References of "Albert, Isabelle 50000108"
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See detailIndependence and Interdependence Values in Changing Societies: A Three-Generation Comparative Study in Estonia, Germany, and Russia
Tõugu, Pirko; Tulviste, Tiia; Kasearu, Kairi et al

in Studies of Transition States and Societies (2017), 9(2), 41-58

Independent and interdependent self-construal values of three generations and the intergenerational similarity of self-construal was compared in three countries. The participants were 837 adolescents ... [more ▼]

Independent and interdependent self-construal values of three generations and the intergenerational similarity of self-construal was compared in three countries. The participants were 837 adolescents, their mothers (227 from Russia, 311 from Germany, and 299 from Estonia) and 293 maternal grandmothers. In Germany, all three generations displayed higher scores on independence than participants from other countries. Russian participants had higher scores on interdependence compared to participants from other countries. Adolescents scored significantly higher on the interdependent self-construal than the two older generations, and higher than the mothers’ generation on the independent self-construal. Grandmothers’ self-construal was related to mothers’ in all three countries. In Germany and Estonia, mothers’ interdependent self-construal was related to adolescents’ interdependent self-construal. Grandmothers’ (but not mothers’) independent self-construal predicted adolescents’ independent self-construal. The results are discussed in light of the Family Change Theory and the different roles the participants have. [less ▲]

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See detailFamily cultures in the context of migration and ageing
Albert, Isabelle UL; Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL

in Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science (2017), 51(2), 205-222

Intergenerational family relations are embedded in family cultures which influence how families regulate their relations over the whole life span with regard to key issues, such as autonomy and ... [more ▼]

Intergenerational family relations are embedded in family cultures which influence how families regulate their relations over the whole life span with regard to key issues, such as autonomy and relatedness, or support exchange and reciprocity, and which may vary inter- and intraculturally. Migrant families undoubtedly face a special situation as values and expectations from the culture of origin and from the host cultural context might differ. Not much is known yet about how migrant families adapt their family cultures to the host cultural context. The present article will focus on aspects of intergenerational family regulation by taking into account family cultures of migrant compared to non-migrant families in a life span perspective. We will illustrate our theoretical outline by presenting first results from the IRMA-study comparing Luxembourgish and Portuguese immigrant families living in Luxembourg. We focus on issues of family cohesion, enmeshment and normative expectations regarding adult children’s support for their ageing parents, by drawing both on quantitative questionnaire as well as qualitative interview data. Implications for the experience of ambivalence and conflicts as well as well-being of family members from both generations will be discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailIntergenerational Family Relations over the Life Course
Albert, Isabelle UL

Presentation (2016, May 23)

The present course will focus on intergenerational family relations over the life-span from the perspective of developmental psychology. In the first section, we will have a closer look at central ... [more ▼]

The present course will focus on intergenerational family relations over the life-span from the perspective of developmental psychology. In the first section, we will have a closer look at central definitions, models and concepts from life-span developmental psychology–for instance, life-span models of development, structuring the life course, developmental tasks, normative and non-normative life events, and the concept of generation. In the second part, we will focus on key concepts in the study of intergenerational family relations, such as intergenerational solidarity, conflict and ambivalence. Further, specific research evidence regarding intergenerational relations over the life span (including adolescent-parent, adult child-parent as well as grandchild-grandparent relations) will be presented and discussed, also taking into account cross-cultural aspects and intergenerational relations in the context of migration. [less ▲]

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See detailAdult Child-Parent Relations in the Context of Migration
Albert, Isabelle UL

Presentation (2016, April 07)

Ageing and migration have become key issues in many European countries today, as a large number of first generation immigrants of the 1970s are currently approaching retirement age. In this context, also ... [more ▼]

Ageing and migration have become key issues in many European countries today, as a large number of first generation immigrants of the 1970s are currently approaching retirement age. In this context, also questions regarding the intergenerational relations and intergenerational solidarity between first generation parents and their adult children - who have grown up in the host country - have gained high importance. Although the idea of return migration might often be well present in the lives of ageing migrants, an actual permanent return to the country of origin seems to be enacted more seldom, especially when the own children have settled down permanently in the receiving country. It is therefore of prime importance to learn more about the particular needs and resources of older migrants and their families. Ageing migrants face undoubtedly a special situation: The acculturation situation may result in an increased need for social support due to fewer sociocultural resources in the host country. Within migrant families, an acculturation gap between first and second generation might further lead to different expectations regarding intergenerational solidarity and support, and this can cause intergenerational strain and have negative effects on well-being of the different family members. The present training session will address issues of relationship quality (such as solidarity, conflict, ambivalence) as well as aspects of intergenerational value transmission between ageing first generation parents and their adult children in the context of migration. Both theoretical considerations as well as results from a recent study on Portuguese immigrant families in Luxembourg (IRMA – Intergenerational Relations in the Light of Migration and Ageing, funded by the Fonds National de la Recherche Luxembourg) will be presented and discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailIntroduction to the Special Issue on “Aging and Migration in Europe”
Albert, Isabelle UL; Ferring, Dieter UL; Lang, Frieder R.

in GeroPsych: Journal of Gerontopsychology and Geriatric Psychiatry (2016), 29(2), 53-55

Aging and migration have become key issues in many European societies today, as an unprecedented number of first-generation immigrants of the big immigration waves of the 1960s and 1970s are currently ... [more ▼]

Aging and migration have become key issues in many European societies today, as an unprecedented number of first-generation immigrants of the big immigration waves of the 1960s and 1970s are currently approaching retirement age. This special issue on aging and migration serves to raise the awareness on this important topic in modern societies. It brings together researchers in aging and migration from four different European countries characterized by a large share of immigrants in their population, namely, the UK, Estonia, Denmark, and Luxembourg. [less ▲]

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See detailIntergenerationelle Ambivalenz in Eltern-Kind-Beziehungen im Jugend- und jungen Erwachsenenalter: Theoretische Reflexionen und Möglichkeiten der quantitativen Analyse
Albert, Isabelle UL; Steinhoff, Annekatrin

in Zeitschrift für Soziologie der Erziehung und Sozialisation = Journal for Sociology of Education and Socialization (2016), 36(2), 178-194

With reference to various theoretical approaches and empirical studies that focus on parent-child relationships, we describe the relevance of ambivalence experiences for processes of relationship ... [more ▼]

With reference to various theoretical approaches and empirical studies that focus on parent-child relationships, we describe the relevance of ambivalence experiences for processes of relationship formation and identity development during adolescence and young adulthood. We outline the desideratum of an (process-oriented) investigation of ambivalences during these stages of life. Based on this background, we discuss the options and implications of direct and indirect measures of ambivalences, followed by the various analytic strategies used in quantitative ambivalence re-search. [less ▲]

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See detailFuture plans and the regulation of well-being of older Portuguese immigrants in Luxembourg
Albert, Isabelle UL; Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

in Social Inquiry into Well-Being (2016), 2(1), 70-78

Ageing and migration have become key issues in many European countries, as an unprecedented number of first generation immigrants are currently approaching retirement age. A permanent return to the ... [more ▼]

Ageing and migration have become key issues in many European countries, as an unprecedented number of first generation immigrants are currently approaching retirement age. A permanent return to the country of origin seems to be enacted more seldom after retirement than initially envisaged, a phenomenon referred to as “myth of return”. Instead, a third alternative seems to gain interest for ageing migrants, namely commuting between host country and country of origin. The present paper addresses future plans regarding preferred country of residence after retirement and the regulation of well-being of middle-aged and older first generation immigrants. The sample included N = 109 Portuguese first generation immigrants (49.5% female; average age: M = 55.35, SD = 7.42) who had been living in Luxembourg for about M = 30.69 (SD = 8.55) years. Analyses show that only one-fifth of participants plan to return to Portugal, whereas almost one-half prefer to stay in Luxembourg, one-quarter choose to commute, the remainder still being undecided. No differences in life-satisfaction were found, but those who plan to return used fewer self-regulatory strategies compared to those who want to stay or commute; in the STAY group, positive reappraisal strategies were related most strongly to their life-satisfaction, whereas for those who plan to commute both primary and secondary control were beneficial. Interestingly, lowering aspirations was positively related with life-satisfaction for those who plan to return to their country of origin after retirement. Results are discussed taking into consideration aspects of integration and migration experiences over the life-span. [less ▲]

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See detailSpecial Issue on Aging and Migration in Europe
Albert, Isabelle UL

in GeroPsych: Journal of Gerontopsychology and Geriatric Psychiatry (2016), 29(2),

Europe is experiencing demographic and social challenges unprecedented in its history. Migration flows, though not a new phenomenon, represent one of these challenges. Migration as the movement of social ... [more ▼]

Europe is experiencing demographic and social challenges unprecedented in its history. Migration flows, though not a new phenomenon, represent one of these challenges. Migration as the movement of social and national groups within as well as into Europe includes several motivations and objectives. Depending on these motivations, migrants are considered as welcome asset or as not-wanted claiming benefits of the national social security systems. What can we learn from earlier migration waves? Currently, a large number of first-generation immigrants of the big immigration waves of the 1960s and 1970s are approaching retirement age in many European countries. Contrary to earlier expectations, studies have shown that only a part of these aging migrants return to their countries of origin after retirement, whereas a larger part decides to stay permanently in the receiving country or to commute between both countries. Growing old in the context of migration has thus become a hot topic for many societies. Based on research from several European countries with large shares of immigrants, namely UK, Estonia, Denmark and Luxembourg, the special issue aging and migration focuses on some key questions regarding aging migrants. For instance, what do we know about cultural and ethnic identities of older migrants and how these are related to their transnational family relationships? How can social networks and intergenerational family solidarity of older migrants be described? What are specifics of care in the context of acculturation? The present contributions give some first answers to these questions, taking also into account how subjective well-being of aging migrants and their families might be enhanced. [less ▲]

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See detailIntergenerational Family Relations in Luxembourg: Adult Children and their Ageing Parents in Migrant and Non-Migrant Families
Albert, Isabelle UL; Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

in Roland-Lévy, Christine; Denoux, P.; Voyer, B. (Eds.) et al Unity, diversity and culture: Research and Scholarship Selected from the 22nd Congress of the International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology (2016)

Whereas most studies in the context of acculturation research have focused so far on family relations between first generation parents and their second generation children in adolescence, the present ... [more ▼]

Whereas most studies in the context of acculturation research have focused so far on family relations between first generation parents and their second generation children in adolescence, the present study draws its attention on immigrant families at later stages in the family life cycle. This study is part of the FNR-funded project on “Intergenerational Relations in the Light of Migration and Ageing – IRMA” in which a cross-cultural comparison of altogether N = 120 Portuguese and Luxembourgish triads of older parents and their adult children, both living in the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg, is envisaged. The aims of this project are, firstly to examine similarities and differences in family values, internalized norms and mutual expectations of older parents and their adult children in migrant and non-migrant families; secondly, to analyze in how far an acculturation gap respectively a generation gap might have an impact on the relationship quality between parents and their adult children; thirdly and related to this, to explore subjective well-being (SWB) of all involved family members. Results are discussed in the framework of an integrative model of intergenerational family relations in the light of migration and ageing. [less ▲]

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See detailAltern in Luxembourg: Portugiesische Migrantinnen und Migranten in Luxembourg
Albert, Isabelle UL; Karl, Ute UL; Ramos, Anne Carolina UL

in Forum für Politik, Gesellschaft und Kultur in Luxemburg (2016), 363

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See detailAcculturation strategies of young immigrants living in Belgium: The view of young Belgian nationals
Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL; Albert, Isabelle UL; Ferring, Dieter UL et al

in Roland-Lévi, Christine; Denoux, Patrick; Voyer, Benjamin (Eds.) et al Unity, diversity and culture. Proceedings from the 22nd Congress of the International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology (2016)

In contemporary society, migration has become a key topic. According to Berry (1997), individuals might display different attitudes and behaviors in the process of acculturation, defined as cultural and ... [more ▼]

In contemporary society, migration has become a key topic. According to Berry (1997), individuals might display different attitudes and behaviors in the process of acculturation, defined as cultural and psychological changes resulting from the direct contact among members of multiple cultures. Whereas most research has concentrated on the acculturation strategies of immigrants, the aim of this study is to focus on the preferences of members of the receiving society. In particular, we analyze which strategy young Belgians consider the most suitable for immigrants to adopt, using a sample of Belgian students between the ages of 18 and 29 years living in Brussels. We account for several variables to shed light on the important aspects of intergroup relationships between host nationals and immigrants. [less ▲]

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See detailPast Experiences and Future Orientations of Portuguese Immigrants in Luxembourg
Albert, Isabelle UL; Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

Scientific Conference (2015, November 18)

In the next years Luxembourg will be confronted with an unprecedented number of older persons with migrant background. The present study has the aim to 1) explore the migration experiences and future ... [more ▼]

In the next years Luxembourg will be confronted with an unprecedented number of older persons with migrant background. The present study has the aim to 1) explore the migration experiences and future plans of Portuguese immigrants in Luxembourg who are close to retirement age, and 2) to compare them to their Luxembourgish counterparts regarding future orientations and preferences for control strategies. The sample included n = 94 Portuguese first generation immigrants (52.1% female; average age: M = 57.05, SD = 6.84) and n = 102 Luxembourgish nationals (56.3% female, average age: M = 56.87, SD = 7.39). Preliminary results show that the majority of Portuguese immigrants plan to stay in Luxembourg after retirement. Regarding control strategies, Portuguese compared to Luxembourgish participants scored higher on lowering aspirations. Also, different correlational patterns between control strategies and future orientations were found. Results will be discussed taking into consideration cross-cultural differences and migration experiences. [less ▲]

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See detailCulture, Migration and Aging: European Perspectives
Albert, Isabelle UL

Scientific Conference (2015, November 18)

In the next years, a large number of first generation immigrants of the 1970s will approach retirement age in many European countries. As a permanent return to the country of origin seems to be enacted ... [more ▼]

In the next years, a large number of first generation immigrants of the 1970s will approach retirement age in many European countries. As a permanent return to the country of origin seems to be enacted more seldom by today’s immigrants after retirement than in the past, aging and migration have become key issues in many receiving societies. The present symposium has the aim to address the impact of earlier migration experiences and further life choices on the process of aging and in particular on well-being of older immigrants, and to identify particular needs and resources of older migrants and their families. It brings together researchers from four different European countries which are characterized by a large share of immigrants in their population, namely Germany, UK, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg. Contributions focus on several country specific immigrant (and national) groups, and different life domains are addressed (the situation of older workers; the roles of ethnic identity, acculturative stress, social networks and family relations for different aspects of well-being; future plans and preferences of immigrants regarding future care arrangements). Both quantitative and qualitative methodologies are applied. The presented studies will be integrated with respect to similarities and differences between immigrant groups and acculturation contexts, and it will be discussed how Europe-specific findings might be transferable to the US context. Implications for policies regarding aging and migration will be considered. Further, lacks in current knowledge will be addressed and suggestions for future research activities will be presented. [less ▲]

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See detailThe roles of religiosity and affluence for adolescents’ family orientation: Multilevel analyses of 18 cultures
Mayer, Boris; Trommsdorff, Gisela; Friedlmeier, Mihaela et al

in Italian Journal of Sociology of Education (2015), 7(3), 47-88

Recent sociological and psychological debates concern the nature of the relation between changing religious beliefs and changing significance of the family. The current study analyzes multilevel relations ... [more ▼]

Recent sociological and psychological debates concern the nature of the relation between changing religious beliefs and changing significance of the family. The current study analyzes multilevel relations between religiosity (personal and culture-level) and several aspects of family orientation for n = 4902 adolescents from 18 nations/areas from diverse cultural contexts covering a number of religious denominations with data from the Value-of-Children-Study (Trommsdorff & Nauck, 2005). In addition, cultural values from the World Values Survey representing religious versus secular values as well as survival versus self-expression values are examined at the cultural level of analysis as a joint effect with nation-level economic development. Results showed that religiosity/religious values were positively related to all aspects of adolescents’ family orientation at the individual as well as the cultural level, while societal affluence was only related to a loss of importance of the traditional and hierarchical aspects of family orientation. Postmaterialist self-expression values were unrelated to adolescents’ family orientation. [less ▲]

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See detailExpectations of mutual support and care in the light of migration
Albert, Isabelle UL; Ferring, Dieter UL; Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL et al

Scientific Conference (2015, September 08)

As first generation immigrants are currently approaching retirement age in many European countries, intergenerational solidarity within the context of acculturation gains high importance. However, most ... [more ▼]

As first generation immigrants are currently approaching retirement age in many European countries, intergenerational solidarity within the context of acculturation gains high importance. However, most research on intergenerational relations in ageing families so far has not drawn special attention to migrant families. The aim of the present study was to investigate similarities and differences in the expectations about intergenerational support in a sample of n = 48 Luxembourgish (68.8% female) and n = 36 Portuguese (60.5% female) adult children and at least one of their parents. Luxembourgish adult children were on average M = 25.90 (SD = 5.74) years old, Portuguese M = 27.28 (SD = 6.49). A total of 58.3% of Portuguese adult children were born in Luxembourg; the remainder was born in Portugal but had grown up in Luxembourg. For all participants, both parents were still alive and were living in the Grand-Duchy. Whereas Luxembourgish and Portuguese adult children did not differ regarding family cohesion and expected support from parents toward children, Portuguese participants reported higher expectations of support from adult children toward their ageing parents. More Portuguese than Luxembourgish parents indicated they would like to live with their children in case of need, whereas more Luxembourgish parents preferred to live in a residential home. Nonetheless, no differences between adult children of both national groups were found regarding filial anxiety about future care of parents. Results are discussed in the framework of an integrative model on intergenerational family relations in the light of migration and ageing. This model takes several aspects into account that might have an impact on different needs, tasks and resources of the individual and the family depending on different family cultures, the larger cultural context in which family relations are embedded as well as significant events over the life-span (such as migration history). [less ▲]

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See detailGenerations and willingness for intergenerational support
Albert, Isabelle UL

Scientific Conference (2015, September)

The importance of solidarity between family members of different generations has increased in the last years due to unprecedented socio-demographic changes. Family members of different generations share ... [more ▼]

The importance of solidarity between family members of different generations has increased in the last years due to unprecedented socio-demographic changes. Family members of different generations share more common life time than ever before; at the same time, family generations have become smaller. Ageing parents might need support and care at some point in their lives; however, ageing parents also often continue to provide essential support for their adult children. Apparently, expectations of and willingness for mutual support might differ depending on aspects such as social norms, felt obligations or relationship quality, with potential effects on well-being. The present symposium brings together researchers from four different countries (Germany, Luxembourg, Portugal and Switzerland) focusing on several aspects of intergenerational solidarity, taking into account different stages in the family life cycle as well as cross-cultural aspects. First, Boris Mayer and colleagues explore adolescents’ willingness for intergenerational support and its relation to maternal expectations and life satisfaction in a cross-cultural study in 14 diverse cultural contexts. Susana Coimbra and colleagues move on to emerging adulthood, having a closer look at what it means for intergenerational given and received support if emerging adults are already parents themselves. Afterwards, Sabrina Sommer and Heike M. Buhl focus on social norms, family obligations and perceived parental expectations in relation to support by adults to their (healthy and independent) parents. Bina Knöpfli and Pasqualina Perrig-Chiello concentrate then on caregiving motives, filial maturity and well-being in a sample of family caregivers of old parents (who need help). Finally, Isabelle Albert and colleagues take again a cross-cultural look by comparing Luxembourgish and Portuguese migrant families with adult children regarding family cohesion and mutual support, considering also filial anxiety and parental preferences regarding potential future care. Different theoretical approaches will be integrated and discussed, also considering generational status and situational aspects. [less ▲]

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See detailIntergenerationale Wertetransmission im Akkulturationskontext: Ein Vergleich von in Luxemburg lebenden Eltern-Kind-Triaden im Erwachsenenalter
Albert, Isabelle UL; Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL; Murdock, Elke UL et al

Scientific Conference (2015, August 31)

Internationale Mobilität ist heute ein Kernthema vieler Gesellschaften und die Akkulturation von Migranten hat gerade in Europa hohe Bedeutsamkeit erlangt. Hier stellt sich die Frage, inwieweit a ... [more ▼]

Internationale Mobilität ist heute ein Kernthema vieler Gesellschaften und die Akkulturation von Migranten hat gerade in Europa hohe Bedeutsamkeit erlangt. Hier stellt sich die Frage, inwieweit a) Werthaltungen von Einwanderern und Einheimischen sich annähern, b) Werthaltungen im Akkulturationskontext in der Familie von einer Generation an die nächste weitergegeben werden. Die vorliegende Studie befasst sich mit der Werteähnlichkeit von Eltern und erwachsenen Kindern in portugiesischen Immigrantenfamilien in Luxemburg im Vergleich zu luxemburgischen Familien. Im Rahmen der vom FNR geförderten IRMA-Studie wurden mittels eines standardisierten Fragebogens Daten zu Werthaltungen, wahrgenommener intergenerationeller Werteähnlichkeit sowie subjektiver Wichtigkeit der Wertetransmission an N=40 in Luxemburg lebenden portugiesischen sowie N=41 luxemburgischen Vater-Mutter-Kind-Triaden erhoben. Erste Ergebnisse weisen auf eine Angleichung der Werteprofile der portugiesischen Teilnehmer in der zweiten Generation an die Werthaltungen der luxemburgischen Teilnehmer hin. Dennoch bleiben Unterschiede in der Wichtigkeit spezifischer Werthaltungen über beide Generationen erhalten. So schätzen die portugiesischen Kinder und Eltern Sicherheit und Tradition höher ein als die luxemburgischen Teilnehmer. Die Ergebnisse werden vor dem Hintergrund theoretischer Ansätze der intergenerationalen Wertetransmission sowie unter Berücksichtigung intrafamilialer Prozesse der Beziehungsregulation diskutiert. [less ▲]

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