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See detailDirect evidence for cycloidal modulations in the thermal-fluctuation-stabilized spin spiral and skyrmion states of GaV 4 S 8
White, J. S.; Butykai, A.; Cubitt, R. et al

in Physical Review. B (2018), 97(2), 020401

We report small-angle neutron scattering studies of the lacunar spinelGaV4S8,which reveal the long-wavelength <br />magnetic phases to be cycloidally modulated. Upon cooling, these modulated phases ... [more ▼]

We report small-angle neutron scattering studies of the lacunar spinelGaV4S8,which reveal the long-wavelength <br />magnetic phases to be cycloidally modulated. Upon cooling, these modulated phases, including a recently <br />proposed Néel-type skyrmion phase, transform into a simple ferromagnetic state. These results indicate the <br />modulated phases in GaV4S8 gain their stability from thermal fluctuations, while at lower temperatures the <br />ferromagnetic state emerges in accord with the strong easy-axis magnetic anisotropy. Crucially, our study provides <br />microscopic evidence that the skyrmions in GaV4S8 indeed display a Néel-type helicity. More generally, our <br />approach can be applied to evidence the helicity of any bulk skyrmion phase. [less ▲]

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See detailMultiple-q noncollinear magnetism in an itinerant hexagonal magnet
Takagi, R.; White, J. S.; Hayami, S. et al

in SCIENCE ADVANCES (2018), 4(11),

rticle Figures & Data Info & Metrics eLetters PDF Abstract Multiple-q spin order, i.e., a spin texture characterized by a multiple number of coexisting magnetic modulation vectors q, has recently ... [more ▼]

rticle Figures & Data Info & Metrics eLetters PDF Abstract Multiple-q spin order, i.e., a spin texture characterized by a multiple number of coexisting magnetic modulation vectors q, has recently attracted attention as a source of nontrivial magnetic topology and associated emergent phenomena. One typical example is the triple-q skyrmion lattice state stabilized by Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions in noncentrosymmetric magnets, while the emergence of various multiple-q states of different origins is expected according to the latest theories. Here, we investigated the magnetic structure of the itinerant polar hexagonal magnet Y3Co8Sn4, in which several distinctive mechanisms favoring multiple-q states are allowed to become active. Small-angle neutron-scattering experiments suggest the formation of incommensurate triple-q magnetic order with an in-plane vortex-like spin texture, which can be most consistently explained in terms of the novel four-spin interaction mechanism inherent to itinerant magnets. The present results suggest a new route to realizing exotic multiple-q orders and that itinerant hexagonal magnets, including the R3M8Sn4 family with wide chemical tunability, can be a unique material platform to explore their rich phase diagrams. [less ▲]

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