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See detailMany-body van der Waals interactions in molecules and condensed matter
Distasio, R. A.; Gobre, V. V.; Tkatchenko, Alexandre UL

in Journal of Physics Condensed Matter (2014), 26(21),

This work reviews the increasing evidence that many-body van der Waals (vdW) or dispersion interactions play a crucial role in the structure, stability and function of a wide variety of systems in biology ... [more ▼]

This work reviews the increasing evidence that many-body van der Waals (vdW) or dispersion interactions play a crucial role in the structure, stability and function of a wide variety of systems in biology, chemistry and physics. Starting with the exact expression for the electron correlation energy provided by the adiabatic connection fluctuation-dissipation theorem, we derive both pairwise and many-body interatomic methods for computing the long-range dispersion energy by considering a model system of coupled quantum harmonic oscillators within the random-phase approximation. By coupling this approach to density functional theory, the resulting many-body dispersion (MBD) method provides an accurate and efficient scheme for computing the frequency-dependent polarizability and many-body vdW energy in molecules and materials with a finite electronic gap. A select collection of applications are presented that ascertain the fundamental importance of these non-bonded interactions across the spectrum of intermolecular (the S22 and S66 benchmark databases), intramolecular (conformational energies of alanine tetrapeptide) and supramolecular (binding energy of the 'buckyball catcher') complexes, as well as molecular crystals (cohesive energies in oligoacenes). These applications demonstrate that electrodynamic response screening and beyond-pairwise many-body vdW interactions - both captured at the MBD level of theory - play a quantitative, and sometimes even qualitative, role in describing the properties considered herein. This work is then concluded with an in-depth discussion of the challenges that remain in the future development of reliable (accurate and efficient) methods for treating many-body vdW interactions in complex materials and provides a roadmap for navigating many of the research avenues that are yet to be explored. © 2014 IOP Publishing Ltd. [less ▲]

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See detailHard numbers for large molecules: Toward exact energetics for supramolecular systems
Ambrosetti, A.; Alfè, D.; Distasio, R. A. et al

in Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters (2014), 5(5), 849-855

Noncovalent interactions are ubiquitous in molecular and condensed-phase environments, and hence a reliable theoretical description of these fundamental interactions could pave the way toward a more ... [more ▼]

Noncovalent interactions are ubiquitous in molecular and condensed-phase environments, and hence a reliable theoretical description of these fundamental interactions could pave the way toward a more complete understanding of the microscopic underpinnings for a diverse set of systems in chemistry and biology. In this work, we demonstrate that recent algorithmic advances coupled to the availability of large-scale computational resources make the stochastic quantum Monte Carlo approach to solving the Schrödinger equation an optimal contender for attaining "chemical accuracy" (1 kcal/mol) in the binding energies of supramolecular complexes of chemical relevance. To illustrate this point, we considered a select set of seven host-guest complexes, representing the spectrum of noncovalent interactions, including dispersion or van der Waals forces, π-π stacking, hydrogen bonding, hydrophobic interactions, and electrostatic (ion-dipole) attraction. A detailed analysis of the interaction energies reveals that a complete theoretical description necessitates treatment of terms well beyond the standard London and Axilrod-Teller contributions to the van der Waals dispersion energy. © 2014 American Chemical Society. [less ▲]

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See detailLong-range correlation energy calculated from coupled atomic response functions
Ambrosetti, Alberto; Reilly, Anthony M.; DiStasio, Robert A. Jr et al

in JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS (2014), 140(18),

An accurate determination of the electron correlation energy is an essential prerequisite for describing the structure, stability, and function in a wide variety of systems. Therefore, the development of ... [more ▼]

An accurate determination of the electron correlation energy is an essential prerequisite for describing the structure, stability, and function in a wide variety of systems. Therefore, the development of efficient approaches for the calculation of the correlation energy (and hence the dispersion energy as well) is essential and such methods can be coupled with many density-functional approximations, local methods for the electron correlation energy, and even interatomic force fields. In this work, we build upon the previously developed many-body dispersion (MBD) framework, which is intimately linked to the random-phase approximation for the correlation energy. We separate the correlation energy into short-range contributions that are modeled by semi-local functionals and long-range contributions that are calculated by mapping the complex all-electron problem onto a set of atomic response functions coupled in the dipole approximation. We propose an effective range-separation of the coupling between the atomic response functions that extends the already broad applicability of the MBD method to non-metallic materials with highly anisotropic responses, such as layered nanostructures. Application to a variety of high-quality benchmark datasets illustrates the accuracy and applicability of the improved MBD approach, which offers the prospect of first-principles modeling of large structurally complex systems with an accurate description of the long-range correlation energy. (C) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh-Throughput Investigation of the Geometry and Electronic Structures of Gas-Phase and Crystalline Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons
Schatschneider, Bohdan; Monaco, Stephen; Liang, Jian-Jie et al

in JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C (2014), 118(34), 19964-19974

The quest for cheap, light, flexible materials for use in electronics applications has resulted in the exploration of soft organic materials as possible candidates, and several polycyclic aromatic ... [more ▼]

The quest for cheap, light, flexible materials for use in electronics applications has resulted in the exploration of soft organic materials as possible candidates, and several polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) have been shown to be versatile (semi)conductors. In this investigation, dispersion inclusive density functional theory is used to explore all of the current crystalline PAHs within the Cambridge Structure Database (CSD) from both structural and electronic standpoints. Agreement is achieved between the experimental and calculated crystalline structures, as well as the electronic properties. Specifically, variation between the mass densities, unit cell parameters, and intermolecular close contact fractions were within +5\% +/-2\%, and +/-1 of experiment, respectively. It is found that a simple addition of a similar to 1 eV constant to the DFT-PBE gaps provides good agreement with the experimental optical gaps of both gas phase (within +/-2.6\%) and crystalline (within +/-3.5\%) PAHs. Structural and electronic analysis revealed several correlations/trends where ultimately limits in the band gaps as a function of structure are established. Finally, analysis of the difference between band gaps of the isolated molecules and crystals (Delta E-g(Xtal-Mols)) demonstrates that Delta E-g(Xtal-Mols) can be captured qualitatively by PBE and PBE0 functionals, yet significant quantitative deviations remain between these functionals and experiment. [less ▲]

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See detailSize effects in the interface level alignment of dye-sensitized TiO 2 clusters
Marom, N.; Körzdörfer, T.; Ren, X. et al

in Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters (2014), 5(14), 2395-2401

The efficiency of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs) depends critically on the electronic structure of the interfaces in the active region. We employ recently developed dispersion-inclusive density ... [more ▼]

The efficiency of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs) depends critically on the electronic structure of the interfaces in the active region. We employ recently developed dispersion-inclusive density functional theory (DFT) and GW methods to study the electronic structure of TiO2 clusters sensitized with catechol molecules. We show that the energy level alignment at the dye-TiO2 interface is the result of an intricate interplay of quantum size effects and dynamic screening effects and that it may be manipulated by nanostructuring and functionalizing the TiO2. We demonstrate that the energy difference between the catechol LUMO and the TiO2 LUMO, which is associated with the injection loss in DSCs, may be reduced significantly by reducing the dimensions of nanostructured TiO2 and by functionalizing the TiO2 with wide-gap moieties, which contribute additional screening but do not interact strongly with the frontier orbitals of the TiO2 and the dye. Precise control of the electronic structure may be achieved via "interface engineering" in functional nanostructures. © 2014 American Chemical Society. [less ▲]

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See detailNon-additivity of molecule-surface van der Waals potentials from force measurements
Wagner, Christian; Fournier, Norman; Ruiz, Victor G. et al

in NATURE COMMUNICATIONS (2014), 5

Van der Waals (vdW) forces act ubiquitously in condensed matter. Despite being weak on an atomic level, they substantially influence molecular and biological systems due to their long range and system ... [more ▼]

Van der Waals (vdW) forces act ubiquitously in condensed matter. Despite being weak on an atomic level, they substantially influence molecular and biological systems due to their long range and system-size scaling. The difficulty to isolate and measure vdW forces on a single-molecule level causes our present understanding to be strongly theory based. Here we show measurements of the attractive potential between differently sized organic molecules and a metal surface using an atomic force microscope. Our choice of molecules and the large molecule-surface separation cause this attraction to be purely of vdW type. The experiment allows testing the asymptotic vdW force law and its validity range. We find a superlinear growth of the vdW attraction with molecular size, originating from the increased deconfinement of electrons in the molecules. Because such non-additive vdW contributions are not accounted for in most first-principles or empirical calculations, we suggest further development in that direction. [less ▲]

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See detailInteraction of Isophorone with Pd(111): A Combination of Infrared Reflection-Absorption Spectroscopy, Near-Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure, and Density Functional Theory Studies
Dostert, Karl-Heinz; O'Brien, Casey P.; Riedel, Wiebke et al

in JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C (2014), 118(48), 27833-27842

Atomistic level understanding of interaction of alpha,beta-unsaturated carbonyls with late transition metals is a key prerequisite for rational design of new catalytic materials with the desired ... [more ▼]

Atomistic level understanding of interaction of alpha,beta-unsaturated carbonyls with late transition metals is a key prerequisite for rational design of new catalytic materials with the desired selectivity toward C-C or C-O bond hydrogenation. The interaction of this class of compounds with transition metals was investigated on alpha,beta-unsaturated ketone isophorone on Pd(111) as a prototypical system. In this study, infrared reflectionabsorption spectroscopy (IRAS), near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) experiments and density functional theory calculations including van der Waals interactions (DFT+vdW) were combined to obtain detailed information on the binding of isophorone to palladium at different coverages and on the effect of preadsorbed hydrogen on the binding and adsorption geometry. According to these experimental observations and the results of theoretical calculations, isophorone adsorbs on Pd(111) in a flat-lying geometry at low coverages. With increasing coverage, both C-C and C-O bonds of isophorone tilt with respect to the surface plane. The tilting is considerably more pronounced for the C-C bond on the pristine Pd(111) surface, indicating a prominent perturbation and structural distortion of the conjugated p system upon interaction with Pd. Preadsorbed hydrogen leads to higher tilting angles of both p bonds, which points to much weaker interaction of isophorone with hydrogen-precovered Pd and suggests the conservation of the in-plane geometry of the conjugated pi system. The results of the DFT+vdW calculations provide further insights into the perturbation of the molecular structure of isophorone on Pd(111). [less ▲]

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See detailvan der Waals Interactions Determine Selectivity in Catalysis by Metallic Gold
Rodriguez-Reyes, Juan Carlos F.; Siler, Cassandra G. F.; Liu, Wei et al

in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY (2014), 136(38), 13333-13340

To achieve high selectivity for catalytic reactions between two or more reactants on a heterogeneous catalyst, the relative concentrations of the reactive intermediates on the surface must be optimized ... [more ▼]

To achieve high selectivity for catalytic reactions between two or more reactants on a heterogeneous catalyst, the relative concentrations of the reactive intermediates on the surface must be optimized. If species compete for binding sites, their concentrations depend on their relative binding strengths to the surface. In this article we describe a general framework for predicting the relative stability of organic intermediates involved in oxygen-assisted reactions on metallic gold with broad relevance to catalysis by metals. Combining theory and experiment, we establish that van der Waals interactions between the reactive intermediates and the surface, although weak, determine relative stabilities and thereby dictate the conditions for optimum selectivity. The inclusion of these interactions is essential for predicting these trends. The concepts and methods employed here have broad applicability for determining the stability of intermediates on the surfaces of catalytic metals and specifically demonstrate the critical role of weak interactions in determining reaction selectivity among reactions of complex molecules. [less ▲]

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See detailElectronic structure and van der Waals interactions in the stability and mobility of point defects in semiconductors
Gao, W.; Tkatchenko, Alexandre UL

in Physical Review Letters (2013), 111(4),

We study the role of electronic structure (band gaps) and long-range van der Waals (vdW) interactions on the stability and mobility of point defects in silicon and heavier semiconductors. Density ... [more ▼]

We study the role of electronic structure (band gaps) and long-range van der Waals (vdW) interactions on the stability and mobility of point defects in silicon and heavier semiconductors. Density functional theory calculations with hybrid functionals that contain part of the Hartree-Fock exchange energy are essential to achieve a reasonable description of defect electronic levels, leading to accurate defect formation energies. However, these functionals significantly overestimate the experimental migration barriers. The inclusion of screened vdW interactions further improves the description of defect formation energies, significantly changes the barrier geometries, and brings migration barrier heights into close agreement with experimental values. These results suggest that hybrid functionals with vdW interactions can be successfully used for predictions in a broad range of materials in which the correct description of both the electronic structure and the long-range electron correlation is essential. © 2013 American Physical Society. [less ▲]

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See detailUnderstanding the role of vibrations, exact exchange, and many-body van der Waals interactions in the cohesive properties of molecular crystals
Reilly, Anthony M.; Tkatchenko, Alexandre UL

in Journal of Chemical Physics (2013), 139(2),

The development and application of computational methods for studying molecular crystals, particularly density-functional theory (DFT), is a large and ever-growing field, driven by their numerous ... [more ▼]

The development and application of computational methods for studying molecular crystals, particularly density-functional theory (DFT), is a large and ever-growing field, driven by their numerous applications. Here we expand on our recent study of the importance of many-body van der Waals interactions in molecular crystals [A. M. Reilly and A. Tkatchenko, J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 4, 1028 (2013)], with a larger database of 23 molecular crystals. Particular attention has been paid to the role of the vibrational contributions that are required to compare experiment sublimation enthalpies with calculated lattice energies, employing both phonon calculations and experimental heat-capacity data to provide harmonic and anharmonic estimates of the vibrational contributions. Exact exchange, which is rarely considered in DFT studies of molecular crystals, is shown to have a significant contribution to lattice energies, systematically improving agreement between theory and experiment. When the vibrational and exact-exchange contributions are coupled with a many-body approach to dispersion, DFT yields a mean absolute error (3.92 kJ/mol) within the coveted "chemical accuracy" target (4.2 kJ/mol). The role of many-body dispersion for structures has also been investigated for a subset of the database, showing good performance compared to X-ray and neutron diffraction crystal structures. The results show that the approach employed here can reach the demanding accuracy of crystal-structure prediction and organic material design with minimal empiricism. © 2013 AIP Publishing LLC. [less ▲]

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See detailSeamless and Accurate Modeling of Organic Molecular Materials
Reilly, Anthony M.; Tkatchenko, Alexandre UL

in Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters (2013), 4(6), 1028-1033

The near endless possibilities for assembling molecular materials has long posed a difficult challenge for theory. All crystal-structure prediction methods acknowledge the crucial contribution of van der ... [more ▼]

The near endless possibilities for assembling molecular materials has long posed a difficult challenge for theory. All crystal-structure prediction methods acknowledge the crucial contribution of van der Waals or dispersion interactions, but few go beyond a pairwise additive description of dispersion, ignoring its many-body nature. Here we use two databases to show how a many-body approach to dispersion can seamlessly model both solid and gas-phase interactions within the coveted ``chemical accuracy'' benchmark, while the underlying pairwise approach fails for solid-state interactions due to the absence of many-body polarization and energy contributions. Our results show that recently developed methods that treat the truly collective nature of dispersion interactions are able to reach the accuracy required for predicting molecular materials, when coupled with nonempirical density functionals. [less ▲]

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See detailScaling laws for van der Waals interactions in nanostructured materials
Gobre, Vivekanand V.; Tkatchenko, Alexandre UL

in NATURE COMMUNICATIONS (2013), 4

Van der Waals interactions have a fundamental role in biology, physics and chemistry, in particular in the self-assembly and the ensuing function of nanostructured materials. Here we utilize an efficient ... [more ▼]

Van der Waals interactions have a fundamental role in biology, physics and chemistry, in particular in the self-assembly and the ensuing function of nanostructured materials. Here we utilize an efficient microscopic method to demonstrate that van der Waals interactions in nanomaterials act at distances greater than typically assumed, and can be characterized by different scaling laws depending on the dimensionality and size of the system. Specifically, we study the behaviour of van der Waals interactions in single-layer and multilayer graphene, fullerenes of varying size, single-wall carbon nanotubes and graphene nanoribbons. As a function of nanostructure size, the van der Waals coefficients follow unusual trends for all of the considered systems, and deviate significantly from the conventionally employed pairwise-additive picture. We propose that the peculiar van der Waals interactions in nanostructured materials could be exploited to control their self-assembly. [less ▲]

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See detailPair-Wise and Many-Body Dispersive Interactions Coupled to an Optimally Tuned Range-Separated Hybrid Functional
Agrawal, Piyush; Tkatchenko, Alexandre UL; Kronik, Leeor

in JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL THEORY AND COMPUTATION (2013), 9(8), 3473-3478

We propose a nonempirical, pair-wise or many-body dispersion-corrected optimally tuned range-separated hybrid functional. This functional retains the advantages of the optimal-tuning approach in the ... [more ▼]

We propose a nonempirical, pair-wise or many-body dispersion-corrected optimally tuned range-separated hybrid functional. This functional retains the advantages of the optimal-tuning approach in the prediction of the electronic structure. At the same time, it gains accuracy in the prediction of binding energies for dispersively bound systems, as demonstrated on the S22 and S66 benchmark sets of weakly bound dimers. [less ▲]

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See detailInteratomic methods for the dispersion energy derived from the adiabatic connection fluctuation-dissipation theorem
Tkatchenko, Alexandre UL; Ambrosetti, Alberto; DiStasio, Jr

in JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS (2013), 138(7),

Interatomic pairwise methods are currently among the most popular and accurate ways to include dispersion energy in density functional theory calculations. However, when applied to more than two atoms ... [more ▼]

Interatomic pairwise methods are currently among the most popular and accurate ways to include dispersion energy in density functional theory calculations. However, when applied to more than two atoms, these methods are still frequently perceived to be based on ad hoc assumptions, rather than a rigorous derivation from quantum mechanics. Starting from the adiabatic connection fluctuation-dissipation (ACFD) theorem, an exact expression for the electronic exchange-correlation energy, we demonstrate that the pairwise interatomic dispersion energy for an arbitrary collection of isotropic polarizable dipoles emerges from the second-order expansion of the ACFD formula upon invoking the random-phase approximation (RPA) or the full-potential approximation. Moreover, for a system of quantum harmonic oscillators coupled through a dipole-dipole potential, we prove the equivalence between the full interaction energy obtained from the Hamiltonian diagonalization and the ACFD-RPA correlation energy. This property makes the Hamiltonian diagonalization an efficient method for the calculation of the many-body dispersion energy. In addition, we show that the switching function used to damp the dispersion interaction at short distances arises from a short-range screened Coulomb potential, whose role is to account for the spatial spread of the individual atomic dipole moments. By using the ACFD formula, we gain a deeper understanding of the approximations made in the interatomic pairwise approaches, providing a powerful formalism for further development of accurate and efficient methods for the calculation of the dispersion energy. (C) 2013 American Institute of Physics. [http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4789814] [less ▲]

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See detailUnderstanding the Structure and Electronic Properties of Molecular Crystals Under Pressure: Application of Dispersion Corrected DFT to Oligoacenes
Schatschneider, Bohdan; Monaco, Stephen; Tkatchenko, Alexandre UL et al

in JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY A (2013), 117(34), 8323-8331

Oligoacenes form a fundamental class of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAR) which have been extensively explored for use as organic (semi) conductors in the bulk phase and thin films. For this reason ... [more ▼]

Oligoacenes form a fundamental class of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAR) which have been extensively explored for use as organic (semi) conductors in the bulk phase and thin films. For this reason it is important to understand their electronic properties in the condensed phase. In this investigation, we use density functional theory with Tkatchenko-Scheffler dispersion correction to explore several crystalline oligoacenes (naphthalene, anthracene, tetracene, and pentacene) under pressures up to 25 GPa in an effort to uncover unique electronic/optical properties. Excellent agreement with experiment is achieved for the pressure dependence of the crystal structure unit cell parameters, densities, and intermolecular close contacts. The pressure dependence of the band gaps is investigated as well as the pressure induced phase transition of tetracene using both generalized gradient approximated and hybrid functionals. It is concluded that none of the oligoacenes investigated become conducting under elevated pressures assuming that the molecular identity of the system is maintained. [less ▲]

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See detailRole of methyl-induced polarization in ion binding
Rossi, Mariana; Tkatchenko, Alexandre UL; Rempe, Susan B. et al

in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (2013), 110(32), 12978-12983

The chemical property of methyl groups that renders them indispensable to biomolecules is their hydrophobicity. Quantum mechanical studies undertaken here to understand the effect of point substitutions ... [more ▼]

The chemical property of methyl groups that renders them indispensable to biomolecules is their hydrophobicity. Quantum mechanical studies undertaken here to understand the effect of point substitutions on potassium (K-) channels illustrate quantitatively how methyl-induced polarization also contributes to biomolecular function. K- channels regulate transmembrane salt concentration gradients by transporting K+ ions selectively. One of the K+ binding sites in the channel's selectivity filter, the S4 site, also binds Ba2+ ions, which blocks K+ transport. This inhibitory property of Ba2+ ions has been vital in understanding K-channel mechanism. In most K-channels, the S4 site is composed of four threonine amino acids. The K channels that carry serine instead of threonine are significantly less susceptible to Ba2+ block and have reduced stabilities. We find that these differences can be explained by the lower polarizability of serine compared with threonine because serine carries one less branched methyl group than threonine. A T -> S substitution in the S4 site reduces its polarizability, which, in turn, reduces ion binding by several kilocalories per mole. Although the loss in binding affinity is high for Ba2+, the loss in K+ binding affinity is also significant thermodynamically, which reduces channel stability. These results highlight, in general, how biomolecular function can rely on the polarization induced by methyl groups especially those that are proximal to charged moieties, including ions titratable amino acids, sulfates, phosphates, and nucleotides. [less ▲]

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See detailMolecular switches from benzene derivatives adsorbed on metal surfaces
Liu, W.; Filimonov, S. N.; Carrasco, J. et al

in Nature Communications (2013), 4

Transient precursor states are often experimentally observed for molecules adsorbing on surfaces. However, such precursor states are typically rather short-lived, quickly yielding to more stable ... [more ▼]

Transient precursor states are often experimentally observed for molecules adsorbing on surfaces. However, such precursor states are typically rather short-lived, quickly yielding to more stable adsorption configurations. Here we employ first-principles calculations to systematically explore the interaction mechanism for benzene derivatives on metal surfaces, enabling us to selectively tune the stability and the barrier between two metastable adsorption states. In particular, in the case of the tetrachloropyrazine molecule, two equally stable adsorption states are identified with a moderate and conceivably reversible barrier between them. We address the feasibility of experimentally detecting the predicted bistable behaviour and discuss its potential usefulness in a molecular switch. © 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailOn the accuracy of van der Waals inclusive density-functional theory exchange-correlation functionals for ice at ambient and high pressures
Santra, Biswajit; Klimes, Jiri; Tkatchenko, Alexandre UL et al

in JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS (2013), 139(15),

Density-functional theory (DFT) has been widely used to study water and ice for at least 20 years. However, the reliability of different DFT exchange-correlation (xc) functionals for water remains a ... [more ▼]

Density-functional theory (DFT) has been widely used to study water and ice for at least 20 years. However, the reliability of different DFT exchange-correlation (xc) functionals for water remains a matter of considerable debate. This is particularly true in light of the recent development of DFT based methods that account for van der Waals (vdW) dispersion forces. Here, we report a detailed study with several xc functionals (semi-local, hybrid, and vdW inclusive approaches) on ice Ih and six proton ordered phases of ice. Consistent with our previous study [B. Santra, J. Klimes, D. Alfe, A. Tkatchenko, B. Slater, A. Michaelides, R. Car, and M. Scheffler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 185701 (2011)] which showed that vdW forces become increasingly important at high pressures, we find here that all vdW inclusive methods considered improve the relative energies and transition pressures of the high-pressure ice phases compared to those obtained with semi-local or hybrid xc functionals. However, we also find that significant discrepancies between experiment and the vdW inclusive approaches remain in the cohesive properties of the various phases, causing certain phases to be absent from the phase diagram. Therefore, room for improvement in the description of water at ambient and high pressures remains and we suggest that because of the stern test the high pressure ice phases pose they should be used in future benchmark studies of simulation methods for water. (C) 2013 AIP Publishing LLC. [less ▲]

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See detailNoncovalent Interactions of DNA Bases with Naphthalene and Graphene
Cho, Yeonchoo; Min, Seung Kyu; Yun, Jeonghun et al

in JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL THEORY AND COMPUTATION (2013), 9(4), 2090-2096

The complexes of a DNA base bound to graphitic systems are studied. Considering naphthalene as the simplest graphitic system, DNA base naphthalene complexes are scrutinized at high levels of ab initio ... [more ▼]

The complexes of a DNA base bound to graphitic systems are studied. Considering naphthalene as the simplest graphitic system, DNA base naphthalene complexes are scrutinized at high levels of ab initio theory including coupled cluster theory with singles, doubles, and perturbative triples excitations [CCSD(T)] at the complete basis set (CBS) limit. The stacked configurations are the most stable, where the CCSD(T)/CBS binding energies of guanine, adenine, thymine, and cytosine are 9.31 8.48, 8.53, 7.30 kcal/mol, respectively. The energy components are investigated using symmetry-adapted perturbation theory based on density functional theory including the dispersion energy. We compared the CCSD(T)/CBS results with several density functional methods applicable to periodic systems. Considering accuracy and availability, the optB86b nonlocal functional and the Tkatchenko-Scheffler functional are used to study the binding energies of nucleobases on graphene. The predicted values are 18-24 kcal/mol, though many-body effects on screening and energy need to be further considered. [less ▲]

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See detailElectrodynamic response and stability of molecular crystals
Schatschneider, Bohdan; Liang, Jian-Jie; Reilly, Anthony M. et al

in PHYSICAL REVIEW B (2013), 87(6),

We show that electrodynamic dipolar interactions, responsible for long-range fluctuations in matter, play a significant role in the stability of molecular crystals. Density functional theory calculations ... [more ▼]

We show that electrodynamic dipolar interactions, responsible for long-range fluctuations in matter, play a significant role in the stability of molecular crystals. Density functional theory calculations with van der Waals interactions determined from a semilocal ``atom-in-a-molecule'' model result in a large overestimation of the dielectric constants and sublimation enthalpies for polyacene crystals from naphthalene to pentacene, whereas an accurate treatment of nonlocal electrodynamic response leads to an agreement with the measured values for both quantities. Our findings suggest that collective response effects play a substantial role not only for optical excitations, but also for cohesive properties of noncovalently bound molecular crystals. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.87.060104 [less ▲]

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