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See detailConventional and Unconventional Monetary Policy
Pantazatou, Aikaterini UL; Asimakopoulos, Ioannis UL

in Fabbrini, Federico; Ventoruzzo, Marco (Eds.) Research Handbook on European Economic Law (in press)

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See detailAssessing the post-crisis European Economic Constitution: the fiscal perspective
Pantazatou, Aikaterini UL; Asimakopoulos, Ioannis UL

in Hofmann, Herwig; Pantazatou, Aikaterini; Zaccaroni, Giovanni (Eds.) The Metamorphosis of the European Economic Constitution (in press)

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See detailThe Single Resolution Board as a New Form of Economic Governance
Asimakopoulos, Ioannis UL

in Hofmann, Herwig; Pantazatou, Aikaterini; Zaccaroni, Giovanni (Eds.) The Metamorphosis of the European Economic Constitution (in press)

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See detailAgency, materiality, and relations in intra-action in a kindergarten science investigation
Haus, Jana; Siry, Christina UL

in Milne, Catherine; Scantlebury, Kate (Eds.) Material practice and materiality in science education (in press)

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See detailInteroceptive accuracy, emotion recognition, and emotion regulation in preschool children
Schaan, Luca; Schulz, André UL; Nuraydin, Sevim et al

in International Journal of Psychophysiology (in press)

Little is known about the conscious experience of internal bodily sensations in preschool-aged children. Given that preschoolers are in the most rapid phase of brain development, and display profound ... [more ▼]

Little is known about the conscious experience of internal bodily sensations in preschool-aged children. Given that preschoolers are in the most rapid phase of brain development, and display profound emotional development, it was the aim of the present study to establish an adapted interoceptive accuracy paradigm and to investigate associations between sociodemographic (age, sex) and emotional variables with interoceptive accuracy. Forty-nine children (aged 4-6 years) completed the jumping jack paradigm, a heartbeat tracking paradigm, which includes a noninvasive physical perturbation via performing jumping jacks for 10 seconds. An interoceptive accuracy score was based on the comparison between self-reported and objectively recorded heart rate prior to and after completion of jumping jacks. Children also completed validated measures for emotion recognition and emotion regulation. Children’s objectively recorded heart rate significantly increased after the JJP by 20 bpm on average. There was a positive relationship between reactivity on self-reported heart rate and objectively recorded heart rate increase. The derived scores for interoceptive accuracy increased with age, suggesting older children to report more self-reported heart rate change than objectively recorded, but were unrelated to children’s sex or BMI. While emotion recognition and regulation significantly increased with age, the interoceptive accuracy score was unrelated to emotion recognition, but marginally associated to emotion regulation. Children with higher interceptive accuracy score (i.e., self-reporting more heart rate change than objectively recorded) received lower emotion regulation score. The present study is the first to depict a novel behavioral paradigm to assess interoceptive accuracy in preschool-aged children. [less ▲]

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See detailAdministrative Law and Policy of the European Union
Hofmann, Herwig UL; Rowe, Gerard; Türk, Alexander

Book published by Oxford University Pressq - 2nd edition (in press)

The European Union is a union under the rule of law and accordingly all exercise of public authority needs to conform with the principle of legality. The legal framework of the EU is, however, as much as ... [more ▼]

The European Union is a union under the rule of law and accordingly all exercise of public authority needs to conform with the principle of legality. The legal framework of the EU is, however, as much as that of any state or international organization, subject to change over time. That part of this legal framework specifically governing EU administration has been particularly dynamic. The central reason for this dynamism is to be found in the evolving nature of European integration, and in the changing requirements and conditions for implementing EU policies. The legal framework of administration has been both the subject of, and a response to, change in the ambient political and institutional environment. The EU, having started as an organization of six Member States focused on economic integration, has evolved into a Union of twenty-seven Member States now touching almost all elements of the exercise of public power in a modern society. The evolutionary development of the constitutional basis of EU law, with its many phases of Treaty reforms and change induced by case-law, finds its parallel in EU administrative law. European administrative law has in this process grown, changed, and indeed matured over time, and has emerged as an important, yet sometimes not well understood, factor which materially shapes policy in the EU and its achievement in reality. The rise of the importance of EU administrative law is itself attributable both to the specificities of European integration and to the general increase in the importance of administrative regulation in the past decades. On the one hand, the protection of the society against risks associated with private activity such as banking, food production, energy production and distribution, transport, or activities threatening to the environment, to name just a few, and the achievement of a balance between their benefits and dangers have become increasingly important subjects of attention. On the other hand, the provision of services and infrastructure necessary to ensure and protect basic standards of living such as pensions, health care, access to water, energy supply and telecommunications services have been the subject of mixed regimes, often still having a strong public service element, but increasingly left to private provision subject to various levels of market regulation. Both kinds of motivation for regulatory measures and their implementation by appropriate authorities have added to, and substantially changed, the broad character of public administration in Europe in recent decades. Such changes have occurred not just on a national, that is, Member State level, but also, pre-eminently, on the level of the European Community and now Union. Indeed, many of the changes have themselves been triggered on the European level as integral or at least adjuvant elements of the establishment of the European internal market. The role, then, of administrative law and administrative activity on the European level is extensive and important. Rules and principles governing the exercise of administrative functions, the organization of the institutions and bodies exercising these functions, and applicable procedures are the essence of EU administrative law. These are the subject of this book. There are, it must be observed, many perspectives from which one can view, analyse and comprehend both administration and administrative law. Three models or perspectives appear to us to be particularly helpful: administration and administrative law may be usefully considered from functional, organizational, and procedural standpoints. The functional aspect of administration refers to the totality of the tasks of administration, no matter who undertakes them and how they are carried out. The organizational perspective emphasises the organization and structure of the institutions, bodies, and actors engaged in undertaking such tasks. Finally, a procedural understanding of administration observes the processes which link the various actors and authorities in the performance of administrative functions. None of these models standing alone provides a fully rounded understanding or conceptualisation of the subject matter of the book. A proper analysis of EU administrative law cannot view it from only one of these perspectives. Taken together, however, these three standpoints do offer a comprehensive perception, giving the subject a more multi-dimensional shape, and thus allowing a more tractable presentation of what is very complex material. For this reason, we offer a discussion of each of these three perspectives — the functional, organizational, and procedural aspects of European Union administration and the associated legal framework — by way of introduction. The three models are, of course, closely interlinked and in reality scarcely separable but, for analytical and presentational clarity, they are here addressed separately. [less ▲]

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See detailCritical voices in science education research: Narratives of academic journeys
Bazzul, Jesse; Siry, Christina UL

Book published by Sense / Brill (in press)

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See detailChildhood Emotional Maltreatment and Problematic Social Media Use Among Adolescents: The Mediating Role of Body Image Dissatisfaction
Kircaburun, Kagan; Griffiths, Mark D.; Billieux, Joël UL

in International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction (in press)

Preliminary evidence suggests that childhood maltreatment is associated with higher problematic social media use (PSMU). It has also been established that childhood emotional maltreatment (CEM) is ... [more ▼]

Preliminary evidence suggests that childhood maltreatment is associated with higher problematic social media use (PSMU). It has also been established that childhood emotional maltreatment (CEM) is associated with body image dissatisfaction (BID). However, the direct and indirect impacts of CEM on PSMU via BID remain untested. The present study examined these direct and indirect relationships among a sample of 385 adolescents (mean age 15.62 years, range 14–18 years). Results indicated that female adolescents had higher levels of CEM, BID, and PSMU compared to males. Structural equation modeling indicated that CEM was indirectly associated with PSMU via BID among males. However, only BID was positively associated with PSMU among females. The findings are in accordance with theoretical models suggesting that individuals’ core characteristics including early childhood experiences and psychopathological factors are associated with different types of specific internet-use disorders. [less ▲]

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See detailDeutsch als Unterrichtssprache in Kontexten der Migration und Mehrsprachigkeit: Zum Bildungssystem in Luxemburg.
Küpper, Achim UL

in Deutsche in Russland: Lebenslanges Sprachenlernen. Motivation. Potenzial. Modelle. Vorträge der Internationalen wissenschaftlich-praktischen Sprachkonferenz. Moskau, 1.-4. Oktober 2017. (in press)

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See detailFargo
Küpper, Achim UL

in Brittnacher, Hans Richard; Paefgen, Elisabeth (Eds.) Im Blick des Philologen – Literaturwissenschaftler lesen Serien (in press)

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See detailCommentary on the UCITS Directive
Zetzsche, Dirk Andreas UL

in European Financial Law (in press)

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See detailDer Reaktor als grenzüberschreitende Risikozone in der Großregion. Ökologische, interkulturelle und didaktische Herausforderungen der Kernenergie
Küpper, Achim UL

in Thiltges, Sébastian; Solte-Gresser, Christiane (Eds.) Kulturökologie und ökologische Kulturen in der Großregion (in press)

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See detailLet’s Open the Decision-Making Umbrella: A Framework for Conceptualizing and Assessing Features of Impaired Decision Making in Addiction
Rochat, Lucien; Maurage, Pierre; Heeren, Alexandre et al

in Neuropsychology Review (in press)

Decision-making impairments play a pivotal role in the emergence and maintenance of addictive disorders. However, a sound conceptualization of decision making as an umbrella construct, encompassing its ... [more ▼]

Decision-making impairments play a pivotal role in the emergence and maintenance of addictive disorders. However, a sound conceptualization of decision making as an umbrella construct, encompassing its cognitive, affective, motivational, and physiological subcomponents, is still lacking. This prevents an efficient evaluation of the heterogeneity of decision-making impairments and the development of tailored treatment. This paper thus unfolds the various processes involved in decision making by adopting a critical approach of prominent dual- or triadic-process models, which postulate that decision making is influenced by the interplay of impulsive-automatic, reflective-controlled, and interoceptive processes. Our approach also focuses on social cognition processes, which play a crucial role in decision making and addictive disorders but were largely ignored in previous dual- or triadic-process models. We propose here a theoretical framework in which a range of coordinated processes are first identified on the basis of their theoretical and clinical relevance. Each selected process is then defined before reviewing available results underlining its role in addictive disorders (i.e., substance use, gambling, and gaming disorders). Laboratory tasks for measuring each process are also proposed, initiating a preliminary process-based decision-making assessment battery. This original approach may offer an especially informative view of the constitutive features of decision making impairments in addiction. As prior research has implicated these features as risk factors for the development and maintenance of addictive disorders, our processual approach sets the scene for novel and transdiagnostic experimental and applied research avenues [less ▲]

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See detailMinimum Wages and the Gender Gap in Pay: New Evidence from the United Kingdom and Ireland
Bargain, Olivier; Doorley, Karina; Van Kerm, Philippe UL

in Review of Income and Wealth (in press)

Women are disproportionately in low‐paid work compared to men so, in the absence of rationing effects on their employment, they should benefit the most from minimum wage policies. This study examines the ... [more ▼]

Women are disproportionately in low‐paid work compared to men so, in the absence of rationing effects on their employment, they should benefit the most from minimum wage policies. This study examines the change in the gender wage gap around the introduction of minimum wages in Ireland and the United Kingdom (U.K.). Using survey data for the two countries, we develop a decomposition of the change in the gender differences in wage distributions around the date of introduction of minimum wages. We separate out “price” effects attributed to minimum wages from “employment composition” effects. A significant reduction of the gender gap at low wages is observed after the introduction of the minimum wage in Ireland, while there is hardly any change in the U.K. Counterfactual simulations show that the difference between countries may be attributed to gender differences in non‐compliance with the minimum wage legislation in the U.K. [less ▲]

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See detailThe XDEM Multi-physics and Multi-scale Simulation Technology: Review on DEM-CFD Coupling, Methodology and Engineering Applications
Peters, Bernhard UL; Baniasadi, Maryam UL; Baniasadi, Mehdi UL et al

in Particuology (in press)

The XDEM multi-physics and multi-scale simulation platform roots in the Ex- tended Discrete Element Method (XDEM) and is being developed at the In- stitute of Computational Engineering at the University ... [more ▼]

The XDEM multi-physics and multi-scale simulation platform roots in the Ex- tended Discrete Element Method (XDEM) and is being developed at the In- stitute of Computational Engineering at the University of Luxembourg. The platform is an advanced multi- physics simulation technology that combines flexibility and versatility to establish the next generation of multi-physics and multi-scale simulation tools. For this purpose the simulation framework relies on coupling various predictive tools based on both an Eulerian and Lagrangian approach. Eulerian approaches represent the wide field of continuum models while the Lagrange approach is perfectly suited to characterise discrete phases. Thus, continuum models include classical simulation tools such as Computa- tional Fluid Dynamics (CFD) or Finite Element Analysis (FEA) while an ex- tended configuration of the classical Discrete Element Method (DEM) addresses the discrete e.g. particulate phase. Apart from predicting the trajectories of individual particles, XDEM extends the application to estimating the thermo- dynamic state of each particle by advanced and optimised algorithms. The thermodynamic state may include temperature and species distributions due to chemical reaction and external heat sources. Hence, coupling these extended features with either CFD or FEA opens up a wide range of applications as diverse as pharmaceutical industry e.g. drug production, agriculture food and processing industry, mining, construction and agricultural machinery, metals manufacturing, energy production and systems biology. [less ▲]

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See detailLes conditions d'accueil des demandeurs de protection internationale
Silga, Janine UL

in Chaouche, Fatima; Gerkrath, Jörg; Silga, Janine (Eds.) et al Droit d'Asile au Grand-Duché de Luxembourg - Guide pratique (in press)

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See detailLa détermination de l'âge des jeunes demandeurs de protection internationale
Silga, Janine UL; Anibaldi, Johnny

in Chaouche, Fatima; Gerkrath, Jörg; Silga, Janine (Eds.) et al Droit d'Asile au Grand-Duché de Luxembourg - Guide pratique (in press)

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See detailAn Empirical Study on the Potential Usefulness of Domain Models for Completeness Checking of Requirements
Arora, Chetan UL; Sabetzadeh, Mehrdad UL; Briand, Lionel UL

in Empirical Software Engineering (in press)

[Context] Domain modeling is a common strategy for mitigating incompleteness in requirements. While the benefits of domain models for checking the completeness of requirements are anecdotally known, these ... [more ▼]

[Context] Domain modeling is a common strategy for mitigating incompleteness in requirements. While the benefits of domain models for checking the completeness of requirements are anecdotally known, these benefits have never been evaluated systematically. [Objective] We empirically examine the potential usefulness of domain models for detecting incompleteness in natural-language requirements. We focus on requirements written as “shall”- style statements and domain models captured using UML class diagrams. [Methods] Through a randomized simulation process, we analyze the sensitivity of domain models to omissions in requirements. Sensitivity is a measure of whether a domain model contains information that can lead to the discovery of requirements omissions. Our empirical research method is case study research in an industrial setting. [Results and Conclusions] We have experts construct domain models in three distinct industry domains. We then report on how sensitive the resulting models are to simulated omissions in requirements. We observe that domain models exhibit near-linear sensitivity to both unspecified (i.e., missing) and under-specified requirements (i.e., requirements whose details are incomplete). The level of sensitivity is more than four times higher for unspecified requirements than under-specified ones. These results provide empirical evidence that domain models provide useful cues for checking the completeness of natural-language requirements. Further studies remain necessary to ascertain whether analysts are able to effectively exploit these cues for incompleteness detection. [less ▲]

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See detailBilan
Lejot, Eve UL

in Huemer, Birgit; Lejot, Eve; Deroey, Katrien (Eds.) Academic writing across languages: multilingual and contrastive approaches in higher education (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (3 UL)