References of "Baumann, Michèle 50000634"
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See detailL’estime ressentie en accomplissant le rôle d’aidant naturel et ses déterminants psychosociaux
Bucki, Barbara UL; Spitz, E.; Baumann, Michèle UL

in La pratique: un lieu de théorie (2011)

Avec l’augmentation des accidents vasculaires cérébraux (AVC), améliorer le bien-être des aidants naturels (AN) est devenu une priorité. Quels sont les déterminants psychosociaux de l’estime ressentie par ... [more ▼]

Avec l’augmentation des accidents vasculaires cérébraux (AVC), améliorer le bien-être des aidants naturels (AN) est devenu une priorité. Quels sont les déterminants psychosociaux de l’estime ressentie par les AN en accomplissant ce rôle ? Méthodologie. Sur une période de 12 mois, les personnes victimes d’un AVC deux ans auparavant, dont le diagnostic a été confirmé, vivant au Luxembourg et ayant donné leur consentement, ont désigné leur AN principal. Etude nationale transversale menée au domicile. Instruments : - Caregiver Reaction Assessment : estime de l’aide, manque de soutien familial, impacts financier, sur l’emploi du temps, sur la santé générale. - Carer Satisfaction of Community Services : services socio-sanitaires et éducatifs - Aides à domicile utilisées : soins corporels, repas, ménage, sorties, courses Résultats. Taux participation 26,5 % ; 48 AN (59,5 ±12,3 ans). Régression multiple (R²ajusté=.230) : une estime élevée est associée à un faible impact de l’aide sur la santé (β=.479***) et un recours important aux aides à domicile (β=.351**). Discussion. Il est possible de valoriser le rôle d’AN en motivant les aidants à utiliser les services disponibles pour les soulager dans leurs tâches quotidiennes. Les soutiens psychologiques peuvent également intégrer le concept de « health capability » pour renforcer l’acquisition de cette estime. [less ▲]

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See detailDeterminants of caregiving-related esteem among informal caregivers in Luxembourg, two years after their care-recipients’ stroke.
Bucki, Barbara UL; Spitz, Elisabeth; Baumann, Michèle UL

in Psychology & Health (2011), 26(suppl 2), 86

Mental health promotion policies are concerned by informal caregivers’ (ICs) suffering. What are the determinants of ICs’ caregiving-related esteem? Methods: (a) Crosssectional study. (b)62 Luxemburgish ... [more ▼]

Mental health promotion policies are concerned by informal caregivers’ (ICs) suffering. What are the determinants of ICs’ caregiving-related esteem? Methods: (a) Crosssectional study. (b)62 Luxemburgish ICs of stroke-survivors 2-year-post-event. (c)Variables: oCaregiver Reaction Assessment’s (CRA) five dimensions: caregiving-related esteem (dependent variable), impact of caregiving on health, impact on finances, impact on schedule, lack of family support, oCaregiver Satisfaction with Community Services scale, oLeisure/ couple changes/social repercussions scores. (d) Regressions adjusted on ICs’ sex and age. (e)Multiple regression including significant factors. Findings: (a) Caregiving-related esteem is determined by social repercussions (p¼0.002**), changes in couples (p¼0.004**), impact on health (p¼0.004**) and three CSCS’ dimensions: confidence (p¼0.012*), problem management (p¼0.034*) and information about stroke (p¼0.040*). (b) ICs with high caregiving related esteem (R2 adjusted¼0.275) are weakly impacted on their own health ( ¼ 0.39; p¼0.011*) and on their couple life ( ¼ 0.36; p¼0.026*). Discussion: Support programs centred on ICs’ caregiving-related esteem can reinforce ICs’ health capability. [less ▲]

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See detailDifferences between Luxembourg and Portugal in the Life Satisfaction of Stroke Survivors, two years post-event: The influence of an unequal quality of life.
Baumann, Michèle UL; Lurbe-Puerto, Katia UL; Leandro, ME.

in Health inequalities across Europe (2011)

Two years post-event, we described the survivors’ life satisfaction (LS) and Quality of Life (QoL), the LS and QoL of their caregivers, and their socio-demographic and health characteristics. We analysed ... [more ▼]

Two years post-event, we described the survivors’ life satisfaction (LS) and Quality of Life (QoL), the LS and QoL of their caregivers, and their socio-demographic and health characteristics. We analysed the survivors’ LS and its associations with the above-mentioned determinants from a national (mainly urban society) survey in Luxembourg (LU) and a Bragança district (mainly rural) survey in the Northeast of Portugal (PT). Methods. Over 18 months, survivors (≥18 years) of a stroke, living at home and having given their informed consent were contacted. The Inspection Générale de la Sécurité Sociale of LU and the District Health Centre in PT had previously confirmed all diagnoses and listed the potential participants. Survivors identified their caregivers and both were interviewed, at home, using questionnaires measuring LS (scale 1-10) and two internationally validated QoL’ scales: the survivors’ Newcastle Quality of Life (Newsqol) and the Whoqol-Bref for the caregivers. Results. The participation rate was 26.5% LU and 38% PT: 94 LU (65.5 years) and 50 PT (70.1 years) survivors; 62 LU (59.3 years) and 46 PT (60.7 years) caregivers. The LU survivors and their caregivers had higher QoL scores than the PT samples. In contrast, the PT survivors were more affected by stroke-related impacts, with significant differences in Newsqol ‘mobility’ (i.e. walking, managing stairs, bending down, standing), ‘self-care’ (i.e. preparing food, shopping, using transport, getting washed, getting dressed, and showed), feelings regarding the current situation (i.e. less independence, feelings about oneself, life changes acceptance, depressive mood, feelings of useless, loss of control over their life), and their emotional status (i.e. more emotional, sometimes crying, short-tempered, less tolerant and nervous). Only the PT survivors’ LS was linked to the ‘current neurological impairment’ domains. The LU survivors’ LS was associated with all Newsqol dimensions; stronger links (p<0.001) were found in ‘feelings’ and ‘sleep’, but no relation existed with the caregivers’ Whoqol-bref domains. Difference estimates were obtained between the survivors’ LS and the Newsqol ‘self-care’ dimension (regression coefficient (rc) -0.28 for PT), their caregivers’ LS (rc -0.63 for PT) and Whoqol-bref psychological (rc -0.67 for PT), environmental (rc -0.73 for PT), and social relationship (rc -0.91 for PT) domains. Discussion. Two years post-event, the survivors' multi-dimensional QoL was a more relevant predictor of their LS, than that of their caregivers. LU-PT differences recalled the hypothesis of the cumulative effect throughout life of social inequalities in health and highlighted the distinct impact in survivors’ LS of living in an urban society, turned towards community supports or in a rural society based on a domestic care. In home-based care settings, the survivors’ LS and Newsqol are useful patient-centred markers for individual and community interventions. [less ▲]

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See detailAssociations between occupational factors and occupational injury and the interplay of personal factors in Indian and French coal miners.
Bhattacherjee, A.; Kunar, BM.; Baumann, Michèle UL

in International Conference of Safety in Mines Research Institutes (2011)

Research studies during the last decade have shown the roles of occupational and individual factors in occupational injury but a few information is available regarding their interplay. This study aimed at ... [more ▼]

Research studies during the last decade have shown the roles of occupational and individual factors in occupational injury but a few information is available regarding their interplay. This study aimed at assessing the roles of occupational hazards and exploring their contributions to the occurrences of injuries among the Indian and French coal miners. In this study two surveys were conducted. The survey in India was a matched case-control study including 245 miners with an occupational injury during the previous two-year period and 245 controls with no injury from two underground coal mines located in the southern part of India. A standardized questionnaire was completed by trained personnel through face-to-face interviews. It included age, experience, sleep disorders, regular alcohol consumption, chronic diseases, smoking habit, number of dependents, occupation, and occupational hazards. The survey in France was a retrospective study on 516 coal miners randomly selected among those aged 32-47 years, from underground mines located in the north-eastern France. The subjects completed a questionnaire including socio-demographic characteristics, health-related behaviours, obesity, chronic diseases, psychotropic drug use, self-reportedpersonality traits, a 14-item biomechanical exposure scale, a 4-item physical exposure scale, and injury during the last two years. The data were analyzed using logistic model for the coal mines in France. The conditional logistic model was used for the matched case–control data from Indian mines. The annual rate of injuries (with sick leave) was 2.7% for the coal miners in India and 14.9% for the coal miners in France. Logistic model including all occupational factors showed that for the Indian coal miners, material handling had the highest OR (odds ratio) (3.30), followed by achinerelated hazards (2.64), hand tool-related hazards (2.21), environment/work conditions (2.10), and geological/strata control (2.01). Further adjustment for personal factors led to a substantial decrease in the OR for hand tool-related hazards (OR 1.24, reduction: 80%) and achine-related hazards (OR 1.19, reduction: 88%) and to a substantial increase in the OR for material handling (OR 5.15, - 80%), environment/work conditions (OR 2.63, -48%), and geological/strata control (to 2.35, -34%) for Indian mines. Among the French coal mines, the ORs were 3.01, 3.47, 7.26 for biomechanical exposure scores 1-4, 5-7, and ≥ 8, respectively (vs. score 0). For French coal miners, personal factors contributed to <6% of the biomechanical exposure-injury association. Among Indian coal miners, hand tool-related and machine-related hazards were significant for the <45 age group only and further adjustment for personal factors led to a decrease in their ORs by 91% and 35%, respectively. The OR for material handling increased by 513% for the <45 years age group and by 77% for the older age group. The OR for environment/work conditions increased by 65% for the <45 years age group and by 204% for the older age group. Among French coal miners further adjustment for personal factors increased the OR by 11% for the <40 years age group and decreased the OR by 26% for the older age group. Coal miners from India and France were exposed to numerous occupational hazards which played high roles in occupational injury. Personal factors had a modest confounding role among French coal miners. About the Indian coal miners, it may possibly be inferred that the combined role of personal factors increased the risk of injury for some occupational hazards such as hand tool-related hazards and machine-related hazards This knowledge may be useful when designing prevention for occupational injury. [less ▲]

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See detailQuality of life social disparities and roles of family and unhealthy behaviours among adolescents.
Chau, Kénora; Kabuth, Bernard; Baumann, Michèle UL

in Psychology & Health (2011), 26(suppl 2), 147

Adolescents’ quality of life determinants include socioeconomic characteristics and unhealthy behaviours. This study explored WHOQOL social disparities and the roles of family structure, income and ... [more ▼]

Adolescents’ quality of life determinants include socioeconomic characteristics and unhealthy behaviours. This study explored WHOQOL social disparities and the roles of family structure, income and unhealthy behaviours. Methods: 1556 middle-school adolescents from north-eastern France completed a self-administered questionnaire measuring WHOQOL domains and other factors. Data were analysed using multiple regression models. Findings: Significantly lower WHOQOL was found for clerk (gender-age-adjusted regression coefficient r 5.8 (SE 1.1)), manual-worker ( 5.7 (1.5)), unemployed/inactive ( 10.3 (1.5)) and other categories ( 1.3 to 3.2), compared with manager families. Controlling for family structure and income highly reduced the r to 2.45 (1.1), 2.3 (1.5), 5.3 (1.6) and 1.5 to 0.89 (NS), respectively. The disparities remained after further controlling for last-month tobacco/alcohol/cannabis uses and lack of sports-physical activity. Similar findings were found for all physical, psychological, social relationships and environment WHOQOL domains. Discussion: WHOQOL disparities are highly explained by family structure, income and unhealthy behaviours that may be prevention targets. [less ▲]

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See detailDay-to-day home caring for a stroke survivor, two-year post-stroke perceived psychosocial impacts for woman caregivers in Luxembourg
Bucki, Barbara UL; Lurbe-Puerto, Katia UL; Baumann, Michèle UL

in Women’s Mental Health (2011)

In the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg (GDL) informal caregivers are increasingly requested to provide daily home care to stroke survivors to avoid institutionalization (Kjellstrom et al. 20071). As this major ... [more ▼]

In the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg (GDL) informal caregivers are increasingly requested to provide daily home care to stroke survivors to avoid institutionalization (Kjellstrom et al. 20071). As this major life event brings upheavals to caregiver-survivor pairs, we aimed to identify and analyse the perceived psychosocial impacts for female caregivers. Method. Over 12 months, with the help of the Social Security, two-years post-stroke survivors were contacted, and 41 women (59,1 years) and 21 men (59,6 years) informal caregivers consented to participate in this cross national survey. Research assistants interviewed them at home, using face-to-face questionnaires, containing: 1) Life Satisfaction (LS) measure in accordance to the European Quality of Life Study (EQLS)2 (scale 0 - 10) ; 2) Caregiver Reaction Assessment 24 assertions (CRA) (Given et al., 19923); 3) 7 questions about the evolution of caregivers’ tasks and responsibilities in the household since the stroke onset. Means and percentages and, a comparison between sexes were estimated using t tests and chi². Results. The LS mean is lower in woman caregivers (6.84 vs. 8.00 male caregivers t = - 2.52). Women appear to be more affected in terms of physical health (33.0 ±22.1 vs. 19.1±20.1 t = 2.06), disrupted schedule (46.7 ±29.7 vs. 26.2 ±18.8 t = 2.54) and lack of family support (39.9 ±24.7 vs. 25.0 ±15.6 t = 2.18). More women responded to feel « tired all the time » (50.0% vs. 12.5% p=0.013) and found « difficult to find time for relaxation » (35.7% vs. 6.3% p=0.030). They admitted “others have dumped caring for their partner onto them” (35.7% vs. 11.8% p=0.078) and had difficulty “to get help from their family” (17.9% vs. 0.0% p = 0.073). Women considered to be more “in charge of the relationships with professionals” (52.0% vs. 6.3% p=0.003) and to “have more household responsibilities” than before the event (37.5% vs 5.9% p=0.020). Less women declared to « enjoy caring for their partner » (67.9% vs. 93.8% p= 0.049). Conclusions. Informal woman caregivers’ LS average (6.84) were one point lower than the indicator in 2007 for the GDL general population (7.85) who participated at the EQLS, near to the EU-27’ one (7.0). Our study showed their psychosocial repercussions them to require gender-based adaptation strategies to perform their caregiving role. Interventions reinforcing women’s health capability could improve their LS. Follow-up qualitative research would help to identify and understand women’s specific needs regarding these capabilities to develop. [less ▲]

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See detailConstruçao de rupturas sociais: pobreza e exclusao social na perspectiva das sociologias
Leandro, M. E.; Baumann, Michèle UL

in Da integracao social. Laços Familiares e Sociais. (2011)

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See detailThe place oof health and the micro-prowers of health professionals in rtenetion centers for unauthorised migrants multi-situated ethnographic research (France-Spain).
Lurbe-Puerto, Katia UL; Baumann, Michèle UL

in Social Relations in Turbulent Times (2011)

This research aimed to identify the place of health in Immigrants Retention Centres (IRC) and analyse the role of the health professionals regarding border control and immigration policies. The current ... [more ▼]

This research aimed to identify the place of health in Immigrants Retention Centres (IRC) and analyse the role of the health professionals regarding border control and immigration policies. The current structures to confine unauthorised migrants seem to address a two-fold issue: the repressive approach to controlling immigration and the increasing set-up of facilities participating in a mode of government centred on national security concern. Method. Ethnographical study was conducted in the Medical Units of a French (capacity: 35 pers.) and a Spanish (150 pers.) ICR for respectively, 9-months with a regularity of 30 half-days of presence every fortnight and 21 continuous days over a 3-weeks period. Qualitative data from observational notes and conversional interviews were triangulated and analysed under the Critical Categorical Content Discourse method, with Atlas.ti support. Findings. Illnesses that could halt deportation were infectious diseases involving treatment requiring a specialized infrastructure (tuberculosis); in France, those whose representation is bound to feelings of fear and disgust (mange) and mental illness that poses a threat to the individual and other persons; in Spain, pregnancy is a reason to allow a release from IRC. Squats are raid when expulsion quotas need to be filled; it accounted for the increased number of substance dependent persons in ICR at that time. Health professionals in IRC confront moral dilemmas. In France, they have a recognised micro-power able to overturn a deportation order: the medical certificate. Discussion. In ensuring healthcare access, they are drawn into the vigilance and control logics of the IRC security regime, despite themselves. Standardization of the medical practices is their main fall back and provides for risks management, which relies on the architecture and the neatness of the space, individual strategies of exception and social relationship that are shaped by a moral economy. The retreat into medical grounds allows keeping things “professional”and helps balance the tension resulting from providing medical care in a space that automatically appears to translate any act into one carried out in compliance with the repressive policy against undesired migration. Institutionalisation of European IRC medical units network is recommended to confront inequalities in care (access and quality). [less ▲]

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See detailOn the collaborative work between psychiatry and social work in developing transcultural capability in mental health care.
Lurbe-Puerto, Katia UL; Baumann, Michèle UL

in Effets psychosociaux de la mondialisation sur la santé mentale. (2011)

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See detailIncreased residual disability among post-stroke survivors, and differences in the repercussions between informal caregivers.
Baumann, Michèle UL; Lurbe-Puerto, Katia UL

in Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation (2011), 18(2), 162-171

Purpose: To analyze the associations between increased residual disability among poststroke survivors and the repercussions for their informal caregivers’ lives, taking into account the latter’s gender ... [more ▼]

Purpose: To analyze the associations between increased residual disability among poststroke survivors and the repercussions for their informal caregivers’ lives, taking into account the latter’s gender and education level. Methods: 215 stroke survivors (64.5 years; 55.8% men) were recruited by one neurologist from each of the 22 French regions. Katz Index of Independence in Activities of Daily Living (Katz ADL) was mean 9.3, and 54% still had impairments in “more than two of the six neurological domains” of the American Heart Association Stroke Outcome Classifi cation (AHA.SOC): motor,sensory, vision, affect, cognition, and language. The 215 caregivers (57.8 years; 72.1% women) completed a face-to-face questionnaire concerning their social (8 items), material (4 items), and emotional (8 items) repercussions. Results: Katz ADL and AHA.SOC were significantly related to social repercussions for caregivers. Lack of autonomy among stroke survivors (low Katz ADL) was associated with the material diffi culties of most concern to caregivers: “I needed to move house” (odds ratio [OR] 1.16; 95% CI, 1.07-1.27) and “I cannot go out anymore” (OR 1.29; 95% CI, 1.16-1.44). Being a male caregiver was strongly associated with a feeling of injustice (OR 2.53; 95% CI, 1.07-6.00). A low educational level was linked to an increased feeling of fear (OR 2.61; 95% CI, 1.05-6.51) and a greater feeling of isolation (OR 6.49; 95% CI, 1.20-35.02). Conclusion: Increased dependency post stroke leads to impoverishment in the caregiver’s social relationships. Evaluating the emotional repercussions, particularly for men, is an important aspect of enabling survivors to continue to live at home.Innovative accompaniment and counseling services should be considered.repercussions for their informal caregivers’ lives, taking account of the latter’s gender and education level. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation-conseil, demarche comprehensive, indicateurs de perception
Amara, Marie-Emmanuelle UL; Baumann, Michèle UL

in Evaluation et enseignement supérieur (2011)

Sous l’impulsion du processus de Bologne, les établissements de l'Espace Européen de l'Enseignement Supérieur mettent en place des systèmes Qualité. Des référentiels d'évaluation communs et des guides ... [more ▼]

Sous l’impulsion du processus de Bologne, les établissements de l'Espace Européen de l'Enseignement Supérieur mettent en place des systèmes Qualité. Des référentiels d'évaluation communs et des guides visent, au nom du processus d'harmonisation, à diffuser les "bonnes pratiques" dans tous les pays participants. Les universités sont sommées d'être productives et d'adopter une gestion rationnelle de l'ensemble de leurs ressources. Ainsi, les programmes sont généralement évalués a posteriori à l'aide d'indicateurs de performance comme les taux de réussite aux examens ou d'insertion professionnelle des diplômés, et la pratique généralisée du benchmarking tend à favoriser l'utilisation de ces statistiques descriptives pour effectuer des comparaisons puis des classements nationaux et internationaux (Shanghai, Times Higher Education). Cependant, certains enseignants et chercheurs souhaitent, dans une perspective holistique, considérer également le bien-être et le développement personnel des étudiants. Le dispositif SQALES, testé auprès d'un échantillon de 282 étudiants belges, luxembourgeois et roumains, propose une approche de l'évaluation novatrice reposant sur de la perception qu'ont les étudiants de leurs compétences relatives à l'employabilité (échelle CRE), de leur santé psychologique (GHQ12) et de leur sentiment d'appartenance à la vie étudiante (échelle d'Identité Sociale d'Etudiant, ISE). Cette évaluation-conseil s'appuie sur une démarche compréhensive qui tient compte du contexte local et implique les bénéficiaires en tant que partenaires du processus décisionnel. Réalisée en cours de cursus, elle permet de prendre en compte "en temps réel" les difficultés rencontrées par les apprenants et d'adapter les curricula à leurs besoins, lesquels évoluent au fil de la formation, en fonction de leur construction identitaire. L'évaluateur n'agit pas en juge, mais encourage la réflexivité des acteurs et des institutions. La recherche d'un consensus concernant les ajustements à réaliser permet de réduire l'écart entre les besoins ressentis et les dispositions prises, décisions dont elle permet d'obtenir une meilleure tolérance et une mise en œuvre facilitée. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychological quality of life and its association with Academic Employability Skills among newly-registered students from three European faculties.
Baumann, Michèle UL; Ionescu, Ion; Chau, Nearkasen

in BMC Psychiatry (2011)

In accord with new European university reforms initiated by the Bologna Process, our objectives were to assess psychological quality of life (QoL) and to analyse its associations with academic ... [more ▼]

In accord with new European university reforms initiated by the Bologna Process, our objectives were to assess psychological quality of life (QoL) and to analyse its associations with academic employability skills (AES) among students from the Faculty of Language, Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education, Walferdange Luxembourg (F1, mostly vocational/applied courses); the Faculty of Social and Human Sciences, Liege, Belgium (F2, mainly general courses); and the Faculty of Social Work, Iasi, Romania (F3, mainly vocational/professional courses). Method: Students who redoubled or who had studied at other universities were excluded. 355 newly-registered first-year students (145 from F1, 125 from F2, and 85 from F3) were invited to complete an online questionnaire (in French, German, English or Romanian) covering socioeconomic data, the AES scale and the QoL-psychological, QoL-social relationships and QoL-environment subscales as measured with the World Health Organisation Quality of Life short-form (WHOQoL-BREF) questionnaire. Analyses included multiple regressions with interactions. Results: QoL-psychological, QoL-social relationships and QoL-environment’ scores were highest in F1 (Luxembourg), and the QoL-psychological score in F2 (Belgium) was the lower. AES score was higher in F1 than in F3 (Romania). A positive link was found between QoL-psychological and AES for F1 (correlation coefficient 0.29, p < 0.01) and F3 (correlation coefficient 0.30, p < 0.05), but the association was negative for F2 (correlation coefficient -0.25, p < 0.01). QoL-psychological correlated positively with QoL-social relationships (regression coefficient 0.31, p < 0.001) and QoL-environment (regression coefficient 0.35, p < 0.001). Conclusions: Psychological quality of life is associated with acquisition of skills that increase employability from the faculties offering vocational/applied/professional courses in Luxembourg and Romania, but not their academically orientated Belgian counterparts. In the context of developing a European Higher Educational Area, these measurements are major indicators that can be used as a guide to promoting programs geared towards counseling, improvement of the social environment, and services to assist with university work and facilitate achievement of future professional projects. Keywords: students WHOQoL-BREF, QoL-psychological, employability, academic skills, QoL-environmental, QoLsocial relationships [less ▲]

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See detailSurvivors, two years post-event, the influence of an unequality of life
Baumann, Michèle UL; Lurbe, Katia UL; Leandro, Maria-Engracia

in Social Relations in Turbulent Times (2011)

Two' years' post)event,' we' described' the' survivors’' life' satisfaction' (LS)' and'Quality'of' Life' (QoL),' the' LS' and'QoL'of' their' caregivers,'and'their'socio)demographic'and'health ... [more ▼]

Two' years' post)event,' we' described' the' survivors’' life' satisfaction' (LS)' and'Quality'of' Life' (QoL),' the' LS' and'QoL'of' their' caregivers,'and'their'socio)demographic'and'health'characteristics.' We'analysed'survivors’'LS'and'its'associations'with'these'determi) nants,'from'a'national'(mainly'urban'society)'survey'in'Luxembourg' (LU)'and'a'Bragança'district'(mainly'rural)' survey' in'the'Northeast' Portugal'(PT).' Over' 18' months' stroke' survivors' (≥18' years)' living' at' home' and' having'given'their'informed'consent'were'contacted.'The'Inspection/ Générale/de/la/Sécurité/Sociale'(LU)'and'the'District'Health'Centre' (PT)'had'previously'listed'all'confirmed'diagnosis'population.'Survi) vors' and' their' main' caregivers' were' interviewed' at' home' with' questionnaires'measuring'LS'(scale'1)10)'and'validated'QoL’'scales:' survivors’' Newcastle' Quality' of' Life' (Newsqol);' Whoqol)Bref' for' caregivers.' Participation'rate'was'26.5%'LU,'38%'PT:'94'LU'(65.5'years)'and'50' PT' (70.1)' survivors;' 62' LU' (59.3)' and' 46' PT' (60.7)' caregivers.' LU' survivors'and'caregivers'had'higher'QoL'scores'than'PT'samples.'PT' survivors' were' more' affected' by' stroke' impacts,' with' significant' differences' in'Newsqol'mobility,' ‘self)care’' (preparing' food,' shop) ping,' transport,' getting' washed,' dressed' and' showed),' feelings' (dependence,' about' oneself,' change' acceptance,' depressive,' of' useless,'loss'of'control'over'life),'and'emotional/status'(more'emo) tional,' sometimes' crying,' short)tempered,' less' tolerant' and' nerv) ous).' Only' PT' survivors' LS'was' linked' to' the' current' neurological' impairments.' Difference' estimates' were' obtained' between' survi) vors’'LS'and'Newsqol'self=care'(regression'coefficient'(rc)')0.28'PT),' caregivers’'LS'(rc')0.63'PT)'and'Whoqol)bref'psychological'(rc')0.67' PT),' environmental' (rc' )0.73' PT),' and' social/ relationship' (rc' )0.91' PT).' LU' survivors’' LS'was' associated'with' all'Newsqol'dimensions;' stronger'links'in'feelings'and'sleep;'none'with'caregivers’'Whoqol) bref.' Survivors''multi)dimensional'QoL'was' predictive' of' their' LS.' LU)PT' differences' recalled' the' idea' of' the' cumulative' effect' throughout' life'of' social' inequalities' in'health' and' highlighted' the' distinct' im) pact' of' living' in' an' urban' society' turned' towards' community' sup) ports'or'a'rural'society'based'on'domestic'care.'In'home'care'set) tings,' survivors’' LS' and' Newsqol' are' patient)centred' markers' for' individual'and'community'interventions.' [less ▲]

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See detailThe configurations of a therapeutic failure with children of marginalised Roma families: for transcultural approach.
Lurbe-Puerto, Katia UL; Baumann, Michèle UL

in Psychology & Health (2011), 26(suppl 2), 165

Background: Alin (born in 1993, Timisoara, Rumania) is the elder son of a Roma family settled for ten years in France, having heavy psychomotor and cognitive deficiencies. Method: Case study of Alin’s ... [more ▼]

Background: Alin (born in 1993, Timisoara, Rumania) is the elder son of a Roma family settled for ten years in France, having heavy psychomotor and cognitive deficiencies. Method: Case study of Alin’s psychotherapeutic trajectory. Findings. Socio-cultural representations of mental handicaps, intrafamilial relationships and personal history are interactive determinants of psychological accompaniment and healthcare provision. Mental healthcare team in charge of Alin misconceived in the relations of care: the central role played by the particular status family network attributes to the person with mental handicap and the articulation between diversity, difference and inequality in the family’s experience of mental handicap and its care. Discussion: In socio-culturally diverse contexts, the quality of relations of care depends on professionals’ capability to develop socio-culturally sensitive and responsive to beneficiaries’ needs psychotherapeutics. Transcultural approach is not effective unless it is integrated to conventional psychological practice, and a collaborative work is settled with the concerned professionals of social work and associative sectors. [less ▲]

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See detailTwo years post-stroke, predictors of survivors’ life satisfaction: common associations between Luxembourg and Portugal.
Baumann, Michèle UL; Lurbe-Puerto, Kàtia UL; Bucki, Barbara UL et al

in Psychology & Health (2011), 26(suppl 2), 90

Two years post-stroke, we analysed the survivors’ LS by looking at its associations with their QoL and their informal caregivers’ QoL and drawing from a national survey in Luxembourg (LU) and a Braganc¸a ... [more ▼]

Two years post-stroke, we analysed the survivors’ LS by looking at its associations with their QoL and their informal caregivers’ QoL and drawing from a national survey in Luxembourg (LU) and a Braganc¸a district survey in Portugal (PT). Method: Face-to-face structured interviews at home. Findings: For LU, the 94 stroke survivors’ LS was linked with all survivors’ Newsqol (Newscstle Stroke-Specific Quality of Life)* dimensions, with strong links for feelings and sleep. No association was observed with their 62 caregivers’ Whoqol-bref domains. For PT, the 50 survivors’ LS was correlated with all Newsqol’ dimensions (except vision) with strong relations for mobility, self-care, feelings and sleep, and with all 46 caregivers’ Whoqol-bref domains (physical, psychological, environmental and social relationships). Discussion: Common associations exist with stronger links for PT. Survivors’ QoL is a predictor of LS which is a useful patient-centred marker for the practice of the psychologists who develop family interventions and counselling programmes. [less ▲]

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See detailAn assessment of the geographical approach to health inequality
Aiach, Pierre; Baumann, Michèle UL

in Critical Public Health (2011), 21(1), 63-69

New interest is being shown in the geographical approach to health inequality at both the research and the service provider level. The scientific and methodological basis of this approach does not take ... [more ▼]

New interest is being shown in the geographical approach to health inequality at both the research and the service provider level. The scientific and methodological basis of this approach does not take into consideration the social structure and the history of the locations/communities under investigation. The analysis of geographical differences must be verified and consideration given to possible variations in internal health inequalities between entities compared. Our approach to health inequalities is based on the theory that social health inequalities are essentially the final product of living conditions and lifestyle taking account of individual and collective history. [less ▲]

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See detailSQALES, Student’s QuAlity of Life and Employability Skills : l’évaluation-conseil au service de l’Université
Amara, Marie-Emmanuelle UL; Baumann, Michèle UL

in Evaluation et enseignement supérieur (2011)

Sous l’impulsion du processus de Bologne, les établissements de l’Espace Européen de l’Enseignement Supérieur mettent en place des systèmes Qualité. Des référentiels d’évaluation communs et des guides ... [more ▼]

Sous l’impulsion du processus de Bologne, les établissements de l’Espace Européen de l’Enseignement Supérieur mettent en place des systèmes Qualité. Des référentiels d’évaluation communs et des guides visent, au nom du processus d’harmonisation, à diffuser les « bonnes pratiques » dans tous les pays participants. Les universités sont sommées d’être productives et d’adopter une gestion rationnelle de l’ensemble de leurs ressources. Ainsi les programmes sont généralement évalués a posteriori à l’aide d’indicateurs de performance comme les taux de réussite aux examens ou d’insertion professionnelle des diplômés, et la pratique généralisée du benchmarking tend à favoriser l’utilisation de ces statistiques descriptives pour effectuer des comparaisons puis des classements nationaux et internationaux (Shanghai, Times Higher Education). Cependant certains enseignants et chercheurs souhaitent, dans une perspective holistique, considérer également le bien-être et le développement personnel des étudiants. Le dispositif SQALES, testé auprès d’un échantillon de 282 étudiants belges, luxembourgeois et roumains, propose une approche de l’évaluation novatrice reposant sur la perception qu’ont les étudiants de leurs compétences relatives à l’employabilité (échelle CRE), de leur santé psychologique (GHQ12) et de leur sentiment d’appartenance à la vie étudiante (échelle d’Identité Sociale d’Étudiant, ISE). Cette évaluation-conseil s’appuie sur une démarche compréhensive qui tient compte du contexte local et implique les bénéficiaires en tant que partenaires du processus décisionnel. Réalisée en cours de cursus, elle permet de prendre en compte en « temps réel » les difficultés rencontrées par les apprenants et d’adapter les curricula à leurs besoins, lesquels évoluent au fil de la formation, en fonction de leur construction identitaire. L’évaluateur n’agit pas en juge, mais encourage la réflexivité des acteurs et des institutions. La recherche d’un consensus concernant les ajustements à réaliser permet de réduire l’écart entre les besoins ressentis et les dispositions prises, décisions dont elle permet d’obtenir une meilleure tolérance et une mise en œuvre facilitée. [less ▲]

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See detailGender and age disparities in the associations of occupational factors with alcohol abuse and smoking in the French working population
Legleye, Stephane; Baumann, Michèle UL

in Revue d'Epidémiologie et de Santé Publique = Epidemiology and Public Health (2011), 59

Background. – This study assessed the associations of short-term employment, physical and psychological occupational demands, and job dissatisfaction with alcohol abuse (using the Audit-C test) and daily ... [more ▼]

Background. – This study assessed the associations of short-term employment, physical and psychological occupational demands, and job dissatisfaction with alcohol abuse (using the Audit-C test) and daily smoking among working French men and women in different age groups. Methods. – The sample included 13,241 working people, 18–29, 30–39, and 40–59-years-old, randomly selected in France and interviewed by phone. Occupation, type of employment, physical demands, psychological demands, job dissatisfaction, gender, age, educational level, and income were considered. Data were analyzed with logistic models. Results. – Alcohol abuse affected 20.4% of men and 7.5% of women; smoking 32.1% and 24.2%, respectively. Their patterns of association with the occupational factors varied with gender and age. Job dissatisfaction was the leading factor among young men (adjusted odds ratio for alcohol abuse and smoking: 1.71 and 2.02), whereas short-term employment was the leading factor among young women (1.69 and 1.58), this pattern being reversed in older generations. The pattern of associations of physical and psychological demands with outcomes is more complex, but overall psychological demands were more important for women (especially the younger ones) than men, especially for smoking (OR > 1.6). Smoking within 5 min after waking was much more common among male and female smokers with these occupational factors, suggesting a potential dependency. Conclusions. – Workers with short-term employment and occupational demands are subject to a higher risk for alcohol abuse and smoking with high gender and age disparities. Gender and age should be considered when designing measures to prevent substance abuse related to occupation. [less ▲]

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See detailSanté et employabilité des étudiants
Amara, Marie-Emmanuelle UL; Baumann, Michèle UL

in Analele Stiintifice ale Universitatii "Alexandru Ioan Cuza". Sectiunea Sociologie si Asistenta Sociala = Scientific Annals of the “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University. Sociology and Social Work Section (2010), (3), 139-153

The main aims of European universities today are to ensure that students have the skills and knowledge (the so called competences) they need, and to prepare them for sustainable employment. This mission ... [more ▼]

The main aims of European universities today are to ensure that students have the skills and knowledge (the so called competences) they need, and to prepare them for sustainable employment. This mission, underpinned by reforms initiated under the umbrella of the Bologna process and the creation of the European Higher Education Area, is central to their activities. In this article, we try to illustrate the changing roles of universities, highlighting the importance of the concept of evolution of competences and reporting the first use of the scale ‘Students' QuAlity of Life and Employability Skills’ (SQALES) among students entering their first year of social sciences study at three universities, one each in Luxembourg, Belgium and Romania. This project shows that evaluation of competences is possible and can even be recommended as a guide to adjusting curricula and to implementing programmes of assistance tailored to identified student needs [less ▲]

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