Last 7 days
Bookmark and Share    
Peer Reviewed
See detailGrenzüberschreitende Lebenswelten an der luxemburgischen Grenze? Eine empirische Annäherung am Beispiel von Grenzpendlern und Wohnmigranten
Wille, Christian UL; Roos, Ursula

in Pallagst, Karina; Hartz, Eva; Caesar (Eds.) Border Futures – Zukunft Grenze – Avenir Frontière. Zukunftsfähigkeit grenzüberschreitender Zusammenarbeit (in press)

Luxembourg ist in bemerkenswerter Weise von grenzüberschreitenden Mobilitätsphänomenen geprägt, zu denen Grenzpendler und Wohnmigranten zählen. Während beide Gruppen überwiegend unter sozioökonomischen ... [more ▼]

Luxembourg ist in bemerkenswerter Weise von grenzüberschreitenden Mobilitätsphänomenen geprägt, zu denen Grenzpendler und Wohnmigranten zählen. Während beide Gruppen überwiegend unter sozioökonomischen Aspekten betrachtet werden, nimmt dieser Beitrag eine soziokulturelle Perspektive ein. Untersucht wird die Frage, inwiefern grenzüberschreitende Alltagsmobilität die Entstehung grenzüberschreitender Lebenswelten an der luxemburgischen Grenze fördert. Dafür werden die Entwicklung von sozialen Kontakten am Arbeits- und/oder Wohnort sowie die räumliche Organisation von Alltagspraktiken von Grenzpendlern und Wohnmigranten beleuchtet. Beide Teilaspekte werden in den betrachteten Gruppen anhand von quantitativ und qualitativ erhobenen Befunden aus verschiedenen Studien diskutiert und zueinander in Beziehung gesetzt. Der Beitrag gibt Einblicke in Lebenswelten an europäischen Binnengrenzen, für die nationalstaatliche Gliederungen nachrangig und zugleich konstitutiv sind. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (0 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailFrontières et identités spatiales dans / de la Grande Région SaarLorLux. Approches analytiques et résultats empiriques
Wille, Christian UL

in Hamez, Grégory (Ed.) Réalités, perceptions et représentations des frontières de l'Union Européenne (in press)

Cette contribution a pour objet d'analyser l'importance des frontières nationales pour les identités spatiales dans des régions transfrontalières. À cet effet, elle élaborera un modèle d'analyse ... [more ▼]

Cette contribution a pour objet d'analyser l'importance des frontières nationales pour les identités spatiales dans des régions transfrontalières. À cet effet, elle élaborera un modèle d'analyse pluridimensionnel permettant d'étudier les identités et, à l'exemple de la Grande Région SaarLorLux, posera la question de savoir comment les habitants se représentent l'espace et organisent leurs pratiques de vie quotidienne sur le plan spatial. Par ailleurs, l'analyse révèlera des projections spatiales dans le discours politique et montrera dans quelle mesure celles-ci constituent une base de processus identitaires. La contribution démontre que, malgré des imbrications transfrontalières, les frontières nationales jouent un rôle important dans les processus de projection et d'appropriation identitaires des habitants de la Grande Région SaarLorLux, mais pas nécessairement en tant que catégories rigides. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (0 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailCross-border cooperation as practice formation. Perspectives for an alternative research approach
Wille, Christian UL; Connor, Ulla UL

in Beck, Joachim; Wassenberg, Birte (Eds.) Interdisciplinary discourses on cross-border cooperation in Europe (in press)

In order to achieve our objective, we will first provide an overview of the development of cooperation research, its characterizing orientations and establish a link to the topic of this contribution ... [more ▼]

In order to achieve our objective, we will first provide an overview of the development of cooperation research, its characterizing orientations and establish a link to the topic of this contribution (chapter 2). The following presentation of practice theories introduces praxeological thinking and provides a condensed outline of the state of the art of this cultural sociological theory (chapter 3). Building on this, we will develop our idea of a cross-border practice formation that breaks with the premises of traditional cooperation research, and we provide an alternative perspectivation by outlining four challenges of CBC (chapter 4). In consideration of some research-practical particularities which are linked to the suggested analytical perspective, we eventually offer (chapter 5) an outlook on the development of an alternative research approach which is compatible within a multidisciplinary context. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailBordertextures – vers une approche transdisciplinaire des frontières. Un rapport d’atelier
Weier, Sebastian; Fellner, Astrid; Frenk, Joachim et al

in Hamez, Grégory (Ed.) Réalités, perceptions et représentations des frontières de l'Union Européenne (in press)

La présente contribution est conçue sous forme d'un rapport d'atelier et donne un premier aperçu concernant le développement d'une approche des phénomènes de frontières et d'espaces frontaliers sur la ... [more ▼]

La présente contribution est conçue sous forme d'un rapport d'atelier et donne un premier aperçu concernant le développement d'une approche des phénomènes de frontières et d'espaces frontaliers sur la base des études culturelles. Cette approche tente d'être plus large que celle correspondant aux perspectives jusqu'à présent préconisées par les sciences sociales et appréhende les phénomènes des frontières et des espaces frontaliers en tant qu'entités composées de différentes pratiques et différents discours faisant référence aux frontières et aux différences. Ces entités comprises au sens de bordertextures sont exemplairement illustrées à travers des phénomènes concernant la frontière entre les États-Unis et le Mexique, la frontière franco-allemande et l'Irlande du Nord et elles sont déclinées en différentes dimensions d'analyse. Parmi ces dernières, la corporéalité, la spatialité et la matérialité figurent parmi les approches heuristiques des bordertextures que la présente contribution aborde à titre d'exemples. L'approche relativise la perspective largement répandue correspondant à une conception territoriale de la frontière pour élargir la palette des perspectives analytiques et celles des domaines analysés au sein des Border Studies. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (0 UL)
Full Text
See detailModalités de dépôt et de retrait d'une demande de protection internationale et de protection subsidiaire
Sinnig, Julia UL

in Gerkrath, Jörg; Silga, Janine; Chaouche, Fatima (Eds.) et al Droit d'Asile au Grand-Duché de Luxembourg - Guide pratique (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailHow does food taste in anorexia and bulimia nervosa? A protocol for a quasiexperimental, cross-sectional design to investigate taste aversion or increased hedonic valence of food in eating disorders
Garcia-Burgos, David; Maglieri, Sabine; Vögele, Claus UL et al

in Frontiers in Psychology (in press)

Background. Despite on-going efforts to better understand dysregulated eating, the olfactory-gustatory deficits and food preferences in eating disorders (ED), and the mechanisms underlying the perception ... [more ▼]

Background. Despite on-going efforts to better understand dysregulated eating, the olfactory-gustatory deficits and food preferences in eating disorders (ED), and the mechanisms underlying the perception of and responses to food properties in anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) remain largely unknown; both during the course of the illness and compared to healthy populations. It is, therefore, necessary to systematically investigate the gustatory perception and hedonics of taste in patients with AN and BN. To this end, we will examine whether aversions to the taste of high-calorie food is related to the suppression of energy intake in restricting-type AN, and whether an increased hedonic valence of sweet, caloric-dense foods may be part of the mechanisms triggering binge-eating episodes in BN. In addition, the role of cognitions influencing these mechanisms will be examined. Method. In study 1, four mixtures of sweet-fat stimuli will be presented in a sensory two-alternative forced-choice test involving signal detection analysis. In study 2, a full-scale taste reactivity test will be carried out, including psychophysiological and behavioural measures to assess subtle and covert hedonic changes. We will compare the responses of currently-ill AN and BN patients to those who have recovered from AN and BN, and also to those of healthy normal-weight and underweight individuals without any eating disorder pathology. Discussion. If taste response profiles are differentially linked to ED types, then future studies should investigate whether taste responsiveness represents a useful diagnostic measure in the prevention, assessment and treatment of EDs. The expected results on cognitive mechanisms in the top-down processes of food hedonics will complement current models and contribute to the refinement of interventions to change cognitive aspects of food aversions, to establish functional food preferences and to better manage food cravings associated with binge-eating episodes. No trial registration was required for this protocol, which was approved by the Swiss ethics committee (CER-VD, nº2016-02150) and the Ethics Review Panel of the University of Luxembourg. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailExperimental design trade-offs for gene regulatory network inference: an in silico study of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae cell cycle
Markdahl, Johan UL; Colombo, Nicolo UL; Thunberg, Johan UL et al

in Proceedings of the 56th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control (in press)

Time-series of high throughput gene sequencing data intended for gene regulatory network (GRN) inference are often short due to the high costs of sampling cell systems. Moreover, experimentalists lack a ... [more ▼]

Time-series of high throughput gene sequencing data intended for gene regulatory network (GRN) inference are often short due to the high costs of sampling cell systems. Moreover, experimentalists lack a set of quantitative guidelines that prescribe the minimal number of samples required to infer a reliable GRN model. We study the temporal resolution of data vs.quality of GRN inference in order to ultimately overcome this deficit. The evolution of a Markovian jump process model for the Ras/cAMP/PKA pathway of proteins and metabolites in the G1 phase of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae cell cycle is sampled at a number of different rates. For each time-series we infer a linear regression model of the GRN using the LASSO method. The inferred network topology is evaluated in terms of the area under the precision-recall curve (AUPR). By plotting the AUPR against the number of samples, we show that the trade-off has a, roughly speaking, sigmoid shape. An optimal number of samples corresponds to values on the ridge of the sigmoid. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (5 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailUnfairness at Work: Well-Being and Quits
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Clark, Andrew; Barazzetta, Marta

in Labour Economics (in press)

We here consider the effect of the level of income that individuals consider to be fair for the job they do, which we take as measure of comparison income, on both subjective well-being and objective ... [more ▼]

We here consider the effect of the level of income that individuals consider to be fair for the job they do, which we take as measure of comparison income, on both subjective well-being and objective future job quitting. In six waves of German Socio-Economic Panel data, the extent to which own labour income is perceived to be unfair is significantly negatively correlated with subjective well-being, both in terms of cognitive evaluations (life and job satisfaction) and affect (the frequency of feeling happy, sad and angry). Perceived unfairness also translates into objective labour-market behaviour, with current unfair income predicting future job quits. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailTheir ‘Apple of Discord’ or the Apple of Their Eye: How the British Secured Eastern Mediterranean and Western European Security, 1947-1948
Paravantis, Spero UL

in Kamouzis, Dimitris; Nafpliotis, Alexandros (Eds.) Αnglo-Hellenic relations in the 20th Century (2019)

This chapter examines the role the British policy in Greece played in the shift in American foreign policy that was manifested in 1947-48, that led directly to these alliances, namely the Western European ... [more ▼]

This chapter examines the role the British policy in Greece played in the shift in American foreign policy that was manifested in 1947-48, that led directly to these alliances, namely the Western European Union and NATO. To achieve this shift (which also included support of British strategic interests in the Eastern Mediterranean) this chapter argues that the British used Greece, first as a way to draw the United States further into European affairs, and then as a way to anchor the United States in Europe, achieving a guarantee of security for the Eastern Mediterranean and for Western Europe. Drawing on both published and unpublished British and American sources, this chapter will also examine perceptions of the conflicts in and about Greece, and what it represented for Western European and Eastern Mediterranean security, and Western ideas of democracy when confronted with supporting a right-wing Greek government. In so doing, it clarifies how American foreign policy changed from its pre-war focus on non-intervention, to the cold-war politics of containment and intervention. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (1 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailSprachliche Voraussetzungen
Kirsch, Claudine UL

in Kiel, Ewald; Herzig, Bardo; Maier, Uwe (Eds.) et al Handbuch Unterrichten in allgemeinbildenden Schulen (2019)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (1 UL)
See detailNew Migration of Families from Greece to Europe and Canada – Experiences and Interpretations of Family Members within the Context of Different Migration Societies and Educational Systems
Chatzidaki; Kirsch, Claudine UL; Panagiotopoulou, Argyro et al

Book published by Barbara Budrich - Reihe Inklusion Bildung Migration (2019)

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (0 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailInterculturality in intimate relationships: Conflicts and conflict regulation
Aleksic, Gabrijela UL; Dasch, Hannah Katharina

in Aleksic, Gabrijela (Ed.) Experiencing Culture in Intercultural Intimate Relationships (2019)

It is commonly known that experiencing conflict can have negative impact on an individuals’ physical and mental health. Especially in intimate relationships, conflict has great influence on the well-being ... [more ▼]

It is commonly known that experiencing conflict can have negative impact on an individuals’ physical and mental health. Especially in intimate relationships, conflict has great influence on the well-being of both partners. Since intercultural intimate relationships are associated with both exceptional obstacles and benefits, conflict behavior in those relationships is of substantial interest in this research project. The aim of this study is to investigate how conflicts in intimate relationships are affected by the partners’ cultural backgrounds and linguistic barriers. It further seeks to unravel how conflict resolution is approached in order to provide a broader knowledge base in this field. For the purpose of this research, four semi-structured interviews with two couples were conducted individually. Each couple was interviewed by a different researcher. Ensuing, the interviews were transcribed and afterwards the data was analyzed implementing qualitative content analyses. The results provide insight into different levels of relationship functioning, sources of conflict as well as conflict resolution. Therefore, the findings of this study may have important implications for clinical practice. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (1 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailGermany, Greece and Poland: The Complicated story of Reparations and their impact on European (dis?) Integration,
Paravantis, Spero UL

in Paravantis, Spero (Ed.) BENELUX, Europe and the Cold War: Asymmetrical cold war power relations in the Integration process of Europe (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailNumerical check of the Meyerhof bearing capacity equation for shallow foundations
Van Baars, Stefan UL

in Innovative Infrastructure Solutions (2018), 3(9), 1-13

Most geotechnical design codes and books use the equations of Meyerhof or Terzaghi to calculate shallow foundations. These equations are based on the failure mechanism published by Prandtl for shallow ... [more ▼]

Most geotechnical design codes and books use the equations of Meyerhof or Terzaghi to calculate shallow foundations. These equations are based on the failure mechanism published by Prandtl for shallow strip foundations. The common idea is that failure of a footing occurs in all cases according to a Prandtl-wedge failure mechanism. To check the failure mechanism and the equations of the currently used bearing capacity factors and correction factors, a large number of finite-element calculations of strip and circular footings have been made. The finite-element calculations show that in cases of soils with high friction angles, soils without cohesion or a surcharge, footings with inclined loading or circular footings, not the Prandtl-wedge failure mechanism, but other failure mechanisms occur. In addition, the currently used equations for the bearing capacity factors and correction factors are too high. Therefore, new equations have been presented in this article. For some correction factors, for example, the inclination factors and the cohesion slope factor, an analytical solution is found. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (3 UL)
See detailBENELUX, Europe and the Cold War: Asymmetrical Cold War Power Relations and the Integration Process of Europe
Paravantis, Spero UL

Book published by IB Tauris (2018)

What was/is European security in the context of the Cold War? How was and is it conceived? What role did “non-powers” play in European security, and how did they help define it? These were the main ... [more ▼]

What was/is European security in the context of the Cold War? How was and is it conceived? What role did “non-powers” play in European security, and how did they help define it? These were the main questions discussed during the conference held by the C²DH in March 2017. This edited volume brings together the final, peer-reviewed contributions of the participants, and brings them together in a common publication. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (0 UL)
Full Text
See detailThe discrete Pompeiu problem on the plane
Kiss, Gergely UL

Presentation (2018, November 27)

The discrete Pompeiu problem is stemmed from an integral-geometric question on the plane. The problem is whether we can reconstruct a function if we know the average values of the function on every ... [more ▼]

The discrete Pompeiu problem is stemmed from an integral-geometric question on the plane. The problem is whether we can reconstruct a function if we know the average values of the function on every congruent copy of a given pattern. After introducing the theory of spectral analysis on discrete Abelian groups, I show some results for the discrete version of the problem. One of the arguments is connected to a coloring problem of the plane. One of them is a geometric construction and some others based on some geometric and combinatoric properties of the plane. I also mention some unsolved questions of the topic. My talk is based on a joint work with M. Laczkovich and Cs. Vincze. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (2 UL)
See detailLiebe - Krankheit - Wahn: Lyrische Spielarten im Minnesang
Bendheim, Amelie UL

Speeches/Talks (2018)

„Die Liebe verwundet, die Liebe fesselt, die Liebe macht krank, die Liebe lässt schwach werden.“ Dieser ursprünglich theologisch geprägte Gedanke über die Gewalt der Liebe, lässt sich – auf seinen ... [more ▼]

„Die Liebe verwundet, die Liebe fesselt, die Liebe macht krank, die Liebe lässt schwach werden.“ Dieser ursprünglich theologisch geprägte Gedanke über die Gewalt der Liebe, lässt sich – auf seinen bildlichen Kern reduziert – in zahllosen Varianten in der Weltliteratur aufspüren. Eine besonders auffällige Form scheinen dabei jene Texte zu bieten, die Liebe nicht allein als Auslöser, sondern gar selbst als Krankheit darstellen – zumindest implizit, insofern der Zustand des Verliebtseins mit dem Zustand der Krankheit gleichgesetzt wird. Wohl bekannt sind die körperlichen Symptome dieses Liebeszustandes, die in ihrer klassischen Ausprägung im Erbleichen, Erröten, Zittern, in Sprachlähmung sowie im Bluten aus der Nase bestehen und im Mittelalter als minnesiech bezeichnet werden. Erscheint die Liebeskrankheit im Minnesang noch vornehmlich in metaphorischem Gebrauch (s. das gequälte Herz als Beispiel für den Schmerz der Minne), weisen spätere Wörterbucheinträge (vgl. hierzu die Lemmata ‚Liebesfieber’ oder ‚Jungfernkrankheit’) wiederum auf ein stärker körperlich-physiologisches und auch sexuell-erotisches Verständnis von Liebe hin. Krank macht die Minne nun vor allem – und dem mittelalterlichen medizinischen Duktus der Humoralpathologie folgend – dann, wenn das körperliche Begehren nicht befriedigt werden kann. Der hier skizzierte Vortrag will die Vorstellung von Krankheit in einem größeren semantischen Beziehungsgeflecht in den Blick nehmen, das sich in der mhd. Lyrik in bedeutender Weise hervortut: der Verbindung Liebe – Krankheit – Wahn. Der wân als zentrales Symptom der Minnekrankheit löst – so die hier zu erprobende These –den Geist vom versehrten Körper und definiert damit den Übergang von der körperlichen Krankheit(smetapher) zu einer seelischen Zustandsbeschreibung. Die sprachhistorische Herleitung von mhd. wân vermag diese Beobachtung weiter zu untermauern, insofern der Begriff ein zunächst wertneutrales, semantisch vielfältiges Bedeutungsspektrum impliziert, und sich mit ‚Hoffnung, Zuversicht oder Einbildungskraft’ ins Nhd. übertragen ließe. Im krankhaften Minne-wân öffnen sich Denkräume, denen der Minnesang eine literarische Ausgestaltung verleiht; Minne-wân führt damit nicht nur zu körperlicher Versehrtheit, sondern ist eben auch guoter wân, lieber wân, saelden wân – und damit einer der ersten ‚Testräume’ für die Erprobung gedanklicher Spielarten des lyrischen Ichs in der deutschen Dichtung überhaupt. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (0 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailConstructions contestées et contrastées de la notion de terroir. Symbolique Politique, Savoir Scientifique, Typicité Culturale et Culturelle
Reckinger, Rachel UL

in Yengué, Louis; Stengel, Kilien (Eds.) Terroir viticole. Espace et figures de qualité (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (2 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailPromoting multilingualism and multiliteracies through storytelling: a case-study on the use of the app iTEO in preschools in Luxembourg
Kirsch, Claudine UL

in Breuer, Esther; Lindgren, E; Stavans, A (Eds.) et al Multilingual Literacy (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (1 UL)