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See detailPréparer les futurs enseignants à l’utilisation stratégique des TICE: Une approche par projet
Busana, Gilbert UL; Reuter, Bob UL

Scientific Conference (2018, November 23)

Étant donné (1) le besoin d'enseignants désireux et capables de concevoir et de mettre en œuvre de façon fondée et réfléchie des pratiques techno-pédagogiques dans les écoles et (2) la rareté actuelle des ... [more ▼]

Étant donné (1) le besoin d'enseignants désireux et capables de concevoir et de mettre en œuvre de façon fondée et réfléchie des pratiques techno-pédagogiques dans les écoles et (2) la rareté actuelle des utilisations stratégiques des TIC dans les écoles au Luxembourg, le manque de compétences déclarées et la faible confiance des enseignants lorsqu'il s'agit d'enseigner avec les TIC (Reuter, Busana & Linckels, 2016), nous avons conçu, mis en œuvre et testé, dans la formation initiale des futurs enseignants de l’enseignement fondamental, une approche par projet pour le développement de compétences TICE. Nous demandons aux étudiants (1) d'explorer activement des problèmes pédagogiques réels, (2) de passer en revue les solutions pédagogiques existantes et les technologies potentiellement utiles, (3) de développer un scénario pédagogique original enrichi par les TIC et ayant une valeur ajoutée projetée selon le modèle SAMR (Puentedura, 2013), (4) de le mettre en œuvre dans un contexte scolaire réel, (5) de documenter, analyser et évaluer les activités d'apprentissage et d'enseignement mises en pratique, (6) de réfléchir sur base de connaissances scientifiques et de sagesses pédagogiques existantes et (7) de rapporter, par écrit et oralement, leurs expériences à un public authentique de pairs et de membres de la communauté scolaire. L'ensemble du processus a pour but d'engager les étudiants, de les faire travailler sur un projet dont ils sont les auteurs, de favoriser la collaboration, de mettre en place des apprentissages authentiques et orientés vers la pratique professionnelle et de leur permettre d'appliquer concrètement des concepts théoriques, comme la taxonomie des objectifs d'apprentissage de Bloom (Anderson & Krathwohl, 2001), la taxonomie des événements d'apprentissage et d'enseignement (Verpoorten, Poumay & Leclercq, 2008) et les stratégies d'intégration technologique (Roblyer & Doering, 2012). [less ▲]

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See detailMoving beyond the Lecture: Towards Collaborative Inquiry-Based Learning with Big Questions
Reuter, Bob UL; Busana, Gilbert UL

Scientific Conference (2018, November 13)

We had been teaching a first-year course on “education in the digital age” as a lecture for a few years. However, we have observed, over the last years, that (1) many students failed to pass the exam and ... [more ▼]

We had been teaching a first-year course on “education in the digital age” as a lecture for a few years. However, we have observed, over the last years, that (1) many students failed to pass the exam and (2) that a lot of them, when in their 4th year, had forgotten most of these theoretical foundations. These considerations have driven us to rethink & redesign our teaching methods and how we assess students learning outcomes. Our pedagogical approach combines various learning & teaching methods that require students to actively and collaboratively construct meaningful knowledge and share it in a community of learners using an online digital portfolio. Overall, we are quite satisfied with our teaching approach but will have to improve our formative assessment practices and will have to set up a digital portfolio solution that is more reliable and leads to greater user satisfaction. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation à l’ère du numérique: continuité ou rupture?
Reuter, Bob UL; Meyers, Christian UL; Busana, Gilbert UL

Scientific Conference (2018, January 10)

Face aux nouveaux défis qui se posent à la société-monde du 21e siècle, les « techno-prophètes » présagent que la numérisation nous aidera à améliorer l’éducation des futures générations (Dräger & Müller ... [more ▼]

Face aux nouveaux défis qui se posent à la société-monde du 21e siècle, les « techno-prophètes » présagent que la numérisation nous aidera à améliorer l’éducation des futures générations (Dräger & Müller-Eiselt, 2015 ; Khan, 2013 ; Cuban, 2003). L’évaluation des apprentissages assistée par ordinateur deviendrait notamment plus efficiente, plus pratique, plus flexible, plus rapide, plus objective, plus accessible, plus sécurisée, plus juste et plus économe. Par contre celle-ci reste souvent dans la continuité de pratiques existantes (Substitution ou Augmentation dans le modèle SAMR de Ruben Puentedura, 2006), donc limitée à la reproduction de connaissances déclaratives et de procédures fixes. Les ordinateurs sont en effet mieux aptes à rapidement corriger les réponses des apprenants à des tests standardisés et fermés. De plus, pour nous la révolution numérique incarne plus un grand défi qu’une solution miracle pour l’évaluation des apprentissages (scolaires ou autres). En effet, dans un monde où la numérisation mène à une croissance exponentielle et à une diffusion ultra-rapide des informations et à leur accès de plus en plus libre et facile, il ne suffit plus d’accumuler des connaissances, ni de simplement les reproduire. Mais il faut être capable de savoir où aller chercher des informations, comment juger leur crédibilité et utilité et comment les utiliser pour résoudre des problèmes. L’évaluation des apprentissages ne pourra donc plus se limiter à mesurer la capacité des élèves à mémoriser et à reproduire des informations mais devra s’aligner sur les nouveaux objectifs d’une éducation préparant les futures générations à affronter les défis d’un monde globalisé et connecté (cf. modèle des 21st century skills; Trilling & Fadel, 2009). La question fondamentale qui se posera pour l’évaluation des apprentissages sera celle de savoir comment évaluer des compétences (savoir, savoir-faire et savoir-être) complexes, dynamiques et changeantes. La question de l’utilisation des technologies numériques à des fins d’évaluation nous semble donc secondaire par rapport à la question de la transformation de l’évaluation afin qu’elle nous permette de répondre aux défis de la révolution civilisationnelle provoquée par la présence des technologies numériques et leur expansion irrémédiable dans nos pratiques culturelles, sociales, économiques, politiques et pédagogiques quotidiennes. Dans cette communication nous ne viserons pas nécessairement à fournir des réponses toutes faites, mais à stimuler le débat sur les relations mutuelles entre révolution numérique et évaluation en milieu scolaire, en termes d’innovations évolutives ou disruptives (Christensen, Johnson & Horn, 2008). [less ▲]

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See detailPreparing Future Teachers for Strategic Uses of Educational Technology: A Project-Based Approach
Reuter, Bob UL; Busana, Gilbert UL

Scientific Conference (2017, December 01)

Given (1) the need for teachers who are willing and able to design, implement and reflect meaningful and successful educational technology practices in schools and (2) the current rarity of strategic uses ... [more ▼]

Given (1) the need for teachers who are willing and able to design, implement and reflect meaningful and successful educational technology practices in schools and (2) the current rarity of strategic uses of ICT in education in Luxembourgish schools, the self-declared lack of competencies and the low confidence of teachers when it comes to teaching with ICT (Reuter, Busana & Linckels, 2016), we have designed, implemented and tested a project-based approach to the development of practice- oriented TPACK in pre-service teachers. Future teacher students are instructed to define an educational problem they want to solve, to explore existing pedagogical and technological solutions and to design an original solution that involves the strategic use of ICT (theoretically grounded and practically meaningful). They then have to implement the designed learning & teaching scenario in a classroom, to document the teaching & learning processes, to analyse, evaluate and to critically reflect them. Finally, they are required to write a structured report about their project and to present it to their peers and to interested teachers from schools. Overall, we observe that while most students become able to design and implement relatively meaningful educational technology practices, they still tend to feel that they are not ready to teach with technology in a more general sense, because their work was focused on one or two tools and does not give them access to a broader range of meaningful ICT-enriched teaching scenarios for their later professional career. [less ▲]

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See detailExploring the uses of ICT in education: A national survey study
Reuter, Bob UL; Busana, Gilbert UL; Linckels, Serge

Scientific Conference (2016, November 23)

This study aims at documenting current educational technology practices in Luxembourgish public schools and to better understand them in terms of various internal/proximal and external/distal enabling ... [more ▼]

This study aims at documenting current educational technology practices in Luxembourgish public schools and to better understand them in terms of various internal/proximal and external/distal enabling factors and barriers. It is supposed to serve as a guide for current digital education policies, strategies and actions and to assess their effects in the near and mid-term future. Therefore, an online survey was designed and deployed to all primary and secondary school teachers asking (mostly multiple choice) questions about a variety of proximal and distal influence factors and about ICT-supported pedagogical practices of teachers. Results show that teachers are willing to integrate ICT in education, that they are aware of its importance, that they feel comfortable to use ICT in everyday, but not prepared to use them for educational purposes. ICT-supported teaching remains rather teacher-centered. This has important implications for teacher training and on digital education strategies to be implemented. [less ▲]

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See detailThe use of iPads in Kindergarten: An exploratory survey study
Reuter, Bob UL; Busana, Gilbert UL

Scientific Conference (2016, September 06)

The educational technology support team of the city of Luxembourg deployed 60 iPads, in a pilot phase during the school year 2014-2015, in around 120 Kindergarten classes. In order to assess whether this ... [more ▼]

The educational technology support team of the city of Luxembourg deployed 60 iPads, in a pilot phase during the school year 2014-2015, in around 120 Kindergarten classes. In order to assess whether this deployment was well received by teachers and whether it was worth extending it, we did an exploratory survey study that asked Kindergarten teachers about their reactions to the provided iPads. Moreover, we wanted to contribute to the existing body of research on enabling and hindering factors for the integration of ICT in education (Ertmer, 2005; Pelgrum, 2011). We did send out an email to about 210 Kindergarten teachers inviting them to participate in our study and answer various questions about their use or not of the provided iPads. A mix of open and closed questions were used. We first asked them whether they had used the iPads or not and depending on their answers they received a slightly different version of our survey. Both groups of respondents were asked to answer some questions not directly linked to the use of iPads in education: their gender, their age, the length of their work experience, how many children they have in their class, how competent they feel with using digital tools, what digital tools they use privately and for what purposes they use them, what digital tools (other than iPads) they use in their classes and for what purposes they use them, what they consider to be good teaching in Kindergarten. Those who said they had indeed used the iPads were then asked how they had prepared themselves before using the iPads in class, why and for what purposes and for which learning & teaching activities they had used them (Leclercq & Poumay 2005), what they had expected from their use, what problems, issues and challenges they had faced, if they would want to use them more / differently in the future, what they would need to wore more / better with iPads and whether they would be willing to offer professional development sessions to other teachers. Those who said they did not use the provided iPads were asked why they did not use the iPads, if they had thought about the use of iPads in education, if they had heard about it from colleagues, under which conditions they might consider to use them, how they would prepare themselves in case they would plan to use iPads in their class, if they wanted to visit colleagues and observe how they use them, for what purposes and activities they might want to use them, how they would use them, and what effects they would expect the iPads to have on their pupils and on their teaching. Overall, 91 teachers filled out the survey, 63 claiming they had (at least once) used the provided iPads in their class and 28 saying they never used them. Results will be presented at the conference and discussed in terms of teacher believes about the usefulness of tablets and digital technologies (Tondeur, Hermans, van Braak & Valcke, 2008), and more specifically how first-order and second-order barriers impact Kindergarten teachers decisions to integrate mobile ICT in their classrooms, or not (Lui & Pange, 2015). [less ▲]

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See detailProblematizing science as a primary school discipline: Learning from contingencies and diversities
Schreiber, Catherina UL; Siry, Christina UL; Reuter, Bob UL et al

Poster (2015, September 03)

This paper puts the idea of a contingent nature of science at its fore, asking what we as researchers can learn from seemingly irreconcilable differences in our approaches and interpretations to past ... [more ▼]

This paper puts the idea of a contingent nature of science at its fore, asking what we as researchers can learn from seemingly irreconcilable differences in our approaches and interpretations to past, present and future developments in science education. To do so, we aim to explore the potentials of multi-perspectivity in an academic self-experiment. The idea is to problematize science as a school discipline from different theoretical, disciplinary and methodological standpoints. By taking one concrete example of a Luxembourgian primary school curriculum document, four researchers will independently apply their individual lenses on science as a school discipline. Concretely, the coverage of the hedgehog as a “characteristic animal” in our primary school curriculum will be commented on in historical, sociocultural and pedagogical perspectives. This concrete curricular example is seemingly defined and non disputable as a content theme in primary school science education in Luxembourg, and is also to be found in international curriculum policy documents. Yet a seemingly proven fact can be interpreted in multiple ways, not only to bridge controversies, as it is done so often, but as exploring the differences in a self-reflective manner. Through such multiple interpretations, we are specifically looking for inconsistencies between the four different narratives, instead of focusing on consensual conclusions or firm and consistent patterns. Instead we will follow a multi-layered approach to research in order to undertake a métissage approach to analyzing a component of the science pedagogical practice, allowing the different understandings on the Luxembourgian science curriculum to remain and complement each other in a complex manner. [less ▲]

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See detailProject Based Learning - A Teaser
Reuter, Bob UL; Busana, Gilbert UL

Conference given outside the academic context (2015)

Project-Based Learning (PBL) is currently one of the big buzz words in education. To some it is like a "magical wand” that transforms everything and turns dull classes into rich and deep learning ... [more ▼]

Project-Based Learning (PBL) is currently one of the big buzz words in education. To some it is like a "magical wand” that transforms everything and turns dull classes into rich and deep learning experiences. Others think that PBL is just a waste of time and that the return on investment is not worth trying. In order to give you a better understanding of this pedagogical approach, we will (1) define what Project-Based Learning is, (2) what it is not, (3) what scientific research tells us when it works and when it does not work, (4) which educational challenges teachers and students have to face when using PBL in classes and (5) which theories of learning & teaching help us explain and understand why and how PBL works. Finally, we will give you a very personal account of PBL based on our teaching experiences in a higher education setting. [less ▲]

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See detail“Alter Wein in neuen Schläuchen?” Zum strategischen Einsatz von mobilen Technologien im Unterricht
Reuter, Bob UL; Busana, Gilbert UL

Conference given outside the academic context (2014)

“Alter Wein in neuen Schläuchen?” Zum strategischen Einsatz von mobilen Technologien im Unterricht

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See detailVers une intégration stratégique des technologies digitales à l’école
Reuter, Bob UL; Busana, Gilbert UL

Conference given outside the academic context (2014)

Dans cette présentation nous allons tenter de proposer un certain nombre de concepts théoriques et pratiques que nous jugeons utiles pour toute personne désireuse de se lancer dans l’aventure d’une ... [more ▼]

Dans cette présentation nous allons tenter de proposer un certain nombre de concepts théoriques et pratiques que nous jugeons utiles pour toute personne désireuse de se lancer dans l’aventure d’une intégration stratégique des technologies digitales à l’école. Ces concepts et scénarios sont issus et nourris de nos recherches empiriques, de nos lectures de textes scientifiques et didactico-pédagogiques et de nos propres expériences en tant qu’enseignants à l’université. L’objectif de notre présentation sera double. Nous souhaitons fournir des instruments de pensée qui permettront 1) de (mieux) comprendre l’utilisation et l’intégration des technologies d’apprentissage et d’enseignement dans les contextes scolaires et 2) de planifier et de réaliser cette utilisation de façon plus consciente, plus réfléchie. Ainsi nous proposons de mettre en évidence les défis posés à l’école par la révolution digitale et de les rendre reconnaissables comme opportunités pour l’école de demain en fournissant des éléments conceptuels et théoriques pouvant informer, voire guider l’action et la réflexion didactico-pédagogiques. Nous proposons donc de fournir quelques outils psychologiques susceptibles de vous aider à marcher les chemins passionnants mais semés d’embûches qui mènent vers une intégration stratégique, réussie et satisfaisante des technologies digitales dans votre pratique au quotidien. [less ▲]

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See detailDie Online-Testplattform OASYS
Keller, Ulrich UL; François, Eric UL; Fischbach, Antoine UL et al

Presentation (2014, January)

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See detailEnhancing University Students’ Learning, Engagement and Satisfaction in a Blended Learning Environment: An Action Research Study
Reuter, Bob UL; Busana, Gilbert UL

Scientific Conference (2013, September 27)

With the study reported here, two lecturers in Educational Technology tried to find out how they could improve their university students’ learning, their course engagement and their overall course ... [more ▼]

With the study reported here, two lecturers in Educational Technology tried to find out how they could improve their university students’ learning, their course engagement and their overall course satisfaction by systematically planning, observing and reflecting their teaching practices. For institutional reasons, they had been forced to switch from small-group seminars to large-group lectures in 2010-2011 and had since observed (1) relatively important declines in students’ knowledge and understanding (Bloom, 195 ), (2) low levels of student engagement during the lectures and (3) mixed levels of course satisfaction. During the winter semester 2012-2013 they thus wanted to explore various blended learning and interactive lecturing activities and to assess their effects. The aims of this research study are thus (1) to design and implement a meaningful and reasonable blended learning environment for students and (2) to roughly appraise its effects. Therefore an action-research process was established according emmis Mc aggart’s (1990) cyclical action-research model, where each cycle contains 4 steps: plan, action, observe and reflect. In addition, an intervention research process was also put in place to collect quantitative data about student learning, engagement and satisfaction. Planning, acting, observing and reflecting were done by the two lecturers. Oral presentations were prepared collaboratively; while one of the two lecturers delivered the presentation, the other one acted as the researcher, observing classroom activities, and implementing interactive learning activities; reflecting was done collaboratively after each lecture by writing down impressions. Several presentations were recorded (using a lecture recording software) and made available online for revision. Quantitative data were collected (1) from students’ actions in an online learning environment (moodle), comprising their viewing of various resources and their posting to assignments, and (2) from students’ scores at the final exam. Student satisfaction with the course had to be very generally assessed with the help of an optional anonymous course satisfaction survey set up by the university and could thus not be crossed with other types of data collected. Collected data are currently being analysed and will be presented at the conference. This research should help to better understand how university lecturing, often described as boring by students and leading to rather poor student performances, can be (1) enriched with the help of interactive and multimedia activities, as well as (2) extended by online learning activities. The objective is thus to contribute to the design of blended learning environments which (1) foster more sustainable learning in students, i.e. improving retention of knowledge and deepening understanding, and (2) lead to more responsible teaching, i.e. helping teachers to care about their students’ learning, engagement and satisfaction. [less ▲]

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See detailHuman scoring in CBA
Doublet, Sophie UL; Koenig, Vincent UL; Busana, Gilbert UL et al

Scientific Conference (2012)

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See detailVers une architecture de testing assisté par ordinateur pour l'évaluation des acquis scolaires dans les systèmes éducatifs orientés sur les résultats
Martin, Romain UL; Busana, Gilbert UL; Latour, Thibaud

in Blais, Jean-Guy (Ed.) Évaluation des apprentissages et technologies de l’information et de la communication: Enjeux, applications et modèles de mesure (2009)

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See detailIntegrating ICT in Pre-service Teacher Training
Höppner, Kristina D. C. UL; Busana, Gilbert UL; Max, Charles UL et al

in Proceedings of World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia and Telecommunications 2009 (2009)

The Bachelor in Educational Sciences at the University of Luxembourg is a four-year study program for students training to become nursery and elementary school teachers in Luxembourg. The program has ... [more ▼]

The Bachelor in Educational Sciences at the University of Luxembourg is a four-year study program for students training to become nursery and elementary school teachers in Luxembourg. The program has subscribed to an ICT-enriched study approach, meaning that students and teachers use a variety of (social) media tools for learning as well as for organizational planning. This best practice presentation will show how the tools used are intertwined. Furthermore, the presenters discuss the program's strategy of acquainting students with media tools, the support measures that are in place as well as the students' use and acceptance of ICT. The winter semester 2008/09 was important as the switch was made to a new ePortfolio system and increased inclusion of social media tools, especially with first-year students. The presentation will provide insight into first impressions of this change, touch upon pitfalls, and look at the plans for the coming semesters. [less ▲]

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See detailLes TIC comme support au développement de stratégies de résolution de problèmes en mathématiques
Busana, Gilbert UL; Martin, Romain UL

in Les Cahiers de la Section des sciences de l'e?ducation. Pratiques et the?orie. (2008), 27-28

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See detailICT enriched learning environments at the University of Luxembourg
Busana, Gilbert UL; Reuter, Bob UL; Schandeler, Ingo UL

Scientific Conference (2008)

Information and Communication Technologies have predominantly entered the realm of universities to support administrations and teachers in their everyday professional activities, but did not necessarily ... [more ▼]

Information and Communication Technologies have predominantly entered the realm of universities to support administrations and teachers in their everyday professional activities, but did not necessarily contribute to fundamental paradigmatic changes. For instance, many lecturers, instead of handing out printed course material, put their lecture notes on a website. But such online course material is still course material produced by a teacher. This does not necessarily imply a shift in pedagogical approach. However, if ICT is to be a tool for students to become active and productive learners, a groundbreaking pedagogical change in favor of a more learner-centered approach becomes crucial. In the current paper we will show how the ambition to change teaching practices (from knowledge transmission/acquisition to collaborative knowledge construction) progressively led to ICT enriched learning environments at the University of Luxembourg. We will provide a thorough description of the educational technology tools currently implemented across the university. Furthermore, we will show how they are used by students and teachers of a specific bachelor program to become members of a learning community. Finally, an overview of current issues as well as future developments will be given. [less ▲]

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See detailA web-based system for mathematical problem understanding and solving
Busana, Gilbert UL; Martin, Romain UL; Langers, Christian UL

in International Journal of Psychology (2008), 43

In the domain of educational multimedia for primary school a lot of research has been done in the field of computer assisted calculation frameworks. However, much less work has been done in the area of ... [more ▼]

In the domain of educational multimedia for primary school a lot of research has been done in the field of computer assisted calculation frameworks. However, much less work has been done in the area of problem solving and especially in the area of problem understanding. The present project aims at the development and the scientific assessment of a computer assisted framework for mathematical problem understanding and solving (CAMPUS) based on analogical representations in form of number lines (Klein, Beishuizen, & Treffers, 1998; Petitto, 1990) and graphs. This tool will be deployed by our formerly developed computer assisted testing platform (http://www.tao.lu) [see our proposal on TAO] and will be the first learning tool on that system. The CAMPUS framework will help teachers to more efficiently analyze the different steps of the problem solving strategies of their students and thereby allow them to give more adapted feedback in order to guide the learner’s process. The main characteristic of this platform is the use of the computer as a framework for the development of problem solving strategies in mathematics. The tool imposes no restrictions in the resolution processes of the learner, but avoids him to get lost in those steps of solving that are obviously wrong (for example: addition of objects of different classes). In this way, the CAMPUS architecture is a sort of a cognitive tool that helps the student in structuring his thinking by telling him which calculations are mathematically or logically not permitted, but it does not suggest him a precise way towards the solution. In contrary, each logically correct action will be accepted by the system. Consequently, the CAMPUS tool is not a drill-and-practice tool, but it proposes a framework for the student in which he can develop problem solving strategies in complex situations. CAMPUS is based on a (socio-)cognitive approach, which means that the tool permits to solve the problems in an individual or a group situation, even if the teamwork is explicitly desirable in such a pedagogical approach (Webb, 1994; Yadrick, Regian, Connolly Gomez, & Robertson Schule, 1997). The tool is intended to be integrated into daily classroom teaching as a tool for triggering the learning process and therefore has not to be considered as a separate or additional exercising tool. The students learning process should be supported by the tool on one hand and by additional teacher support on the other hand. The learner and his learning process are at the centre of the learning activity (Tardif, 1998) and the teacher plays a supervision and support role in this sort of learning environment (Hudson, 1997; Tardif, 1998). Moreover, the use of analogical representations (of the operations to be taken) and graphs (representing the resolution steps adopted by the learner) should favour, on the learner’s side, the establishment of mental models including analogical representations and supporting the resolution process of this type of problems, even beyond the use of this computerized platform. We could expect that the learner will develop, through his experiences with the platform (which prevents experimentation with arbitrary meaningless calculations), thorough knowledge concerning the solving of mathematical problems based, at least partially, on non-explicit learning processes as described, for example, in the connectionist models of learning theories (Spitzer, 2000). These connectionist models show in fact that significant learning can be achieved in a non-explicit manner if the learner is placed in an environment which structures his behavior along certain regularities (even if these regularities are not taught in an explicit manner). The CAMPUS framework is based on a conceptual idea that emerged from previous research (Busana, 1999) where a prototype using a similar architecture has been developed in an alpha-version using Quest. This alpha-version was developed in only one language (German) and ran only under Windows. The new CAMPUS-tool will be published under the open-source licence, will be platform independent (plays in Macromedia’s Flash Player) and will be delivered over the Internet. [less ▲]

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See detailA Nation-Wide Computer-based School Monitoring Program
Keller, Ulrich UL; Martin, Romain UL; Reichert, Monique UL et al

in International Journal of Psychology (2008), 43

Detailed reference viewed: 46 (6 UL)