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See detailNurr1:RXRα heterodimer activation as monotherapy for Parkinson’s disease
Spathis, Athanasios; Asvos, Xenophon; Ziavra, Despina et al

in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (2017)

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See detailEcho State Networks for Data-driven Downhole Pressure Estimation in Gas-lift Oil Wells
Antonelo, Eric Aislan UL; Camponogara, Eduardo; Foss, Bjarne

in Neural Networks (2017), 85

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See detailRecht und Regulierung von Family Offices
Zetzsche, Dirk Andreas UL

in ZIP – Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsrecht 2017 (2017)

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See detailDie Auswirkungen des BREXIT auf das Zivil- und Wirtschftsrecht
Zetzsche, Dirk Andreas UL; Lehmann, M.

in - (Ed.) Juristenzeitung 2017 (2017)

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See detailOnline deliberation: state of the art
Kies, Raphaël UL

E-print/Working paper (2017)

In the last decade, the issue of online deliberation (or web-deliberation) has gained an important visibility among the scholars in the domain of political science, political philosophy, political ... [more ▼]

In the last decade, the issue of online deliberation (or web-deliberation) has gained an important visibility among the scholars in the domain of political science, political philosophy, political communication as well as software designers. It corresponds not only to a topic of analysis – that can be broadly defined as the quantitative and qualitative assessment of the political and public debates online - but also to a democratic model of e-democracy, that aims to shape the different political usage of the web according to the deliberative values. A pertinent way to analyze this broad phenomenon is to subdivide its analysis in three sections which content is partly based on updated findings of my book Promises and Limits of web-deliberation. The first section refers to the deliberative theory on which the empirical research is based. The second section deals with the complex issue of operationalizing the deliberative theory. The last section provides an overview of the online deliberative empirical studies that were conducted this last decade by distinguishing three broad research fields: i) The studies that aim at measuring the usage of the political web-debates and the characteristics of the users; ii) The studies that identify and compare the social and political actors that offer possibilities of online debates; iii) The studies assessing the quality of deliberation in different discursive online settings and the ones aiming at defining the factors that could explain variations in web-deliberation. [less ▲]

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See detailSleep and somatic complaints in university students
Schlarb, Angelika; Claßen, Merle; Hellmann, Sara et al

in Journal of Pain Research (2017), 10

Background: Sleep problems are common among university students. Poor sleep is associated with impaired daily functioning, increased risk of psychiatric symptoms, and somatic complaints such as pain ... [more ▼]

Background: Sleep problems are common among university students. Poor sleep is associated with impaired daily functioning, increased risk of psychiatric symptoms, and somatic complaints such as pain. Previous results suggest that poor sleep exacerbates pain, which in turn negatively affects sleep. The purpose of the present study was to determine prevalence rates, comorbidity, and role of depression as a factor of moderating the relationship between sleep and physical complaints in German university students. Samples and methods: In total, 2443 German university students (65% women) completed a web survey. Self-report measures included the Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index, three modules of the Patient Health Questionnaire, and a questionnaire on the functional somatic syndromes (FSSs). Results: More than one-third (36.9%) reported poor sleep as assessed by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. Somatoform syndrome was identified in 23.5%, and the prevalence of any FSS was 12.8%. Self-reported sleep quality, sleep onset latency, sleep disturbances, use of sleep medications, and daytime dysfunctioning were significant predictors of somatoform syndrome, whereas sleep efficiency and sleep duration influenced somatic complaints indirectly. Moderate correlations were found between stress, anxiety, somatoform syndrome, depression, and overall sleep quality. The effect of somatic complaints on sleep quality was associated with the severity of depression. Anxiety shows direct effects on somatization and depression but only indirect associations with sleep quality. [less ▲]

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See detailFEUTURE EU 28 Country Report: Luxembourg
Högenauer, Anna-Lena UL

Report (2017)

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See detailPayload-based fleet optimization for rail cars in the chemical industry
Kallrath, J.; Klosterhalfen, Steffen UL; Walter, M. et al

in European Journal of Operational Research (2017), 259(1), 113-129

Rail car fleets are significant investments in the chemical industry. Therefore, chemical companies constantly try to optimize the fleets as part of major working capital optimization initiatives. We ... [more ▼]

Rail car fleets are significant investments in the chemical industry. Therefore, chemical companies constantly try to optimize the fleets as part of major working capital optimization initiatives. We study a complex rail car fleet optimization problem observed at BASF and an approach to tackle the problem in a sequential way. We develop a mixed integer non-linear programming model to derive suggestions to the questions: (i) How many different rail car sizes in terms of volume are appropriate and what are their optimal volumes? and (ii) For each volume, what is the optimal number of rail cars of this size? The model formulation takes into account various real-world restrictions concerning the volume and weight of the rail cars as well as the tracks that they run on. We propose two solution methods. First, we reformulate the non-linear terms, which results in a mixed integer linear programming (MILP) model. This model can be solved in a reasonable amount of time, if the number of different rail car sizes is small (2 or 3). Second, we develop a two-step approach that uses an enumeration scheme in the first stage to find good initial solutions that are fed into the MILP formulation in the second stage. This approach solves the model for larger numbers of different rail car sizes (4 or 5). Through the fleet redesign BASF has realized cost savings of nearly 2 million euros so far. [less ▲]

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See detailHow to make sure your paper is desk rejected. A practical guide to rejection in EJPA
Greiff, Samuel UL; Ziegler, M.

in European Journal of Psychological Assessment (2017), 33

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See detailL'exrcice du droit de retrait au regard des droits constitutionnels britannique et européen
Gerkrath, Jörg UL

Scientific Conference (2016, November 25)

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See detailOptimising time-series experimental design for modelling of circadian rhythms: the value of transient data
Mombaerts, Laurent UL; Mauroy, Alexandre UL; Goncalves, Jorge UL

in IFAC-PapersOnLine (2016, October)

Circadian clocks consist of complex networks that coordinate the daily cycle of most organisms. In light/dark cycles, the clock is synchronized (or entrained) by the environment, which corresponds to a ... [more ▼]

Circadian clocks consist of complex networks that coordinate the daily cycle of most organisms. In light/dark cycles, the clock is synchronized (or entrained) by the environment, which corresponds to a constant rephasing of the oscillations and leads to a steady state regime. Some circadian clocks are endogenous oscillators with rhythms of about 24-hours that persist in constant light or constant darkness. This operating mechanism with and without entrainment provides flexibility and robustness to the clock against perturbations. Most of the clock-oriented experiments are performed under constant photoperiodic regime, overlooking the transitory regime that takes place between light/dark cycles and constant light or darkness. This paper provides a comparative analysis of the informative potential of the transient time-series data with the other regimes for clock modelling. Realistic data were simulated from 2 experimentally validated plant circadian clock models and sliced into several time windows. These windows represent the different regimes that take place before, meanwhile and after the switch to constant light. Then, a network inference tool was used over each window and its capability of retrieving the ground-truth of the network was compared for each window. The results suggest that including the transient data to the network inference technique significally improves its performance. [less ▲]

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See detailProxy politics, economic protest, or traditionalist backlash: Croatia’s referendum on the constitutional definition of marriage
Glaurdic, Josip UL; Vukovic, Vuk

in Europe-Asia Studies (2016), 68(5), 803-825

This article sheds light on the popular sources of opposition to the extension of gay rights in Eastern Europe by analysing the results of the 2013 Croatian referendum on the constitutional definition of ... [more ▼]

This article sheds light on the popular sources of opposition to the extension of gay rights in Eastern Europe by analysing the results of the 2013 Croatian referendum on the constitutional definition of marriage—the first referendum of this kind in Europe. Contrary to popular interpretations, our aggregate-level analysis reveals that the referendum results primarily reflected the pattern of support for the two principal electoral blocs, rather than communities’ traditionalist characteristics or grievances stemming from economic adversity. The article thereby stresses the importance of embedding the issue of contention over gay rights in Eastern Europe into the context of conventional political competition. [less ▲]

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See detailInvited talk - Übergangsentscheidungen in Luxemburg
Krolak-Schwerdt, Sabine UL; Pit, Ineke UL; Glock, Sabine et al

Conference given outside the academic context (2016)

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See detailVoting after war: Legacy of conflict and the economy as determinants of electoral support in Croatia
Glaurdic, Josip UL; Vukovic, Vuk

in Electoral Studies : An International Journal (2016), 42

In spite of a rapidly expanding literature on democratization, elections, and conflict, we lack systematic understanding of what determines electoral results in post-conflict societies. This article ... [more ▼]

In spite of a rapidly expanding literature on democratization, elections, and conflict, we lack systematic understanding of what determines electoral results in post-conflict societies. This article offers a novel initiative in revealing electoral patterns in states recuperating from painful experiences of war by analyzing data from more than 500 Croatian municipalities during five post-war electoral cycles. While the findings suggest voters do respond to parties' economic policies, the underlying pattern of electoral support demonstrates that competition is heavily constrained by the legacy of conflict, with the communities more exposed to the violence being more likely to vote for the principal party of the center-right which led the country into independence and throughout the war. This tendency exhibits a remarkable level of stability over time, which suggests conflict dynamics can become firmly embedded in post-conflict democratic electoral competition e even in societies that are not ethnically diverse. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Clean Development Mechanism in a world carbon market
Picard, Pierre M UL; Brèchet, Thierry; Ménière, Yann

in Canadian Journal of Economics (2016), 49(4), 1569-1598

This paper discusses the role of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) in the market for carbon quotas and countries' commitments to reduce their carbon emission levels. We show that the CDM contributes ... [more ▼]

This paper discusses the role of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) in the market for carbon quotas and countries' commitments to reduce their carbon emission levels. We show that the CDM contributes to an efficient funding of clean technology investments in least developed countries. However, the CDM is not neutral on the global level of carbon emissions as it entices countries to raise their emission caps. The CDM may also make inappropriate the inclusion of any country that takes no emission abatement commitment. It can even make inefficient a country's decision to commit to an emission target. The implications of the presence of non-additional projects are also analyzed. [less ▲]

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See detailPredgovor
Glaurdic, Josip UL

in Goldberg, Jeffrey (Ed.) Obama: Vanjskopolitička doktrina (2016)

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See detailPredicting Air Compressor Failures with Echo State Networks
Fan, Yuantao; Nowaczyk, S. Lawomir; Rögnvaldsson, Thorsteinn et al

in Third European Conference of the Prognostics and Health Management Society 2016, Bilbao, Spain, 5-8 July, 2016 (2016)

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