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See detailA multifactorial and integrative approach to impulsivity in neuropsychology: Insights from the UPPS model of impulsivity
Rochat, Lucien; Billieux, Joël UL; Gagnon, Jean et al

in Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology (in press)

Risky and excessive behaviors, such as aggressive and compulsive behaviors, are frequently described in patients with brain damage and have dramatic psychosocial consequences. Although there is strong ... [more ▼]

Risky and excessive behaviors, such as aggressive and compulsive behaviors, are frequently described in patients with brain damage and have dramatic psychosocial consequences. Although there is strong evidence that impulsivity constitutes a key factor at play in these behaviors, the literature about impulsivity in neuropsychology is to date scarce. In addition, examining and understanding these problematic behaviors requires the assumption that impulsivity is a multidimensional construct. Consequently, this article aims at shedding light on frequent risky and excessive behaviors in patients with brain damage by focusing on a unified, comprehensive, and well-validated model, namely, the UPPS model of impulsivity (Whiteside & Lynam, 2001). This model considers impulsivity as a multidimensional construct that includes four facets: urgency, (lack of) premeditation, (lack of) perseverance, and sensation seeking. Furthermore, we discuss the psychological mechanisms underlying the dimensions of impulsivity, as well as the laboratory tasks designed to assess each mechanism and their neural bases. We then present a scale specifically designed to assess these four dimensions of impulsivity in patients with brain damage and examine the data regarding this multidimensional approach to impulsivity in neuropsychology. This review supports the need to adopt a multifactorial and integrative approach toward impulsive behaviors, and the model presented provides a valuable rationale to disentangle the nature of brain systems and mechanisms underlying impulsive behaviors in patients with brain damage. It may also foster further relevant research in the field of impulsivity and improve assessment and rehabilitation of impulsive behaviors in clinical settings. [less ▲]

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See detailSelf-reported dependence on mobile phones in young adults: A European cross-cultural empirical survey.
Lopez-Fernandez, Olatz; Kuss, Daria J.; Romo, Lucia et al

in Journal of behavioral addictions (in press)

Background and aims Despite many positive benefits, mobile phone use can be associated with harmful and detrimental behaviors. The aim of this study was twofold: to examine (a) cross-cultural patterns of ... [more ▼]

Background and aims Despite many positive benefits, mobile phone use can be associated with harmful and detrimental behaviors. The aim of this study was twofold: to examine (a) cross-cultural patterns of perceived dependence on mobile phones in ten European countries, first, grouped in four different regions (North: Finland and UK; South: Spain and Italy; East: Hungary and Poland; West: France, Belgium, Germany, and Switzerland), and second by country, and (b) how socio-demographics, geographic differences, mobile phone usage patterns, and associated activities predicted this perceived dependence. Methods A sample of 2,775 young adults (aged 18-29 years) were recruited in different European Universities who participated in an online survey. Measures included socio-demographic variables, patterns of mobile phone use, and the dependence subscale of a short version of the Problematic Mobile Phone Use Questionnaire (PMPUQ; Billieux, Van der Linden, & Rochat, 2008). Results The young adults from the Northern and Southern regions reported the heaviest use of mobile phones, whereas perceived dependence was less prevalent in the Eastern region. However, the proportion of highly dependent mobile phone users was more elevated in Belgium, UK, and France. Regression analysis identified several risk factors for increased scores on the PMPUQ dependence subscale, namely using mobile phones daily, being female, engaging in social networking, playing video games, shopping and viewing TV shows through the Internet, chatting and messaging, and using mobile phones for downloading-related activities. Discussion and conclusions Self-reported dependence on mobile phone use is influenced by frequency and specific application usage. [less ▲]

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See detailUnraveling Entangled Spaces and Practices: Teacher's Views on the evolving Material Classroom (c.1960-2015)
Tondeur, Jo; Herman, Frederik UL; De Buck, Maud et al

in European Journal of Education (in press)

Despite growing interest in redesigning the material landscape of education, relatively little is known about the impact of these evolving classrooms. The current study aimed to gain insight into the ... [more ▼]

Despite growing interest in redesigning the material landscape of education, relatively little is known about the impact of these evolving classrooms. The current study aimed to gain insight into the physical learning environment and the potential pedagogical impacts thereof. A ‘biographical approach’ (c.1963-2015), was used to explore the long-term socio-material landscapes where teachers and pupils, classroom materiality and spatiality, and teaching practices are entangled. Stimulated recall interviews were conducted in Flanders (Belgium) with primary school teachers. Teacher-generated floorplans detailing their material classroom over time, transcribed oral accounts elaborating on these, and supportive data sources were aggregated and thematically analysed. The resulting identification of six key themes shed light on the evolving architectural and infrastructural developments, as well as triggers and teaching impacts thereof amongst the interviewed teachers. Findings show that negative school evaluations urging school intervention, and teachers’ proactive engagement within their classrooms, were the main catalysts of change. Moreover, evolving classroom layouts, in addition to the affordances of upgraded equipment, can be associated to changes in teachers’ practices. It can be concluded that the classroom is becoming an action context as the result of the inextricable mediating agencies identified. [less ▲]

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See detailA classification of polynomial functions satisfying the Jacobi identity over integral domains
Marichal, Jean-Luc UL; Mathonet, Pierre

in Aequationes Mathematicae (in press)

The Jacobi identity is one of the properties that are used to define the concept of Lie algebra and in this context is closely related to associativity. In this paper we provide a complete description of ... [more ▼]

The Jacobi identity is one of the properties that are used to define the concept of Lie algebra and in this context is closely related to associativity. In this paper we provide a complete description of all bivariate polynomials that satisfy the Jacobi identity over infinite integral domains. Although this description depends on the characteristic of the domain, it turns out that all these polynomials are of degree at most one in each indeterminate. [less ▲]

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See detailBouded Discretion in EU Law: A limited Judicial Paradigm in a Changing EU
Mendes, Joana UL

in Modern Law Review (in press)

The strengthening of the EU executive following the post-2008 reforms of economic and financial market regulation has unveiled the tensions of the relation between law and discretion. This article ... [more ▼]

The strengthening of the EU executive following the post-2008 reforms of economic and financial market regulation has unveiled the tensions of the relation between law and discretion. This article deconstructs a prevailing distinction between discretion to make policy choices and discretion in conducting technical assessments, which stems from a judicial paradigm of discretion. Such distinction has contributed to the re-allocation of authority in the EU (eg ESMA and Gauweiler). The article traces its roots in doctrinal constructions that have shaped legal administrative thinking since the early times of the Etat de Droit or Rechstaat. It proposes a public interest-regarding conception of discretion that, in an institutional context where courts may have a limited reviewing role, approaches the relation of discretion to law as a matter of how legal norms may operate in the spaces of discretion that they attribute to decision-makers, rather than as a matter of how courts may review discretion. [less ▲]

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See detailGUT MICROBIOTA FUNCTIONS - METABOLISM OF NUTRIENTS AND OTHER FOOD COMPONENTS
Rowland, I; Gibson, G; Heinken, Almut Katrin UL et al

in European Journal of Nutrition (in press)

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See detailDes arts visuels à l’écriture romanesque dans l’œuvre de Pierre Michon
Freyermuth, Sylvie UL; Jişa, Simona; Goga, Yvonne

Book published by Casa Cărţii de Ştiinţă (in press)

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See detailMichon pinxit : l’œuvre picturale au fondement de la perception du réel. L’exemple du texte Le roi du bois
Freyermuth, Sylvie UL

in Freyermuth, Sylvie; Jişa, Simona; Goga, Yvonne (Eds.) Des arts visuels à l’écriture romanesque dans l’œuvre de Pierre Michon (in press)

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See detailDe l'Ancien Régime à quelques jours tranquilles de la Grande Guerre. Histoire sociale de la frontière
Bonnot, Jean-François; Freyermuth, Sylvie UL

Book published by PIE-Peter Lang (in press)

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See detailKindheit als praxeologisches Konzept. Von der generationalen Ordnung zu generationierenden Praktiken
Honig, Michael-Sebastian UL

in Budde, Jürgen; Bittner, Martin; Bossen, Andrea (Eds.) et al Konturen einer praxeologischen Erziehungswissenschaft. Theorie - Methodologie - Analyse (in press)

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See detailSpina Bifida
Pit-Ten Cate, Ineke UL

in Llewellyn, C; Ayers, S; McManus, C (Eds.) et al Cambridge Handbook of Psychology, Health, & Medicine (in press)

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See detailTeachers’ assessment competence: Integrating knowledge-, process-, and product-oriented approaches into a competence-oriented conceptual model
Herppich, Stephanie; Praetorius, Anna-Katharina; Hetmanek, Andreas et al

in Teaching and Teacher Education (in press)

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See detailSchizotypal personality traits and problematic use of massively-multiplayer online role-playing games (MMORPGs)
Schimmenti, Adriano; Infanti, Alexandre; Badoud, Déborah et al

in Computers in Human Behavior (in press)

A link between maladaptive personality traits and an excessive use of massively multiplayer online role-playing games (MMORPGs) has been documented. However, the role of schizotypal personality traits in ... [more ▼]

A link between maladaptive personality traits and an excessive use of massively multiplayer online role-playing games (MMORPGs) has been documented. However, the role of schizotypal personality traits in MMORPG use is understudied. The aim of this study was to explore the potential links between schizotypal traits, motivations for playing MMORPGs, and symptoms of problematic MMORPG use. Eighty-three MMORPG gamers were enrolled in the study. They filled out questionnaires measuring schizotypal personality traits and an adapted version of the same scale designed to measure in-game schizotypal traits. All participants also filled out questionnaires assessing motivations for gaming and disordered use of MMORPGs. Results of the study showed that the disorganized and interpersonal traits of schizotypy decreased when participants were thinking about themselves in the virtual world. Schizotypal traits, together with achievement and immersion motives, predicted problematic use of MMORPGs. The findings of this study may suggest that schizotypal traits and motivations for playing can interact and play a relevant role in the onset and maintenance of problematic gaming [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of the sheet profile design on the composite action of slabs made of lightweight woodchip concrete
Waldmann, Danièle UL; May, Andreas; Thapa, Vishojit Bahadur UL

in Construction & Building Materials (in press)

The trend for using renewable materials in construction to create sustainable and robust buildings is currently gaining in popularity. Therefore, in this work, the applicability of dense lightweight ... [more ▼]

The trend for using renewable materials in construction to create sustainable and robust buildings is currently gaining in popularity. Therefore, in this work, the applicability of dense lightweight woodchip concrete in constructive engineering is investigated. Here, the material is used as a top concrete layer on composite floors with profiled sheets and is analysed with regard to its load-bearing behaviour and composite action. One specific concrete mixture which fulfils the requirement for minimum strength of LC 20/22 is used for the test series. The scale of the study comprises 22 plate elements in total. The varied parameters are the shear spans, profiled sheet types and sheet thicknesses. Each examined sheet has an undercut profile with additional embossment. On the basis of experimental results, the influences of the varied parameters and profile forms on the load-bearing and composite behaviour are discussed. This study provides important key findings which show that dense lightweight woodchip concrete can transfer sufficient longitudinal shear forces to the composite joint. [less ▲]

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See detailDer Deutschunterricht: Flucht und Vertreibung in der deutschen Literatur
Pavlik, Jennifer UL; Thurn, Nike

Book published by Friedrich Verlag (2018)

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See detailDrama und Interkulturalität
Bloch, Natalie UL; Heimböckel, Dieter UL

in Englhart, Andreas; Schößler, Franziska (Eds.) Grundthemen der Literaturwissenschaft: Drama (2017)

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See detailPolynésie et Mélanésie
Ehrhart, Sabine UL

in Reutner, Ursula (Ed.) Manuel des francophonies (2017)

Dans le présent article nous tenterons de dresser le portrait des situations d’utilisation du français dans l’océan Pacifique, dans une approche écologique, dynamique et holistique. Nous présenterons ... [more ▼]

Dans le présent article nous tenterons de dresser le portrait des situations d’utilisation du français dans l’océan Pacifique, dans une approche écologique, dynamique et holistique. Nous présenterons brièvement l’évolution historique et politique de chaque aire francophone, de son degré de francophonie et des liens qui existent entre le français et les autres langues parlées à chaque endroit, selon les domaines et fonctions d’utilisation. Certaines parties de cette vaste région se caractérisent par le tissage d’un réseau actif de relations interinsulaires. La Polynésie en est l’illustration type, alors qu’en revanche les espaces insulaires de la Mélanésie ont davantage tendance à être repliés sur eux-mêmes. [less ▲]

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See detailDiscussant
Greiff, Samuel UL

Scientific Conference (2017, August)

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (0 UL)