References of "Fraser, Doug"
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See detailResting Pd/Pa measured with intracoronary pressure wire strongly predicts fractional flow reserve.
Mamas, Mamas A.; Horner, Simon; Welch, Elise et al

in The Journal of invasive cardiology (2010), 22(6), 260-5

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between resting distal coronary pressure to aortic pressure ratio (Pd/Pa) and fractional flow reserve (FFR) obtained during maximal hyperemia. BACKGROUND: FFR is ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between resting distal coronary pressure to aortic pressure ratio (Pd/Pa) and fractional flow reserve (FFR) obtained during maximal hyperemia. BACKGROUND: FFR is an invasive index of the functional severity of a coronary artery stenosis determined from coronary pressure measurements. It is generally believed that there is little correlation between resting Pd/Pa and FFR obtained during maximal hyperemia. We have therefore studied this relationship in a large cohort of patients who had undergone pressure- wire assessments. METHODS: 528 consecutive pressure-wire studies performed in 483 patients over a 2-year period were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: A linear correlation between resting Pd/Pa and FFR post-pharmacological hyperemia was observed (rho = 0.74; p < 0.0001). When a FFR of < or = 0.75 (or < or = 0.80 as per FAME) was defined as positive, a resting Pd/Pa of < or = 0.85 (< or = 0.87) had a positive predictive value (PPV) of 95% (94.6%), while a resting Pd/Pa of > or = 0.93 (> or = 0.96) had a negative predictive value (NPV) of 95.7% (93%). CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrate a strong correlation between resting Pd/Pa and FFR. Resting values of Pd/Pa can be used to predict a positive FFR result with relatively high PPV and NPV. This may potentially obviate the need for adenosine infusion in a proportion of pressure-wire studies. [less ▲]

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See detailUse of the Heartrail II catheter as a distal stent delivery device; an extended case series.
Mamas, Mamas A.; Eichhofer, Jonas; Hendry, Cara et al

in EuroIntervention : journal of EuroPCR in collaboration with the Working Group on Interventional Cardiology of the European Society of Cardiology (2009), 5(2), 265-71

AIMS: The Terumo Heartrail catheter (Terumo Corp., Tokyo, Japan) allows extra deep catheter intubation of coronary vessels and has been shown to be useful in CTO lesions. The aim of this study is to ... [more ▼]

AIMS: The Terumo Heartrail catheter (Terumo Corp., Tokyo, Japan) allows extra deep catheter intubation of coronary vessels and has been shown to be useful in CTO lesions. The aim of this study is to assess the safety and efficacy of using the Heartrail II catheter as a distal stent delivery system in PCI following failure of conventional techniques. METHODS AND RESULTS: We prospectively identified cases performed over a 15-month period in which a Heartrail catheter was used to facilitate stent delivery following failure of conventional techniques. Stent delivery using the Heartrail catheter was performed in 35 cases and was successful in 31 cases. Success rates of 100% in grafts, 95% in RCA, 80% in LAD and 60% in circumflex cases were recorded respectively. Successful stent delivery was associated with intubation depth, with 29/29 succeeding when the intubation depth was > 2 cm and failure in 4/5 cases when the intubation depth <or= 2 cm. There were no complications related to deep intubation of the catheter. CONCLUSIONS: Use of the Heartrail catheter is safe and highly effective for aiding stent delivery across proximal obstructions in both left and right coronary systems. The small number of unsuccessful cases were related to inability of the catheter to traverse stenotic proximal obstructions within 2 cm of the RCA and LCA origins. [less ▲]

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See detailCardiovascular manifestations associated with influenza virus infection.
Mamas, Mamas Andreas; Fraser, Doug; Neyses, Ludwig UL

in International journal of cardiology (2008), 130(3), 304-9

Influenza accounts for 3 to 5 million cases of severe illness and up to 300,000 deaths annually. Cardiovascular involvement in acute influenza infection can occur through direct effects of the virus on ... [more ▼]

Influenza accounts for 3 to 5 million cases of severe illness and up to 300,000 deaths annually. Cardiovascular involvement in acute influenza infection can occur through direct effects of the virus on the myocardium or through exacerbation of existing cardiovascular disease. Epidemiological studies have demonstrated an association between influenza epidemics and cardiovascular mortality and a decrease in cardiovascular mortality in high risk patients has been demonstrated following vaccination with influenza vaccine. Influenza is a recognised cause of myocarditis which can lead to significant impairment of cardiac function and mortality. With recent concerns regarding another potential global pandemic of influenza the huge potential for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality is discussed. [less ▲]

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