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See detailThe 8th International Comparison of Absolute Gravimeters 2009: the first Key Comparison (CCM.G-K1) in the field of absolute gravimetry
Jiang, Z.; Pálinkáš, V.; Arias, F. E. et al

in Metrologia (2012), 49(6), 666

The 8th International Comparison of Absolute Gravimeters (ICAG2009) took place at the headquarters of the International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM) from September to October 2009. It was the ... [more ▼]

The 8th International Comparison of Absolute Gravimeters (ICAG2009) took place at the headquarters of the International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM) from September to October 2009. It was the first ICAG organized as a key comparison in the framework of the CIPM Mutual Recognition Arrangement of the International Committee for Weights and Measures (CIPM MRA) (CIPM 1999). ICAG2009 was composed of a Key Comparison (KC) as defined by the CIPM MRA, organized by the Consultative Committee for Mass and Related Quantities (CCM) and designated as CCM.G-K1. Participating gravimeters and their operators came from national metrology institutes (NMIs) or their designated institutes (DIs) as defined by the CIPM MRA. A Pilot Study (PS) was run in parallel in order to include gravimeters and their operators from other institutes which, while not signatories of the CIPM MRA, nevertheless play important roles in international gravimetry measurements. The aim of the CIPM MRA is to have international acceptance of the measurement capabilities of the participating institutes in various fields of metrology. The results of CCM.G-K1 thus constitute an accurate and consistent gravity reference traceable to the SI (International System of Units), which can be used as the global basis for geodetic, geophysical and metrological observations of gravity. The measurements performed afterwards by the KC participants can be referred to the international metrological reference, i.e. they are SI-traceable. The ICAG2009 was complemented by a number of associated measurements: the Relative Gravity Campaign (RGC2009), high-precision levelling and an accurate gravity survey in support of the BIPM watt balance project. The major measurements took place at the BIPM between July and October 2009. Altogether 24 institutes with 22 absolute gravimeters (one of the 22 AGs was ultimately withdrawn) and nine relative gravimeters participated in the ICAG/RGC campaign. This paper is focused on the absolute gravity campaign. We review the history of the ICAGs and present the organization, data processing and the final results of the ICAG2009. After almost thirty years of hosting eight successive ICAGs, the CIPM decided to transfer the responsibility for piloting the future ICAGs to NMIs, although maintaining a supervisory role through its Consultative Committee for Mass and Related Quantities. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison between the Transfer Functions of three Superconducting Gravimeters
Francis, Olivier UL; Lampitelli, Carmine UL; Klein, Gilbert UL et al

in Marées Terrestres Bulletin d'Informations (2011), 147

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See detailMonitoring Earthquakes with gravity meters
Niebauer, T. M.; MacQueen, Jeff; Aliod, Daniel et al

in Geodesy and Geodynamics (2011), 2(3), 71-75

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See detailPreliminary results of the BIPM Relative Gravity Measurement Campaign during the 8th International Comparison of Absolute Gravimeters (2009)
Jiang, Zihang; Tisserand, L.; Kessler-Schulz, K. U. et al

in Peshekhonov, Vladimir (Ed.) Proceedings of the IAG Symposium on Terrestrial Gravimetry: Static and Mobile Measurements (2011)

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See detailRevisiting absolute gravimeter intercomparisons
de Viron, O.; Van Camp, Michel; Francis, Olivier UL

in Metrologia (2011), 48

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See detailSecond-order Doppler-shift corrections in free-fall absolute gravimeters
Rothleitner, Christian UL; Francis, Olivier UL

in Metrologia (2011), 48(3), 187-195

In a free-fall absolute gravimeter usually a Michelson type interferometer is employed to track the trajectory of a freely falling retroreflector. The accelerated motion of the retroreflector produces a ... [more ▼]

In a free-fall absolute gravimeter usually a Michelson type interferometer is employed to track the trajectory of a freely falling retroreflector. The accelerated motion of the retroreflector produces a Doppler-shift in the laser wavelength. From the interference signal (beat signal) of the Doppler-shifted and the reference electromagnetic waves the relative motion of the freely falling retroreflector with respect to an inertial reference retroreflector is reconstructed. Considerations of second-order Doppler-shift terms lead to a correction in the acceleration due to gravity of several microgals (1 µGal = 10 nm s −2 ). This correction is commonly called speed of light correction . To date different correction formulae have been proposed, which differ by several microgals. In this paper we review several previous publications and show the reasons for the different results. [less ▲]

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See detailFinal report on the Seventh International Comparison of Absolute Gravimeters (ICAG 2005)
Jiang, Z.; Francis, Olivier UL; Vitushkin, L. et al

in Metrologia (2011), 48

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See detailEarthquake Monitoring with Gravity Meters: Case studies from the November 2006 and January 2007 Kuril Islands Earthquakes
Niebauer, T.M.; Hare, J.L.; MacQueen, J. et al

Scientific Conference (2010, August 15)

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See detailSimultaneous observation of gravity tide in Juneau, Southeast Alaska with gPhone#32 and L&R G578 gravimeters
Sato, T.; Miura, S.; Ohta, Y. et al

Speeches/Talks (2010)

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See detailResults of the Seventh International Comparison of Absolute Gravimeters ICAG-2005 at the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures, Sèvres
Vitushkin, L.; Jiang, Z.; Robertsson, L. et al

in Mertikas, Stelios P. (Ed.) Gravity, Geoid and Earth Observation (2010)

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See detailResults of the European Comparison of Absolute Gravimeters in Walferdange (Luxembourg) of November 2007
Francis, Olivier UL; van Dam, Tonie UL; Germak, A. et al

in Gravity, Geoid and Earth Observation (2010)

The second international comparison of absolute gravimeters was held in Walferdange, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, in November 2007, in which twenty absolute gravimeters took part. A short description of the ... [more ▼]

The second international comparison of absolute gravimeters was held in Walferdange, Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, in November 2007, in which twenty absolute gravimeters took part. A short description of the data processing and adjustments will be presented here and will be followed by the presentation of the results. Two different methods were applied to estimate the relative offsets between the gravimeters. We show that the results are equivalent as the uncertainties of both adjustments overlap. The absolute gravity meters agree with one another with a standard deviation of 2 μgal (1 gal = 1 cm/s2). [less ▲]

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See detailFinal report on absolute gravimeter intercomparison (EURAMET Project no. 1093)
Baumann, Henri; Francis, Olivier UL; Van Camp, Michel

in Metrologia (2010), 47(1A), 07008

An interlaboratory comparison (Euramet Project 1039) of three absolute gravimeters was carried out between the national metrology institutes of Luxembourg, Belgium and Switzerland (University of ... [more ▼]

An interlaboratory comparison (Euramet Project 1039) of three absolute gravimeters was carried out between the national metrology institutes of Luxembourg, Belgium and Switzerland (University of Luxembourg/ECGS, Royal Observatory of Belgium and Federal Office for Metrology METAS). The comparison was hosted in the Underground Laboratory for Geodynamics in Walferdange. The obtained results confirm a perfect agreement between the instruments used with respective expanded uncertainties ( k = 2) of 4.25 µGal. Finally, a link to the Euramet project 1030 shows that the three gravimeters are coherent with the 19 other gravimeters. Main text. To reach the main text of this paper, click on Final Report [http://www.bipm.org/utils/common/pdf/final_reports/M/G-S1/EURAMET.M.G-S1.pdf] . Note that this text is that which appears in Appendix B of the BIPM key comparison database kcdb.bipm.org/ [http://kcdb.bipm.org/] . The final report has been peer-reviewed and approved for publication by EURAMET, according to the provisions of the CIPM Mutual Recognition Arrangement (MRA). [less ▲]

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See detailOn the influence of the rotation of a corner cube reflector in absolute gravimetry
Rothleitner, Christian UL; Francis, Olivier UL

in Metrologia (2010), 47(5), 567

Test masses of absolute gravimeters contain prism or hollow retroreflectors. A rotation of such a retroreflector during free-fall can cause a bias in the measured g -value. In particular, prism ... [more ▼]

Test masses of absolute gravimeters contain prism or hollow retroreflectors. A rotation of such a retroreflector during free-fall can cause a bias in the measured g -value. In particular, prism retroreflectors produce phase shifts, which cannot be eliminated. Such an error is small if the rotation occurs about the optical centre of the retroreflector; however, under certain initial conditions the error can reach the microgal level. The contribution from these rotation-induced accelerations is calculated. [less ▲]

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See detail欧洲绝对重力仪比对观测 (ECGS’07)
邢乐林; 申重阳; 李辉 et al

in 地球物理学进展 (Progress in Geophysics) (2009), 24(6), 2054-2057

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See detailRelative Gravity Measurement Campaign during the 7th International Comparison of Absolute Gravimeters (2005)
Jiang, Z.; Becker, Matthias; Francis, Olivier UL et al

in Metrologia (2009), 46(3), 214

Since the 1st International Comparison of Absolute Gravimeters (ICAG) and accompanying Relative Gravity Campaign (RGC) held at the BIPM in 1981, repeated ICAG-RGCs have been organized every four years. A ... [more ▼]

Since the 1st International Comparison of Absolute Gravimeters (ICAG) and accompanying Relative Gravity Campaign (RGC) held at the BIPM in 1981, repeated ICAG-RGCs have been organized every four years. A total of 19 absolute gravimeters (AG) and 15 relative gravimeters (RG) participated in the 7th ICAG-RGC, which took place in 2005. Co-located absolute and relative gravity measurements as well as precision levelling measurements were carried out. The final version of the absolute g values of the 7th ICAG has been officially released recently. This paper is the final report of the 7th RGC and replaces the preliminary results published earlier. It covers the organization of the RGC and the data processing, analyses RG behaviour, computes g , δ g and O AG (offset of AG) and discusses their uncertainties. In preparation for the BIPM key comparison ICAG-2009, a standard data-processing procedure has been developed and installed in the BIPM ICAG-RGC software package, GraviSoft. This was used for the final data processing. [less ▲]

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See detailSummary of Chapter 3 "Spatially" - Space as a source of inspiration
Francis, Olivier UL

in Codignola, Luca; Schrogl, Kai-Uwe; Lukaszczyk, Agnieszka (Eds.) et al Humans in Outer Space - Interdisciplinary Odysseys (2009)

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