References of "Wüller, Stefan"
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See detailAn unusual insertion in Jak2 is crucial for kinase activity and differentially affects cytokine responses
Haan, Claude UL; Kroy, Daniela C.; Wüller, Stefan et al

in Journal of Immunology (2009), 182(5), 2969-2977

The Janus kinases, Jaks, constitutively associate with the cytoplasmic region of cytokine receptors and play an important role in a multitude of biological processes. Jak2 dysfunction has been implicated ... [more ▼]

The Janus kinases, Jaks, constitutively associate with the cytoplasmic region of cytokine receptors and play an important role in a multitude of biological processes. Jak2 dysfunction has been implicated in myeloproliferative diseases and leukemia. Although Jaks were studied extensively for many years, the molecular mechanism of Jak activation upon cytokine stimulation of cells is still incompletely understood. In this study, we investigated the importance of an unusual insertion located within the kinase domain in Jak2. We found that the deletion of this insertion, which we named the Jak-specific insertion (JSI), totally abrogates Jak2 autophosphorylation. We further point mutated four residues within the JSI that are conserved in all Jak family members. Three of these mutants showed abrogated or reduced autophosphorylation, whereas the fourth displayed increased autophosphorylation. We found that the phosphorylation state of these mutants is not influenced by other domains of the kinase. Our data further suggest that the JSI is not required for the negative regulation of kinase activity by the suppressor of cytokine signaling proteins, SOCS. Most importantly, we show that mutations in this region differentially affect IFN-gamma and erythropoietin signal transduction. Taken together, the dramatic effects on the phosphorylation status of Jak2 as well as the differential effects on the signaling via different cytokines highlight the importance of this unusual region for the catalytic activity of Jaks. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment of an IL-6 inhibitor based on the functional analysis of murine IL-6Ralpha(1).
Wiesinger, Monique UL; Haan, Serge UL; Wuller, Stefan et al

in Chemistry & Biology (2009), 16(7), 783-94

Dysregulated cytokine production contributes to inflammatory and proliferative diseases. Therefore, inhibition of proinflammatory mediators such as TNF, IL-1, and IL-6 is of great clinical relevance ... [more ▼]

Dysregulated cytokine production contributes to inflammatory and proliferative diseases. Therefore, inhibition of proinflammatory mediators such as TNF, IL-1, and IL-6 is of great clinical relevance. Actual strategies are aimed at preventing receptor activation through sequestration of the ligand. Here we describe the development of an inhibitor of murine IL-6 based on fused receptor fragments. Molecular modeling-guided analysis of the murine IL-6Ralpha revealed that mutations in the Ig-like domain D1 severely affect protein function, although D1 is not directly involved in the ligand-binding interface. The resulting single chain IL-6 inhibitor (mIL-6-RFP) consisting of domains D1-D3 of mgp130, a flexible linker, and domains D1-D3 of mIL-6Ralpha is a highly potent and specific IL-6 inhibitor. mIL-6-RFP will permit further characterization of the role of IL-6 in various disease models and could ultimately lead to anti-IL-6 therapy. [less ▲]

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