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See detailJoint Design of Improved Spectrum and Energy Efficiency With Backscatter NOMA for IoT
Le, Chi-Bao; Do, Dinh-Thuan; Silva, Adão et al

in IEEE Access (2021)

To develop emerging transmission techniques for potential applications of Internet of Things (IoT), the system performance analysis of a cognitive radio (CR)-enabled ambient backscatter (AmBC) system will ... [more ▼]

To develop emerging transmission techniques for potential applications of Internet of Things (IoT), the system performance analysis of a cognitive radio (CR)-enabled ambient backscatter (AmBC) system will be studied in this paper with functionality of non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA). In the proposed scheme, a base station communicates with two destinations via a designated backscatter device. It is assumed that the relay node is fitted with two different interfaces and can simultaneously collect/decode and backscatter the received source signals. Such transmission mechanism benefits to design various applications in IoT as well as wireless systems with improved performance. To exhibit system performance metrics, the outage probability and the ergodic capacity of the recipient nodes are derived analytically. Furthermore, it is shown that employing AmBC NOMA together with CR for secondary communication can significantly improve overall network performance in terms of the achievable throughput in delay-limited and delay-tolerant modes and outage probability. Numerical results show that: 1) The proposed system can improve the spectrum efficiency by employing both CR and NOMA techniques; 2) Compared with the orthogonal multiple access (OMA)-aided AmBC systems, the considered CR AmBC system relying on NOMA can obtain better reliability in the whole range of SNR; 3) There are error floors for the outage probability in the high SNR regime due to required target rates; 4) There exists a trade-off between system performance of IoT devices and power allocation coefficients associated with NOMA; 5) We find energy efficiency factor as evident of further improvement in such system. [less ▲]

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