References of "Baumann, Michèle 50000634"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPromotion de la santé et réduction des inégalités sociales de santé en Europe: une problématique complexe
Baumann, Michèle UL; Aïach, P.

in Willems, Helmut (Ed.) Handbuch der sozialen und erzieherischen Arbeit in Luxemburg / Manuel de l'intervention sociale et éducative au Grand-Duché de Luxembourg (2009)

La baisse continue de la mortalité dans la plupart des pays industrialisés, notamment en Europe, pose les questions suivantes : 1) quelle est la part à attribuer à la promotion de la santé dans ce ... [more ▼]

La baisse continue de la mortalité dans la plupart des pays industrialisés, notamment en Europe, pose les questions suivantes : 1) quelle est la part à attribuer à la promotion de la santé dans ce phénomène ? 2) dans quelle mesure cette amélioration générale de l’état de santé contribue à la réduction ou à l’aggravation des inégalités sociales de santé face à la mort et à la maladie ? Les inégalités sociales de santé sont le produit final et complexe des autres inégalités sociales, qu’elles soient de nature matérielle ou culturelle. Depuis 2005, la lutte contre les inégalités de santé figure comme objectif premier au sein de l’Organisation Mondiale de la Santé Europe et dans les plans de plusieurs pays d’Europe. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 65 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailL’aidant principal face à l’AVC d’un proche.
Baumann, Michèle UL; Aiach, P.

in Revue de Médecine (La) (2009), 5(4), 184-188

La survenue d'un accident vasculaire cérébral (AVC) est un événement majeur. Ses effets dépendent des rapports sociaux antérieurs dont les éléments sont fortement liés au genre. Objectifs : Analyser les ... [more ▼]

La survenue d'un accident vasculaire cérébral (AVC) est un événement majeur. Ses effets dépendent des rapports sociaux antérieurs dont les éléments sont fortement liés au genre. Objectifs : Analyser les conséquences et comparer les retentissements sociaux, psychoaffectifs chez les aidants principaux (AP) qui assistent le malade dans la vie courante. Méthode : Enquête par questionnaire au domicile de 215 foyers de personnes victimes d'un AVC1. Résultats. Les AP sont composés de 155 femmes (72,1 %, âge moyen 57,8 ans) et de 60 hommes (âge moyen 57,9 ans), en moyenne 7 ans plus jeunes que les malades \; 43 % étaient âgés de 65 ans et plus. 81,7 % des AP hommes accompagnaient des femmes victimes d'un AVC, 70,3 % des AP femmes des hommes victimes d'un AVC. Les niveaux de dépendance des patients étaient équivalents (indice moyen de katz 9,1 vs 9,3). 60,8 % des AP hommes vs 42,2 %2 des AP femmes ont déclaré que « l'AVC a eu des répercussions financières importantes pour l'ensemble de la famille [malgré] les allocations ou aides financières privées ou publiques » \; 96,7 % vs 89,3 %* jugeaient que c'est « sur le plan psychologique que ça a été le plus difficile » \; 45,4 % vs 31,4 %* que « les amis sont gênés car ils ont peur du handicap »\; 51,5 % vs 22,1 %*** qu'ils faisaient maintenant « plus qu'avant les tâches ménagères/la cuisine/les courses/les invitations d'amis et/ou de la famille/la pratique d'activités, avec la personne qui a eu l'AVC, tel que du sport et des voyages ». Les AP hommes soulignaient les sentiments tels que l'irritabilité et la régression, les AP femmes plutôt l'angoisse. Discussion. L'AVC constitue toujours un handicap financier grave. Il déstabilise les relations familiales et sociales. Les AP hommes sont plus nombreux à souligner le retentissement sur leur vie que les AP femmes. Il est possible que cela exprime une moins bonne préparation, ce qui reste à confirmer par de nouvelles études. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 627 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAssociations between demanding occupational conditions and tobacco, alcohol and cannabis use among French working men and women.
Legleye, Stéphane; Peretti-Watel, P.; Baumann, Michèle UL

in International Institute, of Sociology (Ed.) 39th World Congress of the International Institute of Sociology (2009)

This study assessed associations between demanding workplace conditions and substance use in France, taking account of gender. A total of 13,241 workers were randomly selected and interviewed by telephone ... [more ▼]

This study assessed associations between demanding workplace conditions and substance use in France, taking account of gender. A total of 13,241 workers were randomly selected and interviewed by telephone to obtain information about: alcohol use, tobacco use, cannabis use, socio-demographic characteristics, occupation, type of work contract, and working conditions (physical and mental demands, time pressure, lack of rest, satisfaction with conditions, opportunity to learn new things). Data were analyzed using multivariate logistic models. Alcohol abuse was reported by 20% of men and 11% of women; 32% and 24%, respectively, used tobacco every day; and 9% and 3% had used cannabis in the previous 12 months (p<0.001). Among men, tobacco use related to physical and mental demands, dissatisfaction with work and not learning new things (increased risk IR 22-31%). Among women, it related to physical demand, time pressure, lack of rest and not learning new things (IR 15-43%). Alcohol abuse related to dissatisfaction with work among men (IR 22%). Cannabis use related to dissatisfaction with work in men (IR 93%). Having a short-term contract related to all three substances uses among men (IR 25-57%) and to alcohol abuse and tobacco use among women (IR 21-35%). Being freelance related to use of tobacco and cannabis use among men (IR 50-89%). In conclusion, alcohol, tobacco and cannabis use were related to demanding occupational conditions, but in different ways among males and females. These findings suggest that improving workplace conditions and limiting short-term and freelance employment may help prevent substance use and related diseases. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 51 (0 UL)
Full Text
See detailMy Guide to Liberty. EQUAL-PRIMA: policies and strategies for PRIson Management.
Haas, Claude UL; Studler, L.; Schmitz, J.-F. et al

Book published by Ed. Fonds Social Européen & Université du Luxembourg, INSIDE (2009)

Detailed reference viewed: 87 (5 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFactors associated with trafic accident.
Chau, N.; Baumann, Michèle UL

in Psychology & Health (2009)

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailType of Employment and Occupational Demands: Association with Alcohol, Tobacco and Cannabis Use Among Working Men and Women
Legleye, Stéphane; Peretti-Watel, P.; Baumann, Michèle UL

in International Institute, of Sociology (Ed.) 39th World Congress of the International Institute of Sociology (2009)

This study assessed associations between demanding workplace conditions and substance use in France, taking account of gender. A total of 13,241 workers were randomly selected and interviewed by telephone ... [more ▼]

This study assessed associations between demanding workplace conditions and substance use in France, taking account of gender. A total of 13,241 workers were randomly selected and interviewed by telephone to obtain information about: alcohol use, tobacco use, cannabis use, socio-demographic characteristics, occupation, type of work contract, and working conditions (physical and mental demands, time pressure, lack of rest, satisfaction with conditions, opportunity to learn new things). Data were analyzed using multivariate logistic models. Alcohol abuse was reported by 20% of men and 11% of women; 32% and 24%, respectively, used tobacco every day; and 9% and 3% had used cannabis in the previous 12 months (p<0.001). Among men, tobacco use related to physical and mental demands, dissatisfaction with work and not learning new things (increased risk IR 22-31%). Among women, it related to physical demand, time pressure, lack of rest and not learning new things (IR 15-43%). Alcohol abuse related to dissatisfaction with work among men (IR 22%). Cannabis use related to dissatisfaction with work in men (IR 93%). Having a short-term contract related to all three substances uses among men (IR 25-57%) and to alcohol abuse and tobacco use among women (IR 21-35%). Being freelance related to use of tobacco and cannabis use among men (IR 50-89%). In conclusion, alcohol, tobacco and cannabis use were related to demanding occupational conditions, but in different ways among males and females. These findings suggest that improving workplace conditions and limiting short-term and freelance employment may help prevent substance use and related diseases. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 66 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPotential socio-economic and lifestyle factors associated with sexual dissatisfaction among men and women
Anquetil, M.; Baumann, Michèle UL

in International Institute, of Sociology (Ed.) 39th World Congress of the International Institute of Sociology. (2009)

This study assessed the associations between potential socio-economic and lifestyle factors with sexual dissatisfaction and gender disparities in north-eastern France. In total 6216 subjects (randomly ... [more ▼]

This study assessed the associations between potential socio-economic and lifestyle factors with sexual dissatisfaction and gender disparities in north-eastern France. In total 6216 subjects (randomly selected subjects completed a postal questionnaire gathering socio-demographic characteristics, occupation, living alone, income, tobacco use, alcohol abuse (Deta questionnaire), heath status, fatigue, sleep disorders, diseases, depression/sadness and sexual dissatisfaction. Data were analyzed using multivariate logistic models. Sexual dissatisfaction affected 36% of men and 43% of women (p<0.001). Among men sexual dissatisfaction strongly related to age (after 60 years), living alone (increased risk IR 2-fold), not-good health (IR 1.8-fold), respiratory disease (IR 34%), physical disability (IR 51%), cognitive disability (IR 69%), fatigue (IR 43%), depression/sadness (IR 65%), and upper professionals. Among women, sexual dissatisfaction strongly related to age (after 50 years), primary education (IR 38%), living alone (IR 2.4-fold), not-good health (IR 52%), physical disability (IR 28%), cognitive disability (IR 57%), fatigue (IR 33%), depression/sadness (IR 48%), insufficient income (36%), and upper professionals. In conclusion, sexual dissatisfaction related to a number socio-economic and lifestyle factors and their associations differed between men and women in the general population. These findings highlight the benefit of improving living conditions, lifestyle, health status and related risk factors. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDecoding geographical health inequalities: a critical approach
Baumann, Michèle UL; Aïach, P.

in International Institute, of Sociology (Ed.) 39th World Congress of the International Institute of Sociology (2009)

During the last ten years, many studies dealing both with health and its inequalities, based on a geographical approach, have been carried out in the USA and in Europe. Generally this kind of approaches ... [more ▼]

During the last ten years, many studies dealing both with health and its inequalities, based on a geographical approach, have been carried out in the USA and in Europe. Generally this kind of approaches does not take into account population social specifications as they only deal with community criteria such as (the amount of) social and health equipments available or general average data on/concerning economic or health levels. The purpose of this study is to show – by means of a critical approach Land taking the French Nord-Pas-de-Calais area as an example – that health conditions differences observed in France between regions are essentially relying on the nature and weight of social health inequalities. The very poor health condition of the population there actually derives from much higher level of social health inequalities. The reasons for this very high inequality are still to be found. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 53 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailHow patients perceive the therapeutic communications skills of their general practitioners, and how that perception affects adherence: use of the TCom-skill GP scale in a specific geographical area
Baumann, Michèle UL; Baumann, Cédric; Le Bihan, Etienne UL et al

in BMC Health Services Research (2008), 8

To study: (1) the structure and test-retest reliability of a measure of how patients perceive the therapeutic communications skills of their general practitioners (TCom-skill GP), and (2) the associations ... [more ▼]

To study: (1) the structure and test-retest reliability of a measure of how patients perceive the therapeutic communications skills of their general practitioners (TCom-skill GP), and (2) the associations of that scale with socio-demographic and health-related characteristics, and adherence. Methods: A total of 393 people who lived in the same geographic area and invited to attend a preventive medical centre for a check up were asked to complete a self-administered questionnaire concerning TCom-skill GP (15 items), socio-demographic and health-related characteristics, and to answer two questions on perceived adherence. Results: The average age of respondents was 46.8 years (SD 14), and 50.4% were men. The TCom-skill GP score was one-dimensional, had high internal coherence (Cronbach α 0.92), and good test-retest reliability (intra-class correlation coefficient 0.74). The overall score was positively related to increasing age. Respondents aged 60+ were more likely to be adherent. The higher the score, the higher the probability of adherence. Multivariate analysis showed that the TCom-skill score was associated with advancing age and the number of consultations with the GP during the previous 3 months, but not with gender, living alone, being employed, job category or educational level. Multivariate analysis also showed that adherence was associated with TCom-skill GP score which concealed the association between adherence and advancing age observed in univariate analysis. Conclusion: The TCom-skill GP scale probably has value in assessing the quality of doctor-patient relationships and therapeutic communications. The psychometric properties of the TCom-skill GP scale were appropriate for its use in this context. Adherence related to the TCom-skill GP and the latter related to the age of patients and the number of their previous consultations. The TCom-skill GP scale may be a useful way to assess, in a specific geographical location, the impact of medical professional training on therapeutic communication. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 125 (7 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLes « comportements normatifs » des seniors dans le recours aux psychotropes
Amara, Marie-Emmanuelle UL; Chau, Nearkasen; Baumann, Michèle UL

in Interrogations (2008), 6

Confrontés aux premiers signes de l’avancée en âge, les seniors s'efforcent de conserver une image valorisante d'eux-mêmes et de continuer à faire face aux contraintes familiales, sociales et ... [more ▼]

Confrontés aux premiers signes de l’avancée en âge, les seniors s'efforcent de conserver une image valorisante d'eux-mêmes et de continuer à faire face aux contraintes familiales, sociales et professionnelles qui sont les leurs. Le recours à des substances psychoactives est, pour certains, indubitablement lié à cette situation inconfortable et stressante. Ce travail explore les différents aspects et motifs de la consommation de psychotropes déclarés par les seniors hommes et les femmes. Il tente de mettre en évidence les différentes facettes du caractère normatif de leurs discours et de leurs comportements dans leur volonté de combattre les effets du vieillissement et celle de vouloir rester performant. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 92 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSocial inequalities and correlates of alcohol abuse among young adults.
Spitz, E.; Baumann, Michèle UL

in Psychology & Health (2008), 23(suppl. 1), 242

is a public health problem. This study assessed social disparities in alcohol abuse among young adults and whether they were mediated by psychological and social characteristics. Methods: 1,905 people ... [more ▼]

is a public health problem. This study assessed social disparities in alcohol abuse among young adults and whether they were mediated by psychological and social characteristics. Methods: 1,905 people aged 18-34, randomly selected in north-eastern France completed a post-mailed questionnaire. The data were analyzed via logistic models. Findings: Alcohol abuse was common: 18.7%. Compared with upper/intermediate professionals, significant OR adjusted for sex were found for manual workers (159, 95%CI 1.05-2.42) and employees (1.55, 1.02-2.37) but not for other professionals, students, housewives, and unemployed people. Adjusting for all confounders did not reduce the OR for manual workers (1.48) and employees (1.56). The significant confounders were: sex, living alone, poor health, hearing/cognitive disabilities, being not-sociable, aggressive, and low income (1.28≤OR≤4.25). Discussion: There are social disparities in alcohol abuse among young adults, but they are slightly mediated by individual confounders. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 81 (2 UL)
Full Text
See detailValeur attribuée au travail et santé mentale des détenis et des chômeurs de longue durée
Baumann, Michèle UL

Presentation (2008)

Plus les détenus du centre pénitentiaire de Givenich accordent une valeur positive au travail, meilleur est leur bien être psychologique. A l’opposé plus les chômeurs de longue durée de l’ADEM attribuent ... [more ▼]

Plus les détenus du centre pénitentiaire de Givenich accordent une valeur positive au travail, meilleur est leur bien être psychologique. A l’opposé plus les chômeurs de longue durée de l’ADEM attribuent de l’importance au rôle professionnel, plus leur santé mentale se dégrade. Plus le niveau d’instruction des personnes qui n’ont pas atteint la fin du cycle secondaire est faible, plus il est associé à un moins bon équilibre mental voir à un état dépressif. Détenus et chômeurs de longue durée en situation d’attente vers un retour à l'emploi nécessitent un véritable soutien psychologique et un accompagnement individualisé adaptés à leurs besoins. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 92 (4 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCorrelates and inequalities of psychotropic drug use among young adults.
Chau, N.; Baumann, Michèle UL

in International Journal for Equity in Health (2008), 7

Use of psychotropic drugs is widespread in Europe, and is markedly more common in France than elsewhere. Young adults often fare less well than adolescents on health indicators (injury, homicide, and ... [more ▼]

Use of psychotropic drugs is widespread in Europe, and is markedly more common in France than elsewhere. Young adults often fare less well than adolescents on health indicators (injury, homicide, and substance use). This population-based study assessed disparities in psychotropic among from different socio-occupational groups and determined whether they were mediated by educational level, health status, income, health-related behaviours, family support, personality traits, or disability. Methods. A total of 1,257 people aged 18–29, randomly selected in north-eastern France completed a post-mailed questionnaire covering sex, date of birth, height, weight, educational level, occupation, smoking habit, alcohol abuse, income, health-status, diseases, reported disabilities, self-reported personality traits, family support, and frequent psychotropic medication for tiredness, nervousness/anxiety or insomnia. The data were analyzed using the adjusted odds ratios (ORa) computed with logistic models. Results. Use of psychotropic drugs was common (33.2%). Compared with upper/intermediate professionals, markedly high odds ratios adjusted for sex were found for manual workers (2.57, 95% CI 1.02–6.44), employees (2.58, 1.11–5.98), farmers/craftsmen/ tradesmen (4.97, 1.13–21.8), students (2.40, 1.06–5.40), and housewives (3.82, 1.39–10.5). Adjusting for all the confounders considered reduced the estimates to a pronounced degree for manual workers (adjusted OR 1.49, non-significant) but only slightly for the other socio-occupational groups. The odds ratio for unemployed people did not reach statistical significance. The significant confounders were: sex, not-good health status, musculoskeletal disorders and other diseases, being worried, nervous or sad, and lack of family support (adjusted odds ratios between 1.60 and 2.50). Conclusion. There were marked disparities among young adults from different socio-occupational groups. Sex, health status, musculoskeletal diseases, family support, and personality traits were related to use of psychotropic drugs. These factors mediated the higher risk strongly among manual workers and slightly among the other groups. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailL’éducation pour la santé : une activité intégrée aux programmes du projet Equal-Reset.
Haas, Claude UL; Studer, L.; Baumann, Michèle UL

in Institut National de la Promotion, et de l'Education pour la Santé (Ed.) Les journées de la prévention (2008)

Les déterminants majeurs de la non-réinsertion et de la récidive sont la mauvaise santé mentale, une faible estime de soi, mais surtout le manque d’attitudes positives envers le travail telles que la ... [more ▼]

Les déterminants majeurs de la non-réinsertion et de la récidive sont la mauvaise santé mentale, une faible estime de soi, mais surtout le manque d’attitudes positives envers le travail telles que la motivation à avoir un emploi, la responsabilité à l’égard des résultats professionnels. Dans le cadre du projet Equal-reset (Réinsertion Économique et Sociale par l’Éducation et le Travail des détenus), nous avons tenté de montrer qu’il existait un lien entre santé mentale et valeur accordée au travail. Méthodes Parmi les 62 détenus présents au Centre Pénitentiaire de Givenich au moment de l’enquête, 52 ont été volontaires. Variables mesurées à l’aide d’un questionnaire : (1) la santé mentale à l’aide du General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12 items) (Goldberg 1972), (2) la valeur attribuée au travail avec l’échelle de centralité du rôle professionnel (Meyers & Houssemand 2007) ; plus le score est élevé plus l’investissement accordé au travail dans la vie est important. Résultats Les détenus représentent une population jeune avec une surreprésentation des 25-34 ans. Une majorité d’entre eux a déjà eu une expérience professionnelle de plus de 24 mois, mais a un niveau d’éducation scolaire inférieur. Plus les détenus attribuent de l’importance au travail, moins ils ont de détresse psychique. Par rapport à un niveau d’instruction scolaire supérieur, un niveau inférieur favorise la dépression. Discussion Plus les détenus accordent de l’importance au travail, moins ils paraissent en souffrance psychologique ; les moins instruits étant les plus concernés. Développer des habitudes positives envers le travail dans le sens d'une motivation accrue pour la tâche est un moyen pour favoriser leur réadaptation et leur insertion dans la société, mais cela représente aussi des activités structurantes qui permettent aux détenus pendant le temps de la détention de garder ou de se reconstruire un équilibre mental. L’innovation du projet EQUAL-RESET a été de concevoir un dispositif comportant : • un accompagnement personnalisé assuré par un case manager du Service Psycho-Socio-Educatif selon la méthodologie de l’Empowerment Case Management ; • trois programmes d’accompagnement : Emploi & Employabilité, Enseignement & Formation, Développement Personnel (activités d’éducation pour la santé). Un parcours individualisé et un soutien psychologique sont recommandés pour aider les détenus à mieux exploiter leur potentiel dans les programmes d’accompagnement proposés. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 80 (5 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailInégalités de santé mentale: à propos des détenus du projet Equal-Reset Luxembourg sur l'employabilité
Baumann, Michèle UL; Haas, Claude UL

in Sociologie Santé (2008), 28

Notre étude a tenté d’analyser l’effet de déterminants sociaux sur les inégalités de santé mentale. Les détenus rencontrés montrent globalement des signes de moins bons états psychiques. L’hypothèse d’un ... [more ▼]

Notre étude a tenté d’analyser l’effet de déterminants sociaux sur les inégalités de santé mentale. Les détenus rencontrés montrent globalement des signes de moins bons états psychiques. L’hypothèse d’un processus indirect d'amplification peut se concevoir. Le niveau d’instruction des détenus les moins instruits, c’est-à-dire n'ayant pas atteint la fin du cycle secondaire, est corrélé à un moins bon état de santé mentale. L’existence d’un lien entre « niveau d’études » et « état mental » soulève la question du processus cumulatif des déterminants sociaux dans la construction des inégalités de santé. Ces résultats permettent de mieux comprendre comment concevoir, pour y remédier, des dispositifs d’accompagnement intervenant tant sur la santé, l’acquisition des compétences sociales que sur l’éducation, la formation et l’employabilité. Réduire les inégalités passe donc, inévitablement, par l’amélioration de l’accès aux soins, mais aussi, entre autres, par l’amélioration de l’accès à l’éducation. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 207 (6 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMental health (GHQ12; CES-D) and attitudes towards the value of work among inmates of a semi-open prison and the long-term unemployed in Luxembourg
Baumann, Michèle UL; Meyers, Raymond UL; Le Bihan, Etienne UL et al

in BMC Public Health (2008), 8(214),

Aim: To analyse the relationships between mental health and employment commitment among prisoners and the long-term unemployed (LTU) trying to return to work. Method: Fifty-two of 62 male inmates of a ... [more ▼]

Aim: To analyse the relationships between mental health and employment commitment among prisoners and the long-term unemployed (LTU) trying to return to work. Method: Fifty-two of 62 male inmates of a semi-open prison (Givenich Penitentiary Centre, the only such unit in Luxembourg), and 69 LTU registered at the Luxembourg Employment Administration completed a questionnaire exploring: 1) mental health (measured by means of scales GHQ12 and CES-D); 2) employment commitment; 3) availability of a support network, selfesteem, empowerment; and 4) socio-demographic characteristics. Results: Compared with LTU, inmates were younger, more had work experience (54.9% vs 26.1%), and more were educated to only a low level (71.1% vs 58.0%). The link between employment commitment and mental health in the LTU was the opposite of that seen among the prisoners: the more significant the perceived importance of employment, the worse the mental health (GHQ12 p = 0.003; CES-D p < 0.001) of the LTU; in contrast, among prisoners, the GHQ12 showed that the greater the perceived value of work, the lower the psychic distress (p = 0.012). Greater empowerment was associated with less depression in both populations. The education levels of people who did not reach the end of secondary school, whether inmates or LTU, were negatively linked with their mental equilibrium. Conclusion: The two groups clearly need professional support. Future research should further investigate the link between different forms of professional help and mental health. Randomized controlled trials could be carried out in both groups, with interventions to improve work commitment for prisoners and to help with getting a job for LTU. For those LTU who value employment but cannot find it, the best help may be psychological support. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 157 (12 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailDrugs and poverty: socioeconomic conditions and vulnerability.
Baumann, Michèle UL

Scientific Conference (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailHealth status among French, Polish and Romanian students
Baumann, Michèle UL; Le Bihan, Etienne UL; Amara, Marie-Emmanuelle UL et al

in Health Psychology and Society. Congressboock (2007)

Research question. Students face many school and living difficulties which alter health status and favour substance use which were assessed in this study among university students from France, Poland and ... [more ▼]

Research question. Students face many school and living difficulties which alter health status and favour substance use which were assessed in this study among university students from France, Poland and Romania. Methods. In total 934 French, 480 Polish, and 195 Romanian students from the Universities of Metz, Iaşi, and Silésie, completed a self-administred questionnaire. The data were analyzed using adjusted odds ratios (OR) and variance analysis taking age and sex into account, vs. French. Results. Mean age 20 (SD = 2) years. Female represented 58% French and 80% Polish/Romanian. Although most students were satisfied with their university integration (81-97%), many students had deteriorated heath status compared with the period before the university (13-22%), suffered from tiredness (11-85%), nervousness (42-56%), sleep disorders (19-48%), financial difficulty (15-39%), and being alone (8-23%). Were also common increasing tobacco use (15-32%), alcohol use every day (15-40%), tranquilizer pill use (1-6%), hashish/marijuana use (2-42%), suicide thinking (15-19%), and frequent consultation of health professionals (7-30%). Bad heath status was more frequent among French and Romanian overall, and suicide thinking among Polish. Higher PSS-14 and GHQ-12 scores among Polish compared with their French counterparts who used more hashish/marijuana. Satisfied social support was similar between the three groups. Conclusion. A better guidance for those who are in need of adapted mental health care seem nevertheless recommended to support them through their university success. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 87 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailL'aphasie, principal facteur aggravant du vécu d'un AVC par les proches
Aïach, P.; Baumann, Michèle UL

in Revue de Médecine (La) (2007), 3(3), 130-135

Detailed reference viewed: 204 (1 UL)