Last 7 days
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
See detailBinge-watching engagement as determined by motivations, impulsivity and emotional reactivity: A cluster analytic approach.
Flayelle, Maèva UL; Maurage, Pierre; Vögele, Claus UL et al

in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research (2018), 42 (Suppl. 2)

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (3 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDynamic Spectrum Sharing in 5G Wireless Networks With Full-Duplex Technology: Recent Advances and Research Challenges
Sharma, Shree Krishna UL; Bogale, Tadilo Endeshaw; le, Long Bao et al

in IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials (2018), 20(1), 674-707

Full-duplex (FD) wireless technology enables a radio to transmit and receive on the same frequency band at the same time, and it is considered to be one of the candidate technologies for the fifth ... [more ▼]

Full-duplex (FD) wireless technology enables a radio to transmit and receive on the same frequency band at the same time, and it is considered to be one of the candidate technologies for the fifth generation (5G) and beyond wireless communication systems due to its advantages, including potential doubling of the capacity and increased spectrum utilization efficiency. However, one of the main challenges of FD technology is the mitigation of strong self-interference (SI). Recent advances in different SI cancellation techniques, such as antenna cancellation, analog cancellation, and digital cancellation methods, have led to the feasibility of using FD technology in different wireless applications. Among potential applications, one important application area is dynamic spectrum sharing (DSS) in wireless systems particularly 5G networks, where FD can provide several benefits and possibilities such as concurrent sensing and transmission (CST), concurrent transmission and reception, improved sensing efficiency and secondary throughput, and the mitigation of the hidden terminal problem. In this direction, first, starting with a detailed overview of FD-enabled DSS, we provide a comprehensive survey of recent advances in this domain. We then highlight several potential techniques for enabling FD operation in DSS wireless systems. Subsequently, we propose a novel communication framework to enable CST in DSS systems by employing a power control-based SI mitigation scheme and carry out the throughput performance analysis of this proposed framework. Finally, we discuss some open research issues and future directions with the objective of stimulating future research efforts in the emerging FD-enabled DSS wireless systems. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 59 (3 UL)
Full Text
See detailOn-Board Precoding in a Multiple Gateway Multibeam Satellite System
Shankar, Bhavani UL; Joroughi, Vahid UL; Maleki, Sina UL et al

Scientific Conference (2018)

This paper present On-Board Precoding (OBP) for a multiple gateway multibeam satellite system where full frequency reuse pattern is employed at both user and feeder links. By reducing the Channel State ... [more ▼]

This paper present On-Board Precoding (OBP) for a multiple gateway multibeam satellite system where full frequency reuse pattern is employed at both user and feeder links. By reducing the Channel State Information (CSI) round-trip delay to half, OBP offers significant benefits in the emerging multiple gateway scenario in terms of lower gateways coordination. However, two critical issues need to be addressed: (a) interference in both user and feeder links is the bottleneck of the whole system and employing interference mitigation techniques is essential, (b) clear push towards non-adaptive (fixed) payload implementation, leading to low computationally complex satellite architectures. In order to fulfill requirements (a) and (b), this paper studies the impact of employing a fixed OBP technique at the payload which is sufficiently robust to the variations in both user and feeder link channels. In addition to (a) and (b), the provided simulation results depict the performance gain obtained by our proposed OBP with respect to the conventional interference mitigation techniques in multiple gateway multibeam systems. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 51 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailProbabilistic Formal Methods Applied to Blockchain’s Consensus Protocol
Mirto, Cristian; Yu, Jiangshan; Rahli, Vincent UL et al

Scientific Conference (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 74 (8 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailComputability Beyond Church-Turing via Choice Sequences
Bickford, Mark; Cohen, Liron; Constable, Robert et al

in LICS 2018 (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 57 (9 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailBatty Weber. Werk und Wirkung
Thiltges, Sébastian UL

in Hemecht: Zeitschrift für Luxemburger Geschichte (2018), 1

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (2 UL)
See detailUsing Space-based Data for Humanitarian Causes
Blount, Percy UL; Michael, Dodge

in ROOM: The Space Journal (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailPrecoder Design for Multibeam Mobile Satellite Systems
Joroughi, Vahid UL; Shankar, Bhavani UL; Maleki, Sina UL et al

in Proceedings of IEEE Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailOn-Board Precoding in a Multiple Gateway Multibeam Satellite System
Joroughi, Vahid UL; Shankar, Bhavani UL; Maleki, Sina UL et al

in Proceedings of IEEE VTC Fall 2018 (2018)

This paper present On-Board Precoding (OBP) for a multiple gateway multibeam satellite system where full frequency reuse pattern is employed at both user and feeder links. By reducing the Channel State ... [more ▼]

This paper present On-Board Precoding (OBP) for a multiple gateway multibeam satellite system where full frequency reuse pattern is employed at both user and feeder links. By reducing the Channel State Information (CSI) roundtrip delay to half, OBP offers significant benefits in the emerging multiple gateway scenario in terms of lower gateways coordination. However, two critical issues need to be addressed: (a) interference in both user and feeder links is the bottleneck of the whole system and employing interference mitigation techniques is essential, (b) clear push towards non-adaptive (fixed) payload implementation, leading to low computationally complex satellite architectures. In order to fulfill requirements (a) and (b), this paper studies the impact of employing a fixed OBP technique at the payload which is sufficiently robust to the variations in both user and feeder link channels. In addition to (a) and (b), the provided simulation results depict the performance gain obtained by our proposed OBP with respect to the conventional interference mitigation techniques in multiple gateway multibeam systems. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 66 (7 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe PD-L1- and IL6-mediated dampening of the IL27/STAT1 anticancer responses are prevented by a-PD-L1 or a-IL6 antibodies
Rolvering, Catherine UL; Zimmer, Andreas David UL; Ginolhac, Aurélien UL et al

in Journal of Leukocyte Biology (2018), 104

Interleukin-27 (IL27) is a type-I cytokine of the IL6/IL12 family and is predominantly secreted by activated macrophages and dendritic cells.We show that IL27 induces STAT factor phosphorylation in ... [more ▼]

Interleukin-27 (IL27) is a type-I cytokine of the IL6/IL12 family and is predominantly secreted by activated macrophages and dendritic cells.We show that IL27 induces STAT factor phosphorylation in cancerous cell lines of different tissue origin. IL27 leads to STAT1 phosphorylation and recapitulates an IFN-𝛾-like response in the microarray analyses, with up-regulation of genes involved in antiviral defense, antigen presentation, and immune suppression. Like IFN-𝛾, IL27 leads to an up-regulation of TAP2 and MHC-I proteins, which mediate increased tumor immune clearance. However, both cytokines also upregulate proteins such as PD-L1 (CD274) and IDO-1, which are associatedwith immune escape of cancer. Interestingly, differential expression of these geneswas observed within the different cell lines and when comparing IL27 to IFN-𝛾. In coculture experiments of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells with peripheral blood mononuclear cells, pre-treatment of the HCC cells with IL27 resulted in lowered IL2 production by anti-CD3/-CD28 activated T-lymphocytes. Addition of anti-PD-L1 antibody, however, restored IL2 secretion. The levels of other TH1 cytokines were also enhanced or restored upon administration of anti-PD-L1. In addition, we show that the suppression of IL27 signaling by IL6-type cytokine prestimulation— mimicking a situation occurring, for example, in IL6-secreting tumors or in tumor inflammation–induced cachexia—can be antagonized by antibodies against IL6-type cytokines or their receptors. Therapeutically, the antitumor effects of IL27 (mediated, e.g., by increased antigen presentation) might thus be increased by combining IL27with blocking antibodies against PD-L1 or/and IL6-type cytokines. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 74 (8 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEmerging Commercial Uses of Space: Regulation Reducing Risks
Hofmann, Mahulena UL; Blount, Percy UL

in Journal of World Investment and Trade (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 55 (3 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA Verified Theorem Prover Backend Supported by a Monotonic Library
Rahli, Vincent UL; Cohen, Liron; Bickford, Mark

in LPAR 2018 (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 56 (6 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCytokine-mediated modulation of the hepatic miRNome: miR-146b-5p is an IL-6-inducible miRNA with multiple targets.
Kirchmeyer, Melanie; Servais, Florence UL; Hamdorf, Matthias et al

in Journal of leukocyte biology (2018)

Interleukin-6 (IL-6)-type cytokines play important roles in liver (patho-)biology. For instance, they regulate the acute phase response to inflammatory signals and are involved in hepatocarcinogenesis ... [more ▼]

Interleukin-6 (IL-6)-type cytokines play important roles in liver (patho-)biology. For instance, they regulate the acute phase response to inflammatory signals and are involved in hepatocarcinogenesis. Much is known about the regulation of protein-coding genes by cytokines whereas their effects on the miRNome is less well understood. We performed a microarray screen to identify microRNAs (miRNAs) in human hepatocytes which are modulated by IL-6-type cytokines. Using samples of 2 donors, 27 and 68 miRNAs (out of 1,733) were found to be differentially expressed upon stimulation with hyper-IL-6 (HIL-6) for up to 72 h, with an overlap of 15 commonly regulated miRNAs. qPCR validation revealed that miR-146b-5p was also consistently up-regulated in hepatocytes derived from 2 other donors. Interestingly, miR-146b-5p (but not miR-146a-5p) was induced by IL-6-type cytokines (HIL-6 and OSM) in non-transformed liver-derived PH5CH8 and THLE2 cells and in Huh-7 hepatoma cells, but not in HepG2 or Hep3B hepatoma cells. We did not find evidence for a differential regulation of miR-146b-5p expression by promoter methylation, also when analyzing the TCGA data set on liver cancer samples. Inducible overexpression of miR-146b-5p in PH5CH8 cells followed by RNA-Seq analysis revealed effects on multiple mRNAs, including those encoding IRAK1 and TRAF6 crucial for Toll-like receptor signaling. Indeed, LPS-mediated signaling was attenuated upon overexpression of miR-146b-5p, suggesting a regulatory loop to modulate inflammatory signaling in hepatocytes. Further validation experiments suggest DNAJC6, MAGEE1, MPHOSPH6, PPP2R1B, SLC10A3, SNRNP27, and TIMM17B to be novel targets for miR-146b-5p (and miR-146a-5p). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 56 (7 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailBorder Crossings: Border Studies in der Großregion lehren
Funk, Ines; Fellner, Astrid; Dörrennächer, H. Peter et al

Scientific Conference (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAssessing binge-watching behaviors: Development of the « Watching TV Series Motives » and the « Binge-Watching Engagement » questionnaires
Flayelle, Maèva UL; Canale, Natale; Maurage, Pierre et al

in Journal of Behavioral Addictions (2018), 7 (Suppl.1)

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailRobust Online Obstacle Detection and Tracking for Collision-free Navigation of Multirotor UAVs in Complex Environments
Wang, Min UL; Voos, Holger UL; Su, Daobilige

in 15th International Conference on Control, Automation, Robotics and Vision (ICARCV), Singapore 18-21 November 2018 (2018)

Object detection and tracking is a challenging task, especially for unmanned aerial robots in complex environments where both static and dynamic objects are present. It is, however, essential for ensuring ... [more ▼]

Object detection and tracking is a challenging task, especially for unmanned aerial robots in complex environments where both static and dynamic objects are present. It is, however, essential for ensuring safety of the robot during navigation in such environments. In this work we present a practical online approach which is based on a 2D LIDAR. Unlike common approaches in the literature of modeling the environment as 2D or 3D occupancy grids, our approach offers a fast and robust method to represent the objects in the environment in a compact form, which is significantly more efficient in terms of both memory and computation in comparison with the former. Our approach is also capable of classifying objects into categories such as static and dynamic, and tracking dynamic objects as well as estimating their velocities with reasonable accuracy. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 62 (22 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAn Ecological Visual Exploration Tool to Support the Analysis of Visual Processing Pathways in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders
Cazzato, Dario UL; Leo, Marco; Distante, Cosimo et al

in Journal of Imaging (2018)

Recent improvements in the field of assistive technologies have led to innovative solutions aiming at increasing the capabilities of people with disability, helping them in daily activities with ... [more ▼]

Recent improvements in the field of assistive technologies have led to innovative solutions aiming at increasing the capabilities of people with disability, helping them in daily activities with applications that span from cognitive impairments to developmental disabilities. In particular, in the case of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), the need to obtain active feedback in order to extract subsequently meaningful data becomes of fundamental importance. In this work, a study about the possibility of understanding the visual exploration in children with ASD is presented. In order to obtain an automatic evaluation, an algorithm for free (i.e., without constraints, nor using additional hardware, infrared (IR) light sources or other intrusive methods) gaze estimation is employed. Furthermore, no initial calibration is required. It allows the user to freely rotate the head in the field of view of the sensor, and it is insensitive to the presence of eyeglasses, hats or particular hairstyles. These relaxations of the constraints make this technique particularly suitable to be used in the critical context of autism, where the child is certainly not inclined to employ invasive devices, nor to collaborate during calibration procedures.The evaluation of children’s gaze trajectories through the proposed solution is presented for the purpose of an Early Start Denver Model (ESDM) program built on the child’s spontaneous interests and game choice delivered in a natural setting. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailHybrid analog-digital transceiver designs for mmwave amplify-and-forward relaying systems
Tsinos, Christos UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Ottersten, Björn UL

in 2018 41st International Conference on Telecommunications and Signal Processing (TSP) (2018)

Hybrid Analog/Digital (A/D) pre-/post-coding solutions aim at the reduction of the hardware complexity and power consumption of a system employed with a large-scale antenna array functioning in the ... [more ▼]

Hybrid Analog/Digital (A/D) pre-/post-coding solutions aim at the reduction of the hardware complexity and power consumption of a system employed with a large-scale antenna array functioning in the millimeter (mmWave) band. This is achieved by enabling the transceiver design with fewer Radio Frequency (RF) chains than antennas. In this work, hybrid A/D transceiver designs are developed for a relay assisted mmWave system that aims at data transmission from a source to a destination node via the well-known amplify-and-forward cooperative protocol. To that end, hybrid solutions are proposed for the joint design of the source and relay nodes precoders and for the destination ones, as well. Contrariwise to existing literature approaches that develop codebook-based solutions and exhibit limitations on the performance, the proposed approaches are codebook-free and present significantly improved spectral efficiency, as it is verified via the presented simulations. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 39 (1 UL)
See detailThe future of federalism - intergovernmental financial relations in an age of austerity
Sacher, Martin UL

in Regional & Federal Studies (2018), 28(1), 102-105

Detailed reference viewed: 50 (26 UL)