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See detailThe stability of academic self-concept profiles – a latent transition analysis
Franzen, Patrick UL; Arens, A. Katrin; Niepel, Christoph UL

Poster (2019, November 06)

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See detailMulti-directed Graph Complexes and Quasi-isomorphisms Between Them II: Sourced Graphs
Zivkovic, Marko UL

in International Mathematics Research Notices (2019), 00(0), 1-57

We prove that the projection from graph complex with at least one source to oriented graph complex is a quasi-isomorphism, showing that homology of the “sourced” graph complex is also equal to the ... [more ▼]

We prove that the projection from graph complex with at least one source to oriented graph complex is a quasi-isomorphism, showing that homology of the “sourced” graph complex is also equal to the homology of standard Kontsevich’s graph complex. This result may have applications in theory of multi-vector fields T≥1poly of degree at least one, and to the hairy graph complex that computes the rational homotopy of the space of long knots. The result is generalized to multi-directed graph complexes, showing that all such graph complexes are quasi-isomorphic. These complexes play a key role in the deformation theory of multi-oriented props recently invented by Sergei Merkulov. We also develop a theory of graph complexes with arbitrary edge types. [less ▲]

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See detailThe 2019 European Parliament Elections in Luxembourg in the Context of Past Elections
Högenauer, Anna-Lena UL

E-print/Working paper (2019)

The aim of this article is to analyse the 2019 European election in Luxembourg and to contextualize it by comparing it with past elections. The article presents the party landscape, the electoral campaign ... [more ▼]

The aim of this article is to analyse the 2019 European election in Luxembourg and to contextualize it by comparing it with past elections. The article presents the party landscape, the electoral campaign, the electoral system and the results of the 2019 European election. The results are then analysed in the context of past national and European elections in order to establish whether European elections are second-order elections in Luxembourg, how electoral volatility evolved over time, whether there is a rise in Eurosceptic parties and how the representation of women has evolved since 1979. [less ▲]

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See detailHistoire d'un scandale: La politique du logement au Luxembourg
Scuto, Denis UL

Article for general public (2019)

The article of Denis Scuto outlines the history of nowadays housing crisis and upward housing market spiral in Luxembourg

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See detailSchNetPack: A Deep Learning Toolbox For Atomistic Systems
Schütt, Kristof; Kessel, Pan; Gastegger, Michael et al

in Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation (2019), 15

SchNetPack is a toolbox for the development and application of deep neural networks that predict potential energy surfaces and other quantum-chemical properties of molecules and materials. It contains ... [more ▼]

SchNetPack is a toolbox for the development and application of deep neural networks that predict potential energy surfaces and other quantum-chemical properties of molecules and materials. It contains basic building blocks of atomistic neural networks, manages their training, and provides simple access to common benchmark datasets. This allows for an easy implementation and evaluation of new models. For now, SchNetPack includes implementations of (weighted) atom-centered symmetry functions and the deep tensor neural network SchNet, as well as ready-to-use scripts that allow one to train these models on molecule and material datasets. Based on the PyTorch deep learning framework, SchNetPack allows one to efficiently apply the neural networks to large datasets with millions of reference calculations, as well as parallelize the model across multiple GPUs. Finally, SchNetPack provides an interface to the Atomic Simulation Environment in order to make trained models easily accessible to researchers that are not yet familiar with neural networks. [less ▲]

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See detailVon Eupen-Malmedy nach Ostbelgien. Eine deutsch-belgische Beziehungsgeschichte seit 1920
Brüll, Christoph UL

Scientific Conference (2019, November 01)

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See detailComputational analysis of molecular network perturbations in complex diseases
Glaab, Enrico UL

Presentation (2019, November 01)

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See detailEnhanced Sketchnoting through Semantic Integration of Learning Material
Atashpendar, Aryobarzan UL; Grevisse, Christian UL; Rothkugel, Steffen UL

in Applied Informatics (2019, November)

Within the transition from pen-and-paper to digital solutions, many tablet-based note-taking apps have been developed. In addition, sketchnoting, a highly visual form of note-taking, has gained in ... [more ▼]

Within the transition from pen-and-paper to digital solutions, many tablet-based note-taking apps have been developed. In addition, sketchnoting, a highly visual form of note-taking, has gained in popularity, especially in teaching and learning. While current solutions already reduce the burden of organizing and searching through stacks of paper, they provide little support in finding additional information related to the notes, and search capabilities are mostly limited to textual queries and content. In this paper, we present a novel solution for digital sketchnoting aimed at enhancing the learning experience of students. In addition to common capabilities such as handwriting recognition, our note-taking app integrates semantic annotation and drawing recognition. Handwritten notes are recognized and passed through concept recognition and entity linking tools to enable a knowledge graph-based integration of contextually relevant learning resources. We extend traditional search capabilities by including the semantic metadata from the related material as well as enabling visual queries to find recognized sketches. Finally, resembling the exchange of paper notes among students, our app allows to share the semantically enhanced notes with other devices. [less ▲]

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See detailA Personalized Sentiment Model with Textual and Contextual Information
Guo, Siwen UL; Höhn, Sviatlana UL; Schommer, Christoph UL

in The SIGNLL Conference on Computational Natural Language Learning, Hong Kong 3-4 November 2019 (2019, November)

In this paper, we look beyond the traditional population-level sentiment modeling and consider the individuality in a person's expressions by discovering both textual and contextual information. In ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we look beyond the traditional population-level sentiment modeling and consider the individuality in a person's expressions by discovering both textual and contextual information. In particular, we construct a hierarchical neural network that leverages valuable information from a person's past expressions, and offer a better understanding of the sentiment from the expresser's perspective. Additionally, we investigate how a person's sentiment changes over time so that recent incidents or opinions may have more effect on the person's current sentiment than the old ones. Psychological studies have also shown that individual variation exists in how easily people change their sentiments. In order to model such traits, we develop a modified attention mechanism with Hawkes process applied on top of a recurrent network for a user-specific design. Implemented with automatically labeled Twitter data, the proposed model has shown positive results employing different input formulations for representing the concerned information. [less ▲]

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See detailDialog, Monolog, Hybrid - Mehrsprachige Theatertexte in Luxemburg
Bloch, Natalie UL

Presentation (2019, November)

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See detailBusiness and Human Rights: UIA Annual Congress
Baglayan, Basak UL

Diverse speeches and writings (2019)

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See detailVPGA: an SDN-based Location Privacy Zones Placement Scheme for Vehicular Networks
Boualouache, Abdelwahab UL; Soua, Ridha UL; Engel, Thomas UL

in 38th IEEE International Performance Computing and Communications Conference (IPCCC) (2019, October 29)

Making personal data anonymous is crucial to ensure the adoption of connected vehicles. One of the privacy-sensitive information is location, which once revealed can be used by adversaries to track ... [more ▼]

Making personal data anonymous is crucial to ensure the adoption of connected vehicles. One of the privacy-sensitive information is location, which once revealed can be used by adversaries to track drivers during their journey. Vehicular Location Privacy Zones (VLPZs) is a promising approach to ensure unlinkability. These logical zones can be easily deployed over roadside infrastructures (RIs) such as gas station or electric charging stations. However, the placement optimization problem of VLPZs is NP-hard and thus an efficient allocation of VLPZs to these RIs is needed to avoid their overload and the degradation of the QoS provided within theses RIs. This work considers the optimal placement of the VLPZs and proposes a genetic-based algorithm in a software defined vehicular network to ensure minimized trajectory cost of involved vehicles and hence less consumption of their pseudonyms. The analytical evaluation shows that the proposed approach is cost-efficient and ensures a shorter response time. [less ▲]

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See detailARPANET en contexte
Schafer, Valerie UL

Presentation (2019, October 29)

La naissance d'Arpanet en contexte Après être revenue sur la naissance du réseau dans les années qui précèdent directement la première connexion et les évènements de 1969 au sein du projet, cette ... [more ▼]

La naissance d'Arpanet en contexte Après être revenue sur la naissance du réseau dans les années qui précèdent directement la première connexion et les évènements de 1969 au sein du projet, cette intervention élargira le regard en amont (les réseaux avant Arpanet, les racines du temps partagé, etc.) et en aval (filiation et valeurs d'Internet qui sont célébrées à travers Arpanet). [less ▲]

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See detailTeachers’ translanguaging stance, design, and shifts in a professional development course
Aleksic, Gabrijela UL; Bebic, Dzoen Dominique UL

Scientific Conference (2019, October 28)

Classrooms in Luxembourg are highly socially, culturally, and linguistically diverse. About 65% of 4 year-old children do not speak Luxembourgish, of which 28% speak Portuguese (MENJE, 2018). In 2017, the ... [more ▼]

Classrooms in Luxembourg are highly socially, culturally, and linguistically diverse. About 65% of 4 year-old children do not speak Luxembourgish, of which 28% speak Portuguese (MENJE, 2018). In 2017, the new law has declared multilingual early education mandatory. Until that time, the focus was solely on the development of Luxemburgish, whereas now teachers should also familiarize children with French and value their home languages. To support preschool teachers, our project aims to: (1) offer a professional development (PD) course in translanguaging, (2) involve children’s families to reinforce home-school collaboration, and (3) foster children’s cognitive, linguistic, and socio-emotional engagement in the classroom. We use focus groups, questionnaires, and language portraits with teachers and a test in early literacy and numeracy in school and home language and video observations with children. Translanguaging, the main topic of our 22 hour PD course (June – December 2019), is the use of a full linguistic repertoire to make meaning (Otheguy, García, & Reid, 2015). Through focus groups, we identified teachers’ negative translanguaging stance towards children’s proficiency in their home language that hinders the development of Luxembourgish. Translanguaging design was related to teachers’ use of multilingual stories and morning greetings, while translanguaging shifts concerned frequent translations by involving older children. Our main goal is to address the negative translanguaging stance by offering practical activities during the course and collaborating with parents, children, and organisational stakeholders. References Ministry of National Education, Childhood and Youth [MENJE]. (2018). Key numbers of the national education: statistics and indicators – School year 2016-2017. Retrieved from http://www.men.public.lu/fr/actualites/publications/themes-transversaux/statistiques-analyses/chiffres-cles/index.html Otheguy, R., García, O., & Reid, W. (2015). Clarifying translanguaging and deconstructing named languages: A perspective from linguistics. Applied Linguistic Review, 6(3), 281–307. [less ▲]

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See detailFacing parallel inventions: the French telecommunications strategies in the digital field (mid-1950s to mid-1990s)
Schafer, Valerie UL

Scientific Conference (2019, October 26)

This panel on parallel inventions is an opportunity to rethink 15-years of research on data networks and digitization from the perspective of simultaneity. The subject of parallel inventions in the field ... [more ▼]

This panel on parallel inventions is an opportunity to rethink 15-years of research on data networks and digitization from the perspective of simultaneity. The subject of parallel inventions in the field of data networks immediately brings to mind the outset of packet switching, a key concept of Arpanet and Internet (Bay, 2019) that was developed in the 1960s by several players, namely Paul Baran at the RAND Corporation, Leonard Kleinrock at UCLA and Donald Davies at the NPL (National Physical Laboratory) in Great Britain. Yet this Zeitgeist surrounding packet switching is not the only example of parallel ideas and projects within the history of data networks, nor is it limited to the US context. My presentation therefore aims to shift the focus to deepen our understanding of simultaneous inventions, turning away from the cumbersome examination of the “great figures” towards collective innovation and adoption. To do so, we will look at the telecommunications sector. Since the 1950s, this sector in the United States, France, Great Britain and other European countries has been confronted with computer needs and the challenge of building data networks based on their infrastructure – communication lines were mainly monopolized by telecommunication companies in Europe until the end of the 1980s. Several parallel paths were experimented during the period from the transition to electronic switching in phone equipment to the development of standards such as X25, which competed with Internet protocols in the 1980s and 1990s, demonstrating that innovation is not a linear process. Rather than discuss AT&T’s hostility towards packet switching as implemented in Arpanet, which has already been well documented (Abbate, 1999), this study will look at the French telecommunications administration and show how those responsible for the communication lines needed for French networks were positioning themselves to face the changes that had begun in the 1950s, whilst assessing parallel inventions that were either internal or external to the administration. Our paper will therefore focus less on invention per se than on the response to simultaneous inventions, and will review several simultaneous paths in the history of digital networks that French telecommunications had to face, and the associated process of collective decision-making. We will start by presenting the parallel development of spatial and temporal switching in the second half of the 1950s, then look at the simultaneous experiment of Caducée and Hermès networks (early 1970s). Complementary case studies will cover the debate about virtual circuits and datagrams from the 1970s to the 1990s, standardization within the field of telematics and the first Web offers in the transition period from the Minitel to the Web in the 1990s. Our analysis aims to establish a typology of the administration’s choices and attitudes, which differ according to whether the alternative is an internal solution or from an external source, but also according to the periods, from the telecommunications monopoly to the 1990s deregulation. In this way, we aim to reveal how inventions were not only connected to the technical context and knowledge, but were also shaped by those who were interested in the resulting technology. [less ▲]

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See detailA Computational-Hermeneutic Approach for Conceptual Explicitation
Fuenmayor, David; Benzmüller, Christoph UL

in Nepomuceno, A.; Magnani, L.; Salguero, F. (Eds.) et al Model-Based Reasoning in Science and Technology -- Inferential Models for Logic, Language, Cognition and Computation (2019)

We present a computer-supported approach for the logical analysis and conceptual explicitation of argumentative discourse. Computational hermeneutics harnesses recent progresses in automated reasoning for ... [more ▼]

We present a computer-supported approach for the logical analysis and conceptual explicitation of argumentative discourse. Computational hermeneutics harnesses recent progresses in automated reasoning for higher-order logics and aims at formalizing natural-language argumentative discourse using flexible combinations of expressive non-classical logics. In doing so, it allows us to render explicit the tacit conceptualizations implicit in argumentative discursive practices. Our approach operates on networks of structured arguments and is iterative and two-layered. At one layer we search for logically correct formalizations for each of the individual arguments. At the next layer we select among those correct formalizations the ones which honor the argument’s dialectic role, i.e. attacking or supporting other arguments as intended. We operate at these two layers in parallel and continuously rate sentences’ formalizations by using, primarily, inferential adequacy criteria. An interpretive, logical theory will thus gradually evolve. This theory is composed of meaning postulates serving as explications for concepts playing a role in the analyzed arguments. Such a recursive, iterative approach to interpretation does justice to the inherent circularity of understanding: the whole is understood compositionally on the basis of its parts, while each part is understood only in the context of the whole (hermeneutic circle). We summarily discuss previous work on exemplary applications of human-in-the-loop computational hermeneutics in metaphysical discourse. We also discuss some of the main challenges involved in fully-automating our approach. By sketching some design ideas and reviewing relevant technologies, we argue for the technological feasibility of a highly-automated computational hermeneutics. [less ▲]

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