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See detailLa dynamique de la stratification sociale
Chauvel, Louis UL

in Castel, Robert; Chauvel, Louis (Eds.) Les mutations de la société française : les grandes questions économiques et sociales (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 88 (9 UL)
See detailLes mutations de la société française : les grandes questions économiques et sociales
Castel, Robert; Chauvel, Louis UL; et, al.

Book published by La découverte (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 74 (14 UL)
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See detailSpecificity and Consistency of Cohort Effects: The APCD Model Applied to Generational Inequalities, France-United States, 1985-2010
Chauvel, Louis UL

in Revue Française de Sociologie (2013), 54(4), 663-703

By returning to the theoretical sources of the generational question, the importance of two central concepts, specificity and consistency of cohort effects, is emphasized and gives rise to a new APC-D ... [more ▼]

By returning to the theoretical sources of the generational question, the importance of two central concepts, specificity and consistency of cohort effects, is emphasized and gives rise to a new APC-D model and a hysteresis test designed to identify long-term cohort effects: a scarring effect, or cohortal scar. A Franco-American comparison of living standards is developed by using cohort data from 1985 to 2010 from the Luxembourg Income Study (LIS) and Statistics on Income and Living Conditions–Eurostat (EU-SILC). In France, net generational inequalities (taking account of demographic and educational contexts, in particular) are of the same magnitude as the inequalities linked to immigrant status; the beneficiaries being cohorts born around the year 1950. This phenomenon is not declining in intensity with time. The dynamic within the USA is its antithesis, which can be explained by differences in French and American welfare regimes. France is thus marked by deep intergenerational inequalities. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 276 (6 UL)
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See detailSpécificité et permanence des effets de cohorte. Le modèle APCD appliqué aux inégalités de générations, France/États-Unis, 1985-2010
Chauvel, Louis UL

in Revue Française de Sociologie (2013), 54(4), 665-705

By returning to the theoretical sources of the generational question, the importance of two central concepts, specificity and consistency of cohort effects, is emphasized and gives rise to a new APCD ... [more ▼]

By returning to the theoretical sources of the generational question, the importance of two central concepts, specificity and consistency of cohort effects, is emphasized and gives rise to a new APCD model and a hysteresis test designed to identify long-term cohort effects : a scarring effect, or cohortal scar. A Franco-American comparison of living standards is developed by using cohort data from 1985 to 2010 from the Luxembourg income study (LIS) and Statistics on income and living conditions – Eurostat (EU-SILC). In France, net generational inequalities (taking account of demographic and educational contexts, in particular) are of the same magnitude as the inequalities linked to immigrant status ; the beneficiaries being cohorts born around the year 1950. This phenomenon is not declining in intensity with time. The dynamic within the USA is its antithesis, which can be explained by differences in French and American welfare regimes. France is thus marked by deep intergenerational inequalities. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 324 (10 UL)
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See detailTowards Flexible Evolution of Dynamically Adaptive Systems
Perrouin, Gilles UL; Morin, Brice; Chauvel, Franck et al

in New Ideas & Emerging Results Track of the International Conference of Software Engineering (NIER@ICSE) (2012, June)

Modern software systems need to be continuously available under varying conditions. Their ability adapt to their execution context is thus increasingly seen as a key to their success. Recently, many ... [more ▼]

Modern software systems need to be continuously available under varying conditions. Their ability adapt to their execution context is thus increasingly seen as a key to their success. Recently, many approaches were proposed to design and support the execution of Dynamically Adaptive Systems (DAS). However, the ability of a DAS to evolve is limited to the addition, update or removal of adaptation rules or reconfiguration scripts. These artifacts are very specific to the control loop managing such a DAS and runtime evolution of the DAS requirements may affect other parts of the DAS. In this paper, we argue to evolve all parts of the loop. We suggest leveraging recent advances in model-driven techniques to offer an approach that supports the evolution of both systems and their adaptation capabilities. The basic idea is to consider the control loop itself as an adaptive system. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (0 UL)
See detailLes raisons de la peur: Les classes moyennes sont-elles protégées de la crise ?
Chauvel, Louis UL

in Revue de l'OFCE : Observations et Diagnostics Economiques (2012), 18

Detailed reference viewed: 52 (3 UL)
See detailSocial generations and the transformation of consumption
Chauvel, Louis UL

in Ning, Wang; Davis, D.; Herpin, N. (Eds.) An Exploration into the Sociology of Consumption (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 72 (9 UL)
See detailComparing welfare regime changes: Living standards and the unequal life chances different birth cohorts
Chauvel, Louis UL

in Tremmel, J.C. (Ed.) A young generation under pressure ? The financial situation and the "rush hour"of the cohort 1970-1985 in a generational comparison (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 66 (11 UL)
See detailLe destin des générations, structure sociale et cohortes en France du XXe siècle aux années 2010
Chauvel, Louis UL

Book published by PUF - 1ère édition "Quadrige":2010 (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 76 (7 UL)
See detailOvereducation and Social Generations in France: Welfare Regimes and Inter-cohort Inequalities in Returns to Education
Chauvel, Louis UL

in Attewel, P.; Newman, K.S. (Eds.) Growing Gaps: Educational Inequality Around the World (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 58 (19 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailFrench Sociology in the Spiral of Holism and Individualism
Chauvel, Louis UL

in Patel, Sujata (Ed.) The ISA Hanndbook of Diverse Sociological Traditions (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (1 UL)
See detailLes classes moyennes dans la Ve République: de l'expansion économique auy incertitudes sociales
Chauvel, Louis UL

in Garrigues, J.; Guillaume, S.; Sirinelli, J.-F. (Eds.) Comprendre la Ve République (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (3 UL)
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See detailThe Long-Term Destabilization of Youth, Scarring Effects and the Future of the Welfare Regime in Post-Trente Glorieuse France
Chauvel, Louis UL

in French Politics, Culture & Society (2010), 23

"Youth" was once defined as the 15 to 24 year old age group. Today in France one sees a "first youth" (dependent on family and school) and a "second youth" in their twenties sharply divided between a ... [more ▼]

"Youth" was once defined as the 15 to 24 year old age group. Today in France one sees a "first youth" (dependent on family and school) and a "second youth" in their twenties sharply divided between a successful elite with top degrees (or family wealth) and a highly marginalized workingclass. Between these extremes, a middle group often experiences frustration and anomie when their university degrees fail to launch the careers they desired. A "third youth" of thirty-somethings has also emerged still dependent on their families and the state. The French corporatist welfare regime, moreover, makes women, immigrants, and the young structural outsiders who must compete harder than Caucasian middle-aged men for jobs. Setbacks early in life in the labor market have long-term consequences (scarring effects) both for individuals and for the birth cohort as a whole. The political consequences are difficult to forecast, but much of the recent political volatility in France can be traced to these generational dynamics and failure to integrate youth since the late 1970s. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 58 (7 UL)
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See detailComment définir les victimes du changement social cohortal ?
Chauvel, Louis UL

in Regards Croisés sur l'Economie (2010), 7

La déveine d’une génération lorsqu’elle a vingt ans la contraint à un mauvais départ qui engendre à son tour des situations plus difficiles ne lui permettant jamais de rattraper les difficultés initia-les ... [more ▼]

La déveine d’une génération lorsqu’elle a vingt ans la contraint à un mauvais départ qui engendre à son tour des situations plus difficiles ne lui permettant jamais de rattraper les difficultés initia-les. La diffusion des diplômes a considérablement augmenté les aspirations, mais les réalités objectives vécues par les nouvelles générations sont celles d’une stagnation économique et d’un risque de déclassement social et scolaire. Faut-il s’interroger sur le silence face à la souffrance des jeunes, dès lors que la représentation nationale, naguère intergénérationnelle, ne représente plus qu’une génération qui fut jeune voilà quarante ans, dans un monde bien différent du nôtre ? Des années 1980 jusqu’à nos jours, le taux de suicide au milieu de la vie adulte a plus que doublé, alors que celui des seniors a connu une forte diminution. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 45 (3 UL)
See detailThe Transformation of the European class system and the middle classes adrift
Chauvel, Louis UL

in Chuning, Li (Ed.) Formation of Middle Class in Comparative Perspective: Process, Influenceand Socioeconomic Consequences (2009)

Detailed reference viewed: 57 (1 UL)
See detailLa Globalcity et ses critiques.Tensions dans l'espace urbain et divisions des classes moyennes
Chauvel, Louis UL

in Damon, J. (Ed.) Vire en ville (2009)

Detailed reference viewed: 50 (1 UL)