References of "Baumann, Michèle 50000634"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSanté et employabilité des étudiants
Amara, Marie-Emmanuelle UL; Baumann, Michèle UL

in Analele Stiintifice ale Universitatii "Alexandru Ioan Cuza". Sectiunea Sociologie si Asistenta Sociala = Scientific Annals of the “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University. Sociology and Social Work Section (2010), (3), 139-153

The main aims of European universities today are to ensure that students have the skills and knowledge (the so called competences) they need, and to prepare them for sustainable employment. This mission ... [more ▼]

The main aims of European universities today are to ensure that students have the skills and knowledge (the so called competences) they need, and to prepare them for sustainable employment. This mission, underpinned by reforms initiated under the umbrella of the Bologna process and the creation of the European Higher Education Area, is central to their activities. In this article, we try to illustrate the changing roles of universities, highlighting the importance of the concept of evolution of competences and reporting the first use of the scale ‘Students' QuAlity of Life and Employability Skills’ (SQALES) among students entering their first year of social sciences study at three universities, one each in Luxembourg, Belgium and Romania. This project shows that evaluation of competences is possible and can even be recommended as a guide to adjusting curricula and to implementing programmes of assistance tailored to identified student needs [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 172 (4 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSQALES "Student's QuAlity of Life and Employability Skills" à l'Université du Luxembourg: Evaluation et suivi de l'encadrement facultaire et de la réussite des bacheliers.
Pelt, Véronique UL; Baumann, Michèle UL

in Europe « Evaluation & Curriculum » (2010)

Les réformes initiées par le processus de Bologne bouleversent une Université désormais considérée comme un lieu de productivité et de compétitivité [1] en charge de promouvoir les compétences relatives à ... [more ▼]

Les réformes initiées par le processus de Bologne bouleversent une Université désormais considérée comme un lieu de productivité et de compétitivité [1] en charge de promouvoir les compétences relatives à l’employabilité (CRE) des étudiants tout en veillant à leur qualité de vie (QDV). A l’Université du Luxembourg (UL), l'instrument et le processus «Students QuAlity of Live and Employability Skills» (SQALES) ont été conçus pour effectuer annuellement la mesure des CRE et de la QDV afin de mettre en place des mesures correctives et des actions de réajustement permettant de répondre au mieux aux besoins identifiés. SQALES est un dispositif d'évaluation des performances qui permet de produire des Indicateurs Participatifs, créer des référentiels, suivre leur évolution, situer le niveau de qualité interne des facultés. Les recommandations émanant des évaluations seront des supports à la discussion qui permettront d’ouvrir la négociation et de guider le choix des investissements futurs concernant l'environnement pédagogique, les ressources disponibles, les aides et entraides à promouvoir. <br />En 2008-2009, 1131 étudiantes/étudiants primo-inscrits ont été accueillis dans les 11 bachelors des facultés de Sciences, Technologie et Communication (FSTC), Droit, Economie et Finance (FDEF) et Lettres, Sciences Humaines, Arts et Sciences de l’Education (FLSHASE). Les objectifs de notre étude ont été : - premièrement, d’analyser les liens qui existent entre l’acquisition d’ECTS, le sentiment de posséder des CRE et de bénéficier d’une QDV, - deuxièmement, de construire des profils d’étudiants en fonction de leur faculté d’appartenance. <br />Deux mois après le début de leur cursus universitaire, les bacheliers ont été invités à répondre à un questionnaire online via internet. Les items des CRE sont extraits d’une étude canadienne [2]. Ils explorent la rédaction, l’esprit critique, la résolution de problèmes, le travail d’équipe, la direction d'autres personnes et l’utilisation de nouvelles technologies. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 110 (17 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailWHOQoL Psychological and employability skills among students at the universities of Luxembourg and Liege (Belgium).
Pelt, Véronique UL; Guillaume, J. F.; Baumann, Michèle UL

in Psychology and Health (2009), 26

To analyse the relationships between a psychological quality of life and employability skills among first-year students of social sciences at the universities of Luxembourg and Belgium. Method. 84 ... [more ▼]

To analyse the relationships between a psychological quality of life and employability skills among first-year students of social sciences at the universities of Luxembourg and Belgium. Method. 84 students initially registered at bachelor professional (Faculty LSHASE), and 91 at bachelor academic (Institut SHS Liege) completed questionnaires. Results Scores for psychological WHOQoL (74.3 vs 63.9 Liege) and environmental WHOQoL (73.3 vs 68.4) were better among the Luxembourg students, as was the score for employability skills (73.0 vs 68.3) than ISHS Belgium. Psychological WHOQoL score was correlated with perceived health, scores for social relationships and environmental WHOQol domains, and employability skills score (with the exceptions of the father’s professional status in Luxembourg and students age in Belgium). Effect between psychological WHOQoL and employability skills was only observed among Luxembourg students. Conclusion Good mental health is a key factor of possession of employability skills in Luxembourg where students are older and their studies are professional dies. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 174 (24 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailL’aidant principal face à l’AVC d’un proche.
Baumann, Michèle UL; Aiach, P.

in Revue de Médecine (2009), 5(4), 184-188

La survenue d'un accident vasculaire cérébral (AVC) est un événement majeur. Ses effets dépendent des rapports sociaux antérieurs dont les éléments sont fortement liés au genre. Objectifs : Analyser les ... [more ▼]

La survenue d'un accident vasculaire cérébral (AVC) est un événement majeur. Ses effets dépendent des rapports sociaux antérieurs dont les éléments sont fortement liés au genre. Objectifs : Analyser les conséquences et comparer les retentissements sociaux, psychoaffectifs chez les aidants principaux (AP) qui assistent le malade dans la vie courante. Méthode : Enquête par questionnaire au domicile de 215 foyers de personnes victimes d'un AVC1. Résultats. Les AP sont composés de 155 femmes (72,1 %, âge moyen 57,8 ans) et de 60 hommes (âge moyen 57,9 ans), en moyenne 7 ans plus jeunes que les malades \; 43 % étaient âgés de 65 ans et plus. 81,7 % des AP hommes accompagnaient des femmes victimes d'un AVC, 70,3 % des AP femmes des hommes victimes d'un AVC. Les niveaux de dépendance des patients étaient équivalents (indice moyen de katz 9,1 vs 9,3). 60,8 % des AP hommes vs 42,2 %2 des AP femmes ont déclaré que « l'AVC a eu des répercussions financières importantes pour l'ensemble de la famille [malgré] les allocations ou aides financières privées ou publiques » \; 96,7 % vs 89,3 %* jugeaient que c'est « sur le plan psychologique que ça a été le plus difficile » \; 45,4 % vs 31,4 %* que « les amis sont gênés car ils ont peur du handicap »\; 51,5 % vs 22,1 %*** qu'ils faisaient maintenant « plus qu'avant les tâches ménagères/la cuisine/les courses/les invitations d'amis et/ou de la famille/la pratique d'activités, avec la personne qui a eu l'AVC, tel que du sport et des voyages ». Les AP hommes soulignaient les sentiments tels que l'irritabilité et la régression, les AP femmes plutôt l'angoisse. Discussion. L'AVC constitue toujours un handicap financier grave. Il déstabilise les relations familiales et sociales. Les AP hommes sont plus nombreux à souligner le retentissement sur leur vie que les AP femmes. Il est possible que cela exprime une moins bonne préparation, ce qui reste à confirmer par de nouvelles études. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 1038 (2 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFactors associated with trafic accident.
Chau, N.; Baumann, Michèle UL

in Psychology and Health (2009)

Detailed reference viewed: 68 (2 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailTandems patient-aidant face au retentissement familial et social deux ans après la survenue d’un AVC au Grand-duché de Luxembourg
Baumann, Michèle UL; Kovincic, P.; Le Bihan, Etienne UL

in Sociologie de la Santé (2009)

Notre problématique s’inscrit dans l’identification et la compréhension des conséquences que peut avoir la survenue d’un accident cérébro-vasculaire sur la famille et les proches de la personne qui en a ... [more ▼]

Notre problématique s’inscrit dans l’identification et la compréhension des conséquences que peut avoir la survenue d’un accident cérébro-vasculaire sur la famille et les proches de la personne qui en a été victime. En effet, l’AVC produit des effets sur l’organisation des relations entre les patients et les aidants, ce réaménagement dépendant en grande partie de la situation antérieure des liens affectifs. La personne atteinte de plein fouet par cet accident n’est pas la seule au centre de cette étude, nous avons fait le choix de privilégier également la personne désignée par le patient comme son « aidant principal ». Au sein des tandems patient-aidant qui partagent désormais le quotidien entaché des conséquences produites par un AVC, s’installe ou non une harmonie en fonction de la manière dont l’évènement est ressenti et intériorisé. La façon dont le patient et l’aidant vivent l’adaptation à cette nouvelle situation et la façon dont les personnes rencontrées réagissent devant les comportements de la personne atteinte font appels ou non à une complicité qui mérite d’être étudiée. Face au retentissement psychologique et social, aux activités culturelles et de loisirs abandonnées ou maintenues, aux aides, services et informations obtenus ou non depuis l’AVC, les objectifs de ce travail ont été de comparer les réponses fournies par les patients et les aidants et d’analyser les domaines dans lesquels elles sont concordantes au sein des diades. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 245 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAccompagner les détenus vers l'employabilité
Baumann, Michèle UL; Amara, Marie-Emmanuelle UL

in Echidistante Revue de Culture et Sciences (2009), 5-6(53-54), 147-164

Si les ex-détenus sont amenés à être, comme l’ensemble des citoyens européens, des acteurs de la compétitivité économique capables de répondre aux exigences du marché du travail, il est nécessaire qu'ils ... [more ▼]

Si les ex-détenus sont amenés à être, comme l’ensemble des citoyens européens, des acteurs de la compétitivité économique capables de répondre aux exigences du marché du travail, il est nécessaire qu'ils acquièrent ou améliorent pendant leur détention leurs compétences relatives à l’employabilité. Mais les personnels des établissements pénitentiaires sont-ils prêts à assumer cette nouvelle tâche? Dans le cadre du projet EQUAL-RESET « Réinsertion Économique et Sociale par l’Éducation et le Travail des détenus», des entretiens qualitatifs ont été menés auprès des personnels du Centre Pénitentiaire de Givenich (prison semi-ouverte au Grand-Duché du Luxembourg) afin de comprendre les difficultés qu’ils rencontrent dans l’accompagnement social et éducatif des détenus. Les personnels ont reconnu avoir peu de besoins en connaissances théoriques, mais ont souligné un manque de compétences réelles pour mieux: - s’adapter aux diversités culturelles et éducatives ; - réagir de façon plus adéquate face aux difficultés et aux efforts des détenus (positiver, valoriser le travail du détenu, être à l’écoute, se montrer patient, éduquer à la ponctualité, etc.) ; - travailler en équipe avec les collègues et les partenaires extérieurs afin de construire puis accompagner les projets personnalisés des détenus, ce dernier point étant le plus évoqué dans les discours des enquêtés. Pour qu'ils assument pleinement et efficacement leurs nouvelles missions d’encadrement, former le personnel des prisons doit être une priorité nationale. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 321 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDecoding geographical health inequalities: a critical approach
Baumann, Michèle UL; Aïach, P.

in International Institute, of Sociology (Ed.) 39th World Congress of the International Institute of Sociology (2009)

During the last ten years, many studies dealing both with health and its inequalities, based on a geographical approach, have been carried out in the USA and in Europe. Generally this kind of approaches ... [more ▼]

During the last ten years, many studies dealing both with health and its inequalities, based on a geographical approach, have been carried out in the USA and in Europe. Generally this kind of approaches does not take into account population social specifications as they only deal with community criteria such as (the amount of) social and health equipments available or general average data on/concerning economic or health levels. The purpose of this study is to show – by means of a critical approach Land taking the French Nord-Pas-de-Calais area as an example – that health conditions differences observed in France between regions are essentially relying on the nature and weight of social health inequalities. The very poor health condition of the population there actually derives from much higher level of social health inequalities. The reasons for this very high inequality are still to be found. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 83 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPotential socio-economic and lifestyle factors associated with sexual dissatisfaction among men and women
Anquetil, M.; Baumann, Michèle UL

in International Institute, of Sociology (Ed.) 39th World Congress of the International Institute of Sociology. (2009)

This study assessed the associations between potential socio-economic and lifestyle factors with sexual dissatisfaction and gender disparities in north-eastern France. In total 6216 subjects (randomly ... [more ▼]

This study assessed the associations between potential socio-economic and lifestyle factors with sexual dissatisfaction and gender disparities in north-eastern France. In total 6216 subjects (randomly selected subjects completed a postal questionnaire gathering socio-demographic characteristics, occupation, living alone, income, tobacco use, alcohol abuse (Deta questionnaire), heath status, fatigue, sleep disorders, diseases, depression/sadness and sexual dissatisfaction. Data were analyzed using multivariate logistic models. Sexual dissatisfaction affected 36% of men and 43% of women (p<0.001). Among men sexual dissatisfaction strongly related to age (after 60 years), living alone (increased risk IR 2-fold), not-good health (IR 1.8-fold), respiratory disease (IR 34%), physical disability (IR 51%), cognitive disability (IR 69%), fatigue (IR 43%), depression/sadness (IR 65%), and upper professionals. Among women, sexual dissatisfaction strongly related to age (after 50 years), primary education (IR 38%), living alone (IR 2.4-fold), not-good health (IR 52%), physical disability (IR 28%), cognitive disability (IR 57%), fatigue (IR 33%), depression/sadness (IR 48%), insufficient income (36%), and upper professionals. In conclusion, sexual dissatisfaction related to a number socio-economic and lifestyle factors and their associations differed between men and women in the general population. These findings highlight the benefit of improving living conditions, lifestyle, health status and related risk factors. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 65 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFatigue, insomnia and mental disorders: gender disparities and roles of individual characteristics and lifestyle factors among economically active people
Peretti-Watel, Patrick; Legleye, Stéphane; Baumann, Michèle UL

in Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology (2009)

Background Individuals with certain personal, family and job characteristics are at elevated risk of poor mental health. Yet, the respective role of obesity, smoking, alcohol abuse, low education, income ... [more ▼]

Background Individuals with certain personal, family and job characteristics are at elevated risk of poor mental health. Yet, the respective role of obesity, smoking, alcohol abuse, low education, income, living and family conditions, and socio-occupational category in fatigue/insomnia (FI), nervousness (N) and frequent drug use for those disorders (DFI and DN) among men and women and in gender disparities are not well known. Methods We studied gender differences in FI, N, DFI, DN, and in their correlated, and whether the gender differences were mediated by individual and lifestyle factors among 3,450 active subjects aged 18–64, randomly selected from North-eastern France. Subjects completed a post-mailed questionnaire. Data were analyzed via adjusted odds ratio (ORa) computed with the logistic regression model. Results Women were more affected than men for FI (21.3 vs. 13.1%, OR adjusted for age ORa 1.80, 95% CI 1.50–2.16), DFI (11.6 vs. 7.1%, ORa 1.74, 1.38–2.21), N (14.7 vs. 9.9%, ORa 1.58, 1.28–1.94), and for DN (12.1 vs. 5.7%, ORa 2.29, 1.79–2.94). These differences were not mediated by the individual characteristics studied. Multivariate analysis showed that the risk patterns varied between the two sexes. Smoking was related to N in men as well as in women; alcohol abuse to DFI in men only; lack of family support to all outcome variables in men and women; low educational level to DFI in men only; low income to FI, N and DN in men and to FI and DN in women; being unmarried to DN in men; being divorced/separated to N and DN in women; being a manual worker to FI and being a farmer to DFI in men; and being a manual worker to DN and being an employee to FI in women (1.50 ≤ ORa ≤ 2.95). Conclusions Women suffered more from fatigue/insomnia and nervousness and used more drug for those disorders than men. Socio-demographic and lifestyle factors played significant roles among men and women but they did not explain the gender disparities. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 76 (3 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPromotion de la santé et réduction des inégalités sociales de santé en Europe: une problématique complexe
Baumann, Michèle UL; Aïach, P.

in Willems, Helmut (Ed.) Handbuch der sozialen und erzieherischen Arbeit in Luxemburg / Manuel de l'intervention sociale et éducative au Grand-Duché de Luxembourg (2009)

La baisse continue de la mortalité dans la plupart des pays industrialisés, notamment en Europe, pose les questions suivantes : 1) quelle est la part à attribuer à la promotion de la santé dans ce ... [more ▼]

La baisse continue de la mortalité dans la plupart des pays industrialisés, notamment en Europe, pose les questions suivantes : 1) quelle est la part à attribuer à la promotion de la santé dans ce phénomène ? 2) dans quelle mesure cette amélioration générale de l’état de santé contribue à la réduction ou à l’aggravation des inégalités sociales de santé face à la mort et à la maladie ? Les inégalités sociales de santé sont le produit final et complexe des autres inégalités sociales, qu’elles soient de nature matérielle ou culturelle. Depuis 2005, la lutte contre les inégalités de santé figure comme objectif premier au sein de l’Organisation Mondiale de la Santé Europe et dans les plans de plusieurs pays d’Europe. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 99 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailType of Employment and Occupational Demands: Association with Alcohol, Tobacco and Cannabis Use Among Working Men and Women
Legleye, Stéphane; Peretti-Watel, P.; Baumann, Michèle UL

in International Institute, of Sociology (Ed.) 39th World Congress of the International Institute of Sociology (2009)

This study assessed associations between demanding workplace conditions and substance use in France, taking account of gender. A total of 13,241 workers were randomly selected and interviewed by telephone ... [more ▼]

This study assessed associations between demanding workplace conditions and substance use in France, taking account of gender. A total of 13,241 workers were randomly selected and interviewed by telephone to obtain information about: alcohol use, tobacco use, cannabis use, socio-demographic characteristics, occupation, type of work contract, and working conditions (physical and mental demands, time pressure, lack of rest, satisfaction with conditions, opportunity to learn new things). Data were analyzed using multivariate logistic models. Alcohol abuse was reported by 20% of men and 11% of women; 32% and 24%, respectively, used tobacco every day; and 9% and 3% had used cannabis in the previous 12 months (p<0.001). Among men, tobacco use related to physical and mental demands, dissatisfaction with work and not learning new things (increased risk IR 22-31%). Among women, it related to physical demand, time pressure, lack of rest and not learning new things (IR 15-43%). Alcohol abuse related to dissatisfaction with work among men (IR 22%). Cannabis use related to dissatisfaction with work in men (IR 93%). Having a short-term contract related to all three substances uses among men (IR 25-57%) and to alcohol abuse and tobacco use among women (IR 21-35%). Being freelance related to use of tobacco and cannabis use among men (IR 50-89%). In conclusion, alcohol, tobacco and cannabis use were related to demanding occupational conditions, but in different ways among males and females. These findings suggest that improving workplace conditions and limiting short-term and freelance employment may help prevent substance use and related diseases. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 91 (0 UL)
Full Text
See detailHow universities can assess employability skills?
Pelt, Véronique UL; Baumann, Michèle UL

Presentation (2009)

The SQALES (Students' Quality of Life and Employability Skills) project aims to help universities adopt the recommendations from Bergen (Communiqué 2005) within the framework of the Bologna Process and ... [more ▼]

The SQALES (Students' Quality of Life and Employability Skills) project aims to help universities adopt the recommendations from Bergen (Communiqué 2005) within the framework of the Bologna Process and the European Higher Education Area (EHEA, Communiqué de Louvain & European Council, 2009). Under the European Council declaration of 1999, universities have become subject to assessment in terms of productivity and competitiveness. Against that background, we aim to help universities: Create a tool for assessing employability skills (ES) and addressing the requirements of the Bologna Process and the European Higher Education Area (EHEA, European Council, 2009) Create an evaluation device with which to establish benchmarks Facilitate a dialogue between all those involved in order to meet students’ needs Adopt new activities and make use of new resources Compare themselves with other European universities The objectives of Sqales are to: - Describe Employability skills, WHOQoL domains and socio-demographic characteristics Analyse the links between employability skills and other variables Identify students' feelings about their faculties using a range of scores [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 134 (6 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAssociations between demanding occupational conditions and tobacco, alcohol and cannabis use among French working men and women.
Legleye, Stéphane; Peretti-Watel, P.; Baumann, Michèle UL

in International Institute, of Sociology (Ed.) 39th World Congress of the International Institute of Sociology (2009)

This study assessed associations between demanding workplace conditions and substance use in France, taking account of gender. A total of 13,241 workers were randomly selected and interviewed by telephone ... [more ▼]

This study assessed associations between demanding workplace conditions and substance use in France, taking account of gender. A total of 13,241 workers were randomly selected and interviewed by telephone to obtain information about: alcohol use, tobacco use, cannabis use, socio-demographic characteristics, occupation, type of work contract, and working conditions (physical and mental demands, time pressure, lack of rest, satisfaction with conditions, opportunity to learn new things). Data were analyzed using multivariate logistic models. Alcohol abuse was reported by 20% of men and 11% of women; 32% and 24%, respectively, used tobacco every day; and 9% and 3% had used cannabis in the previous 12 months (p<0.001). Among men, tobacco use related to physical and mental demands, dissatisfaction with work and not learning new things (increased risk IR 22-31%). Among women, it related to physical demand, time pressure, lack of rest and not learning new things (IR 15-43%). Alcohol abuse related to dissatisfaction with work among men (IR 22%). Cannabis use related to dissatisfaction with work in men (IR 93%). Having a short-term contract related to all three substances uses among men (IR 25-57%) and to alcohol abuse and tobacco use among women (IR 21-35%). Being freelance related to use of tobacco and cannabis use among men (IR 50-89%). In conclusion, alcohol, tobacco and cannabis use were related to demanding occupational conditions, but in different ways among males and females. These findings suggest that improving workplace conditions and limiting short-term and freelance employment may help prevent substance use and related diseases. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 78 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSocial disparities and correlates of domestic accidents.
Baumann, Michèle UL; Spitz, E.; Ravaud, J. et al

in Psychology and Health (2009)

Domestic accidents are a public health problem. This study assessed the disparities between socioeconomic positions and the confounding role of gender, age, education, living alone, income, poor health ... [more ▼]

Domestic accidents are a public health problem. This study assessed the disparities between socioeconomic positions and the confounding role of gender, age, education, living alone, income, poor health, obesity, current tobacco use, alcohol abuse, fatigue/sleep disorders, and physical, sensorial and cognitive disabilities. Methods: 6,198 people aged ≥15, randomly selected in north-eastern France completed a post-mailed questionnaire including domestic accident(s) during the last two years. The data were analyzed via logistic models. Findings: Domestic accidents affected 3.1% of subjects. Manual workers and clerks had higher risks (age-gender adjusted OR 1.6, 95%CI 1.1-2.6 and 1.5, 1.0-2.4) compared with the other socioeconomic groups. These differences became non significant when controlling for all covariates of which those significant were: sex, current tobacco use, alcohol abuse, and fatigue/sleep disorders (adjusted odds ratios 1.48-1.88). Discussion: There are social disparities in domestic accidents, and they are confounded by sex, substance use, and fatigue/sleep disorders. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 96 (1 UL)
Full Text
See detailMy Guide to Liberty. EQUAL-PRIMA: policies and strategies for PRIson Management.
Haas, Claude UL; Studler, L.; Schmitz, J.-F. et al

Book published by Ed. Fonds Social Européen & Université du Luxembourg, INSIDE (2009)

Detailed reference viewed: 122 (5 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCorrelates and inequalities of psychotropic drug use among young adults.
Chau, N.; Baumann, Michèle UL

in International Journal for Equity in Health (2008), 7

Use of psychotropic drugs is widespread in Europe, and is markedly more common in France than elsewhere. Young adults often fare less well than adolescents on health indicators (injury, homicide, and ... [more ▼]

Use of psychotropic drugs is widespread in Europe, and is markedly more common in France than elsewhere. Young adults often fare less well than adolescents on health indicators (injury, homicide, and substance use). This population-based study assessed disparities in psychotropic among from different socio-occupational groups and determined whether they were mediated by educational level, health status, income, health-related behaviours, family support, personality traits, or disability. Methods. A total of 1,257 people aged 18–29, randomly selected in north-eastern France completed a post-mailed questionnaire covering sex, date of birth, height, weight, educational level, occupation, smoking habit, alcohol abuse, income, health-status, diseases, reported disabilities, self-reported personality traits, family support, and frequent psychotropic medication for tiredness, nervousness/anxiety or insomnia. The data were analyzed using the adjusted odds ratios (ORa) computed with logistic models. Results. Use of psychotropic drugs was common (33.2%). Compared with upper/intermediate professionals, markedly high odds ratios adjusted for sex were found for manual workers (2.57, 95% CI 1.02–6.44), employees (2.58, 1.11–5.98), farmers/craftsmen/ tradesmen (4.97, 1.13–21.8), students (2.40, 1.06–5.40), and housewives (3.82, 1.39–10.5). Adjusting for all the confounders considered reduced the estimates to a pronounced degree for manual workers (adjusted OR 1.49, non-significant) but only slightly for the other socio-occupational groups. The odds ratio for unemployed people did not reach statistical significance. The significant confounders were: sex, not-good health status, musculoskeletal disorders and other diseases, being worried, nervous or sad, and lack of family support (adjusted odds ratios between 1.60 and 2.50). Conclusion. There were marked disparities among young adults from different socio-occupational groups. Sex, health status, musculoskeletal diseases, family support, and personality traits were related to use of psychotropic drugs. These factors mediated the higher risk strongly among manual workers and slightly among the other groups. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 76 (0 UL)
Full Text
See detailValeur attribuée au travail et santé mentale des détenis et des chômeurs de longue durée
Baumann, Michèle UL

Presentation (2008)

Plus les détenus du centre pénitentiaire de Givenich accordent une valeur positive au travail, meilleur est leur bien être psychologique. A l’opposé plus les chômeurs de longue durée de l’ADEM attribuent ... [more ▼]

Plus les détenus du centre pénitentiaire de Givenich accordent une valeur positive au travail, meilleur est leur bien être psychologique. A l’opposé plus les chômeurs de longue durée de l’ADEM attribuent de l’importance au rôle professionnel, plus leur santé mentale se dégrade. Plus le niveau d’instruction des personnes qui n’ont pas atteint la fin du cycle secondaire est faible, plus il est associé à un moins bon équilibre mental voir à un état dépressif. Détenus et chômeurs de longue durée en situation d’attente vers un retour à l'emploi nécessitent un véritable soutien psychologique et un accompagnement individualisé adaptés à leurs besoins. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 127 (4 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLes « comportements normatifs » des seniors dans le recours aux psychotropes
Amara, Marie-Emmanuelle UL; Chau, Nearkasen; Baumann, Michèle UL

in Interrogations (2008), 6

Confrontés aux premiers signes de l’avancée en âge, les seniors s'efforcent de conserver une image valorisante d'eux-mêmes et de continuer à faire face aux contraintes familiales, sociales et ... [more ▼]

Confrontés aux premiers signes de l’avancée en âge, les seniors s'efforcent de conserver une image valorisante d'eux-mêmes et de continuer à faire face aux contraintes familiales, sociales et professionnelles qui sont les leurs. Le recours à des substances psychoactives est, pour certains, indubitablement lié à cette situation inconfortable et stressante. Ce travail explore les différents aspects et motifs de la consommation de psychotropes déclarés par les seniors hommes et les femmes. Il tente de mettre en évidence les différentes facettes du caractère normatif de leurs discours et de leurs comportements dans leur volonté de combattre les effets du vieillissement et celle de vouloir rester performant. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 122 (0 UL)