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See detailMobilising knowledge at the science-policy interface: ‘Humanity on the Move’
Hesse, Markus UL

in Grubbauer, Monika; Shaw, Kate (Eds.) Across Theory and Practice: Thinking through Urban Research (in press)

In this chapter, I discuss the interplay of urban theory and practice in the context of the science-policy interface: a space of mutual engagement of research and related practices in the urban arena. My ... [more ▼]

In this chapter, I discuss the interplay of urban theory and practice in the context of the science-policy interface: a space of mutual engagement of research and related practices in the urban arena. My case study analyses the work of the German Advisory Council on Global Change (Wissenschaftlicher Beirat der Bundesregierung Globale Umweltveränderungen, WBGU), most notably its 2016 report on global urbanisation (WBGU 2016). By presenting the big narrative of the planet becoming entirely urbanised, there is a certain positivism and essentialism underlying this report that fails to acknowledge political conflict and what went wrong in the past. This contradicts the lofty political ambitions of the advisory council. I conclude that the WGBU’s policy advice and consultation is limited because it does not consider the murky and messy nature of politics and, thus, does not provide sufficient orientation for practice. This case study therefore illustrates the difficulties and problems when research and practice interact. [less ▲]

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See detailWege zu einer Nachbarsprachen-/Grenz(raum)didaktik
Ehrhart, Sabine UL; Polzin-Haumann, Claudia; Putsche, Julia et al

in Romanistik und Angewandte Sprachwissenschaft (in press), 5

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See detailA Tablet-Computer-Based Tool to Facilitate Accurate Self-Assessments in Third- and Fourth-Graders
Villanyi, Denise UL; Martin, Romain UL; Sonnleitner, Philipp UL et al

in International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (in press)

Although student self-assessment is positively related to achievement, skepticism about the accuracy of students’ self-assessments remains. A few studies have shown that even elementary school students ... [more ▼]

Although student self-assessment is positively related to achievement, skepticism about the accuracy of students’ self-assessments remains. A few studies have shown that even elementary school students are able to provide accurate self-assessments when certain conditions are met. We developed an innovative tablet-computer-based tool for capturing self-assessments of mathematics and reading comprehension. This tool integrates the conditions required for accurate self-assessment: (1) a non-competitive setting, (2) items formulated on the task level, and (3) limited reading and no verbalization required. The innovation consists of using illustrations and a language-reduced rating scale. The correlations between students’ self-assessment scores and their standardized test scores were moderate to large. Independent of their proficiency level, students’ confidence in completing a task decreased as task difficulty increased, but these findings were more consistent in mathematics than in reading comprehension. We conclude that third- and fourth-graders have the ability to provide accurate self-assessments of their competencies, particularly in mathematics, when provided with an adequate self-assessment tool. [less ▲]

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See detailPrecise estimates of gaming-related harm should guide regulation of gaming
Starcevic, Vladan; Billieux, Joël UL

in Journal of Behavioral Addictions (in press)

Regulation of gaming is largely based on the perception of gaming-related harm. This perception varies from one country to another and does not necessarily correspond to the real gaming-related harm. It ... [more ▼]

Regulation of gaming is largely based on the perception of gaming-related harm. This perception varies from one country to another and does not necessarily correspond to the real gaming-related harm. It is argued that there is a crucial need to define and assess domains of this harm in order to introduce policies that regulate gaming. Such policies would ideally be targeted at individuals at risk for problematic gaming and would be based more on educational efforts than on restrictive measures. The role of gaming industry in the regulation of gaming would depend on the more precise estimates of gaming-related harm. [less ▲]

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See detailInventory Decisions in the Presence of Strategic Customers: Theory and Behavioral Evidence
Zhang, Yang; Mantin, Benny UL; Wu, Yaozhong

in Production and Operations Management (in press)

We consider the inventory decision of a retailer facing strategic customers. We develop a behavioral theory that accounts for reference dependence, which makes predictions on how the presence of strategic ... [more ▼]

We consider the inventory decision of a retailer facing strategic customers. We develop a behavioral theory that accounts for reference dependence, which makes predictions on how the presence of strategic customers leverages retailer behavior. Specifically, the reference-dependent retailer shall decrease her order quantity when there are more strategic customers in the population. As such, the conventional pull-to-center bias for newsvendor is generalized, since the presence of strategic consumers may induce the retailer to pull her order further below the center even when the production cost is low. Furthermore, increasing proportion of strategic customers reduces the retailer's ordering bias under low cost, yet amplifies it when the cost is high. Our subsequent experiments find pull-below-center effect, validate the theoretical predictions, and establish the asymmetry of reference dependence with the estimated behavioral parameters. We also study extensions to our model and carry out robustness checks of our experimental results. [less ▲]

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See detailDesires and intentions for fatherhood: A comparison of childless gay and heterosexual men in Germany
Kranz, Dirk; Busch, Holger; Niepel, Christoph UL

in Journal of Family Psychology (in press)

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See detailSubtyping attenuated psychotic symptoms: A cluster analytic approach
Laloyaux, Julien; Larøi, Frank; Nuyens, Filip et al

in Journal of Clinical Psychology (in press)

Objective The aim of the present study is to examine the heterogeneity of attenuated psychotic symptoms (PS) and related personality factors using a cluster analytic approach. Method A large sample of ... [more ▼]

Objective The aim of the present study is to examine the heterogeneity of attenuated psychotic symptoms (PS) and related personality factors using a cluster analytic approach. Method A large sample of participants from the general population was evaluated in terms of attenuated symptomatology (psychotic and affective) and two personality factors: encoding style and impulsivity traits. Results Cluster analysis emphasized the existence of five independent clusters: High Psychosis, High Positive, High Negative, High Impulsive-Low Psychosis, and Low Psychosis. Cluster comparisons demonstrated that the personality factors and PS are differentially involved in the clusters. Conclusions The present study demonstrated that reliable and relatively distinct clusters of individuals from the general population can be identified based on established PS and related personality factors. The fact that a variety of profiles was observed contributes to a better understanding of the nature of the heterogeneity characterizing PS and has clear theoretical and clinical implications. [less ▲]

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See detailMaGrid: A Language-Neutral Early Mathematical Training and Learning Application
Pazouki, Tahereh UL; Cornu, Véronique UL; Sonnleitner, Philipp UL et al

in International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (in press)

Given that the use of educational technologies is increasingly popular in kindergarten and among young students, these technologies have been shown to be able to solve the difficulties (existing in school ... [more ▼]

Given that the use of educational technologies is increasingly popular in kindergarten and among young students, these technologies have been shown to be able to solve the difficulties (existing in school) that are either not possible to be solved in traditional schooling or cost a lot of time and resources. In this paper, we present a pedagogical training and learning application called MaGrid (Math on Grid), which has been developed to foster early mathematical skills in pre-schoolers. MaGrid is a tablet-based application, which provides a wide range of training tasks targeting fundamental mathematical concepts for the preschool level. The language-neutral property of MaGrid is an innovative aspect that makes MaGrid different from existing mathematical training applications. This property may reduce the barrier of language from mathematical education for second language learners encountered in multilingual school settings. MaGrid allows individual learning in an interactive way and provides real-time feedback. Moreover, MaGrid is capable of recording students’ activities while working on the training tasks, which can help teachers and parents keep track of a student’s progress in different tasks and observe potential training-related improvements over time. Finally, we describe a series of experiments carried out using the MaGrid application during special training and assessment sessions in several preschools in Luxembourg. [less ▲]

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See detailAlgebraic thinking, pattern activities and knowledge for teaching at the transition between primary and secondary school.
Demonty, Isabelle; Vlassis, Joëlle UL; Fagnant, Annick

in Educational Studies in Mathematics (in press), DOI 10.1007/s10649-018-9820-9

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See detailLa protection des droits fondamentaux des utilisateurs de FinTech: l’exemple de l'application du Règlement Général sur la Protection des Données
Jolly, Loren UL

in Kritische Vierteljahresschrift für Gesetzgebung und Rechtswissenschaft = Critical Quarterly for Legislation and Law = Revue Critique Trimestrielle de Jurisprudence et de Législation (in press)

L'objectif de cet article est de mettre en évidence les différentes incertitudes que l'on rencontre lorsque l'on tente d'assurer l'application de leurs droits fondamentaux aux utilisateurs de FinTech. La ... [more ▼]

L'objectif de cet article est de mettre en évidence les différentes incertitudes que l'on rencontre lorsque l'on tente d'assurer l'application de leurs droits fondamentaux aux utilisateurs de FinTech. La protection des données et plus particulièrement les dispositions du Règlement Général sur la Protection des Données sont utilisées comme exemples dans cet article, afin d'illustrer les difficultés rencontrées. Ici, trois principales interrogations sont abordées: celles concernant les destinataires des dispositions du Règlement Général sur la Protection des Données, celles concernant les différences de traitement prévues par le Règlement Général sur la Protection des Données pour les données personnelles, pseudonymisées et les informations anonymes et enfin celles concernant la qualification des données disponibles sur des blockchains publiques et privées. Finalement cet article met en évidence les conséquences que ces incertitudes peuvent avoir sur la protection des droits fondamentaux des utilisateurs de FinTech ainsi que la nécessité d'assurer la sécurité juridique grâce à des instructions supplémentaires provenant du législateur européen ou grâce à la jurisprudence à venir. [less ▲]

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See detailBelgian Judicial Actors and the Establishment of the Punishment of Collaboration with the Enemy in the East Cantons.
Brüll, Christoph UL; Van Haecke, Lawrence

in Bost, Mélanie; Vrints, Antoon (Eds.) Doing Justice in Wartime. Multiple Interplays between Justice and Population during the two World Wars (in press)

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See detailLa référence à l’Alsace-Lorraine dans le rattachement et l’intégration d’Eupen-Malmedy à la Belgique (1918-1925)
Brüll, Christoph UL

in Revue d'Alsace (in press), 144

En novembre 1910, le Journal des Tribunaux, principal organe d’information des juristes belges, qualifie la partie wallonne du Kreis allemand de Malmedy de « notre Alsace-Lorraine » où se trouveraient des ... [more ▼]

En novembre 1910, le Journal des Tribunaux, principal organe d’information des juristes belges, qualifie la partie wallonne du Kreis allemand de Malmedy de « notre Alsace-Lorraine » où se trouveraient des « frères de race et de langue, exilés et emprisonnés en Prusse. » Le 20 septembre 1920, ce Kreis ainsi que celui d’Eupen, presque exclusivement germanophone, sont rattachés à la Belgique, suite au traité de Versailles et à un simulacre de consultation populaire. Notre contribution qui traitera de la période qui s’étend de l’occupation de la région par des troupes belges en août 1919 à la fin du régime transitoire en mars 1925, analyse la signification de la référence à l’Alsace-Lorraine pendant cette phase du changement de la nationalité. Elle montre que cette référence n’est pas limitée aux discours de légitimation de l’annexion du territoire par la Belgique, mais que les autorités belges ont, à certaines occasions (comme l’introduction du service militaire), contacté leurs homologues français afin de connaître la politique d’intégration menée en Alsace-Lorraine. Par l’étude systématique de la référence idéelle et pratique à l’Alsace-Lorraine, la présente contribution fournit une contribution à une histoire comparée de la transition étatique dans les deux territoires. [less ▲]

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See detailVom Abklingen der „Phantomschmerzen“. Die Bundesrepublik und „Eupen-Malmedy“ (1949-1985)
Brüll, Christoph UL

in Zeitschrift des Aachener Geschichtsvereins. Aachener Geschichtsverein (in press), 119/120

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See detailPädagogische als soziale Phänomene auffassen. Ein sozialwissenschaftlicher Zugang zur Pädagogik der frühen Kindheit
Honig, Michael-Sebastian UL

in Dietrich, Cornelie; Stenger, Ursula; Stieve, Claus (Eds.) Theoretische Zugänge zur Pädagogik der frühen Kindheit. Eine kritische Vergewisserung (in press)

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See detailA co-located partitions strategy for parallel CFD-DEM couplings
Pozzetti, Gabriele UL; Besseron, Xavier UL; Rousset, Alban UL et al

E-print/Working paper (in press)

In this work, a new partition-collocation strategy for the parallel execution of CFD–DEM couplings is investigated. Having a good parallel performance is a key issue for an Eulerian-Lagrangian software ... [more ▼]

In this work, a new partition-collocation strategy for the parallel execution of CFD–DEM couplings is investigated. Having a good parallel performance is a key issue for an Eulerian-Lagrangian software that aims to be applied to solve industrially significant problems, as the computational cost of these couplings is one of their main drawback. The approach presented here consists in co-locating the overlapping parts of the simulation domain of each software on the same MPI process, in order to reduce the cost of the data exchanges. It is shown how this strategy allows reducing memory consumption and inter-process communication between CFD and DEM to a minimum and therefore to overcome an important parallelization bottleneck identified in the literature. Three benchmarks are proposed to assess the consistency and scalability of this approach. A coupled execution on 280 cores shows that less than 0.1% of the time is used to perform inter-physics data exchange. [less ▲]

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See detailHigher Education and the Exponential Rise of Science: Competition and Collaboration
Powell, Justin J W UL

in Scott, Robert; Buchmann, Marlis (Eds.) Emerging Trends in the Social and Behavioral Sciences (in press)

How we collaborate and compete to find solutions to the problems and challenges of our age vastly impacts our individual and group success and well-being. Interdependent, the institutions of education and ... [more ▼]

How we collaborate and compete to find solutions to the problems and challenges of our age vastly impacts our individual and group success and well-being. Interdependent, the institutions of education and science have dramatically expanded. Today, scientists in nearly all countries contribute to our shared stores of knowledge, with research universities the driving force behind unexpected pure exponential growth in scientific production. Competition—regional, national, organizational, and individual—has become more potent—with performance measures, comparative indicators, and formal evaluations continuously generated and used in decision-making. Simultaneously, collaboration across institutional, disciplinary, organizational, and cultural boundaries expands the possibilities of discovery and produces the most influential science. Competition and collaboration at the nexus of higher education and science demand enhanced attention as they shape the future of scientific innovation and production, with its understudied yet increasingly incontrovertible effects on individuals and societies. [less ▲]

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See detailInklusive Bildung in der Schweiz: Zwischen globalen Normen und kantonalen Besonderheiten
Mejeh, Mathias; Powell, Justin J W UL

in Bildung & Erziehung (in press), 2018(4),

This paper discusses the institutionalization of inclusive education in Switzerland’s different regions. Various concepts of Neo-Institutionalism were applied to analyse institutional change in ... [more ▼]

This paper discusses the institutionalization of inclusive education in Switzerland’s different regions. Various concepts of Neo-Institutionalism were applied to analyse institutional change in Switzerland’s regionally-varying federal education systems. The key indicator is the school segregation rate of pupils in the 26 Kantone of Switzerland from 1999-2016. We find that inclusive education is differently understood and negotiated. In fact, no unified praxis across the Kantone follows from national inclusive education reforms. Between the global norm of inclusive education as a human right and the incremental, path-dependent change of complex education systems with their highly differentiated special education programs, we find not only mechanisms of decoupling, but also persistent educational inequalities. Evident in the paradoxical increase of segregation in some Kantone, we find no convergence towards inclusion across Switzerland’s regions. [less ▲]

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See detailDisability and Inequality in Educational Opportunities in Life Course Perspective
Powell, Justin J W UL; Pfahl, Lisa

in Becker, Rolf (Ed.) Research Handbook in Sociology of Education (in press)

Inclusive education has become a global norm, supported by the recognition of human rights, and now affects education policymaking and system development worldwide. While important contributions in ... [more ▼]

Inclusive education has become a global norm, supported by the recognition of human rights, and now affects education policymaking and system development worldwide. While important contributions in sociological research on education, disability, and inequality exist, those in life course perspective and international comparative perspectives are rarer. Studies of educational opportunities of children and youth with disabilities and disadvantages over the past several decades underscore the lack of systematic approaches to facilitate educational and social inclusion. Within the educational research field, sociological approaches to disability, to special educational needs, and to inclusive education emphasize such dimensions as exclusion/inclusion, segregation/integration, learning opportunities, in/equality, institutionalization, stigma, risk, and certification or credentials. To recognize and understand the causes and consequences of disability-related inequality requires in-depth dialogue and benefits from results of studies on different levels and within diverse cultural contexts. This article provides insights into disability and inequality in educational opportunities across Europe and an overview of research topics, results, and gaps. The sociology of education would increase its contribution were it to be more inclusive in analyzing the processes that affect educational opportunities and life chances of those who experience disablement in schooling. [less ▲]

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See detailWhere the mind cannot dare: a case of addictive use of online pornography and its relationship with childhood trauma.
Wéry; Schimmenti, Adriano; Karila, Laurent et al

in Journal of sex & marital therapy (in press)

Dysfunctional use of cybersex has often been conceptualized as a 'behavioral addiction' sharing common traits with substance addiction. We describe the case of a treatment-seeking man, who displayed ... [more ▼]

Dysfunctional use of cybersex has often been conceptualized as a 'behavioral addiction' sharing common traits with substance addiction. We describe the case of a treatment-seeking man, who displayed addictive use of pornography. The case is presented from two perspectives: (1) a symptom-based approach inspired by the addiction model of excessive sexual behaviors and (2) a process-based approach aimed to identify the psychological processes and risk factors that may foster the development of addiction-like symptoms. This article shows how case conceptualization according to a process-based approach is likely to result in psychological intervention that targets the specific processes and risk factors involved in addictive cybersex use. [less ▲]

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