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See detailCreditor Protection in Private Companies - the Luxembourg Experience
Corbisier, Isabelle UL

Scientific Conference (2017, October 06)

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See detailItaliani fuggitivi o semplici “gondolieri” dello spazio?
Cicotti, Claudio UL

Scientific Conference (2017, October 06)

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See detailHall measurements on low-mobility thin films
Werner, Florian UL

in Journal of Applied Physics (2017), 122

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See detailCorporations and Human Rights: Searching for International Norms for Corporate Conduct in Domestic Case Law
Baglayan Ceyhan, Basak UL

Doctoral thesis (2017)

Recent years have seen much debate concerning the interplay between human rights and corporations. Part of that debate has focused on corporate violations of human rights norms and possible legal ... [more ▼]

Recent years have seen much debate concerning the interplay between human rights and corporations. Part of that debate has focused on corporate violations of human rights norms and possible legal accountability mechanisms for such breaches. The present research is concerned with one such accountability mechanism, namely litigation before domestic courts seeking to enforce corporations’ international obligations and the complaints before the OECD National Contact Points (‘NCPs’). The thesis analyses how domestic courts and the OECD NCPs have conceptualised and implemented corporations’ human rights obligations. It is premised on the assumption that, through their application of international norms in their particular national context, these institutions act to crystallize and clarify the ambit of such norms. [less ▲]

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See detailGrenzüberschreitende Berufsausbildung als Prozess grenzüberschreitenden Lernens
Funk, Ines; Nienaber, Birte UL; Dörrenbächer, H. Peter

Scientific Conference (2017, October 03)

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See detailEnumerating quasitrivial semigroups
Devillet, Jimmy UL; Couceiro, Miguel; Marichal, Jean-Luc UL

Presentation (2017, October 03)

We investigate the class of binary associative and quasitrivial operations on a given finite set. Here quasitriviality (also known as conserva-tiveness) means that the operation always outputs one of its ... [more ▼]

We investigate the class of binary associative and quasitrivial operations on a given finite set. Here quasitriviality (also known as conserva-tiveness) means that the operation always outputs one of its input values. We also examine the special situations where the operations are commutative and nondecreasing. In the latter case, these operations reduce to discrete uninorms, which are discrete fuzzy connectives that play an important role in fuzzy logic. As we will see nondecreasing, associative and quasitrivial operations are chara-cterized in terms of total and weak orderings through the so-called single-peakedness property introduced in social choice theory by Duncan Black. This will enable visual interpretaions of the above mentioned algebraic properties. Motivated by these results, we will also address a number of counting issues: we enumerate all binary associative and quasitrivial operations on a given finite set as well as of those operations that are commutative, are nondecreasing, have neutral and/or annihilator elements. As we will see, these considerations lead to several, previously unknown, integer sequences. [less ▲]

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See detailSecurity in the Shell : An Optical Physical Unclonable Function made of Shells of Cholesteric Liquid Crystals
Lenzini, Gabriele UL; Samir, Ouchani; Roenne, Peter UL et al

in Proc. of the 9th IEEE Workshop on Information Forensics and Security (2017, October 02)

We describe the application in security of shells of Cholesteric Liquid Crystals (ChLCs). Such shells have a diameter in the microns range and can be gathered in hundreds in a surface area as small as a ... [more ▼]

We describe the application in security of shells of Cholesteric Liquid Crystals (ChLCs). Such shells have a diameter in the microns range and can be gathered in hundreds in a surface area as small as a nail’s head. Because of their structural properties, a bundle of them reflects light, creating colorful patterns that we argue to be unique and computationally hard to predict. We argue also that the bundle itself is unclonable. These are typical properties of Physically Unclonable Functions, a family to which shells of ChLCs belong too. Herein we discuss their physical and security properties and their potential use in object authentication. [less ▲]

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See detailPrikaz knjige - Dermot Hodson: Governing the Euro Area in Good Times and Bad
Tkalec, Igor UL

in Mali Levijatan (2017), 4

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See detailA physician who has crossed many frontiers and has changed direction a number of times 
Ozkan, Judith; Neyses, Ludwig UL

in European Heart Journal (2017), 38(37), 27992800

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See detailDas Ansehen der Ärzteschaft in Europa - Ein Ländervergleich
Heinz, Andreas UL; Decieux, Jean Philippe Pierre UL

in Das Gesundheitswesen (2017), 79

Study objective: Patients expect a lot from doctors. They expect doctors to be trustworthy and competent, to discuss all treatment options with them, to inform them about mistakes made during the ... [more ▼]

Study objective: Patients expect a lot from doctors. They expect doctors to be trustworthy and competent, to discuss all treatment options with them, to inform them about mistakes made during the treatment and to put their interests before their own interests. This paper examines how the population of Europe assesses doctors in this respect and whether there are countries where the assessments are similar. Methods: In the "International Social Survey Programme - ISSP" the population in 32 countries was asked to assess the doctors in their respective countries. For this paper, data of 27,772 respondents from 18 European countries were analysed. The respondents were asked to rate 5 statements about doctors on a 5-point scale, with 1 indicating a positive assessment and 5 indicating a negative assessment. For each country, the mean values for the statements were calculated and grouped using cluster analysis to identify countries with similar assessments. Results: "Doctors can be trusted" is the statement with the highest approval across all countries, with means ranging from 2.0 in Denmark to 2.7 in Russia. In most countries, the means of the following statements were close to each other: "Doctors discuss all treatment options with their patients", "The medical skills of doctors are as good as they should be", and "Doctors do not care more about their earnings than about their patients." In almost all countries, respondents were particularly skeptical about the statement "Doctors would tell their patients if they had made a mistake during treatment". Four clusters were identified, but there was no cluster that rated among the best for all five statements. With regard to trust, the discussion of treatment options and the pursuit of self-serving interests, doctors in Germany were not rated particularly well or particularly badly. In Germany, the population was more likely to think that doctors would not inform their patients about mistakes during the treatment. Conclusions: Trust in doctors seems to reflect the general level of trust in a country. The question arises why trust in doctors is high across countries if the respondents are much more skeptical regarding the other statements. [less ▲]

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See detailRisky rents
Guigou, Jean-Daniel UL; Lovat, Bruno; Treich, Nicolas

in Economic Theory Bulletin (2017), 5(2), 151-164

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See detailGradient Estimates on Dirichlet Eigenfunctions
Arnaudon, Marc; Thalmaier, Anton UL; Wang, Feng-Yu

E-print/Working paper (2017)

By methods of stochastic analysis on Riemannian manifolds, we derive explicit two-sided gradient estimates for Dirichlet eigenfunctions on a d-dimensional compact Riemannian manifold D with boundary.

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See detailImaginationen der Macht: Über ästhetischen Autoritarismus
Kohns, Oliver UL

Scientific Conference (2017, October)

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See detailDesign of an Electromechanical Prosthetic Finger using Shape Memory Alloy Wires
van der Elst, Louis UL; Quintanar Guzman, Serket UL; Hadji-Minaglou, Jean-Régis UL

in IEEE 5th International Symposium on Robotics and Intelligent Sensors, Ottawa, Canada, 5-7 October 2017 (2017, October)

This research concerns the design and prototyping of an artificial middle finger, using Shape Memory Alloys (SMAs), PolyLactic Acid (PLA), and other technologies. The design is a biomimicry of the human ... [more ▼]

This research concerns the design and prototyping of an artificial middle finger, using Shape Memory Alloys (SMAs), PolyLactic Acid (PLA), and other technologies. The design is a biomimicry of the human biological anatomical and muscular systems. After briefly describing the operational features and functioning of natural striated muscles, the document reviews the features, advantages and disadvantages of SMAs in the perspective of their use as an actuator of a prosthetic finger.Using different design parameters, such as the lightness of the device, actuation complexity, and resilience, a working prototype is proposed meeting the established criteria. [less ▲]

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See detailSur les uninormes discrètes idempotentes
Couceiro, Miguel; Devillet, Jimmy UL; Marichal, Jean-Luc UL

in Couceiro, Miguel; Devillet, Jimmy; Marichal, Jean-Luc (Eds.) LFA 2017 - Rencontres francophones sur la logique floue et ses applications (2017, October)

In this paper we provide two axiomatizations of the class of idempotent discrete uninorms as conservative binary operations, where an operation is conservative if it always outputs one of its input values ... [more ▼]

In this paper we provide two axiomatizations of the class of idempotent discrete uninorms as conservative binary operations, where an operation is conservative if it always outputs one of its input values. More precisely we first show that the idempotent discrete uninorms are exactly those operations that are conservative, symmetric, and nondecreasing. Then we show that, in this characterization, symmetry can be replaced with both bisymmetry and existence of a neutral element. [less ▲]

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See detailTaxation at the Crossroads of Fundamental Rights and Fundamental Freedoms in the EU
Haslehner, Werner UL

in Haslehner, Werner; Kofler, Georg; Rust, Alexander (Eds.) EU Tax Law and Policy in the 21st Century (2017)

After nearly thirty years of dormancy with respect to direct taxation matters, the EU fundamental freedoms have been gradually accepted as a major determinant of the Member States’ freedom to impose to ... [more ▼]

After nearly thirty years of dormancy with respect to direct taxation matters, the EU fundamental freedoms have been gradually accepted as a major determinant of the Member States’ freedom to impose to taxes. Today, the power of the freedoms to limit the Member States’ competence in this area of law is accepted without question. At the same time, EU fundamental rights have, to date, played almost no role at all with respect to tax matters, let alone direct tax matters, although they were already recognized as constituent elements of primary EU law by the Court of Justice of the European Union (the Court or the CJEU) in the 1960s. This dichotomy is remarkable, not least because it is difficult to neatly disentangle fundamental freedoms from fundamental rights, as the former may well be seen as a subset of the latter. This contribution explores the doctrinal underpinnings of their existing similarities and differences as well as the interaction of both, in order to offer an explanation for the seemingly contradictory perception of both fundamental bases of primary EU law. In so doing, it will address the following questions: What is the relationship between fundamental rights and fundamental freedoms? To what extent do they limit or reinforce each other? Why has the CJEU not brought EU fundamental rights to bear in its jurisprudence on direct taxation thus far? Can or should the CJEU be more active in this respect? Thus, this contribution, first, briefly recounts the development of EU fundamental rights and fundamental freedoms and the doctrinal underpinnings of this development as a basis to analyse the scope of both components of primary law and their relationship to one another. Second, it analyses the similarities and relevant differences between fundamental rights and fundamental freedoms and suggests an answer to the question of the extent to which the fundamental freedoms can or should be considered to be fundamental rights. Finally, it assesses the application of fundamental rights in direct tax cases by looking at the clues the CJEU has left in the very little case law available with implications for this question. [less ▲]

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See detailEU Tax Law and Policy in the 21st Century
Haslehner, Werner UL; Kofler, Georg; Rust, Alexander

Book published by Kluwer Law International (2017)

Major changes in EU tax law demand an analysis of not just the current state of the field, but also forthcoming EU-level policy initiatives and their likely implications for taxpayers, regulators, and ... [more ▼]

Major changes in EU tax law demand an analysis of not just the current state of the field, but also forthcoming EU-level policy initiatives and their likely implications for taxpayers, regulators, and national legislatures alike. This book, the first in-depth commentary and analysis of such developments, offers exactly that. Twenty EU tax and policy experts examine the impact of EU Treaty provisions and recent ECJ case law on EU tax law, and provide well-informed assessments of current and anticipated EU tax policy initiatives and their potential impacts. [less ▲]

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See detailRelay Selection Strategies for SWIPT-Enabled Cooperative Wireless Systems
Gautam, Sumit UL; Lagunas, Eva UL; Sharma, Shree K. et al

in IEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC), Montreal, Canada, Oct. 2017 (2017, October)

Detailed reference viewed: 76 (21 UL)