References of "Brunner, Martin"
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See detailThe Genetics Lab: An Innovative Tool for Assessment of Intelligence by Mean of Complex Problem Solving
Hazotte, Cyril; Mayer, Hélène; Djaghloul, Younes et al

Scientific Conference (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 110 (0 UL)
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See detailGeschlechtsunterschiede in Lesen und Mathematik: Ergebnisse aus 69 Ländern.
Brunner, Martin; Keller, Ulrich UL; Sonnleitner, Philipp UL et al

Scientific Conference (2011)

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See detailChallenges of modern Computer Based Assessment: Usability, Scoring, and “Digital Natives”
Sonnleitner, Philipp UL; Brunner, Martin; Keller, Ulrich UL et al

Scientific Conference (2011)

In recent years, computer based assessment has undergone substantive change. Test developers as well as test users have become aware of the fact that computers can do more than administrate traditional ... [more ▼]

In recent years, computer based assessment has undergone substantive change. Test developers as well as test users have become aware of the fact that computers can do more than administrate traditional (paper-pencil) item formats like multiple-choice. More complex computer based item types allow tracking test takers’ mental representations of the problem or even their problem solving strategies by means of behavioral data. An example for such a modern item type are microworlds – dynamically changing problem solving scenarios with which the test taker has to interact. However, with the advent of complex item types, new challenges arise. First, usability is at stake - test takers do not intuitively know what to do or how to interact with complex tasks. Second, a massive load of data is produced and it gets difficult for the test developer to decide on relevant scores. Third, today’s students - so-called “digital natives”- grew up with computers and therefore set high quality standards for software applications. They may quickly loose trust and interest in tests with old fashioned design, cumbersome handling or even malfunctioning software. On basis of the Genetics Lab – a microworld developed to assess general mental ability – these challenges of modern computer based assessment are discussed. Three consecutive small scale studies were carried out to investigate usability issues, validate scoring algorithms and to ensure acceptance among students. The results demonstrate the importance of considering usability during the test development process, particularly with regard to scoring. The modification of conventional test development procedures for modern computer based assessment is suggested. Moreover, possibilities to satisfy even a critical target population are presented. [less ▲]

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See detailIncomplete Psychometric Equivalence of Scores Obtained on the Manual and the Computer Version of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test?
Steinmetz, Jean-Paul UL; Brunner, Martin; Loarer, Even et al

in Psychological Assessment (2010), 22(1), 199-202

The Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) assesses executive and frontal lobe function and can be administered manually or by computer. Despite the widespread application of the 2 versions, the psychometric ... [more ▼]

The Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) assesses executive and frontal lobe function and can be administered manually or by computer. Despite the widespread application of the 2 versions, the psychometric equivalence of their scores has rarely been evaluated and only a limited set of criteria has been considered. The present experimental study (N 100 healthy adults) therefore examined the psychometric equivalence of 4 scores (i.e., Total Correct, Percentage of Errors, Perseverative Errors, and Failure-to-Maintain-Set) obtained on the 2 versions of the WCST in terms of 4 key criteria identified within the framework of classical test theory. The results showed considerable differences in variances, small to modest parallel-forms reliability coefficients, and small to modest temporal stability coefficients. Taken together, our results suggest that scores on the manual version and the computer version of the WCST show incomplete psychometric equivalence. [less ▲]

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See detailWandel im Bildungswesen, zunehmende Komplexität und Web 2.0: Sind traditionelle Intelligenztests noch "up to date"?
Sonnleitner, Philipp UL; Brunner, Martin; Keller, Ulrich UL et al

Poster (2010)

Grundlegender Wandel im schulischen Bereich führt zur berechtigten Frage, inwiefern nicht Innovationen in der Intelligenzdiagnostik nötig wären, um die hohe prädiktive Validität und dadurch wesentliche ... [more ▼]

Grundlegender Wandel im schulischen Bereich führt zur berechtigten Frage, inwiefern nicht Innovationen in der Intelligenzdiagnostik nötig wären, um die hohe prädiktive Validität und dadurch wesentliche Bedeutung bei Schulplatzierungsentscheidungen weiterhin zu sichern. Die stärkere Betonung fächerübergreifender Kompetenzen, eine vermehrte Einbindung des Computers in Unterricht und Alltag sowie zunehmende Komplexität in der Arbeitswelt führen zu neuen Herausforderungen und beleben alte Kritik wieder. In diesem Kontext wurden immer wieder computerbasierte Problemlöseszenarien als vielversprechender Ansatz genannt, Schwächen traditioneller Intelligenztests zu überwinden. Vorteile werden, neben dem dynamischen Testformat und einer vollständigeren Abdeckung des Intelligenzbegriffes, unter anderem auch in erhöhter face-validity gesehen. Während bisherige Studien den Schwerpunkt auf das empirische Verhältnis zwischen Leistungsmaßen der Szenarien und traditionellen Intelligenzmaßen setzten, versucht dieser Beitrag, bewusst die Diskussion um theoretische Aspekte zu ergänzen. Einer Analyse der Anforderungen die an eine aktuelle Intelligenzdiagnostik zu stellen sind, folgt ein systematischer Vergleich traditioneller Intelligenztestformate mit computerbasierten Problemlöseszenarien. Konkrete Beispiele sowie aktuelle Daten zur Pilotierung eines derartigen Szenarios zur Intelligenzdiagnostik ergänzen die Diskussion. [less ▲]

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See detailRelations between numerical and visuospatial competencies
Wantz, Marc UL; Reuter, Robert UL; Martin, Romain UL et al

Scientific Conference (2009)

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See detailGender and mathematical competencies!?
Wantz, Marc UL; Brunner, Martin; Martin, Romain UL et al

Scientific Conference (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 60 (1 UL)
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See detailNot every g is g.
Brunner, Martin; Martin, Romain UL

in European Journal of Personality (2007), 21

The target paper identifies a common factor underlying measures of intelligence and student achievement on the cross-national level. Given the level of analysis applied, however, this factor cannot be ... [more ▼]

The target paper identifies a common factor underlying measures of intelligence and student achievement on the cross-national level. Given the level of analysis applied, however, this factor cannot be interpreted as general cognitive ability (g). Rather it is an indicator of a nation's prosperity. g operates at the individual level and not at the cross-national level. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 106 (4 UL)