References of "Fisch, Christian 50047190"
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See detailWho prefers working in family firms? An exploratory study of individuals’ organizational preferences across 40 countries
Block, Jörn; Fisch, Christian UL; Lau, James et al

in Journal of Family Business Strategy (2016), 7(2), 65-74

Employees can work in family or in non-family firms. Using a sample of more than 12,000 individuals in 40 countries, we investigate this particular occupational choice decision by exploring individual ... [more ▼]

Employees can work in family or in non-family firms. Using a sample of more than 12,000 individuals in 40 countries, we investigate this particular occupational choice decision by exploring individual preferences to work in family firms. Our results show that socio-demographic, occupation-related, and entrepreneurship-related variables influence the preference to work in family firms. For example, a preference to work in family firms correlates positively with being female, a positive opinion on entrepreneurs, and self-employment intention, while it correlates negatively with length of full-time education, living in an urban area, being a manager, and entrepreneurship education. Our results help family firms with regard to recruiting of non-family employees and employer branding. [less ▲]

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See detailChinese university patents: quantity, quality, and the role of subsidy programs
Fisch, Christian UL; Block, Jörn; Sandner, Philipp

in Journal of Technology Transfer (2016), 41(1), 60-84

Chinese university patenting has gained importance in recent years. Using a comprehensive dataset of university patents by 155 leading Chinese universities from 1991 to 2009, our study pursues two ... [more ▼]

Chinese university patenting has gained importance in recent years. Using a comprehensive dataset of university patents by 155 leading Chinese universities from 1991 to 2009, our study pursues two objectives: First, we analyze the quantity and quality of patents filed by leading Chinese universities. Second, we analyze the role of subsidy programs with regard to university patenting in China. With regard to the first objective, our results show that university patents witnessed rapid growth in terms of quantity while patent quality did not increase to a similar degree. Regarding the second objective, we find that a subsidy program to promote research excellence at selected universities is a significant driver of patent quantity and quality. In contrast, a subsidy program that decreases the costs of patent applications seems to enhance patent quantity but not patent quality. We conclude that innovation policies which aim to stimulate patents of higher quality should focus primarily on increasing university R&D, and to a lesser extent on decreasing the costs of university patenting. [less ▲]

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See detailSocialist Heritage and Image of Entrepreneurs in Europe: Micro-Level Evidence
Adam-Müller, Axel; Andres, René; Block, Jörn et al

in Business Administration Review (2015), 75(4), 211-232

What factors shape an individual’s opinion on entrepreneurs? How do these factors differ across countries? This paper analyzes the relationship between socialist history and individuals’ opinions on ... [more ▼]

What factors shape an individual’s opinion on entrepreneurs? How do these factors differ across countries? This paper analyzes the relationship between socialist history and individuals’ opinions on entrepreneurs. Using a large-scale micro-level dataset from 30 European countries, we find that individuals from countries with a socialist history have a more negative opinion on entrepreneurs. This negative effect is less pronounced for individuals that are younger, better educated and have self-employed parents. Our paper makes two contributions to the literature: First, it provides empirical evidence on the determinants of individuals’ opinion on entrepreneurs. Second, it contributes to the understanding of entrepreneurship in former socialist countries. [less ▲]

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See detailWhy do SMEs file trademarks? Insights from firms in innovative industries
Block, Jörn; Fisch, Christian UL; Hahn, Alexander et al

in Research Policy (2015), 44(10), 1915-1930

Trademark filings have increased markedly over time. Although prior research has investigated the out-comes of trademark registration, including its effects on firm market valuation and productivity ... [more ▼]

Trademark filings have increased markedly over time. Although prior research has investigated the out-comes of trademark registration, including its effects on firm market valuation and productivity, little isknown about why firms file trademarks. However, to interpret the increase in trademark filings and itseconomic effects, it is important to know and understand why firms file trademarks. Because trademarksare particularly important to small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), this study analyzes trademark-ing motives using a survey of 600 SMEs in innovative industries. An exploratory factor analysis yieldsthree distinct motives: protection, marketing, and exchange. A cluster analysis reveals four distinct clus-ters of firms with respect to the three trademarking motives. A comparison of these clusters revealssignificant differences in several industry- and firm-level characteristics, including participation in ser-vice industries and relationships with external parties. Implications for research on SMEs, trademarks,and intellectual property management are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailUniversity patenting: a comparison of 300 leading universities worldwide
Fisch, Christian UL; Hassel, Tobias; Sandner, Philipp et al

in Journal of Technology Transfer (2015), 40(2), 318-345

Despite a worldwide increase in university patenting, empirical studies have largely focused on analyzing university patenting in individual countries and regions. We provide analyses from an ... [more ▼]

Despite a worldwide increase in university patenting, empirical studies have largely focused on analyzing university patenting in individual countries and regions. We provide analyses from an international perspective, examining patents at the top 300 universities worldwide. By providing a patent ranking system and an analysis of the determinants of university patenting, we enable an international comparison not only between different countries but also between universities within countries. A ranking of the top-patenting universities shows a huge predominance of US universities: 18 of the top 25 universities are located in the US, with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology being ranked first. Our results show that the propensity to apply for patents is very high among US and Asian universities, while European universities lag behind. In addition to the home country, further determinants of university patenting are the quantity of the universities’ publications and a technological focus in areas such as chemistry and mechanical engineering. However, the size of a university and the quality of its publications are not found to be significant determinants. [less ▲]

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See detailTrademark families: characteristics and market values
Block, Jörn; Fisch, Christian UL; Sandner, Philipp

in Journal of Brand Management (2014), 21(1), 150-170

Research shows that financial markets value trademarks. Often, a firm’s trademarks can be decomposed into groups of related trademarks (trademark families). This study identifies different types of ... [more ▼]

Research shows that financial markets value trademarks. Often, a firm’s trademarks can be decomposed into groups of related trademarks (trademark families). This study identifies different types of trademark families and analyzes their respective effects on the market values of large, publicly listed firms. The results show that financial markets value only those trademarks that develop existing brands, while they do not value the creation of new trademarks. The implications of the results for corporate intellectual property and brand management are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailTitel: Die Bedeutung des CEO für die Internationalisierung von kleinen und mittleren Unternehmen
Fisch, Christian UL; Block, Jörn

in Wirtschaftspolitische Blätter (2013), 60(1), 139-153

Die Internationalisierung von kleinen und mittleren Unternehmen (KMU) ist für die Unternehmenspraxis von hoher Bedeutung. Die vorliegende Arbeit beschäftigt sich damit, inwiefern Charakteristika des Chief ... [more ▼]

Die Internationalisierung von kleinen und mittleren Unternehmen (KMU) ist für die Unternehmenspraxis von hoher Bedeutung. Die vorliegende Arbeit beschäftigt sich damit, inwiefern Charakteristika des Chief Executive Officers (CEO) Einfluss auf die Markteintrittsformwahl von KMU nehmen. Die durchgeführten empirischen Analysen zeigen, dass ein hohes Alter, ein hohes Bildungsniveau sowie eine große internationale Erfahrung des CEO die Wahrscheinlichkeit direktinvestiver Markteintrittsformen verringern. Die Ergebnisse sind relevant für die Unternehmenspraxis, da sie zeigen, dass es zu einer durch die Person des CEO begründeten, jedoch aus Unternehmenssicht möglicherweise nicht optimalen Markteintrittsformwahl kommen kann. KMU sollten sich dieser Möglichkeit bewusst sein und solchen Entscheidungsverzerrungen gegebenenfalls entgegenwirken. [less ▲]

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