References of "Billieux, Joël 50025974"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Peer Reviewed
See detailJeu problématique et impulsivité: une approche multidimensionnelle
Billieux, Joël UL; Belkacem, Abdou

in Grall-Bronnec, M. (Ed.) Le jeu pathologique: Comprendre, prévenir, traiter (2012)

Detailed reference viewed: 68 (2 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailProblematic use of the Internet and self-regulation: a review of the initial studies
Billieux, Joël UL; Van der Linden, Martial

in The Open Addiction Journal (2012), 5

Detailed reference viewed: 73 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailImpulsivité et psychopathologie: une approche transdiagnostique
Billieux, Joël UL

in Revue Francophone de Clinique Comportementale et Cognitive (2012), 17(3), 42-65

L’impulsivité, généralement considérée comme la tendance à exprimer des comportements spontanés, excessifs et/ou non planifiés, joue un rôle essentiel dans la compréhension de nombreux états ... [more ▼]

L’impulsivité, généralement considérée comme la tendance à exprimer des comportements spontanés, excessifs et/ou non planifiés, joue un rôle essentiel dans la compréhension de nombreux états psychopathologiques et comportements problématiques. Elle constitue d’ailleurs le critère diagnostique le plus fréquemment mentionné dans le Manuel Diagnostique et Statistique des Troubles Mentaux (DSM). Dans cet article, nous montrons en quoi l’impulsivité constitue un processus « transdiagnostique » impliqué dans le développement et le maintien d’une large gamme de troubles émotionnels. Pour ce faire, et en partant d’un modèle dominant (modèle UPPS de l’impulsivité, Whiteside & Lynam, 2001), nous exposerons en quoi l’impulsivité est un construit multidimensionnel sous-tendu par une pluralité de mécanismes cognitifs, affectifs, et motivationnels. Nous décrirons ensuite les données démontrant que les différentes facettes de l’impulsivité (et les mécanismes associés) prédisent une variété de symptômes psychopathologiques habituellement associés à des diagnostics psychiatriques distincts. Finalement, nous discuterons l’apport d’une telle conception en termes d’évaluation et d’intervention psychologique à travers la présentation d’un cas clinique. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 175 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailProblematic use of the mobile phone: A literature review and a pathways model
Billieux, Joël UL

in Current Psychiatry Reviews (2012), 8(4), 299-307

Despite its unambiguous advantages, cellular phone use has been associated with harmful or potentially disturbing behaviors. Problematic use of the mobile phone is considered as an inability to regulate ... [more ▼]

Despite its unambiguous advantages, cellular phone use has been associated with harmful or potentially disturbing behaviors. Problematic use of the mobile phone is considered as an inability to regulate one's use of the mobile phone, which eventually involves negative consequences in daily life (e.g., financial problems). The current article describes what can be considered dysfunctional use of the mobile phone and emphasizes its multifactorial nature. Validated assessment instruments to measure problematic use of the mobile phone are described. The available literature on risk factors for dysfunctional mobile phone use is then reviewed, and a pathways model that integrates the existing literature is proposed. Finally, the assumption is made that dysfunctional use of the mobile phone is part of a spectrum of cyber addictions that encompasses a variety of dysfunctional behaviors and implies involvement in specific online activities (e.g., video games, gambling, social networks, sex-related websites). © 2012 Bentham Science Publishers. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 140 (0 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailFacettes cognitives de l’impulsivité et optimisme explicite : quels rôles dans les conduites de jeu d’argent ?
Aufrère, Laurence; Billieux, Joël UL; Van der Linden, Martial

in Vénisse, J.-L. (Ed.) Les addictions sans drogue : prévenir et traiter. Un défi sociétal (2012)

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAssociations among metacognitive beliefs, anxiety and positive schizotypy during adolescence.
Debbane, Martin; Van der Linden, Martial; Balanzin, Dario et al

in The Journal of nervous and mental disease (2012), 200(7), 620-6

The expression of early delusion and hallucination-like symptoms, known as positive schizotypy (PS), holds predictive power for later development of psychotic disorders. However, little is known about the ... [more ▼]

The expression of early delusion and hallucination-like symptoms, known as positive schizotypy (PS), holds predictive power for later development of psychotic disorders. However, little is known about the psychological and emotional processes promoting the expression of PS during adolescent development. Our study's objective was to examine the nature of the relationships between adolescent PS and two dimensions previously identified to contribute to adult positive symptoms of psychosis, metacognitive beliefs and anxiety. Using a structural equation modeling design, data from self-report questionnaires measuring anxiety, metacognitive beliefs, and PS were collected from 179 adolescents aged 12 to 19 years. Our results indicate that although metacognitive beliefs significantly influence adolescent PS and anxiety, maladaptive contradictory metacognitive beliefs specifically potentiate positive schizotypal expression in hallucination-prone adolescents. Furthermore, we observe that PS and anxiety entertain reciprocal relationships. These findings suggest that relationships between metacognitive beliefs, anxiety, and PS can already be observed during adolescence. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 58 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailTrait gambling cognitions predict near-miss experiences and persistence in laboratory slot machine gambling.
Billieux, Joël UL; Van der Linden, Martial; Khazaal, Yasser et al

in British Journal of Psychology (2012), 103(3), 412-27

'Near-miss' outcomes (i.e., unsuccessful outcomes close to the jackpot) have been shown to promote gambling persistence. Although there have been recent advances in understanding the neurobiological ... [more ▼]

'Near-miss' outcomes (i.e., unsuccessful outcomes close to the jackpot) have been shown to promote gambling persistence. Although there have been recent advances in understanding the neurobiological responses to gambling near-misses, the psychological mechanisms involved in these events remain unclear. The goal of this study was to explore whether trait-related gambling cognitions (e.g., beliefs that certain skills or rituals may help to win in games of chance) influence behavioural and subjective responses during laboratory gambling. Eighty-four individuals, who gambled at least monthly, performed a simplified slot machine task that delivered win, near-miss, and full-miss outcomes across 30 mandatory trials followed by a persistence phase in extinction. Participants completed the Gambling-Related Cognitions Scale (GRCS; Raylu & Oei, 2004), as well as measures of disordered gambling (South Oaks Gambling Screen [SOGS]; Lesieur & Blume, 1987) and social desirability bias (DS-36; Tournois, Mesnil, & Kop, 2000). Skill-oriented gambling cognitions (illusion of control, fostered by internal factors such as reappraisal of losses, or perceived outcome sequences), but not ritual-oriented gambling cognitions (illusion of control fostered by external factors such as luck or superstitions), predicted higher subjective ratings of desire to play after near-miss outcomes. In contrast, perceived lack of self-control predicted persistence on the slot machine task. These data indicate that the motivational impact of near-miss outcomes is related to specific gambling cognitions pertaining to skill acquisition, supporting the idea that gambling near-misses foster the illusion of control. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 70 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFrench validation of the compulsive internet use scale (CIUS).
Khazaal, Yasser; Chatton, Anne; Horn, Alessandra et al

in The Psychiatric quarterly (2012), 83(4), 397-405

The popularity of using the Internet and related applications has grown in European countries in the last two decades. Despite numerous advantages in terms of optimizing communications among individuals ... [more ▼]

The popularity of using the Internet and related applications has grown in European countries in the last two decades. Despite numerous advantages in terms of optimizing communications among individuals and social systems, the use of the Internet may be associated with excessive use and possible Internet addiction. The goals of the current study were to validate a French version of the compulsive Internet use scale (CIUS) and to assess its links with common psychiatric symptoms such as depression (assessed with the Beck depression inventory: BDI), anxiety (assessed with the trait anxiety inventory: STAI) and alcohol misuse (assessed with the alcohol use disorder identification test: AUDIT). The French versions of the CIUS, BDI, STAI and AUDIT were administered to a sample of Internet users. Exploratory and confirmatory analyses, correlation analysis and logistic regression were performed. As previously found with the original version, a one-factor model of the CIUS had good psychometric properties and fit the data well. Excessive use of the Internet was associated with depressive symptoms. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 82 (2 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe Geneva Smoking Pictures: development and preliminary validation.
Khazaal, Yasser; Zullino, Daniele; Billieux, Joël UL

in European addiction research (2012), 18(3), 103-9

Cue reactivity is essential to the maintenance of addictive disorders. A useful way to study cue reactivity is by means of normative pictures, but few validated tobacco-related pictures are available ... [more ▼]

Cue reactivity is essential to the maintenance of addictive disorders. A useful way to study cue reactivity is by means of normative pictures, but few validated tobacco-related pictures are available. This study describes a database of smoking-related pictures: The Geneva Smoking Pictures (GSP). Sixty smoking-related pictures were presented to 91 participants who assessed them according to the classic emotional pictures validation provided by the International Affective Picture System (NIMH Center for the Study of Emotion and Attention, 2002). The pictures were rated according to three dimensions: (1) valence (from positive to negative), (2) emotional arousal (from high arousing to low arousing), and (3) dominance (from submissive to dominant). Participants were also screened with the Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence. Normative ratings for valence, arousal and dominance of the pictures are provided for the whole sample, as well as separately for dependent (n = 46) and nondependent smokers (n = 45). Arousal and dominance were associated with greater nicotine dependence, but valence ratings were not. The GSP is a normative database providing a large number of stimuli for investigators who are conducting nicotine and tobacco research. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 83 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailQu’est-ce que la psychothérapie empiriquement fondée ?
Billieux, Joël UL; Blairy, Sylvie; Boulanger, Marie et al

in Revue Francophone de Clinique Comportementale et Cognitive (2012), 17(4), 5-7

Detailed reference viewed: 100 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDifficulties in disengaging attentional resources from self-generated thoughts moderate the link between dysphoria and maladaptive self-referential thinking.
Rochat, Lucien; Billieux, Joël UL; Van der Linden, Martial

in Cognition & emotion (2012), 26(4), 748-57

Negative emotions increase self-focused attention, a core feature of depression and anxiety-related disorders. However, the cognitive mechanisms associated with the tendency to self-focus-and, conversely ... [more ▼]

Negative emotions increase self-focused attention, a core feature of depression and anxiety-related disorders. However, the cognitive mechanisms associated with the tendency to self-focus-and, conversely, with the ability to voluntarily disengage attentional resources from the self and direct them towards the external environment-remain poorly understood. Thus, this study aimed to examine whether a specific cognitive control mechanism that directs attention between self-generated thoughts and external information might moderate the relationship between dysphoria and maladaptive self-referential thinking. Results showed that dysphoria increases the frequency of rumination, self-blame, and catastrophising, especially for participants who have more difficulty in switching from self-generated thoughts to information provided by the environment. These results shed new light on the cognitive mechanisms underlying maladaptive self-referential thinking associated with dysphoria. More specifically, this specific cognitive mechanism might play a key role in the maintenance or amplification of a depressed mood. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 70 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEffects of expertise on football betting.
Khazaal, Yasser; Chatton, Anne; Billieux, Joël UL et al

in Substance abuse treatment, prevention, and policy (2012), 7

BACKGROUND: Football (soccer) is one of the most popular sports in the world, including Europe. It is associated with important betting activities. A common belief, widely spread among those who ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Football (soccer) is one of the most popular sports in the world, including Europe. It is associated with important betting activities. A common belief, widely spread among those who participate in gambling activities, is that knowledge and expertise on football lead to better prediction skills for match outcomes. If unfounded, however, this belief should be considered as a form of "illusion of control." The aim of this study was to examine whether football experts are better than nonexperts at predicting football match scores. METHODS: Two hundred and fifty-eight persons took part in the study: 21.3% as football experts, 54.3% as laypersons (non-initiated to football), and 24.4% as football amateurs. They predicted the scores of the first 10 matches of the 2008 UEFA European Football Championship. Logistic regressions were carried out to assess the link between the accuracy of the forecasted scores and the expertise of the participants (expert, amateur, layperson), controlling for age and gender. RESULTS: The variables assessed did not predict the accuracy of scoring prognosis (R2 ranged from 1% to 6%). CONCLUSIONS: Expertise, age, and gender did not appear to have an impact on the accuracy of the football match prognoses. Therefore, the belief that football expertise improves betting skills is no more than a cognitive distortion called the "illusion of control." Gamblers may benefit from psychological interventions that target the illusion of control related to their believed links between betting skills and football expertise. Public health policies may need to consider the phenomenon in order to prevent problem gambling related to football betting. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 82 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailValidation of a short French version of the UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale.
Billieux, Joël UL; Rochat, Lucien; Ceschi, Grazia et al

in Comprehensive psychiatry (2012), 53(5), 609-15

BACKGROUND: Impulsivity is a multifaceted construct that has a prominent role in psychiatry. Lynam et al (2006) have developed the UPPS-P, a 59-item scale measuring 5 impulsivity components: negative ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Impulsivity is a multifaceted construct that has a prominent role in psychiatry. Lynam et al (2006) have developed the UPPS-P, a 59-item scale measuring 5 impulsivity components: negative urgency, positive urgency, lack of premeditation, lack of perseverance, and sensation seeking. The aim of the present study was to validate a short, 20-item French version of the UPPS-P. METHODS: Six hundred fifty participants filled out the short French UPPS-P. A subgroup of participants (n = 145) took part in a follow-up study and completed the scale twice to determine test-retest stability; another subgroup (n = 105) was screened with other questionnaires also to establish external validity. RESULTS: Confirmatory factor analyses supported a hierarchical model comprising 2 higher order factors of urgency (resulting from negative urgency and positive urgency) and lack of conscientiousness (resulting from lack of premeditation and lack of perseverance) as well as a separate factor of sensation seeking. The results indicated good internal consistency and test-retest stability. External validity was supported by relationships with psychopathological symptoms. CONCLUSION: The short French version of the UPPS-P therefore presents good psychometric properties and may be considered a promising instrument for both research and clinical practice. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 99 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailInvestigation of impulsivity in a sample of treatment-seeking pathological gamblers: a multidimensional perspective.
Billieux, Joël UL; Lagrange, Guillaume; Van der Linden, Martial et al

in Psychiatry research (2012), 198(2), 291-6

Numerous studies have shown that problem gambling is characterised by lack of impulse control. However, they have often been conducted without considering the multifaceted nature of impulsivity and ... [more ▼]

Numerous studies have shown that problem gambling is characterised by lack of impulse control. However, they have often been conducted without considering the multifaceted nature of impulsivity and related psychological mechanisms. The current study aims to disentangle which impulsivity facets are altered in pathological gambling. Twenty treatment-seeking pathological gamblers (PGs) and 20 matched control participants completed a self-reported questionnaire measuring the various facets of impulsive behaviours (UPPS Impulsive Behaviour Scale), as well as two laboratory tasks assessing inhibitory control (the go-stop task) and tolerance for delayed rewards (single key impulsivity paradigm). Compared with matched controls, PGs exhibited higher urgency, lower premeditation, impairment in prepotent inhibition, and lower tolerance towards delayed rewards. Nevertheless, complementary profile analyses showed that impulsivity-related deficits found in PGs are highly heterogeneous, and that some PGs are neither impulsive in the impulsivity facets assessed nor impaired in the cognitive mechanisms measured. These findings underscore (1) the necessity to disentangle the construct of impulsivity into lower-order components and (2) that further studies should take into account, in addition to impulsivity-related mechanisms, other psychological factors potentially involved in pathological gambling. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 70 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLifetime exposure to adverse events and reinforcement sensitivity in obsessive-compulsive prone individuals
Ceschi, G.; Hearn, M.; Billieux, Joël UL et al

in Behaviour Change (2011), 28(2), 75-86

A diathesis-stress perspective of obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCS) predicts that exposure to adverse events and personality dispositions jointly influence OCS. Gray and McNaughton's (2000) model of ... [more ▼]

A diathesis-stress perspective of obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCS) predicts that exposure to adverse events and personality dispositions jointly influence OCS. Gray and McNaughton's (2000) model of personality posits that, faced with challenging circumstances, individuals with a high sensitivity to punishment (SP) will be more prone to OCS because they cannot avoid the downward spiral into anxiety. The current study investigates OCS severity in relation to lifetime exposure to adverse events (AE), SP, and sensitivity to reward (SR) in 122 nonclinical adults. The results indicate that OCS severity is predicted by AE, SP and SR. Interestingly, the impact of adverse experiences is moderated by SR and not SP. These findings suggest that: (1) exposure to adverse events and SP are independent OCS risk factors, and (2) exposure to adverse events is more critical for reward dependent people. This is discussed in light of responsibility and 'not just right experiences' in OCS, along with the role of impulsivity in the obsessivecompulsive disorder spectrum. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 58 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailHow impulsivity relates to compulsive buying and the burden perceived by caregivers after moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury.
Rochat, Lucien; Beni, Catia; Billieux, Joël UL et al

in Psychopathology (2011), 44(3), 158-64

BACKGROUND: Impulsivity is a core feature in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). The aim of the study is to investigate how a specific dimension of impulsivity, namely urgency (the tendency to act ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Impulsivity is a core feature in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). The aim of the study is to investigate how a specific dimension of impulsivity, namely urgency (the tendency to act rashly when distressed), might shed new light on the aetiology of compulsive buying proneness in patients with TBI and to explore how urgency and compulsive buying relate to the burden perceived by the caregivers. SAMPLING AND METHODS: Caregivers of 74 patients with TBI were given 3 questionnaires in order to assess their subjective burden as well as patients' impulsivity and compulsive buying proneness. RESULTS: Both urgency and compulsive buying tendencies significantly increased after TBI. Furthermore, path analyses revealed that current urgency was both directly and indirectly related to the subjective burden perceived by the caregivers, and this indirect pathway was mediated by compulsive buying. CONCLUSION: Urgency plays a central role in understanding specific problematic behaviours after TBI and their impact on caregivers. These findings are discussed in light of the cognitive processes underlying the urgency component of impulsivity in relation to the occurrence of compulsive buying behaviours after TBI. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 62 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe Geneva Appetitive Alcohol Pictures (GAAP): development and preliminary validation.
Billieux, Joël UL; Khazaal, Yasser; Oliveira, Sandrine et al

in European addiction research (2011), 17(5), 225-30

This study describes a new database of alcohol-related pictures: The Geneva Appetitive Alcohol Pictures (GAAP). 60 alcohol-related pictures (beverages, drinking-related behaviors, alcohol-related cues ... [more ▼]

This study describes a new database of alcohol-related pictures: The Geneva Appetitive Alcohol Pictures (GAAP). 60 alcohol-related pictures (beverages, drinking-related behaviors, alcohol-related cues) were presented to 101 participants (ranging from social drinkers to problem drinkers), who assessed them according to the classic emotional pictures validation provided by the International Affective Picture System (Center for the Study of Emotion and Attention (CSEA[-]NIMH), 2002). Participants were also screened with the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test. Normative ratings for valence, arousal and dominance of the pictures are provided separately for problem/risky users (n = 49) and non-risky drinkers (n = 52). The GAAP is a normative database that provides a large number of stimuli for investigators who conduct research on alcohol. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 73 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe potential interest of topiramate in addictions
Thorens, G.; Billieux, Joël UL; Manghi, R. et al

in Current Pharmaceutical Design (2011), 17(14), 1410-1415

Topiramate is one of the currently most promising compounds in the field of addiction medicine. This paper discusses its potential utility related to a phase model of addiction development, focusing on ... [more ▼]

Topiramate is one of the currently most promising compounds in the field of addiction medicine. This paper discusses its potential utility related to a phase model of addiction development, focusing on the assumption that addiction is a continuous process involving different neurobiological pathways, depending on the stage of addiction. A specific emphasis will be made on the development of dysfunctional automatic behaviors in the late stage of addiction and the central role of glutamate and AMPA receptors. The aim is to propose that if too broad an effect of anti-addiction medication is expected (such as anti-craving, anti-relapse and preventive effects), the results might be disappointing. The speculative specific efficacy of topiramate in addiction is described. ©2011 Bentham Science Publishers Ltd. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 80 (1 UL)
Full Text
See detailLa contribution de la psychopathologie cognitive à l’intervention psychologique
Van der Linden, Martial; Billieux, Joël UL

in Monzée, Joel (Ed.) Ce que le cerveau a dans la tête : Perception, apparences et personnalité (tome 2) (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 89 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailArabic validation of the Compulsive Internet Use Scale (CIUS).
Khazaal, Yasser; Chatton, Anne; Atwi, Khodor et al

in Substance abuse treatment, prevention, and policy (2011), 6

BACKGROUND: The popularity of using the Internet and related applications has grown in Arabic countries in recent years. Despite numerous advantages in terms of optimizing communications among individuals ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: The popularity of using the Internet and related applications has grown in Arabic countries in recent years. Despite numerous advantages in terms of optimizing communications among individuals and social systems, the use of the Internet may in certain cases become problematic and engender negative consequences in daily life. As no instrument in the Arabic language is available, however, to measure excessive Internet use, the goal of the current study was to validate an Arabic version of the Compulsive Internet Use Scale (CIUS). METHODS: The Arabic version of the CIUS was administered to a sample of 185 Internet users and exploratory and confirmatory analyses performed. RESULTS: As found previously for the original version, a one-factor model of the CIUS had good psychometric properties and fit the data well. The total score on the CIUS was positively associated with time spent online. CONCLUSION: The Arabic version of the CIUS seems to be a valid self-report to measure problematic Internet use. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 77 (0 UL)