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See detailGenerations and willingness for intergenerational support
Albert, Isabelle UL

Scientific Conference (2015, September)

The importance of solidarity between family members of different generations has increased in the last years due to unprecedented socio-demographic changes. Family members of different generations share ... [more ▼]

The importance of solidarity between family members of different generations has increased in the last years due to unprecedented socio-demographic changes. Family members of different generations share more common life time than ever before; at the same time, family generations have become smaller. Ageing parents might need support and care at some point in their lives; however, ageing parents also often continue to provide essential support for their adult children. Apparently, expectations of and willingness for mutual support might differ depending on aspects such as social norms, felt obligations or relationship quality, with potential effects on well-being. The present symposium brings together researchers from four different countries (Germany, Luxembourg, Portugal and Switzerland) focusing on several aspects of intergenerational solidarity, taking into account different stages in the family life cycle as well as cross-cultural aspects. First, Boris Mayer and colleagues explore adolescents’ willingness for intergenerational support and its relation to maternal expectations and life satisfaction in a cross-cultural study in 14 diverse cultural contexts. Susana Coimbra and colleagues move on to emerging adulthood, having a closer look at what it means for intergenerational given and received support if emerging adults are already parents themselves. Afterwards, Sabrina Sommer and Heike M. Buhl focus on social norms, family obligations and perceived parental expectations in relation to support by adults to their (healthy and independent) parents. Bina Knöpfli and Pasqualina Perrig-Chiello concentrate then on caregiving motives, filial maturity and well-being in a sample of family caregivers of old parents (who need help). Finally, Isabelle Albert and colleagues take again a cross-cultural look by comparing Luxembourgish and Portuguese migrant families with adult children regarding family cohesion and mutual support, considering also filial anxiety and parental preferences regarding potential future care. Different theoretical approaches will be integrated and discussed, also considering generational status and situational aspects. [less ▲]

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See detailIntergenerationale Wertetransmission im Akkulturationskontext: Ein Vergleich von in Luxemburg lebenden Eltern-Kind-Triaden im Erwachsenenalter
Albert, Isabelle UL; Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL; Murdock, Elke UL et al

Scientific Conference (2015, August 31)

Internationale Mobilität ist heute ein Kernthema vieler Gesellschaften und die Akkulturation von Migranten hat gerade in Europa hohe Bedeutsamkeit erlangt. Hier stellt sich die Frage, inwieweit a ... [more ▼]

Internationale Mobilität ist heute ein Kernthema vieler Gesellschaften und die Akkulturation von Migranten hat gerade in Europa hohe Bedeutsamkeit erlangt. Hier stellt sich die Frage, inwieweit a) Werthaltungen von Einwanderern und Einheimischen sich annähern, b) Werthaltungen im Akkulturationskontext in der Familie von einer Generation an die nächste weitergegeben werden. Die vorliegende Studie befasst sich mit der Werteähnlichkeit von Eltern und erwachsenen Kindern in portugiesischen Immigrantenfamilien in Luxemburg im Vergleich zu luxemburgischen Familien. Im Rahmen der vom FNR geförderten IRMA-Studie wurden mittels eines standardisierten Fragebogens Daten zu Werthaltungen, wahrgenommener intergenerationeller Werteähnlichkeit sowie subjektiver Wichtigkeit der Wertetransmission an N=40 in Luxemburg lebenden portugiesischen sowie N=41 luxemburgischen Vater-Mutter-Kind-Triaden erhoben. Erste Ergebnisse weisen auf eine Angleichung der Werteprofile der portugiesischen Teilnehmer in der zweiten Generation an die Werthaltungen der luxemburgischen Teilnehmer hin. Dennoch bleiben Unterschiede in der Wichtigkeit spezifischer Werthaltungen über beide Generationen erhalten. So schätzen die portugiesischen Kinder und Eltern Sicherheit und Tradition höher ein als die luxemburgischen Teilnehmer. Die Ergebnisse werden vor dem Hintergrund theoretischer Ansätze der intergenerationalen Wertetransmission sowie unter Berücksichtigung intrafamilialer Prozesse der Beziehungsregulation diskutiert. [less ▲]

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See detailHow is parenting and adolescents’ attachment related in diverse cultures?
Lubiewska, Katarzyna; Albert, Isabelle UL; Trommsdorff, Gisela

Scientific Conference (2015, August)

Although parenting warmth is conceived as pan-cultural predictor of child attachment, some studies indicate that the extent of its effect differs across cultures and that in certain contexts attachment ... [more ▼]

Although parenting warmth is conceived as pan-cultural predictor of child attachment, some studies indicate that the extent of its effect differs across cultures and that in certain contexts attachment may be explained better by rejection than acceptance. Referring to an ecological framework, we asked to what extent culture moderates the relation between parenting (acceptance-rejection) and adolescents’ attachment. Our sample consisted of 4246 mothers and their adolescent children interviewed in 14 countries. Generic attachment was indicated by anxiety and avoidance. Results revealed that maternal parenting explained child attachment in general. However, effects on anxiety were moderated by culture. More precisely, in countries where effects of rejection were stronger, effects of acceptance were weaker. Results indicate that in some countries maternal rejection (compared to acceptance) is a stronger (or the only) predictor of adolescents’ anxiety. Results will be discussed in the framework of attachment and culture-informed model of intergenerational relations. [less ▲]

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See detailMulticulturalism in Portuguese Migrants from Luxembourg
Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL; Albert, Isabelle UL; Murdock, Elke UL et al

Scientific Conference (2015, July)

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See detailAgeing and Migration in Europe
Albert, Isabelle UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

Scientific Conference (2015, July)

Ageing and migration have become key topics in Europe today, as a large number of first generation immigrants of the 1970s are currently approaching retirement age in many European countries. Although the ... [more ▼]

Ageing and migration have become key topics in Europe today, as a large number of first generation immigrants of the 1970s are currently approaching retirement age in many European countries. Although the idea of return migration might often be well present in the lives of ageing migrants, an actual permanent return to the country of origin seems to be enacted more seldom by today’s immigrants after retirement. This might be due to several reasons such as social aspects (e.g., family and friends), economic issues or health. It is therefore of prime importance to learn more about the particular needs and resources of older migrants and their families. Ageing migrants face undoubtedly a special situation: The acculturation situation may result in an increased need for social support due to fewer sociocultural resources in the host country; however, they may also have a smaller social network due to difficulties in adapting to the host country. Within migrant families, an acculturation gap between first and second generation might further lead to different expectations regarding intergenerational solidarity and support, and this can have negative effects on well-being of the different family members. Issues of assistance and care for aged migrants will thus be crucial both for the receiving society which has to address issues of diversity, integration and social cohesion, as well as for families which provide still the lion’s share of support for the aged. Policy makers and practitioners are conscious of the increasing importance of these issues, but more research is needed in order to improve the provisions of age-specific services and assistance for ageing migrants and their families. The present symposium aims to put issues of migration and ageing on the agenda and to raise the awareness of these hot topics in today’s society. It brings together leading researchers in the field of ageing and migration from four different European countries which are characterized by a large share of immigrants in their population, namely UK, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and Switzerland. Contributions will focus on different, country specific immigrant (and national) groups, examining aspects of ethnic identity and multiculturalism, intergenerational relations, social networks, support and care as well as different aspects of well-being in the context of acculturation. Both quantitative and qualitative methodologies will be applied. The presented studies will be discussed with respect to similarities and differences between immigrant groups and different acculturation contexts, and implications for policies regarding ageing and migration in Europe will be considered. Further, lacks in current knowledge will be addressed and suggestions for future research activities will be presented. [less ▲]

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See detailRegulation of intergenerational family relations between adult children and their ageing parents in the context of migration
Albert, Isabelle UL; Barros Coimbra, Stéphanie UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

Scientific Conference (2014, September)

In the next years, many western societies will be confronted with specific challenges regarding ageing migrants, since an unprecedented number of first generation immigrants are approaching retirement age ... [more ▼]

In the next years, many western societies will be confronted with specific challenges regarding ageing migrants, since an unprecedented number of first generation immigrants are approaching retirement age. Until now, only few studies have concentrated on the regulation of intergenerational family relations of older migrants and their adult children, although migrant families at this stage of the life span might be confronted with very special tasks. In general, the acculturation situation may result in an increased need for intergenerational support due to a smaller social network or fewer sociocultural resources in the host country. Depending on the time spent in the host country, an acculturation gap between the first and the second generation might appear leading to different expectations regarding intergenerational solidarity or to ambivalences, which can affect well-being of family members. The present study will concentrate on two key issues regarding the regulation of adult family relations, first the balancing of autonomy and closeness - a major developmental task in adolescence and emerging adulthood that remains important over the whole life span -, and second the regulation of support exchange and reciprocity that might gain special importance between adult children and their ageing parents. The study reported here is based on a pilot study with n = 31 Luxembourgish and n = 20 Portuguese immigrant mother-daughter-dyads in adolescence and young adulthood. Here we found an acculturation gap between Portuguese mothers and daughters regarding felt obligations toward family members that had a particularly high salience for Portuguese mothers. Further, differences between Luxembourgish and Portuguese families were found in patterns of social support (see Albert, Michels, & Ferring, 2013). The present study will implement a cross-cultural comparison of altogether N = 120 Portuguese and Luxembourgish triads of older parents and their adult children, both living in the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg. The study addresses three specific research questions: Firstly, we will examine similarities and differences in family values and internalized norms of older parents and their adult children that may indicate a generational gap. Secondly, we will examine how intergenerational relations are regulated with respect to mutual expectations in migrant compared to non-migrant families and if this indicates an acculturation gap. Finally, we will explore how these aspects are related to relationship quality and subjective well-being (SWB) of all involved family members. Results will be discussed in the framework of an integrative model of intergenerational family relations in the light of migration and ageing that might serve as a heuristic to explain similarities and differences between and within cultural groups in adult child-parent relations. [less ▲]

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See detailIntergenerational relations between adult children and their older parents: A comparison between host nationals and Portuguese immigrants in Luxembourg
Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL; Albert, Isabelle UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

Poster (2014, September)

Migration and ageing have become key topics of the contemporary world. In the next years, many western countries will be confronted with specific challenges of an ageing society. Among these, the ... [more ▼]

Migration and ageing have become key topics of the contemporary world. In the next years, many western countries will be confronted with specific challenges of an ageing society. Among these, the situation of older migrants is of particular interest in many European countries. Only few studies have, however, focused the relationship quality between adult children and their ageing parents in host national compared to immigrant families. Within this context, expectations of different generations towards one another may be of specific importance. As ageing parents approach a critical period of their life span, they may in general more likely experience a need for intergenerational support and solidarity and develop specific expectations about support exchange. These expectations may be challenged when families migrate from a culture of interdependence to a culture of independence, since cultural contact might lead to core changes in value orientations. As these changes are often more pronounced in the second generation than in the first, a generation gap between ageing parents and their adult children might result out of this process. A major question in this context refers to mutual expectations and obligations between family members of different generations as far as emotional and financial support are concerned. Adult children from immigrant families might, for instance, be subject to the experience of ambivalent or conflictual feelings regarding the desire to become independent from their parents; at the same time, they may feel the urge to conform to parental expectations or to support their parents in accordance to the values of their parents’ culture of origin. However, older parents may also undergo changes in their perception of intergenerational support and lower their expectations in the process of acculturation. In the present study, a cross-cultural comparison between Luxemburgish and Portuguese triads of adult children and their older parents living in Luxembourg (N = 120) will be realized. We will focus on different key issues regarding intergenerational family relations between first and second generations of host nationals and immigrants. One of the main issues will be to examine interdependent and independent self-construals comparing both cultural groups and both generations, presuming that there might be an intergenerational or an acculturation gap. Another research question concerns the potential consequences of divergent expectations about support and solidarity between family members of different generations, such as ambivalent or conflictual feelings. Finally, we will analyse in how far changes in the ideas about intergenerational relations might have affected and be affected by the life-long goal pursuit of older parents of both cultural groups. Results will be discussed within the framework of an integrative model of intergenerational family relations in the light of migration and ageing, which will be presented as a heuristic to explain similarities and differences in adult child-parent relationships by comparing two culturally different groups. [less ▲]

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See detailInvited Symposium on Intergenerational family relations and migration from a life span perspective
Albert, Isabelle UL; Barros Coimbra, Stéphanie UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

Scientific Conference (2014, September)

Due to important socio-demographic changes of the last decades, intergenerational family relations are a highly important topic in the public discourse and in research. These changes refer to phenomena at ... [more ▼]

Due to important socio-demographic changes of the last decades, intergenerational family relations are a highly important topic in the public discourse and in research. These changes refer to phenomena at different stages in the family life cycle – such as, for instance, the younger generations’ postponed transitions to adulthood including longer training times and longer financial dependencies from parents, as well as growing life expectancies and the related issues of elder care. In light of increasing migration and mobility in Europe, these issues become highly important also with regard to acculturation. However, research so far has only seldom taken a larger perspective on these issues by combining views on different stages in the life span and in the context of migration. The present symposium aims therefore to shed light on intergenerational family relations and migration at different stages in the family life cycle. Starting with the relations between adolescents and their parents, the first contribution by Colette Sabatier and Virginie Avezou-Boutry (France) concentrates on the dual process of enculturation (ethnic and French) of Moroccan second-generation adolescents living in France. Three different identity patterns of adolescents are described both with regard to transmission and maintenance of the culture of origin in migrant families, as well as host national enculturation. Adolescents’ identity patterns do not only differ with respect to diverse criteria of acculturation and mother’s identity, but also with respect to the family climate and levels of mother-child conflicts. The second paper by Susana Coimbra and colleagues (Portugal) focusses on the next stage in intergenerational relations, namely between emerging adults and their parents. Several factors that may enhance functional solidarity in families are explored, showing that the most important predictor of intergenerational solidarity is relationship satisfaction. Furthermore, results provide additional support for the assumption that solidarity patterns may – under certain conditions - be transmitted from one generation to the next within families. Third, Isabelle Albert and colleagues (Luxembourg) move one step further in the family life cycle, by concentrating on two key issues in the relations between adult children and their ageing parents: the balancing of autonomy and relatedness as well as the regulation of support exchange and reciprocity, in Portuguese migrant and native families in Luxembourg. Continuing the lines of reasoning of the two preceding contributions, this study focuses on similarities and differences in identity constructions of adult children and their parents as well as on aspects of intergenerational support exchange as perceived by both groups. To conclude, Jaan Valsiner and colleagues (Denmark) draw a more general view on the regulation of relations in family networks, considering different generations as well as the geographical distribution of wider family networks. The contribution focuses peripheral communication patterns (PCP) and their roles in constituting developmental contexts over the life course and as a source of family members’ well-being. [less ▲]

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See detailIntergenerational relations between older parents and their adult children: Effect on subjective well-being
Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL; Albert, Isabelle UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

Poster (2014, August)

In the near future, many western nations will be confronted with specific issues regarding ageing populations and their physical and psychological well-being. Ageing persons might experience a greater ... [more ▼]

In the near future, many western nations will be confronted with specific issues regarding ageing populations and their physical and psychological well-being. Ageing persons might experience a greater need for intergenerational support and solidarity, especially in the context of migration. The acculturation process may entail an increased intergenerational gap possibly leading to conflicts and ambivalences between family members. This might in turn cause a diminished feeling of their well-being. A cross-cultural comparison is envisaged between Luxemburgish and Portuguese triads of adult children and their older parents living in Luxembourg (N = 120). Participants will report on their mutual relationship quality and subjective well-being by using a standardized questionnaire. Similitudes and differences in mutual expectations of the participants as well as the effects of an intergenerational gap in ideas about intergenerational solidarity on relationship quality and on subjective well-being (SWB) of family members will be examined. Results will be discussed regarding the relevance of intergenerational family relations for subjective well-being in the light of migration and ageing. [less ▲]

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See detailAcculturation strategies of young immigrants of Moroccan and Portuguese origin in Belgium: The perception of young Belgian natives.
Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL; Albert, Isabelle UL; Ferring, Dieter UL et al

Poster (2014, July)

The concept of acculturation refers to cultural and psychological changes resulting from the contact between members of multiple cultures. According to Berry (1997), individuals display different ... [more ▼]

The concept of acculturation refers to cultural and psychological changes resulting from the contact between members of multiple cultures. According to Berry (1997), individuals display different attitudes and behaviours in the process of acculturation. Earlier studies have shown that members of host societies and immigrants often prefer the integration strategy, which seems to have most positive outcomes for both host nationals and immigrant communities. The aim of the present study was to analyse the perceptions and preferences of Belgians regarding the acculturation stratégies displayed by two immigrant communities in Belgium, namely Portuguese and Moroccan. A sample of N = 120 Belgian students between the ages of 18 and 29 living in Brussels participated in the present study. Participants were randomly assigned to six different groups of n = 20 persons each: these were presented with six scenarios that differed by a combination of one of Berry’s acculturation strategies (separation, integration and assimilation) with one of two origins of the main character (Portuguese or Moroccan). Participants then filled out a standardized questionnaire measuring their degree of agreement and disagreement to different statements with regard to the displayed acculturation strategy. Analyses showed that Belgian natives rather appreciated integration strategies by immigrants (i.e. conservation of the cultural identity and an appropriation of the host culture’s values at the same time) to assimilation (i.e. own-culture desistance while seeking daily interaction with the majority) or separation strategies (i.e. maintenance of the heritage culture while rejecting contact with the host culture). Furthermore, Belgian participants expressed slightly more positive feelings toward young Portuguese immigrants compared to young Moroccan immigrants, which might be due to a smaller cultural distance between the former two cultures. No interaction effects between displayed acculturation strategy and cultural origin of the scenario’s main character were found. Results are discussed within the framework of Berry’s acculturation strategy model as well as referring to theories of similarity and attraction. [less ▲]

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See detailIntergenerational family relations in Luxembourg: Adult children and their ageing parents in migrant and non-migrant families
Albert, Isabelle UL; Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

Poster (2014, July)

Most studies in the context of acculturation research have focused on family relations between first generation parents and their second generation children in adolescence, but less is known about ... [more ▼]

Most studies in the context of acculturation research have focused on family relations between first generation parents and their second generation children in adolescence, but less is known about immigrant families at later stages in the family life cycle. As first generation immigrants are currently approaching retirement age in many Western European countries, the question of how parent-child relations in adulthood are regulated, gains - however - particular importance. Older migrants and their adult children might be confronted with very special tasks compared to families without migration background. In general, first generation parents might need higher intergenerational support from their adult children due to a smaller social network in the host country or due to fewer sociocultural resources such as language competences. There might also be an acculturation gap between parents and their adult children regarding different identity constructions, value orientations, norms and expectations with regard to intergenerational solidarity and support. These differences in expectations and beliefs might affect relationship quality between the family members from different generations as well as their well-being. In the present study, a cross-cultural comparison of altogether N = 120 Portuguese and Luxembourgish triads of older parents and their adult children, both living in the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg, is envisaged. The aims of the study are, firstly to examine similarities and differences in family values, internalized norms and mutual expectations of older parents and their adult children in migrant and non-migrant families; secondly, to analyze in how far an acculturation gap respectively a generation gap might have an impact on the relationship quality between parents and their adult children; thirdly and related to this, to explore subjective well-being (SWB) of all involved family members. Results will be discussed in the framework of an integrative model of intergenerational family relations in the light of migration and ageing. This model will be proposed as a heuristic to explain similarities and differences in adult child-parent relations in migrant and non-migrant families. [less ▲]

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See detailWorkshop on AMBIVALENCE IN INTERGENERATIONAL FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS: New Perspectives on Methodology
Valsiner, Jaan; Albert, Isabelle UL

Scientific Conference (2014, June)

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See detailIntroduction to the Special Issue Growing up in a multicultural society
Albert, Isabelle UL

in EARA Newsletter - European Association of Research on Adolescence (2014)

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See detailGrowing up in a multicultural society
Albert, Isabelle UL

in EARA Newsletter - European Association of Research on Adolescence (2014)

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See detailThe Role of Culture in Social Development Over the Life Span: An Interpersonal Relations Approach
Albert, Isabelle UL; Trommsdorff, Gisela

in Online Readings in Psychology and Culture (2014), 6(2),

This article aims to illustrate the role of culture for individual development throughout the life span. First, theoretical approaches how culture affects the ontogenesis is presented, starting from early ... [more ▼]

This article aims to illustrate the role of culture for individual development throughout the life span. First, theoretical approaches how culture affects the ontogenesis is presented, starting from early anthropological to recent eco-cultural and culture-informed approaches. Then, culture-specific conceptualizations of development over the life span are discussed, focusing on development in childhood, adolescence, adulthood, and old age. Finally, we concentrate on selected areas of social development and report on recent studies on subjective theories, transmissions of values, and intergenerational relations. These studies are discussed as aspects of a more extended interpersonal relations approach to development within culture. [less ▲]

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See detailLanguage use and value orientations in multinational work teams in Luxembourg: Conflict or harmony?
Voss, Jil; Albert, Isabelle UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

in International Journal of Intercultural Relations [=IJIR] (2014), 41

Due to globalization and international expansion of enterprises, cultural diversity in the workplace becomes more and more frequent. The present study focuses on two key issues regarding multinational ... [more ▼]

Due to globalization and international expansion of enterprises, cultural diversity in the workplace becomes more and more frequent. The present study focuses on two key issues regarding multinational work teams: language use and differences in value orientations of the employees of different cultural backgrounds and their potential effects on perception of team conflicts and team atmosphere. Results showed a relation between the perception of difficulties due to language use and the perception of conflicts in the team. Also, the difference between own and estimated value orientations of colleagues was positively related to the perception of conflicts and negatively to the evaluation of the team atmosphere. [less ▲]

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See detailAmbivalenz in Eltern-Kind-Beziehungen im Jugendalter: Direkte und indirekte Messung
Albert, Isabelle UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

Scientific Conference (2013, September)

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