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See detailScattering theory without injectivity radius assumptions, and spectral stability for the Ricci flow
Güneysu, Batu; Thalmaier, Anton UL

in Annales de l'Institut Fourier (2020), 70(1), 437-456

We prove a new integral criterion for the existence and completeness of the wave operators W_{\pm}(-\Delta_h,-\Delta_g, I_{g,h}) corresponding to the (unique self-adjoint realizations of) the Laplace ... [more ▼]

We prove a new integral criterion for the existence and completeness of the wave operators W_{\pm}(-\Delta_h,-\Delta_g, I_{g,h}) corresponding to the (unique self-adjoint realizations of) the Laplace-Beltrami operators -\Delta_j, j=g,h, that are induced by two quasi-isometric complete Riemannian metrics g and h on an open manifold M. In particular, this result provides a criterion for the absolutely continuous spectra of -\Delta_g and -\Delta_h to coincide. Our proof relies on estimates that are obtained using a probabilistic Bismut type formula for the gradient of a heat semigroup. Unlike all previous results, our integral criterion only requires some lower control on the Ricci curvatures and some upper control on the heat kernels, but no control at all on the injectivity radii. As a consequence, we obtain a stability result for the absolutely continuous spectrum under a Ricci flow. [less ▲]

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