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See detailSignal Obstructions at GNSS Stations: Benefits From Multi-GNSS Observations
Abraha, Kibrom Ebuy UL; Teferle, Felix Norman UL; Hunegnaw, Addisu UL et al

Poster (2015, October 27)

The current accuracy of IGS products, few centimeter level, requires amongst other things that the location for GNSS antennas are nearly optimal for GNSS observations. This includes a low multipath ... [more ▼]

The current accuracy of IGS products, few centimeter level, requires amongst other things that the location for GNSS antennas are nearly optimal for GNSS observations. This includes a low multipath environment and little to no signal obstructions. However, this is not guaranteed for every station especially in urban areas and mountainous regions. As some applications such as GNSS for sea level studies or to monitor landslides require GNSS antennas to be installed at a specific site, it is clear that the environment might not be favourable for GNSS observations. In this study, we investigate the effect of signal obstructions on station positions, specifically the height component, based on simulated obstruction scenarios using a modified Bernese GNSS Software version 5.2 (BSW52). The behaviours of different obstruction scenarios and the impact of multi-GNSS (GPS+GLONASS for now) observations for both clear and obstructed stations are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of Limited Multi-GNSS Visibility on Vertical Land Movement Estimates
Abraha, Kibrom Ebuy UL; Teferle, Felix Norman UL; Hunegnaw, Addisu UL et al

Poster (2015, June 27)

The number of GNSS satellites and their geometry directly affect the quality of positioning and derived satellite products. Accordingly, the International GNSS Service (IGS) recommends GNSS antennas to be ... [more ▼]

The number of GNSS satellites and their geometry directly affect the quality of positioning and derived satellite products. Accordingly, the International GNSS Service (IGS) recommends GNSS antennas to be installed away from natural and man-made surfaces and structures, which may affect the incoming signals through severe multipath or obstructions. Following these recommendations, continuous GNSS (cGNSS) stations are generally located in low multipath environments with minimal signal obstructions. However, some applications require GNSS antennas to be installed at specific locations in order to measure local processes. Hence, in support of sea level studies, cGNSS stations must be installed close to or at tide gauges in order to accurately monitor the local vertical land movements experienced by the sea level sensors. However, the environment at the tide gauge might not be optimal for GNSS observations due to the aforementioned station-specific effects, which degrade the quality of coordinate solutions.This first study investigates the impact of severe signal obstructions on long-term monitoring results by use of simulated and real observations for selected cGNSS stations, and evaluates if the use of multi-GNSS (GPS+GLONASS) constellations will benefit derived results. To investigate these effects, we implemented azimuth and elevation dependent masking in the Bernese GNSS Software version 5.2. We present our preliminary results on the impact of different obstruction scenarios and combined GPS and GLONASS solutions on coordinate and vertical land movement estimates. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 197 (45 UL)