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See detailObservations from the Field: A Synthesis Report
Carr, Constance UL

Report (2012)

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See detailMobilizing Sustainability, Fixing Competitiveness: An examination of policy mobility Lux-embourg
Carr, Constance UL; Krueger, Robert; Hesse, Markus UL et al

Presentation (2011, November)

The movement of policies across space, often referred to as policy mobility, has been a vibrant area of discussion in the geographical literature in recent years (c.f. McCann 2011; González 2010; Larner ... [more ▼]

The movement of policies across space, often referred to as policy mobility, has been a vibrant area of discussion in the geographical literature in recent years (c.f. McCann 2011; González 2010; Larner and Laurie 2010; Peck and Theodore 2010; Ward 2006; Peck 2002). In particular, scholars have brought forth geographical concepts of relationality and territoriality, along with post-structural accounts of the social construction of knowledge and power, to provide sophisticated and complex accounts of the spatial flows of urban policies and their contingent ‘local’ expressions. In the tradition of urban geography and analysis, mobility stories tend to come from paradigmatic cases, such as Barcelona, Vancouver, New York and others. This paper brings to this conversation a policy mobility story from the rather specific, non-paradigmatic case of Luxembourg. In recent years Luxembourg’s welfare state has developed spatial development policies embedded in the rhetoric and practice of sustainability in an attempt to counteract the contradictions of the State’s rapid development. Much of this policy account emerged from the transfer of ideas and practices from neighboring countries and the European Union. While certainly similar to other new economy spaces in terms of tensions, Luxembourg’s unique system of governance and social and cultural context may yield new insights into the policy mobility literature. The paper thus seeks to contribute to the policy mobility literature by bringing into the fold a case study from a somewhat unique urban context, Luxembourg, concerning the under-explored area of policy mobility domain, urban sustainable development. We hypothesize that Luxembourg’s specific urban policy context could reveal limitations of current approaches. Further, by focusing on sustainability as a policy ‘fix’ for spatial planning, we expect to capture additional nuance of the politics of capital accumulation in a highly fragmented, increasingly relational urban and regional setting. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 129 (14 UL)
See detailExamining Sustainable Spatial Development in Luxembourg
Carr, Constance UL; Krueger, Robert

Presentation (2011, May)

As founding member of several European and international institutions (EU, OECD, NATO, UN), host to several institutions of the European Union (Parliament Secretariat, Court of Justice, the European ... [more ▼]

As founding member of several European and international institutions (EU, OECD, NATO, UN), host to several institutions of the European Union (Parliament Secretariat, Court of Justice, the European Investment Bank), and ranked 16th among global financial centers (City of London 2010), Luxembourg’s smallness is enigmatic, but also offers a unique opportunity to study global processes operating within a small frame. This paper presents progress achieved in, and collaborative to, the SUSTAINLUX research project, funded by the Fonds National de la Recherche Luxembourg and the Worcester Polytechnic Institute. Unlike its neighbouring nations, Luxembourg seems only just entering a post-flexible era (if at all). The financial ruptures since 2008 have had relatively little impact, and as such, Luxembourg grapples with spatial structural changes associated with its post-industrial and prospering tertiary economy. Its comparably young sustainable development policy is primarily challenged by recent demographic changes, and its geographical specificity. Of its 503,000 residents, roughly 200,000 are landed immigrants. On each working day, the nation’s population increases circa 50% as workers from neighbouring nations enter the country and commute to work. Each day, the City of Luxembourg’s population doubles in size – and its nodal position at the crossroads that lead to Cologne, Paris, and Brussels, is continually strengthening in importance. Concurrent pressures on the real estate market rates pose a real barrier to settlement within or near the capital city (Becker and Hesse 2010). There are thus strong impacts at the local level with high pressure on the provision of housing and transportation infrastructure, which result in conflicting trajectories in terms of sustainable land-use. The fields of housing policy and mobility are thus promising case studies towards a more thorough analysis of the significance, policy relevance, barriers, and shortcomings of sustainable spatial development strategies. The research aims at critically examining the approach of sustainable development, in the context of Luxembourg’s urban and regional transformations and corresponding governance structures (Carr, Hesse and Schulz 2010). While city planners are confronted with finding ways to manage growth, the normative of sustainable development permeates all levels of planning. The first part of this paper will map the literature and discourse on sustainable development in Luxembourg, and summarize the role and limitations of this normative discourse in its social spatial transformation. The second part of this paper will introduce the research agenda of Prof. Krueger, who will pursue research collaborative to SUSTAINLUX, adding a comparative dimension to the study. He will describe his aims to: 1) understand the institutional milieu of sustainability governance in Luxembourg and how it compares internationally; 2) develop an understanding of how actors work and how these practices reproduce certain outcomes; 3) understand how actors’ perceptions affect the form and function of sustainability governance; and 4) assemble the data from aims 1-3 to develop a triangulated analysis of institutional change that is both actor-centric and sensitive to the contextual constraints of the system. This comparative approach will be of interest to social scientists who study how actors understand and shape their policy milieus in different political and geographical contexts, in relation to sustainability. References Becker, T. and Hesse. 2010. “Internationalisierung und Steuer metropolitaner Wohnungsmärkte – Das Beispiel Luxemburg” Information zur Raumentwicklung.“ 5: 403-415. Carr, C., Hesse, M., and Schulz, C. 2010. „Sustainable Spatial Development in Luxembourg (SUSTAINLUX)” Funded by FNR (CO9/SR/01), Working Paper 1, Laboratoire de Géographie et Aménagement du Territoire City of London (2010) “Global Financial Centres 7.“ City of London. Krueger R. & D. Gibbs. 2007. (ed.), “The Sustainable Development Paradox: Urban Political Economy in the United States and Europe.” New York: The Guilford Press. [less ▲]

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See detailReview “Nations of Flesh and Blood by Jackie Hogan”
Carr, Constance UL

in International Journal of Urban and Regional Research (2011), 35(1), 217-218

Detailed reference viewed: 111 (4 UL)
See detailSustainability
Carr, Constance UL

in Morris, A. (Ed.) Encylopedia of Energy (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 100 (6 UL)
See detailSustainable Spatial Development in Luxembourg: Conflicting trajectories of Housing and Mobility
Becker, Tom UL; Carr, Constance UL

Presentation (2010, September)

At the “heart of Europe” lies an often overlooked and little nation: Luxembourg. As founding member of several European and international institutions (EU, OECD, NATO, UN), host to several institutions of ... [more ▼]

At the “heart of Europe” lies an often overlooked and little nation: Luxembourg. As founding member of several European and international institutions (EU, OECD, NATO, UN), host to several institutions of the European Union (Parliament Secretariat, Court of Justice, the European Investment Bank), and ranked 16th among global financial centers (City of London 2010), it is by no means insignificant. Luxembourg’s smallness is in many ways enigmatic. Yet at the same time, it offers scholars of urban studies a unique laboratory in which to study global processes operating within a small frame. This paper presents the recently started research project entitled Sustainable Development in Luxembourg, which has been funded by the Fonds National de la Recherche. The project aims at assessing the current efforts and national and local policy instruments in with regards to their contribution to sustainability goals in spatial development. Unlike its neighbouring nations, Luxembourg seems only just entering a post-flexible era (if at all). The financial ruptures since 2008 have had relatively little impact, and as such, Luxembourg continues to grapple with spatial structural changes associated with its post-industrial and prospering tertiary economy. Its comparably young sustainable development policy is primarily challenged by recent demographic changes, and its geographical specificity. Of its 503 000 residents, roughly 200 000 are landed immigrants. On each working day, the nation’s population increases circa 50% as workers from Lorraine, Wallonia, Saarland, and Rhineland-Palatinate enter the country and commute to work. Each day, the City of Luxembourg’s population doubles in size – and its nodal position in an ever growing Grand Region at the crossroads that lead to Cologne, Paris, and Brussels, is continually strengthening in importance. Concurrent pressures on the real estate market and low rental vacancy rates pose a real barrier to settlement within or near the capital city. Rising of real estate prices, and rapid land-use changes have led to fast growth of outlying municipalities inside and outside of its national borders. There are thus strong impacts at the local level in terms of urban development, with high pressure on the provision of housing and transportation infrastructure, and result in conflicting trajectories in terms of sustainable land-use objectives and the preservation of green spaces within the country. The fields of housing policy and mobility are thus promising case studies towards a more thorough analysis of the significance, policy relevance, barriers, and shortcomings of sustainable spatial development strategies. This research aims at critically examining the discourse of sustainable development, in the context of Luxembourg’s urban and regional transformations and corresponding governance structures. And while sustainable development and sustainability remain highly contested concepts just as they are more ubiquitous than ever as urban planning tools (e.g. Krueger and Gibbs 2007; Newig et. al 2007), the case of an Luxembourg poses questions concerning management within and across borders and thus possible stories of insiders and outsiders, winners and losers. References Becker, T. and Hesse. 2010. “Internationalisierung und Steuer metropolitaner Wohnungsmärkte – Das Beispiel Luxemburg” Information zur Raumentwicklung.“ 5: 403-415. City of London (2010) “Global Financial Centres 7.“ City of London. Krueger R. & D. Gibbs. 2007. (ed.), “The Sustainable Development Paradox: Urban Political Economy in the United States and Europe.” New York: The Guilford Press. Newig, J., Voß, J.-P. & J. Monstadt. 2007. “Governance for Sustainable Development in the Face of Ambivalence, Uncertainty and Distributed Power: an Introduction.” Journal of Environmental Policy & Planning 9 (3-4), 185-192 [less ▲]

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See detailIntroducing SUSTAINLUX
Carr, Constance UL

Presentation (2010, July)

Detailed reference viewed: 56 (1 UL)
See detailNew Metropolitan Mainstream: RhineRuhr
Carr, Constance UL

Poster (2010, June)

Detailed reference viewed: 57 (4 UL)
See detailCity Tour, Urban Transformation of Luxembourg
Becker, Tom UL; Carr, Constance UL

Presentation (2010, June)

Detailed reference viewed: 95 (11 UL)
See detailSustainable Spatial Development in Luxembourg
Carr, Constance UL

Presentation (2010, June)

Detailed reference viewed: 51 (2 UL)
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See detailGender, Race, and National Identity: Lasting Categories of an Urbanized Planet
Carr, Constance UL

in Thirdspace: a Journal of Feminist Theory & Culture (2010), 9(2), 254

Detailed reference viewed: 58 (8 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailDensity
Carr, Constance UL

in Robbins, P.; Cohen, N.; Golson, J. G. (Eds.) Green Cities: An A-to-Z Guide (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 89 (1 UL)
See detailSocial Spatial Difference Delimiting Borders in Berlin
Carr, Constance UL

Doctoral thesis (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 110 (7 UL)