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See detailDynamic interplay of language policy, beliefs and pedagogy in a nursery class in Luxembourg
Kirsch, Claudine UL

in Language and Education (in press)

This presentation focuses on the relationship between the language policy, language ideologies and language practices in a nursery class in trilingual Luxembourg. Individual multilingualism is an ... [more ▼]

This presentation focuses on the relationship between the language policy, language ideologies and language practices in a nursery class in trilingual Luxembourg. Individual multilingualism is an educational goal in Luxembourg, a small country in central Europe, and, thus, children learn Luxembourgish from the compulsory nursery school, become literate in German in Year 1 and learn oral and written French from Year 2 and Year 3, respectively. Currently, 62.4% of the children do not speak Luxembourgish on school entry (MENJE 2016). Many speak Portuguese, French or a language of the Balkans. As a result, educational policies focus on the teaching of Luxembourgish from preschool, sometimes at the expense of other languages. Gretsch and Kirsch (2015) developed the app iTEO in order to promote innovative teaching methods that capitalize on the children’s diverse language resources and that promote a dynamic view of bilingualism. This ipad app, which allows for the recording and editing of oral speech, was designed with social-constructivist theories and Bakhtin’s theory of dialogism in mind. This case-study presents the ways in which a preschool teacher’s ideological beliefs influence a child’s language use over a period of two years leading to the child’s understanding of the legitimacy of translanguaging. The focus lies on the interplay between the educational policy focusing on the teaching of Luxembourgish, the teacher’s language ideologies rooted in her multilingual identity and in societal multilingualism, and the child’s experiences of separating languages at home (Kirsch, 2014). The data stem from a qualitative, longitudinal study using a multi-method approach. The study shows that dialogue between teachers, parents, children, policy-makers and researchers can contribute to shifting ideologies and to opening up dynamic languaging spaces. [less ▲]

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See detailDeveloping speaking and pronunciation skills through storytelling on the app iTEO
Kirsch, Claudine UL

in Hood, Philip (Ed.) Teaching Languages Creatively (in press)

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See detailCompte rendu de M. Feyereisen, B.L. Pochon, L'Etat du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, Promoculture/Larcier, 2015.
Heuschling, Luc UL

in Hemecht : Zeitschrift für Luxemburger Geschichte = Revue d'Histoire Luxembourgeoise (in press)

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See detailPivotal decomposition schemes inducing clones of operations
Couceiro, Miguel; Teheux, Bruno UL

in Contributions to Algebra and Geometry (in press)

We study pivotal decomposition schemes and investigate classes of pivotally decomposable operations. We provide sufficient conditions on pivotal operations that guarantee that the corresponding classes of ... [more ▼]

We study pivotal decomposition schemes and investigate classes of pivotally decomposable operations. We provide sufficient conditions on pivotal operations that guarantee that the corresponding classes of pivotally decomposable operations are clones, and show that under certain assumptions these conditions are also necessary. In the latter case, the pivotal operation together with the constant operations generate the corresponding clone. [less ▲]

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See detailIncreases in well-being in the transition to retirement for unemployed. Catching up with formerly employed persons
Ponomarenko, Valentina; Leist, Anja UL; Chauvel, Louis UL

in Ageing & Society (in press)

This paper examines the extent to which well-being levels change in the transition to retirement depending on transitioning from being employed, unemployed, or economically inactive. Whereas transitioning ... [more ▼]

This paper examines the extent to which well-being levels change in the transition to retirement depending on transitioning from being employed, unemployed, or economically inactive. Whereas transitioning from employment to unemployment has been found to cause a decrease of subjective well-being with more time spent in unemployment, it is not clear how transitioning from unemployment to retirement affects well-being levels. We use the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe to monitor life satisfaction of respondents who retire in between two waves. We portray well-being scores before and after retirement and then identify the change in life satisfaction during the retirement transition using a First Difference model. Results indicate that being unemployed before retirement is associated with an increase in life satisfaction, but presents mainly a catching-up effect compared to employed persons transitioning to retirement. Retirement from labour market inactivity does not lead to significant changes in well-being. Findings are robust to selection into unemployment and country differences. As well-being of unemployed persons recovers after transitioning to retirement, especially the currently unemployed population should be supported to prevent detrimental consequences of economically unfavourable conditions and lower well-being. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Scent of a Smell: An Extensive Comparison between Textual and Structural Smells
Palomba, Fabio; Panichella, Annibale UL; Zaidman, Andy et al

in IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (in press)

Code smells are symptoms of poor design or implementation choices that have a negative effect on several aspects of software maintenance and evolution, such as program comprehension or change- and fault ... [more ▼]

Code smells are symptoms of poor design or implementation choices that have a negative effect on several aspects of software maintenance and evolution, such as program comprehension or change- and fault-proneness. This is why researchers have spent a lot of effort on devising methods that help developers to automatically detect them in source code. Almost all the techniques presented in literature are based on the analysis of structural properties extracted from source code, although alternative sources of information (e.g., textual analysis) for code smell detection have also been recently investigated. Nevertheless, some studies have indicated that code smells detected by existing tools based on the analysis of structural properties are generally ignored (and thus not refactored) by the developers. In this paper, we aim at understanding whether code smells detected using textual analysis are perceived and refactored by developers in the same or different way than code smells detected through structural analysis. To this aim, we set up two different experiments. We have first carried out a software repository mining study to analyze how developers act on textually or structurally detected code smells. Subsequently, we have conducted a user study with industrial developers and quality experts in order to qualitatively analyze how they perceive code smells identified using the two different sources of information. Results indicate that textually detected code smells are easier to identify and for this reason they are considered easier to refactor with respect to code smells detected using structural properties. On the other hand, the latter are often perceived as more severe, but more difficult to exactly identify and remove. [less ▲]

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See detailKommunale Selbstinszenierung im vorstädtischen Raum. Ein neuer Blick auf Leprosorien des Spätmittelalters und der frühen Neuzeit
Uhrmacher, Martin UL

in Hesse, Christian; Schulte, Daniela; Stercken, Martina (Eds.) Kommunale Selbstinszenierung (in press)

Abstract zur Tagung „Kommunale Selbstinszenierung“ der Internationalen Kommission für Stadtgeschichte, des Schweizerischen Arbeitskreises für Stadtgeschichte und des NCCR 'Mediality. Historical ... [more ▼]

Abstract zur Tagung „Kommunale Selbstinszenierung“ der Internationalen Kommission für Stadtgeschichte, des Schweizerischen Arbeitskreises für Stadtgeschichte und des NCCR 'Mediality. Historical Perspectives' Universität Zürich, 3./4./5. September 2015 Martin Uhrmacher (Universität Luxemburg) „Leprosorien als kommunale Repräsentationsbauten im vorstädtischen Raum. Ein neuer Blick auf eine bisher wenig beachtete städtische Baugattung“ Die vor den Mauern mittelalterlicher und frühneuzeitlicher Städte gelegenen Leprosorien werden heute zumeist noch immer als abgelegene und verborgene Orte der Exklusion angesehen, durch Zäune und Mauern von der Außenwelt getrennt. Dementsprechend wird auch der Baugattung „Leprosorium“ nur wenig architektonischer Wert zugebilligt, wie bspw. im Ausstellungskatalog „Aussatz – Lepra – Hansen-Krankheit: Demnach hatten sie „keinerlei repräsentative Bedeutung, im Gegenteil: eher unauffällig sollten sie sein, verborgen vor dem Blick der Stadtbewohner und Reisenden“. Im 2005 von Monika Escher und Frank G. Hirschmann publizierten Syntheseband „Die urbanen Zentren des hohen und späten Mittelalters“ zur Geschichte mittelalterlicher Städte zwischen Rhein und Maas werden Leprosorien zudem als „nicht wertungsrelevantes“ Urbanitäts- und Zentralitätskriterium“ bezeichnet; begründet mit der angeblichen „Tatsache, daß in der Regel der topographische Bezug zur Stadt gering war“. In der jüngeren Forschung hat sich diese Einschätzung nun grundlegend gewandelt. Leprosorien gelten aufgrund ihrer besonders prominent und exponiert ausgewählten Standorte an Kreuzungen, Brücken und Hauptausfallstraßen als präsente und das städtische Umland prägende kommunale Einrichtungen, die ein fester Bestandteil der städtischen Lebenswelt waren. Sie dienten nicht dazu, ihre Bewohner zu verstecken, sondern waren vielmehr mit Stiftungen und Spenden versehene städtische Einrichtungen, die vom Rat und den Bürgern auch als Prestigeobjekte betrachtet wurden. Anhand ausgewählter Beispiele wird aufgezeigt, wie Leprosorien als Repräsentationsobjekte der Stadtgemeinden auch dem bürgerlichen Selbstverständnis Ausdruck verliehen. [less ▲]

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See detailNeue Staaten – neue Grenzen. Die Rhein-Maas-Mosel-Region zwischen den Grenzbereinigungen des Ancien Régime und der Neuordnung durch den Wiener Kongress (1779 – 1816)
Uhrmacher, Martin UL

in Fickers, Andreas; Franz, Norbert; Laux, Stephan (Eds.) et al Repression, Reform und Neuordnung im Zeitalter der Revolutionen: Die Folgen des Wiener Kongresses für Westeuropa. Tagung und Workshop zum 200. Jahrestag des Abschlusses des Wiener Kongresses (in press)

Abstract Konferenz 200 Jahre Wiener Kongress Martin Uhrmacher Neue Staaten – neue Grenzen. Die Großregion zwischen den Grenzbereinigungen des Ancien Régime und der Neuordnung durch den Wiener Kongress ... [more ▼]

Abstract Konferenz 200 Jahre Wiener Kongress Martin Uhrmacher Neue Staaten – neue Grenzen. Die Großregion zwischen den Grenzbereinigungen des Ancien Régime und der Neuordnung durch den Wiener Kongress (1779 – 1816). Der Vortrag untersucht die Veränderung von Grenzen und Ihre Entwicklung von sich teils überlagernden und durch Enklaven und Gemeinsherrschaften durchsetzten historisch gewachsenen Grenzsäumen hin zu begradigten, fest definierten und teils naturräumlichen Scheidelinien folgenden Staatsgrenzen. In der heutigen Großregion vollzog sich dieser fundamentale Wandel in nur drei Jahrzehnten: Er gliederte die Region vollkommen neu. Zunächst waren es 1779 mit dem Brüsseler Vertrag nach jahrzehntelangen Verhandlungen endlich zu einem Ausgleich zwischen Österreich und Frankreich gekommen, der die Grenzstreitigkeiten beseitigte und neue, begradigte Grenzen exakt festlegte. Ein ähnlicher Vertrag wurde auch zwischen Österreich und Kurtrier abgeschlossen. Doch die als endgültig geplanten Regelungen bestanden nur wenige Jahre: Infolge der französischen Revolution annektierte die französische Republik am 1. Oktober 1795 die österreichischen Niederlande mit dem Herzogtum Luxemburg und kurz darauf auch Kurtrier und die anderen linksrheinischen Territorien. Alle Staaten wurden aufgelöst und gehörten nun zum französischen Staatsgebiet; Teile der alten Grenzen bestanden als Départementsgrenzen weiter. Nach der Absetzung Napoleons beschloss der Wiener Kongress 1815 eine Neuordnung Europas. Doch im Maas-Moselraum blieben mit Ausnahme Frankreichs alle Territorien und Landesherrschaften, die hier seit dem Früh- und Hochmittelalter bestanden hatten verschwunden. Sie wurden ersetzt durch das neu gegründete Großherzogtum Luxemburg und das ebenfalls neu gegründete Königreich der Vereinigten Niederlande sowie durch die preußische Rheinprovinz, die den gesamten östlichen Teil umfasste. Bei der territorialen Neugliederung griff man in Teilen auf die bis 1795 bestehenden Grenzen des alten Herzogtums zurück. In der Schlussakte des Wiener Kongresses behandeln die Artikel 66 bis 69 das Großherzogtum Luxemburg. Hier werden die Grenzen des neuen Staates allerdings nur grob umrissen; detaillierte Regelungen blieben späteren Verträgen vorbehalten. Unstrittig war die Süd- und Westgrenze mit Frankreich; sie entsprach der 1769/79 festgesetzten und bis 1795 gültigen Linie mit Ausnahme des ehemaligen Herzogtums Bouillon als Zugewinn. Vollkommen neu festgelegt wurde jedoch die Ostgrenze: Mit der Schlussakte des Wiener Kongresses waren alle hier an Luxemburg angrenzenden Gebiete an das Königreich Preußen gefallen. In den Verträgen von Aachen (26. Juni 1816) und Kleve (7. Oktober 1816) einigten sich die niederländische und die preußische Seite darauf, dass die Flussläufe von Mosel, Sauer und Our zukünftig die gemeinsame Grenze bildeten. Hier offenbart sich ein grundlegender Wandel im Verständnis und der Genese von Grenzen: Bisher waren territoriale Veränderungen auf Grundlage historisch gewachsener Herrschaftsstrukturen vorgenommen worden. So konnten kleinere Herrschaften aber auch größere Gebietskonglomerate zwar durch Tausch, Verkauf, Abtretung oder - wie durch Frankreich praktiziert - als „Reunionen“ die territoriale Zugehörigkeit wechseln. Dabei wurden jedoch die historisch gewachsenen Grenzen beachtet, sogar noch bei der Einrichtung der französischen Départements 1795. Mit der Wahl des Flußverlaufs von Sauer und Our als Grenze zwischen Luxemburg und Preußen wurde dieses Prinzip durchbrochen und ein naturräumliches Gliederungselement als neu geschaffene Grenze gewählt. [less ▲]

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See detailExploring gambling craving through the elaborated intrusion theory of desire: a mixed methods approach
Cornil, Aurélien; Lopez-Fernandez, Olatz; Devos, Gaëtan et al

in International Gambling Studies (in press)

Gambling disorder is a well-established behavioural addiction, which was classified with substance-related disorders in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders ... [more ▼]

Gambling disorder is a well-established behavioural addiction, which was classified with substance-related disorders in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Although craving was introduced as a new diagnostic criterion for substance-related disorders, it was not included for gambling disorder. This study aimed to explore the experience of gambling craving and to evaluate whether the elaborated intrusion theory of desire (EIT), a cognitive model of craving, fits gambling craving. A mixed methods study was conducted among 31 non-clinical gamblers. The qualitative part consisted of open-ended questions targeting the components of the EIT. The quantitative part consisted of a questionnaire designed to assess triggers and descriptions of gambling craving. Qualitative analysis revealed six distinct conceptual categories related to gambling craving: positive and negative affect, external cues, mental imageries, thoughts and physiological sensations. The quantitative analysis highlighted the most relevant triggers (e.g. spontaneous thoughts) and experiential characteristics (e.g. visual imagery) of gambling craving. The present study allowed the authors to support the relevance of the EIT as it applies to gambling craving by disentangling its core features. Findings from this study suggest that the use of interventions derived from the EIT may be relevant for problem gambling treatment. [less ▲]

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See detailJoint Precoding and On-Board Beamforming for Multiple gateway Multibeam Satellite Systems
Joroughi, Vahid UL

in Submitted to IEEE Journal on Selected topic in Communication (JSAC) (in press)

This paper aims to design joint precoding and onboard beamforming of a multiple gateway multibeam satellite system, either in a hybrid space-ground mode, or in a totally on-board one. In such an ... [more ▼]

This paper aims to design joint precoding and onboard beamforming of a multiple gateway multibeam satellite system, either in a hybrid space-ground mode, or in a totally on-board one. In such an architecture, with employing high throughput full frequency reuse pattern over both user and feeder links, each gateway serves a cluster of adjacent beams such that the adjacent clusters are served through a set of gateways that are located at different geographical areas. However, such a system brings in two challenges to overcome. First, the interference in both user and feeder links is the bottleneck of the whole system and applying interference mitigation techniques becomes necessary. Second, as the data demand increases, the ground and space segments should employ extensive bandwidth resources in the feeder link accordingly. This entails embedding an extra number of gateways aiming to support a fair balance between the increasing demand and the corresponding required feeder link resources. To solve these problems, this study investigates the impact of employing a joint multiple gateway architecture and on-board beamforming scheme. It is shown that by properly designing the on-board beamforming scheme, the number of gateways can be kept affordable even if the data demand increases. Moreover, Zero Forcing (ZF) precoding techniques are considered to cope with the interference in both user and feeder links which embed in the following premises: (i) each gateway constructs a part of block ZF precoding matrix, (ii) the satellite and gateways perform the precoding scheme, and (iii) a joint design of ZF precoding and on-board beamforming at the payload of the satellite so that no signal processing scheme is conceived at the gateways. The provided simulation results depict the performance gain obtained by our proposed schemes. [less ▲]

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See detailA Head-count Measure of Rank Mobility and Its Directional Decomposition
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Bossert, Walter; Can, Burak

in Economica (in press)

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See detailOn the performance of an overlapping-domain parallelization strategy for Eulerian-Lagrangian Multiphysics software
Pozzetti, Gabriele UL; Besseron, Xavier UL; Rousset, Alban UL et al

in AIP Conference Proceedings (in press)

In this work, a strategy for the parallelization of a two-way CFD-DEM coupling is investigated. It consists on adopting balanced overlapping partitions for the CFD and the DEM domains, that aims to reduce ... [more ▼]

In this work, a strategy for the parallelization of a two-way CFD-DEM coupling is investigated. It consists on adopting balanced overlapping partitions for the CFD and the DEM domains, that aims to reduce the memory consumption and inter-process communication between CFD and DEM. Two benchmarks are proposed to assess the consistency and scalability of this approach, coupled execution on 252 cores shows that less than 1\% of time is used to perform inter-physics data exchange. [less ▲]

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See detailModelling Metrics for Transparency in Medical Systems
Pierina Brustolin Spagnuelo, Dayana UL; Bartolini, Cesare UL; Lenzini, Gabriele UL

in Proceedings of TrustBus 2017 (in press)

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See detailDomain-Specificity of Need for Cognition Among High School Students
Keller, Ulrich UL; Strobel, Anja; Martin, Romain UL et al

in European Journal of Psychological Assessment (in press)

Need for Cognition (NFC) is increasingly being investigated in educational research. In contrast to other non-cognitive constructs in this area, such as academic self-concept and interest, NFC has ... [more ▼]

Need for Cognition (NFC) is increasingly being investigated in educational research. In contrast to other non-cognitive constructs in this area, such as academic self-concept and interest, NFC has consistently been conceptualized as domain-general. We employed structural equation modelling to address the question of whether NFC can be meaningfully and gainfully conceptualized as domain-specific. To this end, we developed a domain-specific 20-item NFC scale with parallel items for Science, Mathematics, German, and French. Additionally, domain-general NFC was assessed with five domain-general items. Using a cross-sectional sample of more than 4500 Luxembourgish 9th graders, we found that a nested-factor model incorporating both a general factor and domain-specific factors better accounted for the data than a single- factor or a correlated-factor model. However, the influence of the general factor was markedly stronger than in corresponding models for academic self-concept and interest. When controlling for the domain-specific factors, only Mathematics achievement was significantly predicted by the domain-general factor, while all achievement measures (Mathematics, French, and German) were predicted by the corresponding domain-specific factor. The nested domain-specific NFC factors were clearly empirically distinguishable from first-order domain-specific interest factors. [less ▲]

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See detailCultures of care in aging
Boll, Thomas UL; Ferring, Dieter UL; Valsiner, Jaan

Book published by Information Age Publishing (in press)

Care for elderly persons has many facets and is influenced by many factors of the care-dependent person, the care giver(s) and the micro-, and macro-social context. A co-operation of multiple disciplines ... [more ▼]

Care for elderly persons has many facets and is influenced by many factors of the care-dependent person, the care giver(s) and the micro-, and macro-social context. A co-operation of multiple disciplines is required to better understand phenomena of elder care and to act adequately in this field. This is even more urgent given the increasing population aging and the impending gaps between demand and supply of care. The present book provides a first substantive integration of knowledge from geropsychology, other gerosciences, and cultural psychologies to reach these goals —through a multi-disciplinary and international cast of authors. Macro-social context—including demographic, historical, political, normative, and other cultural factors—turned out to open and limit the available options for individual care giving and receipt and shapes how these issues are experienced by the participants in elder care. Elder care is shown to be far more complex than previously thought, because its consequences extend beyond single care givers to multigenerational caring families. Thinking, feeling and acting in relation to care dependency, caregiving and care receipt emerged as being influenced by multiple individual and social level factors. Future issues of elder care are seen as being shaped to a large extent by macro level factors such as population aging, social trends in job and family life, and development of assistive technologies. All this has far reaching implications for ensuring quality of care and the life quality on part of care recipients and care providers and for the coherence of social communities. [less ▲]

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See detailAutomatically Repairing Web Application Firewalls Based on Successful SQL Injection Attacks
Appelt, Dennis; Panichella, Annibale UL; Briand, Lionel UL

in The 28th IEEE International Symposium on Software Reliability Engineering (ISSRE) (in press)

Testing and fixing WAFs are two relevant and complementary challenges for security analysts. Automated testing helps to cost-effectively detect vulnerabilities in a WAF by generating effective test cases ... [more ▼]

Testing and fixing WAFs are two relevant and complementary challenges for security analysts. Automated testing helps to cost-effectively detect vulnerabilities in a WAF by generating effective test cases, i.e., attacks. Once vulnerabilities have been identified, the WAF needs to be fixed by augmenting its rule set to filter attacks without blocking legitimate requests. However, existing research suggests that rule sets are very difficult to understand and too complex to be manually fixed. In this paper, we formalise the problem of fixing vulnerable WAFs as a combinatorial optimisation problem. To solve it, we propose an automated approach that combines machine learning with multi-objective genetic algorithms. Given a set of legitimate requests and bypassing SQL injection attacks, our approach automatically infers regular expressions that, when added to the WAF's rule set, prevent many attacks while letting legitimate requests go through. Our empirical evaluation based on both open-source and proprietary WAFs shows that the generated filter rules are effective at blocking previously identified and successful SQL injection attacks (recall between 54.6% and 98.3%), while triggering in most cases no or few false positives (false positive rate between 0% and 2%). [less ▲]

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See detailA systematic review of self-care assistive technologies for aging population
Abrilahij, Afsaneh UL; Boll, Thomas UL

in Boll, Thomas; Ferring, Dieter; Valsiner, Jaan (Eds.) Cultures of care in aging (in press)

A gradual decline in functional and mental capacity as well as a growing risk of care dependency constitute major concerns of life in old age. These should become larger and more urgent in future, because ... [more ▼]

A gradual decline in functional and mental capacity as well as a growing risk of care dependency constitute major concerns of life in old age. These should become larger and more urgent in future, because the number of people 80+ is projected to more than double from 2010 to 2050 at least in EU and OECD countries. On the other side, there is a strong desire of older people, their relatives and policy makers to maintain the autonomy in old age as long as possible. In reaction to this, there have been strong social policy recommendations to develop and promote the use of assistive technologies (ATs). Whereas systematic reviews already exist for several other kinds of ATs, reviews about self-care ATs are still missing. Based on systematic literature searches in PsycINFO, MEDLINE, and Google Scholar databases 203 papers were identified of which 12 were included according to our selection criteria. The methodological quality of all the reviewed studies is evaluated. We reviewed findings on indicators of independent living as efficiency criteria as well as evidence about facilitators and barriers of using these technologies. Self-care ATs turned out to be efficient with respect to reduced care hours and increased independence level. The actual use of these ATs was associated with personal, contextual, and device factors. Lack of randomized control trial studies and a need for further research about ATs in several domains of self-care activities is revealed. Based on the findings of the current review, we generate recommendations for future research. [less ▲]

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See detailCare in aging: Cross-fertilization within and between Geropsychology, other gerosciences, and Cultural Psychology
Boll, Thomas UL; Ferring, Dieter UL; Valsiner, Jaan

in Boll, Thomas; Ferring, Dieter; Valsiner, Jaan (Eds.) Cultures of care in aging (in press)

Care for elderly persons is multifaceted and embedded in a rich socio-ecological context of individual, micro-, and macro-social factors. This complexity requires multidisciplinary perspectives to better ... [more ▼]

Care for elderly persons is multifaceted and embedded in a rich socio-ecological context of individual, micro-, and macro-social factors. This complexity requires multidisciplinary perspectives to better understand phenomena of elder care and to act successfully in this field. In the final chapter of a multidisciplinary book with contributions from geropsychology, other gerosciences, and cultural psychology the editors draw conclusions about major topics, new insights, and further implications for research and practice. The conclusions refer to four domains. First, the macro-social context—including demographic, historical, political, normative, and other cultural factors—opens and limits the available options for individual care giving and receipt and shapes how these issues are experienced by the participants. Second, elder care at the individual and family level is far more complex than previously thought, due to differentiated individual and social care preferences and due to consequences extending beyond single caregivers to multigenerational caring families. Third, processes involved in formal and informal care turned out to be rather differentiated: Understanding, emotional responding, motivation and acting towards suffering, care dependency and caregiver burden are influenced by multiple individual and social level factors. Fourth, future issues of elder care are shaped by macro level factors such as population aging, social trends in job and family life, and technological developments with implications for ensuring care quality, care staff, culturally sensitive care, and assistive technologies. Cultural psychology emerged as a valuable partner of the gerosciences by contributing essentially to a deeper understanding of the aforementioned issues. [less ▲]

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See detailCulture in the Act of Caring: Bringing Geropsychology, other gerosciences, and Cultural Psychology together
Boll, Thomas UL; Ferring, Dieter UL; Valsiner, Jaan

in Boll, Thomas; Ferring, Dieter; Valsiner, Jaan (Eds.) Cultures of care in aging (in press)

In the introduction of a multidisciplinary book on the role of culture in elder care the editors set the stage for a substantive integration of contributions from geropsychology, other gerosciences, and ... [more ▼]

In the introduction of a multidisciplinary book on the role of culture in elder care the editors set the stage for a substantive integration of contributions from geropsychology, other gerosciences, and cultural psychology. The authors present arguments for a life-span developmental perspective on care for the elderly and extend this to geropsychology as subsection of life-span developmental psychology. They further emphasize that these disciplines consider to some extent the role of cultural and other contextual factors and that other gerosciences specialized on historical, political, health-and nursing-related aspects of elder care can further supplement this effort. Then three major streams of cultural psychology are mentioned which are particularly relevant to topics of caring: Dialogical Self Theory, Theory of Social Representations, and Cultural Psychology of Semiotic Dynamics. The authors conclude that an increasing population aging and growing gaps between demand and supply of care create a serious practical need for an integration of geropsychology, other gerosciences, and cultural psychologies to achieve a better understanding of the individual, interpersonal, and macro social processes involved in elder care. [less ▲]

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