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See detailKeeping pain out of your mind: the role of attentional set in pain.
van Ryckeghem, Dimitri UL; Crombez, G.; Eccleston, C. et al

in European journal of pain (London, England) (2013), 17(3), 402-11

BACKGROUND: The involuntary capture of attention by pain may, to some extent, be controlled by psychological variables. In this paper, we investigated the effect of attentional set (i.e., the collection ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: The involuntary capture of attention by pain may, to some extent, be controlled by psychological variables. In this paper, we investigated the effect of attentional set (i.e., the collection of task-related features that a person is monitoring in order to successfully pursue a goal) on pain. METHODS: Two experiments are reported in which the task relevance of the modality and spatial location of a target stimulus was manipulated. In both experiments, somatosensory and auditory stimuli were presented on each trial. In experiment 1, 29 participants were cued on each trial to localize either a somatosensory or an auditory target. In experiment 2, 37 participants were cued on each trial to identify either a somatosensory or an auditory target at a particular location. RESULTS: In experiment 1, self-reported pain intensity and unpleasantness were reduced when participants had to localize the auditory target. The location of the painful stimulus relative to the location of the auditory target did not affect pain. In experiment 2, again, pain intensity and unpleasantness ratings were reduced when participants identified the auditory target. Now, the location of the painful stimulus relative to the location of the auditory target moderated the effect. Pain intensity was less when the painful stimulus was at a different location than the auditory target. CONCLUSIONS: Results are discussed in terms of the attentional set hypothesis, and we argue that the effectiveness of distraction tasks depends on the degree to which the task-relevant features of the distraction task are distinct from pain-related features. [less ▲]

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See detailImplicit associations between pain and self-schema in patients with chronic pain.
van Ryckeghem, Dimitri UL; De Houwer, Jan; Van Bockstaele, Bram et al

in Pain (2013), 154(12), 2700-6

Chronic pain often interferes with daily functioning, and may become a threat to an individual's sense of self. Despite the development of a recent theoretical account focussing upon the relationship ... [more ▼]

Chronic pain often interferes with daily functioning, and may become a threat to an individual's sense of self. Despite the development of a recent theoretical account focussing upon the relationship between the presence of chronic pain and a person's self, research investigating this idea is limited. In the present study we aimed to (1) compare the strength of association between self- and pain schema in patients with chronic pain and healthy control subjects and (2) research whether the strength of association between self- and pain-schema is related to particular pain-related outcomes and individual differences of patients with chronic pain. Seventy-three patients with chronic pain (M(age) = 49.95; SD = 9.76) and 53 healthy volunteers (M(age) = 48.53; SD = 10.37) performed an Implicit Association Test (IAT) to assess the strength of association between pain- and self-schema. Patients with chronic pain also filled out self-report measures of pain severity, pain suffering, disability, depression, anxiety, acceptance, and helplessness. Results indicated that the pain- and self-schema were more strongly associated in patients with chronic pain than in healthy control subjects. Second, results indicated that, in patients with chronic pain, a stronger association between self- and pain-schema, as measured with the IAT, is related to a heightened level of pain severity, pain suffering, anxiety, and helplessness. Current findings give first support for the use of an IAT to investigate the strength of association between self- and pain-schema in patients with chronic pain and suggest that pain therapies may incorporate techniques that intervene on the level of self-pain enmeshment. [less ▲]

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See detailStakeholders and quality assurance
Westerheijden, Don F.; Epping, Elisabeth UL; Faber, Marike et al

in Journal of the European Higher Education Area (2013), 2013(4), 71--86

How are stakeholders represented in higher education institutions? decision-making that influences the quality of education, and are their viewpoints taken into account? These were the main questions ... [more ▼]

How are stakeholders represented in higher education institutions? decision-making that influences the quality of education, and are their viewpoints taken into account? These were the main questions addressed in this part of the seven-country comparative study. Findings indicate that formal barriers are largely absent, that stakeholder influence has grown somewhat over recent years, but that actual influence of stakeholders can be further optimised in higher education institutions. [less ▲]

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See detailAn Integrated Guaranteed- and Stochastic-Service Approach to Inventory Optimization in Supply Chains
Klosterhalfen, Steffen UL; Dittmar, Daniel; Minner, Stefan

in European Journal of Operational Research (2013), 231

Multi-echelon inventory optimization literature distinguishes stochastic- (SS) and guaranteed-service (GS) approaches as mutually exclusive frameworks. While the GS approach considers flexibility measures ... [more ▼]

Multi-echelon inventory optimization literature distinguishes stochastic- (SS) and guaranteed-service (GS) approaches as mutually exclusive frameworks. While the GS approach considers flexibility measures at the stages to deal with stockouts, the SS approach only relies on safety stock. Within a supply chain, flexibility levels might differ between stages rendering them appropriate candidates for one approach or the other. The existing approaches, however, require the selection of a single framework for the entire supply chain instead of a stage-wise choice. We develop an integrated hybrid-service (HS) approach which endogenously determines the overall cost-optimal approach for each stage and computes the required inventory levels. We present a dynamic programming optimization algorithm for serial supply chains that partitions the entire system into subchains of different types. From a numerical study we find that, besides implicitly choosing the better of the two pure frameworks, whose cost differences can be considerable, the HS approach enables additional pipeline and on-hand stock cost savings. We further identify drivers for the preferability of the HS approach. [less ▲]

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See detailVertrag mit Schutzwirkung für Dritte bei Prüfung der Insolvenzreife einer GmbH
Zetzsche, Dirk Andreas UL

in Juristische Rundscchau (2013)

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See detailInvited talk - Prädiktoren und prognostische Validität der Sekundarschulempfehlungen in Luxemburg
Krolak-Schwerdt, Sabine UL; Klapproth, Florian

Conference given outside the academic context (2012)

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See detailThe West, Milosevic, and the Collapse of Yugoslavia: A Response to David Kanin
Glaurdic, Josip UL

Article for general public (2012)

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (2 UL)
See detailDiagnostische Kompetenz von Grundschullehrkräften bei der Erstellung der Übergangsempfehlung
Krolak, Sabine UL; Glock, Sabine; Klapproth, Florian et al

Scientific Conference (2012, March)

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See detailIn pursuit of unity: The West and the breakup of Yugoslavia
Glaurdic, Josip UL

in RUSI Journal (2012), 157(1), 70-77

More than twenty years on, the collapse of Yugoslavia still offers salutary lessons on crisis-management and intervention – activities the international community will find no less essential now than in ... [more ▼]

More than twenty years on, the collapse of Yugoslavia still offers salutary lessons on crisis-management and intervention – activities the international community will find no less essential now than in 1991. Drawing on new evidence, this article shows how Western leaders had prescient intelligence on the political currents in Yugoslavia, and yet followed a knee-jerk policy counter to them. The stubborn preference for stability and the familiar at a time of global systemic uncertainty ultimately bore the terrible consequences of Vukovar, Sarajevo and Srebrenica. [less ▲]

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See detailPredgovor hrvatskom izdanju
Glaurdic, Josip UL

in Nye, Joseph S. (Ed.) Budućnost moći (2012)

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See detailNo pain no gain? Pursuing a competing goal inhibits avoidance behavior.
Van Damme, Stefaan; van Ryckeghem, Dimitri UL; Wyffels, Fran et al

in Pain (2012), 153(4), 800-4

This experiment investigated pain-related avoidance behavior in context of competing goals. Participants (N=56) were presented trials of 2 different tasks of which 1 task could produce pain. They were ... [more ▼]

This experiment investigated pain-related avoidance behavior in context of competing goals. Participants (N=56) were presented trials of 2 different tasks of which 1 task could produce pain. They were free to decide whether or not to perform trials of these tasks. In half of the participants, a competing goal was activated by instructing them that they would receive a monetary reward corresponding to the number of pain task trials actually performed (competition group). In the other half of the participants, no competing goal was installed (control group). Results showed that the competition group showed less frequent avoidance behavior than the control group. Furthermore, the association between pain-related avoidance behavior and fear of pain was smaller in the competition group than in the control group. The findings indicate that the emergence of pain-related avoidance behavior depends upon the motivational context, and that the association between pain-related fear and avoidance is not stable. This study has implications for our understanding of disability, and points to the need to consider avoidance behavior within a broad context of multiple, often competing, goals. [less ▲]

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See detailPain catastrophizing influences the use and the effectiveness of distraction in schoolchildren.
Verhoeven, K.; Goubert, L.; Jaaniste, T. et al

in European journal of pain (London, England) (2012), 16(2), 256-67

Distraction is an intuitive way of coping with pain and is often used in children's pain treatment programs. However, empirical evidence concerning the effectiveness of distraction is equivocal. One ... [more ▼]

Distraction is an intuitive way of coping with pain and is often used in children's pain treatment programs. However, empirical evidence concerning the effectiveness of distraction is equivocal. One potential explanation might be that distraction does not work for everyone in every situation. In the current series of studies, we examined the role of pain catastrophizing as an influencing factor of distraction effectiveness. In the first study, we investigated the use of pain coping strategies (including distraction) in schoolchildren (N = 828, aged 8-18 years) by means of a questionnaire. Results indicated that children with higher levels of pain catastrophizing reported using less distraction strategies in daily life than children with lower levels of pain catastrophizing. In the second study, a subsample (N = 81, aged 9-18 years) performed a painful cold pressor task (CPT) (12 degrees C). Participants were randomly assigned to a distraction group, in which an attention-demanding tone-detection task was performed during the CPT, or a control group, in which no distraction task was performed. Results showed that participants in the distraction group were engaged in the distraction task, and reported to have paid less attention to pain than participants in the control group. However, distraction was ineffective in reducing cold pressor pain, and even intensified the pain experience in high catastrophizing children. Caution may be warranted in using distraction as a 'one size fits all' method, especially in high catastrophizing children. [less ▲]

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See detailLearning Slow Features with Reservoir Computing for Biologically-inspired Robot Localization
Antonelo, Eric Aislan UL; Schrauwen, Benjamin

in Neural Networks (2012), 25(1), 178-190

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See detailPredgovor hrvatskom izdanju
Glaurdic, Josip UL

in Clinton, Bill (Ed.) Natrag na posao - Zašto trebamo pametnu državu za snažnu ekonomiju (2012)

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See detailRavnodušni realizam: SAD i jugoslavenska kriza, 1987.-1991.
Glaurdic, Josip UL

in Rudolf, Davorin (Ed.) Nastanak suvremene države Hrvatske i dvadeseta obljetnica njezina utemeljenja (2012)

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See detailA post-graduation policy perspective on international student mobility in four countries - shoud they stay or should they go?
Epping, Elisabeth UL; Vossensteyn, J. J.

in Th&Ma : Tijdschrift voor Hoger Onderwijs en Management (2012), 2012(1), 39--43

The mobility of international students is a major trend and highly supported in recent years, not only in the frame of exchange programs, but also in the form of degree mobility. Many foreign students ... [more ▼]

The mobility of international students is a major trend and highly supported in recent years, not only in the frame of exchange programs, but also in the form of degree mobility. Many foreign students move abroad to pursue a degree: in 1975, 600.000 students were mobile worldwide, compared to 2.8 million mobile students in 2007. Forecasts expect the number to increase to about 8 million by 2025 (OECD, 2009b). Critics claim that international student mobility typically shows a flow from the South to the North, in other words, from developing to developed countries. This may lead to a brain gain situation for developed countries and a brain drain for developing countries. The current article (based on the situation in 2010) explores to what extent four developed countries take measures to develop such a brain-drain brain-gain situation into a situation of brain-circulation. [less ▲]

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See detailThe pilot test and its outcomes
Callaert, Julie; Epping, Elisabeth UL; Federkeil, Gero et al

in van Vught, F. A.; Ziegele, F. (Eds.) Multidimensional ranking: the design and development of U-Multirank (2012)

This chapter describes the design and outcomes of the pilot test assessing the feasibility of implementing U-Multirank. The authors outline the construction of the global sample of institutions that ... [more ▼]

This chapter describes the design and outcomes of the pilot test assessing the feasibility of implementing U-Multirank. The authors outline the construction of the global sample of institutions that participated in the pilot test and discuss the feasibility of the data collection procedures and use of the various indicators presented in Chap. 7. Finally, they discuss the level of institutional interest in participating in the pilot and the potential upscaling of U-Multirank to a globally applicable multidimensional ranking tool. [less ▲]

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See detailData collection
Callaert, J.; Epping, Elisabeth UL; Federkeil, G. et al

in van Vught, F. A.; Ziegele, F. (Eds.) Multidimensional ranking: the design and development of U-Multirank (2012)

This chapter describes the data collection instruments used in the development of U-Multirank. The first section is an overview of existing databases - mainly on bibliometrics and patents. The second ... [more ▼]

This chapter describes the data collection instruments used in the development of U-Multirank. The first section is an overview of existing databases - mainly on bibliometrics and patents. The second describes the questionnaires and survey tools used for collecting data from the institutions - at the institutional and department levels - and from students. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 4 (2 UL)