Results 1-20 of 28.
((uid:50000696))

Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe role of networks for migration flows: an update
Beine, Michel UL

in CREA discussion papers (2015), 2015-14

This paper covers the literature on the role migrants networks in explaining aggregate migration flows between countries. We first provide a small review of the literature and the issues at stake. We then ... [more ▼]

This paper covers the literature on the role migrants networks in explaining aggregate migration flows between countries. We first provide a small review of the literature and the issues at stake. We then provide an update of the estimates of the network elasticities using the dataset on migration stocks and flows from Ozden et al. (2011). Using micro-founded gravity models, we estimate the network elasticities and discuss the key driving mechanisms explaining their size as well the variation in the amplitude across categories of destination and over time. We emphasize the specific role of family immigration policies. To that purpose, we cover briefly the recent experience of four receiving countries to highlight the importance of these policies in explaining part of the observed network elasticities. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 238 (19 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailClimatic Factors as Determinants of International Migration
Beine, Michel UL; Parsons, Christopher

in Scandinavian Journal of Economics (2015), 117(2), 723-767

We examine natural disasters and long-run climatic factors as potential determinants of international migration, implementing a panel dataset of bilateral migration flows, 1960- 2000. We find no direct ... [more ▼]

We examine natural disasters and long-run climatic factors as potential determinants of international migration, implementing a panel dataset of bilateral migration flows, 1960- 2000. We find no direct impact of long-run climatic factors on international migration across our entire sample. These results are robust when conditioning on origin country characteristics and when considering migrants returning home and the potential endogeneity of migrant networks. Rather we find evidence of indirect effects of environmental factors operating through wages. We find that epidemics and miscellaneous incidents spur international migration and strong evidence that natural disasters beget greater flows of migrants to urban environs. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 197 (15 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDutch Disease and The Mitigation Effect of Migration: Evidence from Canadian Provinces
Beine, Michel UL; Coulombe, Serge; Vermeulen, Wessel

in Economic Journal (2015), 152(589), 1574-1615

This paper evaluates whether immigration can mitigate the Dutch disease effects associated with booms in natural resource sectors. We derive predicted changes in the size of the non-tradable sector from a ... [more ▼]

This paper evaluates whether immigration can mitigate the Dutch disease effects associated with booms in natural resource sectors. We derive predicted changes in the size of the non-tradable sector from a small general-equilibrium model `a la Obstfeld-Rogoff. Using data for Canadian provinces, we find evidence that aggregate immigration mitigates the increase in the size of the non-tradable sector in booming regions. The mitigation effect is due mostly to interprovincial migration and temporary foreign workers. There is no evidence of such an effect for permanent international immigration. Interprovincial migration also results in a spreading effect of Dutch disease from booming to non-booming provinces. JEL Classi [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 97 (14 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMeasuring Immigration Policies: Preliminary Evidence from IMPALA
Beine, Michel UL; Burgoon, Brian; Crock, Mary et al

in CESifo Economic Studies (2015), 61(3/4),

This paper presents the methods and preliminary findings from IMPALA, a database that systematically measures the character and stringency of immigration policies. Based on a selection of data for six ... [more ▼]

This paper presents the methods and preliminary findings from IMPALA, a database that systematically measures the character and stringency of immigration policies. Based on a selection of data for six pilot countries between 1990 and 2008, we document the variation of immigration policies across countries and over time. We focus on three specific dimensions: the number of entry tracks for economic workers; the measurement and role of bilateral agreements that complement unilateral immigration policies; and aggregation procedures that allow for gauging the stringency of immigration regulations comparatively. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 126 (4 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailImmmigration and Internal Mobility in Canada
Beine, Michel UL; Coulombe, Serge

in CESifo Working Papers (2014), 4823

We analyze the impact of temporary foreign workers (TFWs) and permanent immigrants on interprovincial mobility in Canada. Particular attention is given to the Canadian program of TFWs that has intensified ... [more ▼]

We analyze the impact of temporary foreign workers (TFWs) and permanent immigrants on interprovincial mobility in Canada. Particular attention is given to the Canadian program of TFWs that has intensified enormously over the last 30 years. Results of the empirical analysis are analyzed through the lens of a small theoretical model that incorporates a job-matching framework (Pissaridès, 1985, 2000) in a migration model à la Harris and Todaro (1970). We find that the inflow of TFWs into a given province tends to substantially decrease net interprovincial mobility. This is not the case, however, for the inflow of permanent immigrants selected through the Canadian point system. On average, each inflow of 100 TFWs is found to decrease net interprovincial migrants within the year by about 50, a number substantially higher than is present in existing literature. This number increases to 180 in the long run. The negative impact of TFWs is ascribed to the fact that TFWs are hired directly by employers, take vacant jobs, and display employment and participation rates of close to 100 per cent. Our paper suggests that, in general, the impact of immigration on labor market conditions depends critically on the way immigrants are selected. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 70 (5 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe determinants of International Mobility of Students
Ragot, Lionel; Noel, Romain; Beine, Michel UL

in Economics of Education Review (2014), 41(C), 40-54

This paper analyzes the determinants of the choice of location of international students. Building on the documented trends in international migration of students, we identify the various factors ... [more ▼]

This paper analyzes the determinants of the choice of location of international students. Building on the documented trends in international migration of students, we identify the various factors associated to the attraction of migrants as well as the costs of moving abroad. Using new data capturing the number of students from a large set of origin countries studying in a set of 13 OECD countries, we assess the importance of the various factors identified in the theory. We find support for a significant network effect in the migration of students, a result so far undocumented in the literature. We also find a significant role for cost factors such as housing prices and for attractiveness variables such as the reported quality of universities. In contrast, we do not find an important role for registration fees. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 134 (7 UL)
Full Text
See detailTHE NETWORK EFFECT IN International Migration
Beine, Michel UL

Report (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 92 (8 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSkilled migration and the transfer of institutional norms
Beine, Michel UL; Sekkat, Khalid

in IZA : Journal of Migration (2013), 2(9), 2-19

We examine two impacts of international emigration on the evolution of the institutions in the origin countries. The first impact concerns the influence of emigration per se (i.e. people who left the ... [more ▼]

We examine two impacts of international emigration on the evolution of the institutions in the origin countries. The first impact concerns the influence of emigration per se (i.e. people who left the country can voice more or less from abroad). The second impact relates to the transfer of the norms of the host country to the home country. The existence of both impacts is confirmed using different indicators of institutional quality. The effects appear stronger when skilled emigration is considered. The main conclusions are robust to alternative econometric methods and to the use of subsamples involving developing countries only. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 184 (123 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailNetwork Effect in International Migration: Does Education Matter More than Gender?
Beine, Michel UL; Salomone, Sara

in Scandinavian Journal of Economics (2013), 115(2), 354-380

In this paper, we analyze the impact that networks have on the structure of international migration flows. In particular, we investigate whether diaspora externalities are different across education ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we analyze the impact that networks have on the structure of international migration flows. In particular, we investigate whether diaspora externalities are different across education levels and gender. Using new data that include both dimensions, we analyze the respective impact that networks have on the proportion of each category of migrant. Therefore, in contrast to the preceding body of literature on the macro determinants of international migration, we can identify the factors that influence the selection in terms of skills and in terms of gender. We find that network effects vary by education level, but not by gender. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 195 (123 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailInternational migration, transfer of norms and home country fertility
Beine, Michel UL; Docquier, Frédéric; Schiff, Maurice

in Canadian Journal of Economics (2013), 46(4), 1406-1430

This paper examines the relationship between international migration and source country fertility. The impact of international migration on source country fertility may have a number of causes, including ... [more ▼]

This paper examines the relationship between international migration and source country fertility. The impact of international migration on source country fertility may have a number of causes, including a transfer of destination countries’ fertility norms. We provide a rigorous test of the diffusion of fertility norms using highly detailed original data on migration. Our results provide evidence of a significant transfer of destination countries’ fertility norms from migrants to their country of origin: a 1% decrease (increase) in the fertility norm to which migrants are exposed reduces (raises) home country fertility by about 0.3%. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 177 (122 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailFinancial Integration and Remittances
Beine, Michel UL; Lodigiani, Elisabetta; Vermeulen, Robert John Gerard UL

in Regional Science & Urban Economics (2012), 42(5),

Migrant remittances increased strongly since the 1980s, becoming an important and reliable source of funds for many developing countries. Therefore, there is a strong incentive for receiving countries to ... [more ▼]

Migrant remittances increased strongly since the 1980s, becoming an important and reliable source of funds for many developing countries. Therefore, there is a strong incentive for receiving countries to attract more remittances, especially through formal channels that turn out to be either less expensive and/or less risky than informal ones. One way of doing so is to increase their country's financial openness, but this policy option might also generate additional costs in terms of macroeconomic volatility. In this paper we investigate the link between remittance receipts and financial openness. We statistically test for the existence of such a relationship with a sample of 66 mostly developing countries from 1980–2005. Empirically we use a dynamic generalized ordered logit model to deal with the categorical nature of financial openness policy. We apply a two-step method akin to two stage least squares to deal with the endogeneity of remittances and potential measurement errors. We find a strong positive statistical and economic effect of remittances on financial openness. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 51 (2 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDoes the Canadian economy suffer from Dutch disease?
Beine, Michel UL; Bos, Charles S.; Coulombe, Serge

in Resource and Energy Economics (2012), 34(4), 468-492

We argue that the failure to disentangle the evolution of the Canadian currency from the U.S. currency leads to potentially incorrect conclusions regarding the case of Dutch disease in Canada. We propose ... [more ▼]

We argue that the failure to disentangle the evolution of the Canadian currency from the U.S. currency leads to potentially incorrect conclusions regarding the case of Dutch disease in Canada. We propose a new approach that is aimed at extracting both currency components and energy- and commodity-price components from observed exchange rates and prices. We first analyze the separate influence of commodity prices on the Canadian and the U.S. currency components. We then estimate the separate impact of the two currency components on the shares of manufacturing employment in Canada. We show that between 33 and 39 per cent of the manufacturing employment loss that was due to exchange rate developments between 2002 and 2007 is related to the Dutch disease phenomenon. The remaining proportion of the employment loss can be ascribed to the weakness of the U.S. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 107 (8 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailIntegration and Stock Market Co-Movement between Emerging Economies
Beine, Michel UL; Candelon, Bertrand

in Quantitative Finance (2011), 11(2), 299-312

In this paper, we investigate the impact of trade and financial liberalization on the degree of stock market co-movement among emerging economies. Using a sample of 25 developing countries observed over ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we investigate the impact of trade and financial liberalization on the degree of stock market co-movement among emerging economies. Using a sample of 25 developing countries observed over 15 years, we estimate the impact of reforms which aim at opening these countries to trade and financial channels to the rest of the world. The estimation of time-varying cross-country correlations allows the econometric investigation to be performed using a panel data framework, raising hence the quality of the statistical inference. Our results offer strong support in favor of a positive impact of trade and financial liberalization reforms on the degree of cross-country stock market linkages. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 52 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA Panel Data Analysis of the Brain Gain
Beine, Michel UL; Defoort, Cécily; Docquier, Frederic

in World Development Forum (2011), 39(4)

In this paper, we revisit the impact of skilled emigration on human cap- ital accumulation using new panel data covering 147 countries on the period 1975-2000. We derive testable predictions from a ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we revisit the impact of skilled emigration on human cap- ital accumulation using new panel data covering 147 countries on the period 1975-2000. We derive testable predictions from a stylized theoretical model and test them in dynamic regression models. Our empirical analysis predicts con- ditional convergence of human capital indicators. Our ndings also reveal that skilled migration prospects foster human capital accumulation in low-income countries. In these countries, a net brain gain can be obtained if the skilled emigration rate is not too large (i.e. does not exceed 20 to 30 percent depend- ing on other country characteristics). On the contrary, we find no evidence of a signi ficant incentive mechanism in middle-income and, unsuprisingly, in high-income countries. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 85 (4 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDiasporas
Beine, Michel UL; Docquier, Frederic; Ozden, Caglar

in Journal of Development Economics (2011), 95

Migration flows are shaped by a complex combination of self-selection and out-selection mechanisms, both of which are affected by the presence of a diaspora abroad. In this paper, we analyze how existing ... [more ▼]

Migration flows are shaped by a complex combination of self-selection and out-selection mechanisms, both of which are affected by the presence of a diaspora abroad. In this paper, we analyze how existing diasporas (the stock of people born in a country and living in another one) affect the size and human-capital structure of current bilateral migration flows. Our analysis exploits a bilateral data set on international migration by educational attainment from 195 countries to 30 OECD countries in 1990 and 2000. Based on simple microfoundations and controlling for various determinants of migration, we found that diasporas increase migration flows and lower their average educational level. Interestingly, diasporas explain majority of the variability of migration flows and selection. This suggests that, without changing the generosity of family reunion programs, education-based selection rules are likely to have moderate impact. Our results are highly robust to the econometric techniques, accounting for the large proportion of zeros and endogeneity problems. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 128 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA panel data analysis of the Brain drain
Beine, Michel UL; Docquier, Frédéric; Defoort, cécily

in World Development : The Multi-Disciplinary International Journal Devoted to the Study and Promotion of World Development (2011), 39(4),

In this paper, we revisit the impact of skilled emigration on human capital accumulation using new panel data covering 147 12 countries during the period 1975–2000. We derive testable predictions from a ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we revisit the impact of skilled emigration on human capital accumulation using new panel data covering 147 12 countries during the period 1975–2000. We derive testable predictions from a stylized theoretical model and test them in dynamic regres- 13 sion models. Our empirical analysis predicts conditional convergence of human capital indicators. Our findings also reveal that skilled 14 migration prospects foster human capital accumulation in low-income countries. In these countries, a net brain gain can be obtained if 15 the skilled emigration rate is not too large (i.e., it does not exceed 20–30% depending on other country characteristics). In contrast, we 16 find no evidence of a significant incentive mechanism in middle-income, and not surprisingly, high-income countries. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 155 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe Dark side of global integration: increasing tail dependance
Cosma, Antonio UL; Beine, Michel UL; Vermeulen, Robert John Gerard UL

in Journal of Banking and Finance (2010), 34(1), 184-192

We measure stock market coexceedances using the methodology of Cappiello, Gerard and Manganelli <br />(2005, ECB Working Paper 501). This method enables us to measure comovement at each point of the <br ... [more ▼]

We measure stock market coexceedances using the methodology of Cappiello, Gerard and Manganelli <br />(2005, ECB Working Paper 501). This method enables us to measure comovement at each point of the <br />return distribution. First, we construct annual coexceedance probabilities for both lower and upper tail <br />return quantiles using daily data from 1974–2006. Next, we explain these probabilities in a panel gravity <br />model framework. Results show that macroeconomic variables asymmetrically impact stock market <br />comovement across the return distribution. Financial liberalization significantly increases left tail comovement, <br />whereas trade integration significantly increases comovement across all quantiles. Decreasing <br />exchange rate volatility results in increasing lower tail comovement. The introduction of the euro <br />increases comovement across the entire return distribution, thereby significantly reducing the benefits <br />of portfolio diversification within the euro area. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 64 (8 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailOn the Robustness of Brain Drain Estimates
Beine, Michel UL; Docquier, Frédéric; Rapoport, Hillel

in Annales d'Economie et de Statistique (2010), 97

Recent theoretical studies suggest that migration prospects can raise the ex- pected return to human capital and thus foster education investment at home or, in other words, induce a brain gain. In a ... [more ▼]

Recent theoretical studies suggest that migration prospects can raise the ex- pected return to human capital and thus foster education investment at home or, in other words, induce a brain gain. In a recent paper we used the Docquier and Marfouk (2006) data set on emigration rates by education level to examine the impact of brain drain migration on gross (pre-migration) human capital for- mation in developing countries. We found a positive e¤ect of skilled migration prospects on human capital growth in a cross-section of 127 developing coun- tries, with a short-run elasticity of about 5 percent. In this paper we assess the robustness of our results to the use of alternative brain drain measures, de nitions of human capital, and functional forms. We nd that the results hold using alternative brain drain measures controlling for whether migrants acquired their skills in the home or in the host country. We also regress other indicators of human capital investment on skilled migration rates and nd a positive e¤ect on youth literacy while the e¤ect on school enrolment depends on the exact functional speci cation chosen. Finally, we nd our resuls to be robust to using the ratio of skilled to unskilled migration rates (instead of just the former) and to controlling for the demoraphic structure of the population. This [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 47 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailBrain Drain and LCD's Growth: Winners and Losers
Beine, Michel UL; Docquier, Frédéric; Rapoport, Hillel

in Economic Journal (2008), 118

Using new data on emigration rates by education level, we examine the impact of brain drain migration on human capital formation in developing countries. We find evidence of a positive effect of skilled ... [more ▼]

Using new data on emigration rates by education level, we examine the impact of brain drain migration on human capital formation in developing countries. We find evidence of a positive effect of skilled migration prospects on gross human capital formation in a cross-section of 127 countries. For each country of the sample we then estimate the net effect of the brain drain using counterfactual simulations. Countries combining relatively low levels of human capital and low emigration rates are shown to experience a beneficial brain drain , and conversely, there are more losers than winners, and the former tend to lose relatively more than what the latter gain. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 142 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEconomic Integration and the Diversification of Regional Exports: Evidence from the Canadian-US Free Trade Agreement
Beine, Michel UL; Coulombe, Serge

in Journal of Economic Geography (2007), 7(1), 93-111

We investigate the impact of Canada–U.S. trade integration on the degree of export diversification of the Canadian regions. Trade integration is captured through the decrease of trade-weighted tariffs ... [more ▼]

We investigate the impact of Canada–U.S. trade integration on the degree of export diversification of the Canadian regions. Trade integration is captured through the decrease of trade-weighted tariffs that were boosted by implementation of the Canadian–U.S. Free Trade Agreement. We found strong evidence to support integration’s long-run impact on the patterns of absolute exports diversification. Significantly, this new finding remains robust to the exclusion of the primary sectors and to the potential presence of unit root in the data. Our results lead us to support a positive long-run relationship between trade integration and export diversification. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 112 (3 UL)