Last 7 days     Results 41-60 of 1823.   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8   The Fundamental Right to Data Protection of Blockchain Users seen through the Applicability of the GDPRJolly, Loren in Borges, Georg; Sorge, Christoph (Eds.) IT Law and Legal Informatics (in press)The aim of this chapter is to highlight the different issues that one faces when trying to ensure the fundamental right to data protection of blockchain users. The provisions of the General Data ... [more ▼]The aim of this chapter is to highlight the different issues that one faces when trying to ensure the fundamental right to data protection of blockchain users. The provisions of the General Data Protection Regulation are used as an example of the difficulties. Here, two principal issues are addressed: issues regarding the addressees of the General Data Protection Regulation's provisions and issues regarding the qualification and treatment of data available on permissionless and permissioned blockchains. Finally, this article highlights the consequences that these uncertainties may have on the protection of users’ fundamental rights and the necessity to ensure legal certainty through additional guidance from the European legislator or upcoming case-law. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 34 (0 UL) Back to the Moon: Legal Challenges for Future Lunar ExplorationSalmeri, Antonino in Proceedings of the International Institute of Space Law (in press)In the light of the recently renovated interest in returning humans to the Moon, this paper addresses the main legal challenges related, with the goal to show practical solutions under the current system ... [more ▼]In the light of the recently renovated interest in returning humans to the Moon, this paper addresses the main legal challenges related, with the goal to show practical solutions under the current system of international space law. In order to do so, the paper first presents an overview of current lunar exploration programs, arguing that public and private missions raise different challenges and thus require specific models. Following, it accordingly assesses possible legal solutions for the regulation of these programs. On the one hand, States’ exploration programs may be governed by a revised version of the Intergovernmental Agreement already concluded for the International Space Station. On the other hand, private activities could be better organized relying on Articles VI-IX OST as integrated by a new UNGA Resolution, ad hoc bilateral agreements and specific provisions in national space legislations. Finally, the paper concludes underlining the importance of international cooperation as the key to ensure the peaceful use and exploration of outer space. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 24 (0 UL) Reading the history of society through the lens of a history of sexualityDe Silva, Adrian in andererseits: Yearbook of Transatlantic German Studies (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 48 (2 UL) La portée intégrative du système juridictionnel de l’Union européenne sous le prisme des obligations incombant aux Etats membresNeframi, Eleftheria in Integration in the EU (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 34 (2 UL) Using Passive Data Collection Methods to Learn Complex Mobility Patterns: An Exploratory AnalysisToader, Bogdan ; Cantelmo, Guido ; Popescu, Mioara et alScientific Conference (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 34 (0 UL) An Agile Approach to Validate a Formal Representation of the GDPRBartolini, Cesare ; Lenzini, Gabriele ; Santos, Cristianain New Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence (in press)Modelling in a knowledge base of logic formulæ the articles of the GDPR enables a semi-automatic reasoning of the Regulation. To be legally substantiated, it requires that the formulæ express validly the ... [more ▼]Modelling in a knowledge base of logic formulæ the articles of the GDPR enables a semi-automatic reasoning of the Regulation. To be legally substantiated, it requires that the formulæ express validly the legal meaning of the Regulation's articles. But legal experts are usually not familiar with logic, and this calls for an interdisciplinary validation methodology that bridges the communication gap between formal modelers and legal evaluators. We devise such a validation methodology and exemplify it over a knowledge base of articles of the GDPR translated into Reified I/O (RIO) logic and encoded in LegalRuleML. A pivotal element of the methodology is a human-readable intermediate representation of the logic formulæ that preserves the formulæ's meaning, while rendering it in a readable way to non-experts. After being applied over a use case, we prove that it is possible to retrieve feedback from legal experts about the formal representation of Art. 5.1a and Art. 7.1. What emerges is an agile process to build logic knowledge bases of legal texts, and to support their public trust, which we intend to use for a logic model of the GDPR, called DAPRECO knowledge base. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 43 (4 UL) Circadian preference as a typology: Latent-class analysis of adolescents' morningness/eveningness, relation with sleep behavior, and with academic outcomesPreckel, Franzis; Fischbach, Antoine ; Scherrer, Vsevolod et alin Learning and Individual Differences (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 44 (5 UL) Externalisation de la politique migratoire et identité de l'Union européenneNeframi, Eleftheria ; Gatti, Mauro in Benlolo, Myriam (Ed.) L'Union européenne et les migrations (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 36 (1 UL) The ‘Jewish Freedom Fighter’. The legacy of Naftali Botwin and the construction of a transnational cult of Jewish heroesZaagsma, Gerben in Royer, Clara; Balazs (Eds.) Cult of Heroes in Central Europe from the 1880s to the Second World War – Transnational and Transdisciplinary Aspects. (in press)This article discusses the transnational heroic cult that developed in Yiddish communist circles around the figure of Naftali Botwin, a young Polish-Jewish communist who was executed by Polish authorities ... [more ▼]This article discusses the transnational heroic cult that developed in Yiddish communist circles around the figure of Naftali Botwin, a young Polish-Jewish communist who was executed by Polish authorities in the city of Lwów, following a trial in which he was convicted for assassinating a police infiltrator in the ranks of the Polish Communist Party (KPP). The discussion highlights how Botwin’s legacy was appropriated in multiple, and sometimes contrasting, ways in the decades following his death, especially within the context of the creation of the Botwin Company in the International Brigades during the Spanish Civil War. In doing so it will also highlight the transnational nature of this cult, as his memory lived on through poems, plays and publications that circulated through the worldwide networks and communicative spaces of Jewish (leftist) émigrés. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 51 (11 UL) A Big Data Demand Estimation Framework for Modelling of Urban Congested NetworksCantelmo, Guido ; Viti, Francesco in CSUM 2018, AISC 879 proceedings (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 48 (1 UL) On indefinite sums weighted by periodic sequencesMarichal, Jean-Luc in Results in Mathematics (in press)For any integer $q\geq 2$ we provide a formula to express indefinite sums of a sequence $(f(n))_{n\geq 0}$ weighted by $q$-periodic sequences in terms of indefinite sums of sequences $(f(qn+p))_{n\geq 0 ... [more ▼]For any integer$q\geq 2$we provide a formula to express indefinite sums of a sequence$(f(n))_{n\geq 0}$weighted by$q$-periodic sequences in terms of indefinite sums of sequences$(f(qn+p))_{n\geq 0}$, where$p\in\{0,\ldots,q-1\}\$. When explicit expressions for the latter sums are available, this formula immediately provides explicit expressions for the former sums. We also illustrate this formula through some examples. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 39 (5 UL) Living Conditions and Basic Needs: Evidence from African CountriesD'Ambrosio, Conchita ; Clark, Andrewin South African Journal of Economics (in press)We here use five rounds of Afrobarometer data covering more than 100,000 individuals over the 2004-2016 period to explore the link between individual self-reported measures of living conditions and access ... [more ▼]We here use five rounds of Afrobarometer data covering more than 100,000 individuals over the 2004-2016 period to explore the link between individual self-reported measures of living conditions and access to four basic needs. We not only consider own access to these needs, but also various indices of their deprivation, satisfaction and inequality. We find some evidence of comparisons to those who are better off and to those who are worse off, in terms of access to basic needs, in the evaluation of current living conditions. Overall, however, subjective living conditions are mostly absolute in African countries. There is notable heterogeneity by level of development, with the effect of lack of access to basic needs being more pronounced in poorer countries. Equally, comparisons to the better-off are associated with better living conditions in poorer countries, suggesting the existence of a tunnel effect: this latter disappears with economic development. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 26 (0 UL) Crime Victimisation Over Time and Sleep QualityD'Ambrosio, Conchita ; Clark, Andrew; Zhu, Rongin Social Science and Medicine - Population Health (in press)We here consider the relationship between the individual time profile of crime victimisation and sleep quality. Sleep quality worsens with contemporaneous crime victimisation, with physical violence ... [more ▼]We here consider the relationship between the individual time profile of crime victimisation and sleep quality. Sleep quality worsens with contemporaneous crime victimisation, with physical violence having a larger effect than property crime. But crime history also matters, and past victimisation experience continues to reduce current sleep quality. Last, there is some evidence that the order of victimisation spells plays a role: consecutive years of crime victimisation affect sleep quality more adversely than the same number of years when not contiguous. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 33 (0 UL) Luxemburg unter dem Dach der Plurizentrik: Migration und Mehrsprachigkeit – Schul- und Bildungswesen – Lexikon Luxemburger Standarddeutsch.Küpper, Achim ; Sieburg, Heinz in Hägi, Sara; Schweiger, Hannes; Shafer, Naomi (Eds.) et al Das DACH-Prinzip in der Praxis (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 33 (0 UL) A joint exploration of executive subcomponents in binge drinkingLannoy, Séverine; Dormal, Valérie; Billieux, Joël et alin Addiction Research and Theory (in press)Background: Executive deficits have been largely reported in young binge drinkers during the last decade, but uncertainty remains regarding the specificity of these deficits and their variation across ... [more ▼]Background: Executive deficits have been largely reported in young binge drinkers during the last decade, but uncertainty remains regarding the specificity of these deficits and their variation across executive subcomponents. The current study aimed at offering a theoretically-grounded and specific exploration of the differential deficits observed across executive functions in binge drinkers. Method: A total of forty university students (20 binge drinkers; 10 women, and 20 matched controls; 12 women) performed three validated neuropsychological tasks, each exploring a specific executive function, namely shifting, updating, and inhibition (specifically Resistance to Distractor Interference). Tasks were presented to participants in pseudo-randomized order. Repeated measure analyses of variance were performed for each task to compare groups’ performance. Results: A dissociation was observed across executive tasks regarding group differences: compared to controls, binge drinkers demonstrated preserved performance for shifting and updating abilities, but impaired inhibition. These results support the central role of inhibitory control in excessive alcohol consumption. In contrast with severe alcohol-use disorders, binge drinking does not appear related to a general executive deficit. Conclusions: In view of the pivotal role played by inhibition impairments in the emergence of severe alcohol-use disorders, the present data claim for developing individualized evaluation and rehabilitation programs focusing on this executive subcomponent to improve control abilities at early stages of alcohol-related disorders. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 30 (0 UL) Skewness Risk Premium: Theory and Empirical EvidenceLin, Yuehao; Lehnert, Thorsten ; Wolff, Christian in International Review of Financial Analysis (in press)Using an equilibrium asset and option pricing model in a simple economy under jump diffusion, we show theoretically that the aggregated excess market returns can be predicted by the skewness risk premium ... [more ▼]Using an equilibrium asset and option pricing model in a simple economy under jump diffusion, we show theoretically that the aggregated excess market returns can be predicted by the skewness risk premium, which is constructed to be the difference between the physical and the risk-neutral skewness. In an empirical application of the model using more than 20 years of data on S&P500 index options, we find that, in line with theory, risk-averse investors demand risk-compensation for holding stocks when the market skewness risk premium is high. However, when we characterize periods of high and low risk aversion, we show that in line with theory, the relationship only holds when risk aversion is high. In periods of low risk aversion, investors demand lower risk compensation, thus substantially weakening the skewness-risk-premium-return trade off. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 24 (0 UL) Gleanings from applications for the graph-based exploration of cultural heritage collectionsDuring, Marten in Kerschbaumer, Florian; Keyserlingk, Linda Von; Stark, Martin (Eds.) et al The Power of Networks. Prospects of Historical Network Research (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 33 (7 UL) Book review: Bessey, Valérie et Werner Paravicini: Guerre des manifestes : Charles le Téméraire et ses ennemis (1465-1475)Genot, Gilles in Hemecht: Zeitschrift für Luxemburger Geschichte (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 26 (0 UL) Self-Regulation of Fundamental Rights? The EU Code of Conduct on Hate Speech, Related Initiatives and BeyondQuintel, Teresa Alegra ; Ullrich, Carsten in Ojanen, Tuomas; Petkova, Bilyana (Eds.) Fundamental Rights Protection Online: the Future Regulation of Intermediaries (in press)This contribution will give a brief overview of EU legislation encouraging self-regulation, such as codes of conduct, communications and recommendations and propose an alternative approach towards ... [more ▼]This contribution will give a brief overview of EU legislation encouraging self-regulation, such as codes of conduct, communications and recommendations and propose an alternative approach towards fighting illegal content on online platforms, which ventures squarely into co-regulation. There is no formal and straightforward definition on what constitutes illegal hate speech. However, hate speech might be classified as targeting minority groups in a way that promotes violence or social disorder and hatred. The use of social media and online platforms to spread illegal content and hate speech has increased progressively during recent years, as content may be disseminated anonymously and further shared by other users. Therefore, the timely removal or blocking of access to illegal content is essential to limit the wider dissemination and harm of individuals targeted by hate speech. The prominent role of online platforms in revolutionizing modern communication and as influencers of the public opinion has increasingly come to the attention of policy makers. Since online platforms provide an important stage for phenomena such as ‘fake news’, ‘hate speech’ or ‘disinformation’, the pressure to take more responsibility over content hosted by them has grown. The EU Commission took action via several attempts to set certain rules for online intermediaries, mostly relying on non-binding agreements, often in the form of self-regulatory measures, such as codes of conduct, guidelines and recommendations. These measures have raised concerns regarding possible limitations of Freedom of Expression, because they require online platforms to adjudicate on the legality of content, often by relying on automated systems. Meanwhile decisions over the unlawfulness of hate speech and “disinformation” are often notoriously difficult. The deployment of algorithms to analyse the content generated on platforms, such as recognition and filtering technologies, bear risks and pitfalls of automated compliance solutions. Although the use of algorithms to monitor content online still happens based on the “human-in-the-loop principle”, the diligence and efficiency with which illegal content can be reviewed is also dependent on the financial capacity and resources of each company. In addition, these privatized removal procedures maybe influenced by commercial interests and lack effective appeals mechanisms. All these issues throw up serious questions about the democratic legitimacy of self-regulatory removal procedures An alternative solution, proposed in this article, would require platforms to apply a risk-based approach to preventing and removing illegal content. The norms and standards of such an approach would be based on duty of care and be subject to regulatory oversight. It is suggested that the current self-regulatory proposals be replaced by co-regulatory solutions. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 68 (6 UL) Framing EU Executive Discretion in EU LawMendes, Joana in Mendes, Joana (Ed.) EU Executive Discretion and the Limits of Law (in press)Detailed reference viewed: 35 (0 UL)