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See detailThe Dynamic of the EU Objectives in the Analysis of the External Competence
Neframi, Eleftheria UL

in Neframi, Eleftheria; Gatti, Mauro (Eds.) Constitutional Issues of EU External Relations Law (in press)

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See detailStatic load deflection experiment on a beam for damage detection using the Deformation Area Difference Method
Erdenebat, Dolgion UL; Waldmann, Danièle UL; Teferle, Felix Norman UL

Scientific Conference (in press)

A reliable and safety infrastructure for both transport and traffic is becoming increasingly important today. The condition assessment of bridges remains difficult and new methods must be found to provide ... [more ▼]

A reliable and safety infrastructure for both transport and traffic is becoming increasingly important today. The condition assessment of bridges remains difficult and new methods must be found to provide reliable information. A meaningful in-situ assessment of bridges requires very detailed investigations which cannot be guaranteed by commonly used methods. It is known that the structural response to external loading is influenced by local damages. However, the detection of local damage depends on many factors such as environmental effects (e.g. temperature), construction layer (e.g. asphalt) and accuracy of the structural response measurement. Within the paper, a new so-called Deformation Area Difference (DAD) Method is presented. The DAD method is based on a load deflection experiment and does not require a reference measurement of initial condition. Therefore, the DAD method can be applied on existing bridges. Moreover, the DAD method uses the most modern technologies such as high precision measurement techniques and attempts to combine digital photogrammetry with drone applications. The DAD method uses information given in the curvature course from a theoretical model of the structure and compares it to real measurements. The paper shows results from a laboratory load-deflection experiment with a steel beam which has been gradually damaged at distinct positions. The load size is chosen so that the maximum deflection does not exceed the serviceability limit state. With the data obtained by the laboratory experiment, the damage degree, which can still be detected by the DAD method, is described. Furthermore, the influence of measurement accuracy on damage detection is discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailReview of Meyer, Heinz-Dieter (2017): The Design of the University: German, American, and “World Class”. Abingdon: Routledge
Powell, Justin J W UL

in Comparative Education Review (in press)

By and large, we take our universities for granted. Indeed, the oldest have outlived political regimes of all kinds. This stimulating historical and comparative study exemplifies the importance of in ... [more ▼]

By and large, we take our universities for granted. Indeed, the oldest have outlived political regimes of all kinds. This stimulating historical and comparative study exemplifies the importance of in-depth experience and engagement with the cultural and structural environments in which some of the world’s greatest universities have over centuries incrementally developed and been embedded. This is crucial if we hope to understand the sources of their authority and myriad contributions to scientific knowledge and human flourishing. A neo-institutionalist scholar and multicultural citizen who fruitfully contributes to dialogues exploring core institutions in education and society on both sides of the Atlantic, Heinz-Dieter Meyer is uniquely placed to grapple with the complex processes of institutional learning and design that have made the German and American universities among the globally most productive. He also shows how they have influenced each other via the complex, yet crucial flows of inspired scholars and students carrying key idea(l)s with them for interpretation and application back home. The contributions of key actors, but also the outcomes of choices at critical junctures, such as the failure to establish a national state-funded university in the United States, take center stage in this engaging account of how the leaders of American universities adapted the German model, joining diverse concepts to design what has become the greatest uni-versity system in the world, yet one that remains nearly impossible to emulate due to the unique constellation of actors and institutional environment in which it developed. In eighteen chapters in four parts, The Design of the University: German, American, and “World Class” takes us from Göttingen and Berlin to Boston and to the world level as the scientific enterprise—and competition between scientists and the most crucial organizational form in which they conduct their experiments and make their arguments, the research university—becomes ever more global. Contributing to and inviting debate, Meyer’s main argument is that the American university has suc-ceeded based upon an institutional design—or, perhaps, a non-design—that on multiple levels facil-itates self-government and the identification of a niche within an extraordinarily large and differen-tiated higher education system. This is not a full-fledged historiographic treatment of a subject fa-vored by academics (permanently searching for reputational gains) and policymakers (as they in-creasingly launch research funding programs and evaluation systems to foster competition). Rather than a full-fledged sociology of science, this book creatively sketches the trajectories of German and American university development, emphasizing affinities as well as crucial differences, to ulti-mately argue that in fact “Humboldt’s most important ideas flourished in the American atmosphere of unrestricted institutional experimentation and vigorous self-government” (xiii). Interrogating what he calls the “design thinking” of eminent thinkers Adam Smith and Wilhelm von Humboldt, among others, Meyer traces the challenging, complex, and contingent learning processes in the adaptation of the German research university model to the American context, eventually becoming the most differentiated and “world-class” higher education system in the world. Asking about the reasons for the American university’s success, especially in comparison to the recent insti-tutional crisis of the German research university, albeit still extraordinarily productive, Meyer argues that this American meritocratic success story has institutional design (of self-government) at its heart. Enjoying the patronage of not one, but three major institutions—state, church, and market—the American university attained true autonomy and global preeminence through unparalleled wealth of patronage and an intricate system of checks and balances. In this line of argument, chart-ing the ascendancy from humble origins of what can hardly be called a system due its extraordinary diversity, Meyer concurs with David Labaree (2017), who’s A Perfect Mess [1] is a highly-suitable com-panion piece grounded in the history of American higher education. Contemporary architects of higher education policy globally, driven by the fantasy of “world class” labels, Meyer warns, have completely underestimated the “institutional, social, and political prerequisites that excellence in research and teaching require” (p. 4). Meyer begins his treatise, appropriately, in Göttingen, the site of Georgia Augusta University, where many leaders of American higher education, first and foremost Boston Brahmin George Ticknor, learned by doing, ensconced in a cosmopolitan center of learning and intellectual enlightenment. The blueprint included professionalized scholarship, the unification of research and teaching in seminars and lectures, freedom to choose among academic offerings, a vast library of scientific knowledge, and academic standing based on perpetual production of cutting-edge research judged by peers (p. 19). Instead of Adam Smith’s preferred instruments of competition, choice, and tuition-dependence, Wilhelm von Humboldt’s “design revolution” proposed “three unities” whose powerful integration could surpass the utilitarian logic prevalent then and now: “teaching and research; scien-tific discovery and moral formation (Bildung); scholarly autonomy and scholarly community” (p. 40). The book’s second part, on institutional learning, charts the institutional migration of the blueprint; the contested design options of Gymnasium, college, and graduate school (the latter ultimately the key to global preeminence); the lasting influence of Protestantism (here Meyer follows the arguments of Max Weber, Robert K. Merton, and Joseph Ben-David) and extraordinary educational philanthropy; the battle between those who would centralize, by establishing a national university, and those committed to local control; and finally the contrasting answers to the eternal question of vocational-ism—e.g., how should business be treated, as a sibling to medicine and law or as their distant cousin? The more education-enamored, democratically-inclined patrician elites of the American East Coast were, Meyer argues, radically different institution-builders than German scholars, French state nobility, or even Chinese mandarins: “No other class combined their respect for, and grand vision of, the civilizing role of learning with their economic resources and the realism needed to put their plans into practice” (p. 113). Building on philosophical and historical elaboration, the book’s third part on achieving self-government discusses the six American moves leading to institutional innovation. At organizational level, the German chair and institute give way to departments and discipline, the university presi-dent is no longer figurehead but chief executive, and independent boards of trustees, not govern-ment officials, have ultimate authority. The implications for individuals and organizations of these “design shifts” cannot be overstated. Anyone seeking to understand American higher education, with its phenomenal vertical and horizontal differentiation and on-going academic drift (“a snake-like procession” as David Riesman, to whom the book is dedicated, calls it), and its self-organized autonomy—supported by many philanthropists without the limiting control of a few state bureau-crats—will find this analysis illuminating. Embedded in civil society, “vigorous self-government is the historic design contribution of the American university” (p. 209)—and an achievement that must be guarded in an era in which university autonomy is at risk. In concluding, Meyer’s American opti-mistic and laudatory tone shifts back to Germanic critique and foreboding, identifying challenges and the contemporary struggles that threaten the unintentional masterpiece of institutional learning and diversity. Such justified hopes and fears must now give way to empirical studies of the extraor-dinary outputs in terms of scientific production and societal capabilities and well-being brought about by the continuous process of university Bildung—in Germany, the United States, and around the world. [1] David Labaree (2017), A Perfect Mess: The Unlikely Ascendancy of American Higher Education. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. [less ▲]

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See detailDiachrone Interkulturalität
Wiegmann, Eva UL

Book published by Winter (in press)

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See detailEnvironmental and Sustainability Education in the Benelux Region
Van Poeck, Katrien; Wals, Arjen E.J.; König, Ariane UL

in Environmental Education Research (in press), (Special Issue),

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See detailEinführung. Zu einer diachronen Interkulturalitätsforschung
Wiegmann, Eva UL

in Wiegmann, Eva (Ed.) Diachrone Interkulturalität (in press)

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See detailInternet gaming disorder should qualify as a mental disorder
King, Daniel L; Delfabbro, Paul H; Potenza, Marc N et al

in Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry (in press)

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See detailTechnology-mediated addictive behaviors constitute a spectrum of related yet distinct conditions: A network perspective
Baggio, Stéphanie; Starcevic, Vladan; Studer, Joseph et al

in Psychology of Addictive Behaviors : Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors (in press)

An important ongoing debate in the addiction field is whether certain technologymediated behaviors constitute tenable and independent constructs. This study investigated whether problematic technology ... [more ▼]

An important ongoing debate in the addiction field is whether certain technologymediated behaviors constitute tenable and independent constructs. This study investigated whether problematic technology-mediated behaviors could be conceptualized as a spectrum of related, yet distinct disorders (spectrum hypothesis), using the network approach that considers disorders as networks of symptoms. We used data from the Cohort Study on Substance Use and Risk Factors (C-SURF), with a representative sample of young Swiss men (subsample of participants engaged in technology-mediated behaviors, n=3,404). Four technology-mediated addictive behaviors were investigated using symptoms derived from the DSM-5 and the component model of addiction: Internet, smartphone, gaming, and cybersex. Network analyses included network estimation and visualization, community detection tests, and centrality indices. The network analysis identified four distinct clusters corresponding to each condition, but only Internet addiction had numerous relationships with the other behaviors. This finding, along with the finding that there were few relationships between the other behaviors, suggests that smartphone addiction, gaming addiction, and cybersex addiction are relatively independent constructs. Internet addiction was often connected with other conditions through the same symptoms, suggesting that it could be conceptualized as an “umbrella construct,” i.e., a common vector that mediates specific online behaviors. The network analysis thus provides a preliminary support to the spectrum hypothesis and the focus on the specific activities performed online, while showing that the construct of “Internet addiction” is inadequate. [less ▲]

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See detailMeasuring impulsivity in Children: Adaptation and Validation of a Short Version of the UPPS-P Impulsive Behaviors Scale in Children and Investigation of Its Links with ADHD
Geurten, Marie; Catale, Corinne; Gay, Philippe et al

in Journal of Attention Disorders (in press)

Objective: Impulsivity is a multifaceted construct known to play a crucial role in the development and maintenance of a wide range of problematic behaviors and psychological disorders in children. Method ... [more ▼]

Objective: Impulsivity is a multifaceted construct known to play a crucial role in the development and maintenance of a wide range of problematic behaviors and psychological disorders in children. Method: In this study, we adapted the short French adult version of the UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale for use with children (short UPPS-P-C) and tested its psychometric properties. Results: Confirmatory factor analyses conducted on a sample of 425 children (aged from 8 to 14 years) supported the five-factor structure of the scale. Additional analyses emphasized the good internal and test-retest reliability of the short UPPS-P-C. Furthermore, our results also revealed that lack of premeditation and urgency subscales were able to discriminate between children diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and their matched controls. Conclusion: These results suggest that the short UPPS-P-C may be considered as a promising time-saving tool to assess impulsivity traits in healthy children and in children with psychiatric disorders. [less ▲]

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See detailKonferenzbericht: Tax and the Digital Economy – 20.4.2018, Universität Luxemburg
Sinnig, Julia UL

in Internationale Steuer-Rundschau : Zeitschrift für Internationales Steuerrecht (in press)

The ATOZ Chair for European and International Taxation of the University of Luxembourg invited renowned tax experts to discuss “Tax and the Digital Economy” on 20 April 2018; one month after the OECD ... [more ▼]

The ATOZ Chair for European and International Taxation of the University of Luxembourg invited renowned tax experts to discuss “Tax and the Digital Economy” on 20 April 2018; one month after the OECD published its 2018 interim report on BEPS Action 1 and the EU Commission its proposals on significant digital presence and a digital services tax. [less ▲]

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See detailBordertextures – vers une approche transdisciplinaire des frontières. Un rapport d’atelier
Weier, Sebastian; Fellner, Astrid; Frenk, Joachim et al

in Hamez, Grégory (Ed.) Réalités, perceptions et représentations des frontières de l'Union Européenne (in press)

La présente contribution est conçue sous forme d'un rapport d'atelier et donne un premier aperçu concernant le développement d'une approche des phénomènes de frontières et d'espaces frontaliers sur la ... [more ▼]

La présente contribution est conçue sous forme d'un rapport d'atelier et donne un premier aperçu concernant le développement d'une approche des phénomènes de frontières et d'espaces frontaliers sur la base des études culturelles. Cette approche tente d'être plus large que celle correspondant aux perspectives jusqu'à présent préconisées par les sciences sociales et appréhende les phénomènes des frontières et des espaces frontaliers en tant qu'entités composées de différentes pratiques et différents discours faisant référence aux frontières et aux différences. Ces entités comprises au sens de bordertextures sont exemplairement illustrées à travers des phénomènes concernant la frontière entre les États-Unis et le Mexique, la frontière franco-allemande et l'Irlande du Nord et elles sont déclinées en différentes dimensions d'analyse. Parmi ces dernières, la corporéalité, la spatialité et la matérialité figurent parmi les approches heuristiques des bordertextures que la présente contribution aborde à titre d'exemples. L'approche relativise la perspective largement répandue correspondant à une conception territoriale de la frontière pour élargir la palette des perspectives analytiques et celles des domaines analysés au sein des Border Studies. [less ▲]

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See detailThe New Institutionalism in Higher Education
Meyer, Heinz-Dieter; Powell, Justin J W UL

in David, M.E.; Amey, M.J. (Eds.) SAGE Encyclopedia of Higher Education (in press)

countries. It views educational institutions as a key producer of social cohesion by supplying the shared beliefs that generate shared cultural meanings. To most institutionalists, education (schools ... [more ▼]

countries. It views educational institutions as a key producer of social cohesion by supplying the shared beliefs that generate shared cultural meanings. To most institutionalists, education (schools, colleges, universities, but also home schooling, religious, and informal education) stands out as one of only a handful of key social institutions next to the family, the economy, religion, science, and government. Higher education takes its place in this nexus of institutions, as it globally expands in size and grows in strategic importance. [less ▲]

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See detailNo Random, No Ransom: A Key to Stop Cryptographic Ransomware
Genç, Ziya Alper UL; Lenzini, Gabriele UL; Ryan, Peter UL

in Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Detection of Intrusions and Malware, and Vulnerability Assessment (DIMVA 2018) (in press)

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See detailSchulische Inklusion in Deutschland, Luxemburg und der Schweiz: Aktuelle Bedingungen und Herausforderungen
Powell, Justin J W UL; Hadjar, Andreas UL

in Rathmann, Katharina; Hurrelmann, Klaus (Eds.) Leistung und Wohlbefinden in der Schule: Herausforderung Inklusion (in press)

Die hohe und gestiegene Bedeutung Inklusiver Bildung – für Individuen und Gesellschaften gleichermaßen – wird global, national, regional und lokal von verschiedensten Akteurinnen und Akteuren ... [more ▼]

Die hohe und gestiegene Bedeutung Inklusiver Bildung – für Individuen und Gesellschaften gleichermaßen – wird global, national, regional und lokal von verschiedensten Akteurinnen und Akteuren hervorgehoben sowie zunehmend auch wissenschaftlich multidisziplinär diskutiert. Inklusive schulische Bildung wird hinsichtlich der Merkmale des Zugangs und der Anwesenheit, der Beteiligung am Unterricht sowie der Teilhabe in Schulaktivitäten sowie in Bezug auf die Lernleistung, respektive deren Zertifizierung, bewertet. Aber auch Aspekte wie Wohlbefinden, Gleichstellung und soziale Integration werden zunehmend thematisiert. Der globale Diskurs um Inklusive Bildung als Menschenrecht geht über die Schulbildung hinaus und betrachtet auch die Hochschulbildung sowie lebenslanges Lernen. Inter- wie intranational werden vergleichende Analysen und Länderberichte immer wichtiger, um den Stand der schulischen Inklusion, der individuellen Verwirklichungschancen sowie der gesellschaftlichen Teilhabe von benachteiligten und behinderten Menschen zu messen. Innerhalb der räumlichen Vielfalt der inklusiven Bildung und sonderpädagogischer Fördersysteme finden sich vielfältige Barrieren, aber auch Katalysatoren inklusiver Bildungsreformen. Die Institutionalisierung sonderpädagogischer Fördersysteme in den deutschsprachigen Ländern, insbesondere über die zweite Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts, als isolierten eigenständigen und differenzierten Teil des Bildungssystems, stellt heutige Ziele inklusiver Bildungsreformen vor große Herausforderungen. In den drei hier untersuchten Ländern stellt Deutschland das differenzierteste und auch am stärksten segregierte System dar, dann folgt die Schweiz mit einem eher separativen Modell innerschulischer Differenzierung und schließlich Luxemburg als im Vergleich kleinstes Land, das aufgrund der spät begonnenen Etablierung von Sondereinrichtungen und seiner Kleinteiligkeit und seiner relativ hohen Schuldichte vergleichsweise günstige Ausgangsbedingungen für schulische Integration darstellt, allerdings – wie die beiden anderen Länder auch – durch die Mehrgliedrigkeit des Schulsystems und räumliche Segregation durch teilweise homogenisierte Lernumwelten gekennzeichnet ist. [less ▲]

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See detailTax Treaty Arbitration in Luxembourg - National Report
Chaouche, Fatima UL; Pantazatou, Aikaterini UL

Report (in press)

Tax Treaty dispute resolution through the Mutual Assistance Procedure (MAP) is particularly relevant in Luxembourg. Luxembourg has, as of May 2018, 81 Double Tax Convention (henceforth, “DTC”) out of ... [more ▼]

Tax Treaty dispute resolution through the Mutual Assistance Procedure (MAP) is particularly relevant in Luxembourg. Luxembourg has, as of May 2018, 81 Double Tax Convention (henceforth, “DTC”) out of which only 12 provide for arbitration clauses. In contrast, while the Arbitration procedure is also available, it is barely used in practice as the MAP procedure proves to be the most common form of resolution of tax treaty dispute resolutions in Luxembourg. [less ▲]

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See detailÄrgerbezogene kognitive Verhaltenstherapie eines Jugendlichen in der Heimunterbringung. Eine Fallgeschichte.
Reiser, Manon; Steffgen, Georges UL

in Verhaltenstherapie (in press)

Jugendliche aus stationären Einrichtungen (z.B. Heime) sind häufig von der Chronifizierung einer psychischen Störung bedroht [Schmid, 2007]. Unter anderem aufgrund von Traumatisierungen sind ... [more ▼]

Jugendliche aus stationären Einrichtungen (z.B. Heime) sind häufig von der Chronifizierung einer psychischen Störung bedroht [Schmid, 2007]. Unter anderem aufgrund von Traumatisierungen sind externalisierende Verhaltensprobleme, z.B. wiederholter unangemessener Ärgerausdruck, festzustellen, die einen Behandlungserfolg in Frage stellen. Erforderlich ist es daher problematische Ärgerreaktionen von Jugendlichen zu thematisieren, und den Umgang mit Ärger zu verändern. In dieser Falldarstellung wird die Umsetzung eines 10-wöchigen kognitiv-verhaltenstherapeutischen Ärgerbewältigungstrainings [Schwenkmezger et al., 1999] bei einem fremdplatzierten verhaltensauffälligen Jugendlichen aufgezeigt [Steffgen et al., 2014]. Die eingesetzten testdiagnostischen Verfahren belegen, dass die Bereitschaft zu aggressiven Verhaltensweisen sowie des nach außen gerichteten Ärgerausdrucks reduziert, und die Ärgerkontrolle erhöht wurde. Insgesamt konnte die Wirksamkeit der programmgestützten Intervention am Einzelfall nachgewiesen werden. Jugendliche in der Heimunterbringung können somit durch die Teilnahme an einer Ärgerintervention Nutzen ziehen, indem sie lernen ihre Emotionsregulation zu optimieren, um dadurch ihre soziale Kompetenz zu erhöhen. Ihre gesellschaftliche Eingliederung ließe sich dadurch erleichtern. [less ▲]

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See detailA rare loss-of function variant of ADAM17 is associated with late-onset familial Alzheimer disease
Hartl, Daniela; May, Patrick UL; Gu, Wei UL et al

in Molecular Psychiatry (in press)

Common variants of about 20 genes contributing to AD risk have so far been identified through genome-wide association studies (GWAS). However, there is still a large proportion of heritability that might ... [more ▼]

Common variants of about 20 genes contributing to AD risk have so far been identified through genome-wide association studies (GWAS). However, there is still a large proportion of heritability that might be explained by rare but functionally important variants. One of the so far identified genes with rare AD causing variants is ADAM10. Using whole-genome sequencing we now identified a single rare nonsynonymous variant (SNV) rs142946965 [p.R215I] in ADAM17 co-segregating with an autosomal-dominant pattern of late-onset AD in one family. Subsequent genotyping and analysis of available whole-exome sequencing data of additional case/control samples from Germany, the UK and the USA identified five variant carriers among AD patients only. The mutation inhibits pro-protein cleavage and the formation of the active enzyme, thus leading to loss-of-function of ADAM17 α-secretase. Further, we identified a strong negative correlation between ADAM17 and APP gene expression in human brain and present in vitro evidence that ADAM17 negatively controls the expression of APP. As a consequence, p.R215I mutation of ADAM17 leads to elevated Aß formation in vitro. Together our data supports a causative association of the identified ADAM17 variant in the pathogenesis of AD. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Good, The Bad and The Ugly, National Constitutional Courts and the EU Constitutional Identity
Zaccaroni, Giovanni UL

in Italian Journal of Public Law (in press), (2),

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See detail‘État de droit’ : Why import the German term ‘Rechtsstaat’ ?
Heuschling, Luc UL

in Meierhenrich, Jens; Loughlin, Martin (Eds.) The Cambridge Companion to the Rule of Law (in press)

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See detailCaring for the elderly: Effects on Family and Adolescents.
Schumacher, Anette UL; Willems, Helmut UL

in Boll, Thomas; Ferring, Dieter; Valsiner, Jaan (Eds.) Cultures of care in aging (in press)

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