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See detailThe duty of loyalty: A Tool for Fundamental Rights Enforcement in the EU Legal System
Zinonos, Panagiotis UL

in Frenkel, David-Arie; Emilio Nunez, Jorge (Eds.) International Law and Human Rights (in press)

The effective enforcement of rights within the European Union, understood as a legal system overarched by the duty of loyalty, depends upon judicial independence. This chapter introduces some recent legal ... [more ▼]

The effective enforcement of rights within the European Union, understood as a legal system overarched by the duty of loyalty, depends upon judicial independence. This chapter introduces some recent legal developments pertaining to its double dimension as a fundamental right and as a structural duty of the Member states to discuss four enforcing tools that concretise the duty of loyalty: the self-standing right to an independent tribunal, the infringement procedure, the preliminary ruling procedure and the technique of exceptional circumstances. In that context, the chapter rejects the idea that the multifaceted configuration of the European Union is detrimental to fundamental rights protection and stresses the relevance of all the actors of the legal system for the effective enforcement of rights. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 46 (7 UL)
See detailThe legacy of coal mining – a view on examples in Belgium and France
Helfer, Malte UL

in Deutsches Bergbau-Museum Bochum (Ed.) Boom – Crisis – Heritage. King Coal and Energy Revolutions after 1945; proceedings of the international conference March 14th-16th 2018, Technische Hochschule Georg Agricola, Bochum (in press)

Following the end of coalmining in Belgium (1992) and France (2004), the year 2018 marks the end of hard coal mining in Germany as well. This contribution looks at the legacy of coalmining of Germany’s ... [more ▼]

Following the end of coalmining in Belgium (1992) and France (2004), the year 2018 marks the end of hard coal mining in Germany as well. This contribution looks at the legacy of coalmining of Germany’s French-speaking neighbours and presents the most important remaining coal mining heritage sites as well as some extraordinary converted sites in France and the Belgian province Wallonia. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 45 (0 UL)
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See detailA short Survey on the Cyber Security in Control Systems
Bezzaoucha, Souad UL; Voos, Holger UL

Scientific Conference (2020, July)

In the present survey paper, we give a short, yet exhaustive state-of-the-art about the cyber-security applied to control systems, especially the event-based strategy. Indeed, in the past few years, due ... [more ▼]

In the present survey paper, we give a short, yet exhaustive state-of-the-art about the cyber-security applied to control systems, especially the event-based strategy. Indeed, in the past few years, due to a highest degree of connectivity in modern systems, new related control-specific cyber-physical systems security challengesarise and novel approaches integrating the cyber aspect are developed.Our goal in this paper is then to provide an overview of attack-modeling and security analysis approaches in recent works thatexplore networked control systems subject to cyber-attacks attacks. To this end, we look at the control, estimation, and modeling problems. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (0 UL)
See detailNewcomers’ translanguaging practices in learning situations
Degano, Sarah UL

Presentation (2019, November 06)

To expand learning opportunities for all students in bilingual schools, including newly-arrived ones, a growing number of scholars advocate for implementing translanguaging pedagogies that leverage the ... [more ▼]

To expand learning opportunities for all students in bilingual schools, including newly-arrived ones, a growing number of scholars advocate for implementing translanguaging pedagogies that leverage the students’ full range of semiotic resources (García et al. 2012). Yet, research which focusses on the newcomers’ translanguaging practices and involves multiple languages remains scarce. Counting less than 2% of Luxembourg’s primary school population (MENEJ 2018), newly-arrived students face an important educational challenge as the instruction of French, German and Luxembourgish accounts for 40.5% of all curricular time. While the present doctoral project investigates the language practices of fourth-graders of different language and migration backgrounds, this paper explores the extent to which two newcomers from different schools, Portuguese-speaking Harry and Slovenian-speaking Leon, mobilize their semiotic resources to learn curricular content in French and Science lessons while interacting with their peers and teachers. Data stem from forty-two days of observation throughout Years 4 and 5, approximately twenty hours of video-recordings and four semi-structured interviews with the students about some of the recorded events. Findings first show that, with peers, Harry and Leon used all institutional languages to discuss curricular content and Harry additionally used Portuguese and English. Second, with teachers, Leon flexibly used all institutional languages, but Harry did not. Third, both newcomers regularly translanguaged in Year 4 but almost completely dropped this practice in Year 5. The students’ differing translanguaging practices likely connect to the language practices of their interlocutors and the learning situations within the classroom contexts. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (1 UL)
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See detailThe stability of academic self-concept profiles – a latent transition analysis
Franzen, Patrick UL; Arens, A. Katrin; Niepel, Christoph UL

Poster (2019, November 06)

Detailed reference viewed: 50 (0 UL)
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See detailHistoire d'un scandale: La politique du logement au Luxembourg
Scuto, Denis UL

Article for general public (2019)

The article of Denis Scuto outlines the history of nowadays housing crisis and upward housing market spiral in Luxembourg

Detailed reference viewed: 61 (7 UL)
See detailVon Eupen-Malmedy nach Ostbelgien. Eine deutsch-belgische Beziehungsgeschichte seit 1920
Brüll, Christoph UL

Scientific Conference (2019, November 01)

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (1 UL)
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See detailComputational analysis of molecular network perturbations in complex diseases
Glaab, Enrico UL

Presentation (2019, November 01)

Detailed reference viewed: 75 (0 UL)
See detailBusiness and Human Rights:UIA Annual Congress
Baglayan Ceyhan, Basak UL

Diverse speeches and writings (2019)

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (2 UL)
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See detailTeachers’ translanguaging stance, design, and shifts in a professional development course
Aleksic, Gabrijela UL; Bebic, Dzoen Dominique UL

Scientific Conference (2019, October 28)

Classrooms in Luxembourg are highly socially, culturally, and linguistically diverse. About 65% of 4 year-old children do not speak Luxembourgish, of which 28% speak Portuguese (MENJE, 2018). In 2017, the ... [more ▼]

Classrooms in Luxembourg are highly socially, culturally, and linguistically diverse. About 65% of 4 year-old children do not speak Luxembourgish, of which 28% speak Portuguese (MENJE, 2018). In 2017, the new law has declared multilingual early education mandatory. Until that time, the focus was solely on the development of Luxemburgish, whereas now teachers should also familiarize children with French and value their home languages. To support preschool teachers, our project aims to: (1) offer a professional development (PD) course in translanguaging, (2) involve children’s families to reinforce home-school collaboration, and (3) foster children’s cognitive, linguistic, and socio-emotional engagement in the classroom. We use focus groups, questionnaires, and language portraits with teachers and a test in early literacy and numeracy in school and home language and video observations with children. Translanguaging, the main topic of our 22 hour PD course (June – December 2019), is the use of a full linguistic repertoire to make meaning (Otheguy, García, & Reid, 2015). Through focus groups, we identified teachers’ negative translanguaging stance towards children’s proficiency in their home language that hinders the development of Luxembourgish. Translanguaging design was related to teachers’ use of multilingual stories and morning greetings, while translanguaging shifts concerned frequent translations by involving older children. Our main goal is to address the negative translanguaging stance by offering practical activities during the course and collaborating with parents, children, and organisational stakeholders. References Ministry of National Education, Childhood and Youth [MENJE]. (2018). Key numbers of the national education: statistics and indicators – School year 2016-2017. Retrieved from http://www.men.public.lu/fr/actualites/publications/themes-transversaux/statistiques-analyses/chiffres-cles/index.html Otheguy, R., García, O., & Reid, W. (2015). Clarifying translanguaging and deconstructing named languages: A perspective from linguistics. Applied Linguistic Review, 6(3), 281–307. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 47 (0 UL)
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See detailA Computational-Hermeneutic Approach for Conceptual Explicitation
Fuenmayor, David; Benzmüller, Christoph UL

in Nepomuceno, A.; Magnani, L.; Salguero, F. (Eds.) et al Model-Based Reasoning in Science and Technology -- Inferential Models for Logic, Language, Cognition and Computation (2019)

We present a computer-supported approach for the logical analysis and conceptual explicitation of argumentative discourse. Computational hermeneutics harnesses recent progresses in automated reasoning for ... [more ▼]

We present a computer-supported approach for the logical analysis and conceptual explicitation of argumentative discourse. Computational hermeneutics harnesses recent progresses in automated reasoning for higher-order logics and aims at formalizing natural-language argumentative discourse using flexible combinations of expressive non-classical logics. In doing so, it allows us to render explicit the tacit conceptualizations implicit in argumentative discursive practices. Our approach operates on networks of structured arguments and is iterative and two-layered. At one layer we search for logically correct formalizations for each of the individual arguments. At the next layer we select among those correct formalizations the ones which honor the argument’s dialectic role, i.e. attacking or supporting other arguments as intended. We operate at these two layers in parallel and continuously rate sentences’ formalizations by using, primarily, inferential adequacy criteria. An interpretive, logical theory will thus gradually evolve. This theory is composed of meaning postulates serving as explications for concepts playing a role in the analyzed arguments. Such a recursive, iterative approach to interpretation does justice to the inherent circularity of understanding: the whole is understood compositionally on the basis of its parts, while each part is understood only in the context of the whole (hermeneutic circle). We summarily discuss previous work on exemplary applications of human-in-the-loop computational hermeneutics in metaphysical discourse. We also discuss some of the main challenges involved in fully-automating our approach. By sketching some design ideas and reviewing relevant technologies, we argue for the technological feasibility of a highly-automated computational hermeneutics. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 71 (0 UL)
See detailThe Occupied Museum. Culture and Science in Luxemburg during the Nazi Occupation, 1940–1944
Spirinelli, Fabio UL

Scientific Conference (2019, October 24)

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (1 UL)
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See detailFrom Persistent Homology to Reinforcement Learning with Applications for Retail Banking
Charlier, Jérémy Henri J. UL

Doctoral thesis (2019)

The retail banking services are one of the pillars of the modern economic growth. However, the evolution of the client’s habits in modern societies and the recent European regulations promoting more ... [more ▼]

The retail banking services are one of the pillars of the modern economic growth. However, the evolution of the client’s habits in modern societies and the recent European regulations promoting more competition mean the retail banks will encounter serious challenges for the next few years, endangering their activities. They now face an impossible compromise: maximizing the satisfaction of their hyper-connected clients while avoiding any risk of default and being regulatory compliant. Therefore, advanced and novel research concepts are a serious game-changer to gain a competitive advantage. In this context, we investigate in this thesis different concepts bridging the gap between persistent homology, neural networks, recommender engines and reinforcement learning with the aim of improving the quality of the retail banking services. Our contribution is threefold. First, we highlight how to overcome insufficient financial data by generating artificial data using generative models and persistent homology. Then, we present how to perform accurate financial recommendations in multi-dimensions. Finally, we underline a reinforcement learning model-free approach to determine the optimal policy of money management based on the aggregated financial transactions of the clients. Our experimental data sets, extracted from well-known institutions where the privacy and the confidentiality of the clients were not put at risk, support our contributions. In this work, we provide the motivations of our retail banking research project, describe the theory employed to improve the financial services quality and evaluate quantitatively and qualitatively our methodologies for each of the proposed research scenarios. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (5 UL)
See detailL'utilisation politique de l'histoire par le Parlement européen
Spirinelli, Fabio UL

Article for general public (2019)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 UL)
See detailRegards belges sur le Luxembourg 1919-1921
Brüll, Christoph UL

Scientific Conference (2019, October 17)

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (0 UL)
See detailRegards allemands sur le Luxembourg
Brüll, Christoph UL

Scientific Conference (2019, October 17)

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (1 UL)
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See detailTravail frontalier en Suisse et au Luxembourg : mobilités, profils et défis
Pigeron-Piroth, Isabelle UL; Helfer, Malte UL; Belkacem, Rachid

Scientific Conference (2019, October 15)

La Suisse et le Luxembourg sont particulièrement concernés par le travail frontalier. Ces deux pays accueillent à eux seuls plus d’un demi-million de travailleurs frontaliers et recourent à la main ... [more ▼]

La Suisse et le Luxembourg sont particulièrement concernés par le travail frontalier. Ces deux pays accueillent à eux seuls plus d’un demi-million de travailleurs frontaliers et recourent à la main-d’œuvre frontalière depuis plusieurs décennies. Petits pays dynamiques ayant d’importants besoins de main-d’œuvre, ils se caractérisent par des différentiels liés à la présence de frontières (différentiels de prix immobiliers, de taux de chômage, de salaires, de niveaux d’activité économique … avec les pays voisins). Ces différentiels entretiennent la dynamique du travail frontalier (Belkacem et Pigeron-Piroth, 2016). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (2 UL)