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See detailStereospecific modulation of the calcium channel in human erythrocytes by cholesterol and its oxidized derivatives.
Neyses, Ludwig UL; Locher, R.; Stimpel, M. et al

in The Biochemical journal (1985), 227(1), 105-12

To study the effect of cholesterol and its pathophysiologically important oxidized derivatives (OSC) on the calcium entry channel, the human red blood cell was used as a model system. The calcium ejecting ... [more ▼]

To study the effect of cholesterol and its pathophysiologically important oxidized derivatives (OSC) on the calcium entry channel, the human red blood cell was used as a model system. The calcium ejecting adenosinetriphosphatase (ATPase) was inhibited by vanadate. The cells were loaded with OSC at concentrations between 1.25 X 10(-5) and 25 X 10(-5) mol/l. 22-Hydroxycholesterol, cholestan-3 beta,5 alpha,6 beta-triol, 5 alpha-cholestan-3 beta-ol,3 beta,5 alpha-dihydroxycholestan-6-one and 3 beta-hydroxy-5 alpha-cholestan-7-one stimulated 45Ca2+ influx by up to almost 90%, whereas 25-hydroxycholesterol, 7 beta-hydroxycholesterol, 20 alpha-hydroxycholesterol and 7-oxocholesterol inhibited influx by up to 75%. Both stimulation and inhibition were dependent on the amount of OSC incorporated into the membrane. More than 90% of the total modification of calcium influx by OSC was accounted for by an influence on the nitrendipine-inhibitable part of influx. Enrichment of cholesterol in the membrane greatly stimulated, and cholesterol depletion inhibited, Ca2+ influx. These results demonstrate that cholesterol and its oxidized derivatives are able to modulate the calcium channel in human red blood cells in a highly stereospecific manner. [less ▲]

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Peer Reviewed
See detailCholesterol and its oxidized derivatives modulate the calcium channel in human red blood cells.
Neyses, Ludwig UL; Stimpel, M.; Locher, R. et al

in Journal of hypertension. Supplement : official journal of the International Society of Hypertension (1984), 2(3), 489-92

The human red blood cell was used as a model system in order to study the effect of cholesterol and its medically important oxidized derivatives (OSC = oxidized sterol compounds) on the calcium entry ... [more ▼]

The human red blood cell was used as a model system in order to study the effect of cholesterol and its medically important oxidized derivatives (OSC = oxidized sterol compounds) on the calcium entry channel. The calcium-ejecting adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) was inhibited by vanadate and the influx of 45Ca2-into the cells measured. The cells were loaded with OSC at concentrations between 0.075 and 1.5 micrograms OSC/10(7) cells. Two classes of OSC could be distinguished: one stimulating Ca2+ influx dose-dependently by almost 100% at maximum concentrations, the other inhibiting it dose-dependently by up to 80%. The calcium channel blocker nitrendipine inhibited influx by 70% at 15 microM. More than 90% of the total stimulation or inhibition was accounted for by an influence on the nitrendipine-inhibitable part of influx, i.e. the calcium channel. Cholesterol (incorporated using liposomes) had a stimulatory (+288%), cholesterol depletion an inhibitory effect on calcium influx (-18%). These results demonstrate that cholesterol and its oxidized derivatives modulate the calcium channel in a highly stereospecific manner and provide new insights into the mechanism of action and the atherogenic effect of these compounds. [less ▲]

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