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See detailPresynaptic inhibition upon CB1 or mGlu2/3 receptor activation requires ERK/MAPK phosphorylation of Munc18-1.
Schmitz, Sabine UL; King, Cillian; Kortleven, Christian et al

in The EMBO journal (2016)

Presynaptic cannabinoid (CB1R) and metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluR2/3) regulate synaptic strength by inhibiting secretion. Here, we reveal a presynaptic inhibitory pathway activated by ... [more ▼]

Presynaptic cannabinoid (CB1R) and metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluR2/3) regulate synaptic strength by inhibiting secretion. Here, we reveal a presynaptic inhibitory pathway activated by extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) that mediatesCB1R- andmGluR2/3-induced secretion inhibition. This pathway is triggered by a variety of events, from foot shock-induced stress to intense neuronal activity, and induces phosphorylation of the presynaptic protein Munc18-1. Mimicking constitutive phosphorylation of Munc18-1 results in a drastic decrease in synaptic transmission.ERK-mediated phosphorylation of Munc18-1 ultimately leads to degradation by the ubiquitin-proteasome system. Conversely, preventingERK-dependent Munc18-1 phosphorylation increases synaptic strength.CB1R- andmGluR2/3-induced synaptic inhibition and depolarization-induced suppression of excitation (DSE) are reduced uponERK/MEKpathway inhibition and further reduced whenERK-dependent Munc18-1 phosphorylation is blocked. Thus,ERK-dependent Munc18-1 phosphorylation provides a major negative feedback loop to control synaptic strength upon activation of presynaptic receptors and during intense neuronal activity. [less ▲]

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