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See detailControlling Smart Propagation Environments: Long-Term Versus Short-Term Phase Shift Optimization
Van Chien, Trinh; Tu, Lam Thanh; Tran Dinh, Hieu UL et al

in ICASSP 2022 - 2022 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP) (2022)

Reconfigurable intelligent surfaces (RISs) have recently gained significant interest as an emerging technology for future wireless networks. This paper studies an RIS-assisted propagation environment ... [more ▼]

Reconfigurable intelligent surfaces (RISs) have recently gained significant interest as an emerging technology for future wireless networks. This paper studies an RIS-assisted propagation environment, where a single-antenna source transmits data to a single-antenna destination in the presence of a weak direct link. We analyze and compare RIS designs based on long-term and short-term channel statistics in terms of coverage probability and ergodic rate. For the considered optimization designs, closed-form expressions for the coverage probability and ergodic rate are derived. We use numerical simulations to validate the obtained analytical framework. Also, we show that the considered optimal phase shift designs outperform several heuristic benchmarks. [less ▲]

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See detailReconfigurable Intelligent Surface-Assisted Cell-Free Massive MIMO Systems Over Spatially-Correlated Channels
Van Chien, Trinh; Ngo, Hien Quoc; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications (2022), 21(7), 5106-5128

Cell-Free Massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) and reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS) are two promising technologies for application to beyond-5G networks. This paper considers Cell-Free ... [more ▼]

Cell-Free Massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) and reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS) are two promising technologies for application to beyond-5G networks. This paper considers Cell-Free Massive MIMO systems with the assistance of an RIS for enhancing the system performance under the presence of spatial correlation among the engineered scattering elements of the RIS. Distributed maximum-ratio processing is considered at the access points (APs). We introduce an aggregated channel estimation approach that provides sufficient information for data processing with the main benefit of reducing the overhead required for channel estimation. The considered system is studied by using asymptotic analysis which lets the number of APs and/or the number of RIS elements grow large. A lower bound for the channel capacity is obtained for a finite number of APs and engineered scattering elements of the RIS, and closed-form expressions for the uplink and downlink ergodic net throughput are formulated in terms of only the channel statistics. Based on the obtained analytical frameworks, we unveil the impact of channel correlation, the number of RIS elements, and the pilot contamination on the net throughput of each user. In addition, a simple control scheme for optimizing the configuration of the engineered scattering elements of the RIS is proposed, which is shown to increase the channel estimation quality, and, hence, the system performance. Numerical results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed system design and performance analysis. In particular, the performance benefits of using RISs in Cell-Free Massive MIMO systems are confirmed, especially if the direct links between the APs and the users are of insufficient quality with high probability. [less ▲]

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See detailWhat Will the Future ofUAV Cellular Communications Be?A Flight from 5G to 6G
Geraci, Giovanni; Garcia-Rodriguez, Adrian; Azari, M. Mahdi et al

in IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials (2022), 24(3), 1304-1335

What will the future of UAV cellular communicationsbe?In this tutorial article, we address such a compelling yetdifficult question by embarking on a journey from 5G to 6Gand expounding a large number of ... [more ▼]

What will the future of UAV cellular communicationsbe?In this tutorial article, we address such a compelling yetdifficult question by embarking on a journey from 5G to 6Gand expounding a large number of case studies supported byoriginal results. We start by overviewing the status quo on UAVcommunications from an industrial standpoint, providing freshupdates from the 3GPP and detailing new 5G NR features insupport of aerial devices. We then dissect the potential andthe limitations of such features. In particular, we demonstratehow sub-6 GHz massive MIMO can successfully tackle cellselection and interference challenges, we showcase encouragingmmWave coverage evaluations in both urban and suburban/ruralsettings, and we examine the peculiarities of direct device-to-device communications in the sky. Moving on, we sneak a peekat next-generation UAV communications, listing some of the usecases envisioned for the 2030s. We identify the most promising6G enablers for UAV communication, those expected to takethe performance and reliability to the next level. For each ofthese disruptive new paradigms (non-terrestrial networks, cell-free architectures, artificial intelligence, reconfigurable intelligentsurfaces, and THz communications), we gauge the prospectivebenefits for UAVs and discuss the main technological hurdles thatstand in the way. All along, we distil our numerous findings intoessential takeaways, and we identify key open problems worthyof further study. [less ▲]

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See detailMachine Learning-Enabled Joint Antenna Selection and Precoding Design: From Offline Complexity to Online Performance
Vu, Thang Xuan UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Nguyen, van Dinh UL et al

in IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications (2021), 20(6), 3710-3722

We investigate the performance of multi-user multiple-antenna downlink systems in which a base station (BS) serves multiple users via a shared wireless medium. In order to fully exploit the spatial ... [more ▼]

We investigate the performance of multi-user multiple-antenna downlink systems in which a base station (BS) serves multiple users via a shared wireless medium. In order to fully exploit the spatial diversity while minimizing the passive energy consumed by radio frequency (RF) components, the BS is equipped with M RF chains and N antennas, where M < N. Upon receiving pilot sequences to obtain the channel state information (CSI), the BS determines the best subset of M antennas for serving the users. We propose a joint antenna selection and precoding design (JASPD) algorithm to maximize the system sum rate subject to a transmit power constraint and quality of service (QoS) requirements. The JASPD overcomes the non-convexity of the formulated problem via a doubly iterative algorithm, in which an inner loop successively optimizes the precoding vectors, followed by an outer loop that tries all valid antenna subsets. Although approaching the (near) global optimality, the JASPD suffers from a combinatorial complexity, which may limit its application in real-time network operations. To overcome this limitation, we propose a learning-based antenna selection and precoding design algorithm (L-ASPA), which employs a deep neural network (DNN) to establish underlaying relations between the key system parameters and the selected antennas. The proposed L-ASPD is robust against the number of users and their locations, BS's transmit power, as well as the small-scale channel fading. With a well-trained learning model, it is shown that the L-ASPD significantly outperforms baseline schemes based on the block diagonalization and a learning-assisted solution for broadcasting systems and achieves higher effective sum rate than that of the JASPA under limited processing time. In addition, we observed that the proposed L-ASPD can reduce the computation complexity by 95% while retaining more than 95% of the optimal performance. [less ▲]

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See detailRobust Probabilistic-Constrained Optimization for IRS-Aided MISO Communication Systems
Le, Anh Tuan; Trinh, van Chien UL; Di Renzo, Marco

in IEEE Wireless Communications Letters (2020)

Taking into account imperfect channel state information, this letter formulates and solves a joint active/passive beamforming optimization problem in multiple-input single-output systems with the support ... [more ▼]

Taking into account imperfect channel state information, this letter formulates and solves a joint active/passive beamforming optimization problem in multiple-input single-output systems with the support of an intelligent reflecting surface. In particular, we introduce an optimization problem to minimize the total transmit power subject to maintaining the users' signal-to-interference-plus-noise-ratio coverage probability above a predefined target. Due to the presence of probabilistic constraints, the proposed optimization problem is non-convex. To circumvent this issue, we first recast the proposed problem in a convex form by adopting the Bernstein-type inequality, and we then introduce a converging alternating optimization approach to iteratively find the active/passive beamforming vectors. In particular, the transformed robust optimization problem can be effectively solved by using standard interior-point methods. Numerical results demonstrate the effectiveness of jointly optimizing the active/passive beamforming vectors. [less ▲]

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See detailPerformance Analysis of Cell-Free Massive MIMO Systems: A Stochastic Geometry Approach
Papazafeiropoulos, Anastasios; Kourtessis, Pandelis; Di Renzo, Marco et al

in IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology (2020)

Cell-free (CF) massive multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) has emerged as an alternative deployment for conventional cellular massive MIMO networks. As revealed by its name, this topology considers no ... [more ▼]

Cell-free (CF) massive multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) has emerged as an alternative deployment for conventional cellular massive MIMO networks. As revealed by its name, this topology considers no cells, while a large number of multi-antenna access points (APs) serves simultaneously a smaller number of users over the same time/frequency resources through time-division duplex (TDD) operation. Prior works relied on the strong assumption (quite idealized) that the APs are uniformly distributed, and actually, this randomness was considered during the simulation and not in the analysis. However, in practice, ongoing and future networks become denser and increasingly irregular. Having this in mind, we consider that the AP locations are modeled by means of a Poisson point process (PPP) which is a more realistic model for the spatial randomness than a grid or uniform deployment. In particular, by virtue of stochastic geometry tools, we derive both the downlink coverage probability and achievable rate. Notably, this is the only work providing the coverage probability and shedding light on this aspect of CF massive MIMO systems. Focusing on the extraction of interesting insights, we consider small-cells (SCs) as a benchmark for comparison. Among the findings, CF massive MIMO systems achieve both higher coverage and rate with comparison to SCs due to the properties of favorable propagation, channel hardening, and interference suppression. Especially, we showed for both architectures that increasing the AP density results in a higher coverage which saturates after a certain value and increasing the number of users decreases the achievable rate but CF massive MIMO systems take advantage of the aforementioned properties, and thus, outperform SCs. In general, the performance gap between CF massive MIMO systems and SCs is enhanced by increasing the AP density. Another interesting observation concerns that a higher path-loss exponent decreases the rate while the users closer to the APs affect more the performance in terms of the rate. [less ▲]

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See detailPerformance Analysis of Network Coded Cooperation with Channel Coding and Adaptive DF-Based Relaying in Rayleigh Fading Channels
Vu, Thang Xuan UL; Duhamel, Pierre; Di Renzo, Marco

in IEEE Signal Processing Letters (2015), 22(9), 1354-1358

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See detailOn the Diversity of Network-Coded Cooperation With Decode-and-Forward Relay Selection
Vu, Thang Xuan UL; Duhamel, Pierre; Di Renzo, Marco

in IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications (2015), 14(8), 4369-4378

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See detailPerformance analysis of relay networks with channel code in low SNR regime
Vu, Thang Xuan UL; Nguyen, Bao Q. V.; Di Renzo, Marco et al

in 2013 IEEE 14th Workshop on Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Communications (SPAWC) (2013, June)

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See detailBER analysis of Joint Network/Channel decoding in block Rayleigh fading channels
Vu, Thang Xuan UL; Di Renzo, Marco; Duhamel, Pierre

in Abstract book of 2013 IEEE 24th Annual International Symposium on Personal, Indoor, and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC) (2013)

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See detailMultiple Access Relaying with Network Coding: Iterative Network/Channel Decoding with Imperfect CSI
Vu, Thang Xuan UL; Di Renzo, Marco; Duhamel, Pierre

in EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing (2013), 170

Detailed reference viewed: 94 (2 UL)