Results 101-120 of 4146.
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAre Capital Requirements on Small Business Loans Flawed?
Wolff, Christian UL

in Journal of Empirical Finance (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 69 (8 UL)
See detailBook review: Bessey, Valérie et Werner Paravicini: Guerre des manifestes : Charles le Téméraire et ses ennemis (1465-1475)
Genot, Gilles UL

in Hemecht: Zeitschrift für Luxemburger Geschichte (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSelf-Regulation of Fundamental Rights? The EU Code of Conduct on Hate Speech, Related Initiatives and Beyond
Quintel, Teresa Alegra UL; Ullrich, Carsten UL

in Ojanen, Tuomas; Petkova, Bilyana (Eds.) Fundamental Rights Protection Online: the Future Regulation of Intermediaries (in press)

This contribution will give a brief overview of EU legislation encouraging self-regulation, such as codes of conduct, communications and recommendations and propose an alternative approach towards ... [more ▼]

This contribution will give a brief overview of EU legislation encouraging self-regulation, such as codes of conduct, communications and recommendations and propose an alternative approach towards fighting illegal content on online platforms, which ventures squarely into co-regulation. There is no formal and straightforward definition on what constitutes illegal hate speech. However, hate speech might be classified as targeting minority groups in a way that promotes violence or social disorder and hatred. The use of social media and online platforms to spread illegal content and hate speech has increased progressively during recent years, as content may be disseminated anonymously and further shared by other users. Therefore, the timely removal or blocking of access to illegal content is essential to limit the wider dissemination and harm of individuals targeted by hate speech. The prominent role of online platforms in revolutionizing modern communication and as influencers of the public opinion has increasingly come to the attention of policy makers. Since online platforms provide an important stage for phenomena such as ‘fake news’, ‘hate speech’ or ‘disinformation’, the pressure to take more responsibility over content hosted by them has grown. The EU Commission took action via several attempts to set certain rules for online intermediaries, mostly relying on non-binding agreements, often in the form of self-regulatory measures, such as codes of conduct, guidelines and recommendations. These measures have raised concerns regarding possible limitations of Freedom of Expression, because they require online platforms to adjudicate on the legality of content, often by relying on automated systems. Meanwhile decisions over the unlawfulness of hate speech and “disinformation” are often notoriously difficult. The deployment of algorithms to analyse the content generated on platforms, such as recognition and filtering technologies, bear risks and pitfalls of automated compliance solutions. Although the use of algorithms to monitor content online still happens based on the “human-in-the-loop principle”, the diligence and efficiency with which illegal content can be reviewed is also dependent on the financial capacity and resources of each company. In addition, these privatized removal procedures maybe influenced by commercial interests and lack effective appeals mechanisms. All these issues throw up serious questions about the democratic legitimacy of self-regulatory removal procedures An alternative solution, proposed in this article, would require platforms to apply a risk-based approach to preventing and removing illegal content. The norms and standards of such an approach would be based on duty of care and be subject to regulatory oversight. It is suggested that the current self-regulatory proposals be replaced by co-regulatory solutions. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 108 (9 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailQuantifying information flow in interactive systems
Mestel, David UL

in 2019 IEEE 32nd Computer Security Foundations Symposium (CSF) (in press)

We consider the problem of quantifying information flow in interactive systems, modelled as finite-state transducers in the style of Goguen and Meseguer. Our main result is that if the system is ... [more ▼]

We consider the problem of quantifying information flow in interactive systems, modelled as finite-state transducers in the style of Goguen and Meseguer. Our main result is that if the system is deterministic then the information flow is either logarithmic or linear, and there is a polynomial-time algorithm to distinguish the two cases and compute the rate of logarithmic flow. To achieve this we first extend the theory of information leakage through channels to the case of interactive systems, and establish a number of results which greatly simplify computation. We then show that for deterministic systems the information flow corresponds to the growth rate of antichains inside a certain regular language, a property called the width of the language. In a companion work we have shown that there is a dichotomy between polynomial and exponential antichain growth, and a polynomial time algorithm to distinguish the two cases and to compute the order of polynomial growth. We observe that these two cases correspond to logarithmic and linear information flow respectively. Finally, we formulate several attractive open problems, covering the cases of probabilistic systems, systems with more than two users and nondeterministic systems where the nondeterminism is assumed to be innocent rather than demonic. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 52 (2 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailBorders and Migration
Nienaber, Birte UL

in Wassenberg, Birte; Reitel, Bernard; Thevenet, Anne (Eds.) et al Critical Dictionary on Cross-Border Cooperation in Europe (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 40 (7 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailDavid Seymour’s Album on the Fight Against Illiteracy in Calabria as a Tool of Mediatization: Material Traces of Editing and Visual Storytelling
Priem, Karin UL

in Hendel, Giovanna; Naggar, Carole; Priem, Karin (Eds.) They Did not Stop at Eboli: The UNESCO Campaign Against Illiteracy in Reportages by David Seymour and Carlo Levi (1950) (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (4 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailImages of Industrial Life and Vocational Training: Scouting as a Liminal Space for Educating a Workers’ Elite in 1920s Luxembourg
Herman, Frederik; Priem, Karin UL

in History of Education (in press)

This paper looks at a specific set of corporate images, namely photographs of apprentices of the Luxembourg steel conglomerate ARBED, and analyzes how young workers are depicted in these images. The paper ... [more ▼]

This paper looks at a specific set of corporate images, namely photographs of apprentices of the Luxembourg steel conglomerate ARBED, and analyzes how young workers are depicted in these images. The paper draws on a collection of 2,251 glass plate negatives (re)presenting ARBED’s industrial cosmos, including its vocational school the Institut Emile Metz. The roughly 160 images of apprentices contained in the collection put on display the apprentices’ bodies and a variety of activities in different contexts. The images’ contents testify to the institute’s programmatic hybridity and the constant (re-)mix of formal and semi-formal learning activities intended to educate natural, urban, mobile and communal men and future workers. Our focus is on Boy Scouts activities in a variety of different environments, which have functioned as a liminal space for educating a workers’ elite, mitigating the risks of industrialization and fostering social harmony and cultural belonging. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 57 (2 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMaintenance location routing for rolling stock under line and fleet planning uncertainty
Arts, Joachim UL; Tönissen, Denise; Shen, Zuo-Jun

in Transportation Science (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 205 (22 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailRespirations-assoziiertes evoziertes Potenzial
Schulz, André UL

in Wirtz, M. A. (Ed.) Dorsch - Lexikon der Psychologie (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (0 UL)
See detailThey Did not Stop at Eboli: The UNESCO Campaign Against Illiteracy in Reportages by David Seymour and Carlo Levi (1950)
Hendel, Giovanna; Naggar, Carole; Priem, Karin UL

Book published by De Gruyter - Appearances: Studies in Visual Research (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 58 (3 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailRespiration
Schulz, André UL

in Wirtz, M. A. (Ed.) Dorsch - Lexikon der Psychologie (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (0 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailBaroreflex-Sensitivität
Schulz, André UL

in Wirtz, M. A. (Ed.) Dorsch - Lexikon der Psychologie (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (0 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailElektrogastrogramm (EGG)
Schulz, André UL

in Wirtz, M. A. (Ed.) Dorsch - Lexikon der Psychologie (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (1 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailHerzschlag-evoziertes Potenzial (HEP)
Schulz, André UL

in Wirtz, M. A. (Ed.) Dorsch - Lexikon der Psychologie (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (0 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailImpedanzkardiographie (IKG)
Schulz, André UL

in Wirtz, M. A. (Ed.) Dorsch - Lexikon der Psychologie (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (0 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailBlutdruckvariabilität
Schulz, André UL

in Wirtz, M. A. (Ed.) Dorsch - Lexikon der Psychologie (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (0 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailHerzschlagwahrnehmung
Schulz, André UL

in Wirtz, M. A. (Ed.) Dorsch - Lexikon der Psychologie (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (1 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailSpirometrie
Schulz, André UL

in Wirtz, M. A. (Ed.) Dorsch - Lexikon der Psychologie (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (0 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailAtmungsmessung
Schulz, André UL

in Wirtz, M. A. (Ed.) Dorsch - Lexikon der Psychologie (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (0 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailLauenstein im Bild. Über das Edieren von Geschichte und Erinnerung in historischen Alben
Priem, Karin UL

in Werner, Meike (Ed.) Ein Gipfel für Morgen. Kontroversen 1917/18 um die Neuordnung Deutschlands auf Burg Lauenstein (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 60 (0 UL)