce new services. One of these opportunities are unique digital identities which could improve migration and refugee management, simplify distribution of social services, and improve healthcare systems. A major challenge, however, to the adoption of such digital identities is finding a suitable technological basis. Blockchain might be such a technology. The challenges of introducing blockchain-based digital identities, however, are both significant and fuzzy. To provide guidance on how to overcome these challenges, we provide a detailed exploration of blockchain-based platformization of digital identities and discuss interview insights from refugee and migration management in Germany. We find that blockchain offers promising solutions for unique digital identity management. Likewise, we find that implementation in the public sector would entail a range of organizational and technological challenges. Successful adoption, on the other hand, might ultimately pave the way for decentral and efficient e-government services. [less ▲]

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See detailDon't Slip on the Initial Coin Offering (ICO) : A Taxonomy for a Blockchain-enabled Form of Crowdfunding
Fridgen, Gilbert UL; Regner, Ferdinand; Schweizer, André et al

in 26th European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS) (2018)

Blockchain is rapidly evolving and there is an increasing interest in the technology in both prac-tice and academia. Recently, a blockchain use case called Initial Coin Offering (ICO) draws a lot of ... [more ▼]

Blockchain is rapidly evolving and there is an increasing interest in the technology in both prac-tice and academia. Recently, a blockchain use case called Initial Coin Offering (ICO) draws a lot of attention. ICO is a novel form of crowdfunding that utilizes blockchain tokens to allow for tru-ly peer-to-peer investments. Although, more than 4.5 billion USD have been invested via ICOs, the phenomenon is poorly understood. Scientific research lacks a structured classification of ICOs to provide further insights into their characteristics. We bridge this gap by developing a taxonomy based on real-world ICO cases, related literature, and expert interviews. Further, we derive and discuss prevailing ICO archetypes. Our findings contribute to theory development in the field of ICOs by enriching the descriptive knowledge, identifying design options, deriving ICO archetypes, and laying the foundation for further research. Additionally, our research pro-vides several benefits for practitioners. Our proposed taxonomy illustrates that there is no one-size-fits-all model of ICOs and might support the decision-making process of start-ups, investors and regulators. The proposed ICO archetypes indicate how common ICOs are designed and thus might serves as best practices. Finally, our analysis indicates that ICOs represent a valid alter-native to traditional crowdfunding approaches. [less ▲]

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See detailSupport of communication and cooperation in the asylum process with the help of blockchain: A feasibility study by the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees
Fridgen, Gilbert UL; Guggenmos, Florian; Lockl, Jannik et al

Report (2018)

Digital technologies are changing our society in many ways. In addition to significant increases in productivity and new forms of value creation, the rapid digital change also brings with it a multitude ... [more ▼]

Digital technologies are changing our society in many ways. In addition to significant increases in productivity and new forms of value creation, the rapid digital change also brings with it a multitude of political and social challenges. While the digitization of the public sector in Germany is still facing challenges, other countries are already further. For example, Estonia has already largely digitized its administration. The federal government would also like to advance Germany with a targeted digitization strategy and strengthen public administration through the use of digital technologies. One of the focus technologies in this context is blockchain. Blockchain is a decentralized data structure, in which data in cryptographically linked blocks can be stored invariably and traceably. The essential concept of blockchain technology is to manage the data to be stored through a subscriber network instead of a central instance. In addition, new blockchain technologies make it possible to automate parts of the cross-agency process management. Due to its properties, blockchain technology offers a good opportunity for coordination in federal structures, as required by the German asylum process. In addition to one body primarily responsible, the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees, other authorities at both federal and state level are involved in the asylum process. For example, initial reception centers and immigration authorities are subordinate to the respective federal states or part of the local government. This results in a large number of process variants, heterogeneous IT infrastructures and an incomplete digital exchange of information. A cross-agency data source already exists in the form of the Central Register of Foreigners (AZR). The AZR contains a large amount of data that may be recorded and stored by the authorized authorities in accordance with applicable law (especially AZRG). In addition, there is a need for IT-based support for cross-agency communication and cooperation. The Federal Office for Migration and Refugees has now evaluated to what extent blockchain can contribute to overcoming these challenges and promote the establishment of digital identities in the asylum context as well as cross-agency communication and cooperation. A proof-of-concept project that the Federal Office carried out in the first half of 2018 serves as an essential reference point. The project began with the selection of the use case ("simplified asylum process") and a pre-evaluation of the suitability of the blockchain technology. After a positive pre-evaluation, a suitable system was developed by a mixed team from the Federal Office, the Fraunhofer FIT Business Informatics project group and a technology partner. The project was then evaluated according to a blockchain-specific evaluation framework. In addition to technical and professional aspects, the focus here was in particular on issues relating to data protection law. The proof-of-concept project has shown that the use of blockchain technology could support cross-agency communication and cooperation in the asylum process. In addition, blockchain could lay an important foundation for the establishment of digital identities and make the process flow of an asylum seeker traceable on the basis of such an identity. It is true that it has not yet been possible to fully implement all applicable data protection regulations in the developed proof-of-concept. However, the knowledge gained in the course of the project forms a promising basis for the development of a data protection-compliant blockchain-based solution for the asylum process. In addition, due to the federal structure taken into account, the developed concept could also be scaled beyond Germany's borders. A blockchain-based, transnational management of asylum processes could thus become a joint project of the European member states to strengthen cooperation while preserving federal structures. Blockchain technology could thus be the beginning of digital federalism in Europe (also in the asylum area). [less ▲]

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See detailSolution-based Innovation : A Method for Emerging Technology Use Case Development
Fridgen, Gilbert UL; Lockl, Jannik; Radszuwill, Sven et al

in Workshop Blockchain Research ? Beyond the Horizon, European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS) (2018)

Interest in blockchain is growing rapidly and at a global scale. The potential to disrupt various industries is attributed to the emerging blockchain technology. Organizations and institutions have thus ... [more ▼]

Interest in blockchain is growing rapidly and at a global scale. The potential to disrupt various industries is attributed to the emerging blockchain technology. Organizations and institutions have thus begun to examine the emerging the technology and its impact on their businesses. However, researchers and practitioners still lack a systematic approach to understand the po-tential of blockchain and to develop convincing use cases. We addressed this research gap by applying an action design research approach and situational method engineering to propose a method for the development of blockchain technology use cases. Following this approach, we iteratively evaluate and further develop the proposed method through application in four distinct industries. In a next research step, we now focus on a broader context and evaluate if our existing use case development method is applicable for other emerging technologies than blockchain. By doing so, we seek to broaden our evaluation, generalize our method, and support practitioners and researchers in better leveraging the opportunities of continuous digital transformation. [less ▲]

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See detailOne Rate Does Not Fit All: An Empirical Analysis of Electricity Tariffs for Residential Microgrids
Fridgen, Gilbert UL; Kahlen, Micha; Ketter, Wolfgang et al

in Applied Energy (2018), 210

Residential microgrids are poised to play an important role in future distributed energy networks. However, energy retailers have yet to identify effective electricity tariffs to incorporate residential ... [more ▼]

Residential microgrids are poised to play an important role in future distributed energy networks. However, energy retailers have yet to identify effective electricity tariffs to incorporate residential microgrids into the energy value chain. For this reason, we have chosen to analyze a set of twelve representative tariff options retailers might offer in the future. To examine their effects on load profiles and electricity bills, we set up a comprehensive empirical evaluation framework. Our analyses identify three important recommendations for residential microgrid pricing: First, energy retailers should not offer volumetric tariffs as they result in higher electricity bills, encourage sharp peak loads, and fail to fully allocate system costs. Second, they should also be cautious in offering time-varying and especially real-time rates. Although these rates promise slightly lower energy bills for microgrid operators, they can destabilize load profiles if retailers fail to simultaneously introduce peak-moderating capacity charges. Third, energy retailers should consider tariffs with capacity and customer charges, which we find to lower electricity costs, foster peak shaving, and facilitate stable cost allocation. [less ▲]

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See detailA Solution in Search of a Problem : A Method for the Development of Blockchain Use Cases
Fridgen, Gilbert UL; Lockl, Jannik; Radszuwill, Sven et al

in 24th Americas Conference on Information Systems (AMCIS) (2018)

Blockchain technology is a very recent and fast evolving phenomenon with the potential to disrupt various industries. Organizations are thus increasingly looking at the technology and are forming multi ... [more ▼]

Blockchain technology is a very recent and fast evolving phenomenon with the potential to disrupt various industries. Organizations are thus increasingly looking at the technology and are forming multi-functional teams to evaluate the technology and its impact on their businesses. However, researchers and practitioners still lack a technology-driven, systematic approach to understand the potential of blockchain and to develop convincing use cases. We address this research gap by applying an action design research approach and situational method engineering to propose a method for the development of blockchain use cases. Following this approach, we iteratively evaluated and further developed the proposed method through application and testing in four distinct industries. We thus derive constructive knowledge at the cutting edge of digital transformation, innovation management, and utilization of emerging technologies. In addition, our research supports practitioners in systematically developing blockchain use cases. [less ▲]

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See detailTowards a Theory of Decentral Digital Process Ecosystems : Evidence from the Case of Digital Identities
Lockl, Jannik; Rieger, Alexander UL; Fridgen, Gilbert UL et al

in Workshop Blockchain Research ? Beyond the Horizon (2018)

Blockchain could transform process management and usher in decentral digital process ecosystems. Such ecosystems present a paradigm shift from central control towards decentral coordination and we ... [more ▼]

Blockchain could transform process management and usher in decentral digital process ecosystems. Such ecosystems present a paradigm shift from central control towards decentral coordination and we increasingly see them appear in various places. Here, we provide our idea of a theory of the emergence of these ecosystems and their theoretical constructs. Our theory builds on a single-case study in the area of digital identities for refugees in Europe. [less ▲]

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See detailInitial conditions for the marketing of flexibility in demand: status quo analysis and meta-study
Bertsch, Joachim; Fridgen, Gilbert UL; Sachs, Thomas et al

Report (2017)

Die vorliegende Arbeit ist Teil des durch das Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung geförderten Forschungsprojektes Synchronisierte und energieadaptive Produktionstechnik zur flexiblen Ausrichtung ... [more ▼]

Die vorliegende Arbeit ist Teil des durch das Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung geförderten Forschungsprojektes Synchronisierte und energieadaptive Produktionstechnik zur flexiblen Ausrichtung von Industrieprozessen auf eine fluktuierende Energieversorgung (SynErgie). Ziel des Forschungsprojektes ist die Befähigung der energieintensiven Industrien in Deutschland, die Stromnachfrage dem zunehmend fluktuierenden Stromangebot anzupassen. In der Vergangenheit waren Stromsysteme in der Regel dahingehend ausgelegt, dass die Erzeugungsseite des Marktes an das zeitliche Verhalten des Verbrauchs angepasst war. Durch den verstärkten Ausbau volatiler erneuerbarer Energien unterliegt die Stromerzeugung jedoch unkontrollierbaren, wetterabhängigen Schwankungen, weshalb eine Flexibilisierung des Gesamtsystems zunehmend an Bedeutung gewinnt. Die in SynErgie betrachteten Industrieprozesse stellen dabei eine Teilmenge potenzieller Flexibilisierungsoptionen dar und können zur Lastanpassung an schwankende Erzeugung sowie zur Bereitstellung von Systemdienstleistungen und Entlastung der Netze beitragen. In einem liberalisierten, wettbewerblichen Strommarkt sind im Hinblick auf die Erschließung der Potenziale der Nachfrageflexibilität die marktlichen und regulatorischen Rahmenbedingungen von hoher Relevanz. Diese Studie beschreibt daher zunächst die Grundlagen des Strommarktdesigns und des konstituierenden gesetzlichen Rahmens. Dabei wird stets der Bezug zur Anwendung auf Industrieprozesse genommen und potenzielle Hemmnisse der Partizipation flexibler Nachfrageprozesse aufgearbeitet. Die Analyse bildet den Ausgangspunkt für die folgenden Arbeitspakete im Cluster IV und dient der clusterübergreifenden Information über den Status Quo der Marktstrukturen und regulatorischen Rahmenbedingungen. Neben der systematischen Aufarbeitung des marktlichen Rahmens werden die wissenschaftliche Literatur sowie bereits publizierte Studien zum Thema Nachfrageflexibilität (Demand Side Management und Demand Response) in einer Metastudie analysiert und zusammengefasst. [less ▲]

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See detailReal-World Impact of Information Systems : The Effect of Seemingly Small Design Choices
Ableitner, Liliane; Fridgen, Gilbert UL; Hosseini, Sabiölla et al

in Workshop on Information Technologies and Systems (WITS) (2017)

Information system (IS) have not only become indispensable in professional contexts, but can also serve as a platform for data-based interventions targeting issues for humanity. Providing individuals with ... [more ▼]

Information system (IS) have not only become indispensable in professional contexts, but can also serve as a platform for data-based interventions targeting issues for humanity. Providing individuals with concrete feedback on their current behavior has been shown to foster sustainable behavior. So far, research on the real-world impact and nderlying mechanisms of such IS-enabled interventions is scarce. In a randomized controlled field experiment with 1,423 participants, we systematically test the effect of different intervention strategies regarding their impact on energy consumption and user experience. We find a onservation effect of over 18% for the best treatment. In particular, the results suggest that small, seemingly harmless variations of IS design choices regarding numerical, normative, or emotional feedback can considerably affect behavioral outcomes (energy use). Potential explanations of observed behavior are given based on theories from psychology. The study delivers design implications for innovative IS artifacts that highlight the importance and necessity of taking cognitive processes into account. [less ▲]

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