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See detailThe European Economic Constitution and the Constitution of Social Europe: gleanings from the CJEU’s collective redundancies cases
Ratti, Luca UL

in Hofmann, Herwig; Pantazatou, Aikaterini; Zaccaroni, Giovanni (Eds.) The Metamorphosis of the European Economic Constitution (in press)

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See detailEmpirical Evaluation of Mutation-based Test Prioritization Techniques
Shin, Donghwan; Yoo, Shin; Papadakis, Mike UL et al

in Software Testing, Verification and Reliability (in press)

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See detailInternationale Disability Studies
Biermann, Julia; Powell, Justin J W UL

in Waldschmidt, Anne (Ed.) Handbuch Disability Studies (in press)

Der Beitrag zeichnet internationale Entwicklungen in den Disability Studies nach. Aufgrund der Bedeutung für die Entstehung und weltweite Verbreitung des multidisziplinären Forschungsfelds liegt der Fokus ... [more ▼]

Der Beitrag zeichnet internationale Entwicklungen in den Disability Studies nach. Aufgrund der Bedeutung für die Entstehung und weltweite Verbreitung des multidisziplinären Forschungsfelds liegt der Fokus auf den englischsprachigen Diskursen. Skizziert werden drei historische Phasen: die Etablierung der Disability Studies in den 1970er und 1980er Jahren, die Ausdifferenzierung in den 1990er und 2000er Jahren sowie die Pluralisierung seit den 2010er Jahren. [less ▲]

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See detailA Note on Stein’s Overreaction Puzzle
Lin, Yuehao; Lehnert, Thorsten UL

in Decisions in Economics and Finance (in press)

Recently, Christoffersen et al. (2013) argue that the overreaction puzzle of Stein (1989) can be explained by a variance-dependent pricing kernel. In this note, we challenge this view. Our theoretical ... [more ▼]

Recently, Christoffersen et al. (2013) argue that the overreaction puzzle of Stein (1989) can be explained by a variance-dependent pricing kernel. In this note, we challenge this view. Our theoretical results are in line with their argument that the variance under risk-neutral measure is more persistent than the variance under physical measure due to a negative variance risk premium. But our results do not support their argument that the more persistent variance is able to qualitatively explain Stein’s findings. We show theoretically that the persistence of the volatility cannot amplify the movements of long-term variance to short-term fluctuations in variance, and, therefore, conclude that Stein’s overreaction puzzle is still unsolved. [less ▲]

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See detailSeeing is believing: Gender diversity in STEM is related to mathematics self-concept
Niepel, Christoph UL; Stadler, Matthias UL; Greiff, Samuel UL

in Journal of Educational Psychology (in press)

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See detailThe ICO Goldrush - A challenge for Regulators
Zetzsche, Dirk Andreas UL; Buckley, R; Arner, D. et al

in Harvard International Law Journal (in press)

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See detailThe Identity Challenge in Finance: From Analogue Identity to Digitized Identification to Digital KYC Utilities
Zetzsche, Dirk Andreas UL; Arner, Douglas W.; Buckley, Ross P. et al

in European Business Organization Law Review (in press)

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See detailAn Agile Approach to Validate a Formal Representation of the GDPR
Bartolini, Cesare UL; Lenzini, Gabriele UL; Santos, Cristiana

in New Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence (in press)

Modelling in a knowledge base of logic formulæ the articles of the GDPR enables a semi-automatic reasoning of the Regulation. To be legally substantiated, it requires that the formulæ express validly the ... [more ▼]

Modelling in a knowledge base of logic formulæ the articles of the GDPR enables a semi-automatic reasoning of the Regulation. To be legally substantiated, it requires that the formulæ express validly the legal meaning of the Regulation's articles. But legal experts are usually not familiar with logic, and this calls for an interdisciplinary validation methodology that bridges the communication gap between formal modelers and legal evaluators. We devise such a validation methodology and exemplify it over a knowledge base of articles of the GDPR translated into Reified I/O (RIO) logic and encoded in LegalRuleML. A pivotal element of the methodology is a human-readable intermediate representation of the logic formulæ that preserves the formulæ's meaning, while rendering it in a readable way to non-experts. After being applied over a use case, we prove that it is possible to retrieve feedback from legal experts about the formal representation of Art. 5.1a and Art. 7.1. What emerges is an agile process to build logic knowledge bases of legal texts, and to support their public trust, which we intend to use for a logic model of the GDPR, called DAPRECO knowledge base. [less ▲]

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See detailDie Emanzipation des hybriden Selbst: Identität, Kultur und Literatur in Luxemburg
Baumann, Isabell UL

Book published by transcipt (in press)

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See detailCan the Plight of the European Banking Structural Reforms be a Blessing in Disguise?
Nabilou, Hossein UL

in European Business Organization Law Review (in press)

One of the problems perceived to be at the heart of the global financial crisis was an amalgamation of various commercial and investment banking activities under one entity, as well as the ... [more ▼]

One of the problems perceived to be at the heart of the global financial crisis was an amalgamation of various commercial and investment banking activities under one entity, as well as the interconnectedness of the banking entities with other financial institutions, investment funds, and the shadow banking system. This paper focuses on various measures that aim to structurally separate the banking entities and their core functions from riskier financial activities such as (proprietary) trading or investments in alternative investment funds. Although banking structural reforms in the EU, UK, and the US have taken different forms, their common denominator is the separation of core banking functions from certain trading or securities market activities. Having reviewed the arguments for and against banking structural reforms and their varieties in major jurisdictions, including the EU, UK, US, France, and Germany, the paper argues that a more nuanced approach to introducing such measures at the EU level is warranted. Given the different market structures across the Atlantic and the lack of conclusive evidence on the beneficial impact of banking structural reforms, the paper concludes that the withdrawal of the banking structural reforms proposal by the European Commission has been a prudent move. It seems that in the absence of concrete evidence, experimenting with structural reforms at the Member-State level would be less costly and would provide for opportunities for learning from smaller mistakes that could pave the way for a more optimal approach to introducing banking structural reforms at the European level in the future. [less ▲]

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See detailSpace Law at Unispace +50: Consequences and Future Perspectives
Salmeri, Antonino UL

Report (in press)

Report of IISL Session E7.4 on the occasion of the 69th International Astronautical Congress,

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See detailIntegrated Analyses of Microbiome and Longitudinal Metabolome Data Reveal Microbial-Host Interactions on Sulfur Metabolism in Parkinson’s Disease
Hertel, Johannes; Harms, Amy C.; Heinken, Almut et al

in Cell Reports (in press)

Parkinson’s disease (PD) exhibits systemic effects on human metabolism with emerging roles for the gut microbiome. Here, we integrated longitudinal metabolome data from 30 drug-naïve, de-novo PD patients ... [more ▼]

Parkinson’s disease (PD) exhibits systemic effects on human metabolism with emerging roles for the gut microbiome. Here, we integrated longitudinal metabolome data from 30 drug-naïve, de-novo PD patients and 30 matched controls with constraint-based modeling of gut microbial communities derived from an independent, drug-naïve PD cohort, and prospective data from a general population. Our key results are i) longitudinal trajectory of metabolites associated with the interconversion of methionine and cysteine via cystathionine differed between PD patients and controls, ii) dopaminergic medication showed strong lipidomic signatures, iii) taurine-conjugated bile acids correlated with the severity of motor symptoms, while low levels of sulfated taurolithocholate were associated with incident PD in the general population, and iv) computational modeling predicted changes in sulfur metabolism, driven by A. muciniphila and B. wadsworthia, consistent with the changed metabolome. In conclusion, the multi-omics integration revealed PD-specific patterns in microbial-host sulfur co-metabolism that may contribute to PD severity. [less ▲]

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See detailRegional foreign banks and financial inclusion: Evidence from Africa
Leon, Florian UL; Zins, Alexandra

in Economic Modelling (in press)

Regional foreign banks expanded quickly over the past decade in developing and emerging countries and have a growing influence in banking systems. We question whether the development of African regional ... [more ▼]

Regional foreign banks expanded quickly over the past decade in developing and emerging countries and have a growing influence in banking systems. We question whether the development of African regional foreign banks, also called Pan-African banks, influences financial inclusion of firms and households. To this end, we combine the World Bank Global Findex database and the World Bank Enterprise Surveys with a hand-collected database on the presence of regional foreign banks. We find that Pan-African banks presence increases firms’ access to credit and limited evidence that they favor financial access of the middle class by restoring confidence in banks. We suggest that this impact is related to the adoption of an aggressive strategy aiming at gaining market shares rather than through the exploitation of informational and technological advantages. [less ▲]

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See detailCommentary on the authorization of investment firms under MiFID
Zetzsche, Dirk Andreas UL; Nast, Dominik

in Lehmann, Mathias; Kumpan, Christoph (Eds.) European Financial Services Law (in press)

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See detailThe Fundamental Right to Data Protection of Blockchain Users seen through the Applicability of the GDPR
Jolly, Loren UL

in Borges, Georg; Sorge, Christoph (Eds.) IT Law and Legal Informatics (in press)

The aim of this chapter is to highlight the different issues that one faces when trying to ensure the fundamental right to data protection of blockchain users. The provisions of the General Data ... [more ▼]

The aim of this chapter is to highlight the different issues that one faces when trying to ensure the fundamental right to data protection of blockchain users. The provisions of the General Data Protection Regulation are used as an example of the difficulties. Here, two principal issues are addressed: issues regarding the addressees of the General Data Protection Regulation's provisions and issues regarding the qualification and treatment of data available on permissionless and permissioned blockchains. Finally, this article highlights the consequences that these uncertainties may have on the protection of users’ fundamental rights and the necessity to ensure legal certainty through additional guidance from the European legislator or upcoming case-law. [less ▲]

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See detailBack to the Moon: Legal Challenges for Future Lunar Exploration
Salmeri, Antonino UL

in Proceedings of the International Institute of Space Law (in press)

In the light of the recently renovated interest in returning humans to the Moon, this paper addresses the main legal challenges related, with the goal to show practical solutions under the current system ... [more ▼]

In the light of the recently renovated interest in returning humans to the Moon, this paper addresses the main legal challenges related, with the goal to show practical solutions under the current system of international space law. In order to do so, the paper first presents an overview of current lunar exploration programs, arguing that public and private missions raise different challenges and thus require specific models. Following, it accordingly assesses possible legal solutions for the regulation of these programs. On the one hand, States’ exploration programs may be governed by a revised version of the Intergovernmental Agreement already concluded for the International Space Station. On the other hand, private activities could be better organized relying on Articles VI-IX OST as integrated by a new UNGA Resolution, ad hoc bilateral agreements and specific provisions in national space legislations. Finally, the paper concludes underlining the importance of international cooperation as the key to ensure the peaceful use and exploration of outer space. [less ▲]

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See detailReading the history of society through the lens of a history of sexuality
De Silva, Adrian UL

in Andererseits: yearbook of transatlantic German studies (in press)

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See detailA Survey of Challenges for Runtime Verification from Advanced Application Domains (Beyond Software)
Sánchez, César; Schneider, Gerardo; Ahrendt, Wolfgang et al

in Formal Methods in System Design (in press)

Runtime verification is an area of formal methods that studies the dynamic analysis of execution traces against formal specifications. Typically, the two main activities in runtime verification efforts ... [more ▼]

Runtime verification is an area of formal methods that studies the dynamic analysis of execution traces against formal specifications. Typically, the two main activities in runtime verification efforts are the process of creating monitors from specifications, and the algorithms for the evaluation of traces against the generated monitors. Other activities involve the instrumentation of the system to generate the trace and the communication between the system under analysis and the monitor. Most of the applications in runtime verification have been focused on the dynamic analysis of software, even though there are many more potential applications to other computational devices and target systems. In this paper we present a collection of challenges for runtime verification extracted from concrete application domains, focusing on the difficulties that must be overcome to tackle these specific challenges. The computational models that characterize these domains require to devise new techniques beyond the current state of the art in runtime verification. [less ▲]

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See detailSchool Attitude and Perceived Teacher Acceptance: Developmental Trajectories, Temporal Relations, and Gender Differences
Arens, Anne Katrin; Niepel, Christoph UL

in British Journal of Educational Psychology (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 54 (2 UL)