References of "Bouvry, Pascal 50001021"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA Competitive Approach for Bi-Level Co-Evolution
Kieffer, Emmanuel UL; Danoy, Grégoire UL; Bouvry, Pascal UL et al

in 2018 IEEE International Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium Workshops (IPDPSW) (2018, May 25)

Detailed reference viewed: 105 (14 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailHigh-Precision Design of Pedestrian Mobility for Smart City Simulators
Vitello, Piergiorgio UL; Capponi, Andrea UL; Fiandrino, Claudio UL et al

in IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC), Kansas City, MO, USA, 2018 (2018, May)

The unprecedented growth of the population living in urban environments calls for a rational and sustainable urban development. Smart cities can fill this gap by providing the citizens with high-quality ... [more ▼]

The unprecedented growth of the population living in urban environments calls for a rational and sustainable urban development. Smart cities can fill this gap by providing the citizens with high-quality services through efficient use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT). To this end, active citizen participation with mobile crowdsensing (MCS) techniques is a becoming common practice. As MCS systems require wide participation, the development of large scale real testbeds is often not feasible and simulations are the only alternative solution. Modeling the urban environment with high precision is a key ingredient to obtain effective results. However, currently existing tools like OpenStreetMap (OSM) fail to provide sufficient levels of details. In this paper, we apply a procedure to augment the precision (AOP) of the graph describing the street network provided by OSM. Additionally, we compare different mobility models that are synthetic and based on a realistic dataset originated from a well known MCS data collection campaign (ParticipAct). For the dataset, we propose two arrival models that determine the users’ arrivals and match the experimental contact distribution. Finally, we assess the scalability of AOP for different cities, verify popular metrics for human mobility and the precision of different arrival models. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 174 (10 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailOn Standardised UAV Localisation and Tracking Systems in Smart Cities
Samir Labib, Nader UL; Brust, Matthias R. UL; Danoy, Grégoire UL et al

Poster (2018, May)

In the near future, more than two thirds of the world’s population is expected to be living in cities and hence, with the aim of being proactive and finding innovative and sustainable solutions ... [more ▼]

In the near future, more than two thirds of the world’s population is expected to be living in cities and hence, with the aim of being proactive and finding innovative and sustainable solutions, governments have made smart cities one of their priority areas of research. Smart cities are sustainable, inclusive and prosperous greener cities that foster enabling smart Information and Communication Technologies (smart ICT) like Internet-of-Things (IoT), cloud computing and big data to facilitate services such as mobility, governance, utility and energy management. As these services depend heavily on data collected by sensors, Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) have quickly become one of the promising IoT devices for smart cities thanks to their mobility, agility and customizability of onboard sensors. UAVs found use in a wide array of applications expanding beyond military to more commercial ones, ranging from monitoring, surveillance, mapping to parcel delivery and more demanding applications that require UAVs to operate in heterogeneous swarms in a shared low-altitude airspace over populated cities. However, as the number of UAVs continues to grow and as their sensing, actuation, communication and control capabilities become increasingly sophisticated, UAV deployment in smart cities is faced with a set of fundamental challenges in their safe operation and management. These challenges emphasize the need for establishing globally-harmonised regulations and internationally-agreed-upon technical standards to govern the rapid technological advancements, as well as ensure a fair economy by encouraging market competition and lowering barriers to entry for newcomers. As various Standardisation Development Organisations (SDOs) recently recognised the need, importance and potential of such regulations, most have established dedicated working groups addressing UAVs. However, most current SDO committees focus on aspects such as vehicle categorisation, specifications and operational procedures, but one usually overlooked elementary topic is UAV localisation. Due to its importance and close relation to other technical subsystems, the lack of a resilient, scalable and efficient standardised UAV localisation and tracking system is one of the main obstructing barriers hindering the integration and interoperability of UAV swarms in smart cities and hence impeding the realisation of their vast application benefits. In this work, we focus on studying the fundamental technical requirements, specifications and functions of such UAV localisation and tracking system, and explore its relationship to and importance in 1) optimising path planning, flight scheduling and utilising shared airspace, 2) collision avoidance and conflict resolution in highly populated residential areas and 3) addressing privacy and data protection concerns that could arise from UAV monitoring and surveillance applications. Furthermore, for each of the three aspects, we analyse current SDOs efforts such as those put forth by EASA, EUCARE WG73 and ISO TC20/SC16 on UAV systems, ISO JTC1/SC41 on IoT and related technologies and ISO JTC1/SC27, EU Directive 95/46 EC and GDPR on security, privacy and data protection, in order to identify and prioritise future research questions in relation to UAV localisation, aiming to make a contribution towards narrowing the gap between research and existing technical standards by encouraging multimode standardisation. This research was conducted in collaboration with ILNAS - the Institut Luxembourgeois de la Normalisation, de l’Accréditation, de la Sécurité et qualité des produits et services (ILNAS) under the authority of the Minister of Economy, Luxembourg. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 114 (34 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA Standardized Broker Model in Smart Cities
Liu, Chao UL; Varrette, Sébastien UL; Brust, Matthias R. UL et al

Poster (2018, May)

As urban residents are expected to represent more than 60 per cent of the world’s population by 2050, the current developments and interests in the “Smart City” concept are essential to enable the ... [more ▼]

As urban residents are expected to represent more than 60 per cent of the world’s population by 2050, the current developments and interests in the “Smart City” concept are essential to enable the successful transition to this new era. This paradigm relies on the integration of emerging Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), such as the Internet of Things (IoT), Cloud Computing, Big Data to manage assets and resources efficiently while facilitating the planning, construction, management and smart services within cities. While smart cities aim to enhance the quality, performance and interactivity of urban services at reduced cost, their realization is faced by many regulatory and technical challenges. Among these challenges, is the integration of renewable energy resources to the utility system of smart cities motivated by the increasingclimate change concerns. Adding further to its complexity, is the challenge of incorporating multiple renewable energy retailers in the same region each with their own pricing strategies due to the lack of a standardized metering indicator and billing system. These challenges create a need for an intelligent and standardized cloud-based energy broker to satisfying the end-user requests, and minimize expenses by efficiently selecting the most suitable energy retailer. In our work, a particular focus is raised towards the optimization of such energy brokering service which is motivated by the orchestration of a brokering role aiming to improve user experience and interaction with smart city services. Hence our main contribution is proposing a standardized intelligent broker model with smart trading strategies to cope with the dynamics and complexity of the energy retail market, while allocating energy resources based on endusers’ demands. This is achieved through the following steps: 1) studying a complete model of the broker service and involved parties within the exposed framework. 2) proposing a multiobjective heuristic to provide a dynamic optimization of the grid operations and resources, with full cyber-security, within the boundaries of the city. 3) analyzing the gaps among industry practices, market requirements and current technical standardization efforts at ISO/IEC JTC 1/ SC 38 (Cloud Computing and distributed platform) in order to pave the way to establishing standards in metering indicators and billing principles for cloud services this while keeping in mind privacy and data protection risks and regulations enforced by ISO JT1/SC 27 and EU General Data Protection Regulation effective May 2018. This research was conducted in collaboration with ILNAS - the Institut Luxem- bourgeois de la Normalisation, de l’Accréditation, de la Sécurité et qualité des produits et services (ILNAS) under the authority of the Minister of Economy, Luxembourg. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 98 (21 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCollision Avoidance Effects on the Mobility of a UAV Swarm Using Chaotic Ant Colony with Model Predictive Control
Dentler, Jan Eric UL; Rosalie, Martin UL; Danoy, Grégoire UL et al

in Journal of Intelligent \& Robotic Systems (2018)

The recent development of compact and economic small Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) permits the development of new UAV swarm applications. In order to enhance the area coverage of such UAV swarms, a ... [more ▼]

The recent development of compact and economic small Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) permits the development of new UAV swarm applications. In order to enhance the area coverage of such UAV swarms, a novel mobility model has been presented in previous work, combining an Ant Colony algorithm with chaotic dynamics (CACOC). This work is extending CACOC by a Collision Avoidance (CA) mechanism and testing its efficiency in terms of area coverage by the UAV swarm. For this purpose, CACOC is used to compute UAV target waypoints which are tracked by model predictively controlled UAVs. The UAVs are represented by realistic motion models within the virtual robot experimentation platform (V-Rep). This environment is used to evaluate the performance of the proposed CACOC with CA algorithm in an area exploration scenario with 3 UAVs. Finally, its performance is analyzed using metrics. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 233 (20 UL)
Full Text
See detailLarge-scale research data management: Road to GDPR compliance
Bouvry, Pascal UL; Varrette, Sébastien UL; Plugaru, Valentin UL et al

Presentation (2018, April)

Detailed reference viewed: 118 (10 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailProfiling Energy Efficiency of Mobile Crowdsensing Data Collection Frameworks for Smart City Applications
Tomasoni, Mattia; Capponi, Andrea UL; Fiandrino, Claudio UL et al

in The 6th IEEE International Conference on Mobile Cloud Computing, Services, and Engineering (IEEE Mobile Cloud 2018) (2018, March)

Mobile crowdsensing (MCS) has emerged in the last years and has become one of the most prominent paradigms for urban sensing. In MCS, citizens actively participate in the sensing process by contributing ... [more ▼]

Mobile crowdsensing (MCS) has emerged in the last years and has become one of the most prominent paradigms for urban sensing. In MCS, citizens actively participate in the sensing process by contributing data with their smartphones, tablets, wearables and other mobile devices to a collector. As citizens sustain costs while contributing data, i.e., the energy spent from the batteries for sensing and reporting, devising energy efficient data collection frameworks (DCFs) is essential. In this work, we compare the energy efficiency of several DCFs through CrowdSenSim, which allows to perform large-scale simulation experiments in realistic urban environments. Specifically, the DCFs under analysis differ one with each other by the data reporting mechanism implemented and the signaling between users and the collector needed for sensing and reporting decisions. Results reveal that the key criterion differentiating DCFs' energy consumption is the data reporting mechanism. In principle, continuous reporting to the collector should be more energy consuming than probabilistic reporting. However, DCFs with continuous reporting that implement mechanisms to block sensing and data delivery after a certain amount of contribution are more effective in harvesting data from the crowd. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 176 (4 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailBayesian optimization to enhance coverage performance of a swarm of UAV with chaotic dynamics
Kieffer, Emmanuel UL; Rosalie, Martin UL; Danoy, Grégoire UL et al

Scientific Conference (2018, February 26)

We introduce the optimization of CACOC through Bayesian Optimization. CACOC is based on a chaotic system, i.e. Rossler system whose behavior can be modified by tuning the α parameter. In order to evaluate ... [more ▼]

We introduce the optimization of CACOC through Bayesian Optimization. CACOC is based on a chaotic system, i.e. Rossler system whose behavior can be modified by tuning the α parameter. In order to evaluate the performance of CACOC for different value of α, the coverage metric has to be evaluated after simulation. The latter is time-consuming. Therefore, a surrogate-based optimization, i.e. Bayesian Optimization has been privilegied to tackle this issue. An analysis of the chaotic system with the obtained α value has been performed to compare the periodic orbits and their associated patterns. Numerical results show that the best α value avoid a waste of time in periodic region of the bifurcation diagram. Future works will focus on more complex chaotic system as well as new application domain of the optimized CACOC approach. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 138 (29 UL)
Full Text
See detailProceedings - 2017 ILILAS Distinguished Lectures
Bouvry, Pascal UL; Bisdorff, Raymond; Schommer, Christoph UL et al

Report (2018)

The Proceedings summarizes the 12 lectures that have taken place within the ILIAS Dinstguished Lecture series 2017. It contains a brief abstract of the talks as well as some additional information about ... [more ▼]

The Proceedings summarizes the 12 lectures that have taken place within the ILIAS Dinstguished Lecture series 2017. It contains a brief abstract of the talks as well as some additional information about each speaker. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 365 (45 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPRESENCE: Toward a Novel Approach for Performance Evaluation of Mobile Cloud SaaS Web Services
Ibrahim, Abdallah Ali Zainelabden Abdallah UL; Varrette, Sébastien UL; Bouvry, Pascal UL

in Proc. of the 32nd IEEE Intl. Conf. on Information Networking (ICOIN 2018) (2018, January)

Detailed reference viewed: 91 (3 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDetecting Target-Area Link-Flooding DDoS Attacks using Traffic Analysis and Supervised Learning
Rezazad, Mostafa; Brust, Matthias R. UL; Akbari, Mohammad et al

in Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 100 (2 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA Degenerate Agglomerative Hierarchical Clustering Algorithm for Community Detection
Fiscarelli, Antonio Maria UL; Beliakov, Aleksandr UL; Konchenko, Stanislav UL et al

in Nguyen, Ngoc Thanh; Hoang, Duong Hung; Hong, Tzung-Pei (Eds.) et al Intelligent Information and Database Systems (2018)

Community detection consists of grouping related vertices that usually show high intra-cluster connectivity and low inter-cluster connectivity. This is an important feature that many networks exhibit and ... [more ▼]

Community detection consists of grouping related vertices that usually show high intra-cluster connectivity and low inter-cluster connectivity. This is an important feature that many networks exhibit and detecting such communities can be challenging, especially when they are densely connected. The method we propose is a degenerate agglomerative hierarchical clustering algorithm (DAHCA) that aims at finding a community structure in networks. We tested this method using common classes of graph benchmarks and compared it to some state-of-the-art community detection algorithms. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 115 (8 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailVisualizing the Template of a Chaotic Attractor
Olszewski, Maya Alexandra UL; Meder, Jeff Alphonse Antoine UL; Kieffer, Emmanuel UL et al

in 26th International Symposium on Graph Drawing and Network Visualization (GD 2018) (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 119 (24 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSingle and Multiobjective Evolutionary Algorithms for Clustering Biomedical Information with Unknown Number of Clusters
Curi, María Eugenia; Carozzi, Lucía; Massobrio, Renzo et al

in Bioinspired Optimization Methods and Their Applications (2018)

This article presents single and multiobjective evolutionary approaches for solving the clustering problem with unknown number of clusters. Simple and ad-hoc operators are proposed, aiming to keep the ... [more ▼]

This article presents single and multiobjective evolutionary approaches for solving the clustering problem with unknown number of clusters. Simple and ad-hoc operators are proposed, aiming to keep the evolutionary search as simple as possible in order to scale up for solving large instances. The experimental evaluation is performed considering a set of real problem instances, including a real-life problem of analyzing biomedical information in the Parkinson's disease map project. The main results demonstrate that the proposed evolutionary approaches are able to compute accurate trade-off solutions and efficiently handle the problem instance involving biomedical information. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 207 (27 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailElliptic Curves Discrete Logarithm Problem over a Finite Field Fp and p-adic Approximations
Leprévost, Franck UL; Bernard, Nicolas UL; Bouvry, Pascal UL

in Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Applications in Information Technology (ICAIT-2018) (2018)

These notes summarize some computations conducted around the Elliptic Curves Discrete Logarithm Problem (ECDLP) over a finite field Fp.

Detailed reference viewed: 67 (0 UL)